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  1. Pogoniopsis schenckii Cogn. is a mycoheterotrophic orchid that can be used as a model to understand the influence of mycoheterotrophy at different stages of the reproductive cycle. We aimed to verify the presence...

    Authors: Mariana Ferreira Alves, Fabio Pinheiro, Carlos Eduardo Pereira Nunes, Francisco Prosdocimi, Deise Schroder Sarzi, Carolina Furtado and Juliana Lischka Sampaio Mayer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. As damage to the ecological environment continues to increase amid unreasonable amounts of irrigation, soil salinization has become a major challenge to agricultural development. Melatonin (MT) is a pleiotropi...

    Authors: Dan Jiang, Bin Lu, Liantao Liu, Wenjing Duan, Yanjun Meng, Jin Li, Ke Zhang, Hongchun Sun, Yongjiang Zhang, Hezhong Dong, Zhiying Bai and Cundong Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:331

    Content type: Research

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  3. The climate crisis threatens sustainability of crop production worldwide. Crop diversification may enhance food security while reducing the negative impacts of climate change. Proso millet (Panicum milaceum L.) i...

    Authors: Sameh Boukail, Mercy Macharia, Mara Miculan, Alberto Masoni, Alessandro Calamai, Enrico Palchetti and Matteo Dell’Acqua

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:330

    Content type: Research

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  4. Rivers and streams facilitate movement of individuals and their genes across the landscape and are generally recognized as dispersal corridors for riparian plants. Nevertheless, some authors have reported dire...

    Authors: Qiong Fu, Jie Deng, Min Chen, Yan Zhong, Guo-Hui Lu and Ying-Qiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:329

    Content type: Research

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  5. MYB transcription factors are a kind of DNA binding protein that can specifically interact with the promoter region. Members of MYB TFs are widely involved in plant growth and development, secondary metabolism, s...

    Authors: Yujiao Wang, Yong Zhang, Chunjie Fan, Yongcheng Wei, Jingxiang Meng, Zhen Li and Chonglu Zhong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:328

    Content type: Research

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  6. Grapevine cultivars of the Pinot family represent clonally propagated mutants with major phenotypic and physiological differences, such as different colour or shifted ripening time, as well as changes in impor...

    Authors: Jens Theine, Daniela Holtgräwe, Katja Herzog, Florian Schwander, Anna Kicherer, Ludger Hausmann , Prisca Viehöver, Reinhard Töpfer and Bernd Weisshaar

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:327

    Content type: Research

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  7. Glycolate oxidase (GLO) is not only a key enzyme in photorespiration but also a major engine for H2O2 production in plants. Catalase (CAT)-dependent H2O2 decomposition has been previously reported to be involved ...

    Authors: Xiangyang Li, Mengmeng Liao, Jiayu Huang, Zheng Xu, Zhanqiao Lin, Nenghui Ye, Zhisheng Zhang and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:326

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Plant phylogeographic studies of species in subtropical China have mainly focused on rare and endangered species, whereas few studies have been conducted on taxa with relatively wide distribution, especially p...

    Authors: Zhi Wang, Caihong Zhong, Dawei Li, Chunlin Yan, Xiaohong Yao and Zuozhou Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:325

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Growing large crop monocultures and heavily using pesticides enhances the evolution of pesticide-insensitive pests and pathogens. To reduce pesticide use in crop cultivation, the application of priming-active ...

    Authors: Judith Loogen, André Müller, Arne Balzer, Sophie Weber, Kathrin Schmitz, Roxanne Krug, Ulrich Schaffrath, Jörg Pietruszk, Uwe Conrath and Jochen Büchs

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:324

    Content type: Research

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  10. Sufficient low temperature accumulation is the key strategy to break bud dormancy and promote subsequent flowering in tree peony anti-season culturing production. Exogenous gibberellins (GAs) could partially r...

    Authors: Zhang Yuxi, Yuan Yanchao, Liu Zejun, Zhang Tao, Li Feng, Liu Chunying and Gai Shupeng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:323

    Content type: Research

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  11. Flexibility of plant metabolism is supported by redox regulation of enzymes via posttranslational modification of cysteine residues, especially in plastids. Here, the redox states of cysteine residues are part...

    Authors: Stefanie J. Müller-Schüssele, Finja Bohle, Jacopo Rossi, Paolo Trost, Andreas J. Meyer and Mirko Zaffagnini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Browning spot (BS) disorders seriously affect the appearance quality of ‘Huangguan’ pear and cause economic losses. Many studies on BS have mainly focused on physiological and biochemical aspects, and the mole...

    Authors: Qi Wang, Xinyi Wu, Li Liu, Daozhi Yao, Jinchao Li, Jie Fang, Xiaonan Chen, Liwu Zhu, Pu Liu, Zhenfeng Ye, Bing Jia and Wei Heng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research

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  13. N-terminal acetylation (NTA) is a highly abundant protein modification catalyzed by N-terminal acetyltransferases (NATs) in eukaryotes. However, the plant NATs and their biological functions have been poorly exp....

    Authors: Hai-qing Liu, Ya-jie Zou, Xiao-feng Li, Lei Wu and Guang-qin Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:320

    Content type: Research

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  14. PTI1 (Pto-interacting 1) protein kinase belongs to the receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase (RLCK) group of receptor-like protein kinases (RLK), but lack extracellular and transmembrane domains. PTI1 was first ide...

    Authors: Yongguan Huangfu, Jiaowen Pan, Zhen Li, Qingguo Wang, Fatemeh Mastouri, Ying Li, Stephen Yang, Min Liu, Shaojun Dai and Wei Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:319

    Content type: Research

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  15. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) efficiently accumulates starch in its storage roots. However, how photosynthates are transported from the leaves to the phloem (especially how they are unloaded into parenchymal...

    Authors: Kun Pan, Cheng Lu, Peixian Nie, Meizhen Hu, Xincheng Zhou, Xin Chen and Wenquan Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:318

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Entering and exiting winter dormancy present important trade-offs between growth and survival at northern latitudes. Many forest trees display local adaptation across latitude in traits associated with these p...

    Authors: Rami-Petteri Apuli, Thomas Richards, Martha Rendón-Anaya, Almir Karacic, Ann-Christin Rönnberg-Wästljung and Pär K. Ingvarsson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:317

    Content type: Research

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  17. Ergot, caused by the fungal pathogen Claviceps purpurea, infects the female flowers of a range of cereal crops, including wheat. To understand the interaction between C. purpurea and hexaploid wheat we undertook ...

    Authors: Eleni Tente, Nelzo Ereful, Anyela Camargo Rodriguez, Paul Grant, Donal M. O’Sullivan, Lesley A. Boyd and Anna Gordon

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:316

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Plant-produced specialised metabolites are a powerful part of a plant’s first line of defence against herbivorous insects, bacteria and fungi. Wild ancestors of present-day cultivated tomato produce a plethora...

    Authors: Ruy W. J. Kortbeek, Marc D. Galland, Aleksandra Muras, Frans M. van der Kloet, Bart André, Maurice Heilijgers, Sacha A. F. T. van Hijum, Michel A. Haring, Robert C. Schuurink and Petra M. Bleeker

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research

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  19. Harnessing heterosis is one of the major approaches to increase rice yield and has made a great contribution to food security. The identification and selection of outstanding parental genotypes especially amon...

    Authors: Xianwen Zhang, Qiang He, Wuhan Zhang, Fu Shu, Weiping Wang, Zhizhou He, Hairong Xiong, Junhua Peng and Huafeng Deng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research

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  20. Peanut smut is a disease caused by the fungus Thecaphora frezii Carranza & Lindquist to which most commercial cultivars in South America are highly susceptible. It is responsible for severely decreased yield and ...

    Authors: Francisco J. de Blas, Cecilia I. Bruno, Renee S. Arias, Carolina Ballén-Taborda, Eva Mamani, Claudio Oddino, Melina Rosso, Beatriz P. Costero, Marina Bressano, Juan H. Soave, Sara J. Soave, Mario I. Buteler, J. Guillermo Seijo and Alicia N. Massa

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mineral elements are important for maintaining good human health besides heavy metals. Mining genes that control mineral elements are paramount for improving their accumulation in the wheat grain. Although pre...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Hong Guo, Chongning Wu, Hui Yu, Xiaokang Li, Guangfeng Chen, Jichun Tian and Zhiying Deng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:311

    Content type: Research

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  22. The ability of chickpea to obtain sufficient nitrogen via its symbiotic relationship with Mesorhizobium ciceri is of critical importance in supporting growth and grain production. A number of factors can affect t...

    Authors: Krista L. Plett, Sean L. Bithell, Adrian Dando and Jonathan M. Plett

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research

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  23. Phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) is involved in the regulation of a wide range of biological processes. In Arabidopsis, it has been well-known that SnRK2s are the central components of the ABA signaling pathwa...

    Authors: Tiandan Long, Binjie Xu, Yufeng Hu, Yayun Wang, Changqing Mao, Yongbin Wang, Junjie Zhang, Hanmei Liu, Huanhuan Huang, Yinghong Liu, Guowu Yu, Chunzhao Zhao, Yangping Li and Yubi Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Chalkiness, the opaque part in the kernel endosperm formed by loosely piled starch and protein bodies. Chalkiness is a complex quantitative trait regulated by multiple genes and various env...

    Authors: Qin Xie, Jinke Xu, Ke Huang, Yi Su, Jianhua Tong, Zhigang Huang, Chao Huang, Manlin Wei, Wanhuang Lin and Langtao Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:308

    Content type: Research

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  25. Maize rough dwarf disease (MRDD), a widespread disease caused by four pathogenic viruses, severely reduces maize yield and grain quality. Resistance against MRDD is a complex trait that controlled by many quan...

    Authors: Weixiao Zhang, Suining Deng, Yan Zhao, Wei Xu, Qingcai Liu, Yongzhong Zhang, Chunmei Ren, Zhaobang Cheng, Mingliang Xu and Baoshen Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:307

    Content type: Research

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  26. Outbreaks of insect pests in paddy fields cause heavy losses in global rice yield annually, a threat projected to be aggravated by ongoing climate warming. Although significant progress has been made in the sc...

    Authors: Yi Li, Boon Huat Cheah, Yu-Fu Fang, Yun-Hung Kuang, Shau-Ching Lin, Chung-Ta Liao, Shou-Horng Huang, Ya-Fen Lin and Wen-Po Chuang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:306

    Content type: Research

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  27. Natural variations derived from both evolutionary selection and genetic recombination, presume to have important functions to respond to various abiotic stresses, which could be used to improve drought toleran...

    Authors: Nan Wang, Ming Cheng, Yong Chen, Bojuan Liu, Xiaonan Wang, Guojun Li, Yueheng Zhou, Ping Luo, Zhangying Xi, Hongjun Yong, Degui Zhang, Mingshun Li, Xuecai Zhang, Felix San Vicente, Zhuanfang Hao and Xinhai Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:305

    Content type: Research

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  28. The production of cereal crops is frequently affected by diseases caused by Fusarium graminearum and Magnaporthe oryzae, two devastating fungal pathogens. To improve crop resistance, many studies have focused on ...

    Authors: Gengrui Zhu, Chengyu Gao, Chenyu Wu, Mu Li, Jin-Rong Xu, Huiquan Liu and Qinhu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:304

    Content type: Research

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  29. Organic mulches are widely used in crop production systems. Due to their benefits in improving soil fertility, retention of soil moisture and weed control. Field experiments were conducted during wheat growing...

    Authors: Muhammad Irshad, Faizan Ullah, Shah Fahad, Sultan Mehmood, Asif Ullah Khan, Martin Brtnicky, Antonin Kintl, Jiri Holatko, Inam Irshad, Mohamed El-Sharnouby, Ayman EL Sabagh, Rahul Datta and Subhan Danish

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:303

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Understanding the determinants of free asparagine concentration in wheat grain is necessary to reduce levels of the processing contaminant acrylamide in baked and toasted wheat products. Although crop manageme...

    Authors: Joseph Oddy, Rocío Alarcón-Reverte, Mark Wilkinson, Karl Ravet, Sarah Raffan, Andrea Minter, Andrew Mead, J. Stephen Elmore, Isabel Moreira de Almeida, Nicholas C. Cryer, Nigel G. Halford and Stephen Pearce

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research

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  31. Mustard (Brassica juncea) is an important economic vegetable, and some cultivars have purple leaves and accumulate more anthocyanins than the green. The genetic and evolution of purple trait in mustard has not be...

    Authors: Guanghui An and Jiongjiong Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:301

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A major limiting factor for plant growth is the aluminum (Al) toxicity in acidic soils, especially in tropical regions. The exclusion of Al from the root apex through root exudation of organic acids such as ma...

    Authors: Ana Paula Ribeiro, Felipe Vinecky, Karoline Estefani Duarte, Thaís Ribeiro Santiago, Raphael Augusto das Chagas Noqueli Casari, Aline Forgatti Hell, Bárbara Andrade Dias Brito da Cunha, Polyana Kelly Martins, Danilo da Cruz Centeno, Patricia Abrão de Oliveira Molinari, Geraldo Magela de Almeida Cançado, Jurandir Vieira de Magalhães, Adilson Kenji Kobayashi, Wagner Rodrigo de Souza and Hugo Bruno Correa Molinari

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:300

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Cigar wrapper leaves are the most important raw material of cigars. Studying the genomic information of cigar tobacco is conducive to improving cigar quality from the perspective of genetic breeding. However, ...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Jingjing Jin, Guoyun Xu, Zefeng Li, Niu Zhai, Qingxia Zheng, Hongkun Lv, Pingping Liu, Lifeng Jin, Qiansi Chen, Peijian Cao and Huina Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Awn of rice is an important domestication trait closely associated with yield traits. Therefore, the identification of genes for awn development is of great significance for the elucidation of molecular mechan...

    Authors: Baoxiang Qin, Taian Lu, Yibo Xu, Wei Shen, Fang Liu, Xuyang Xie, Yunzhen Li, Kejian Wang and Rongbai Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:298

    Content type: Research

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  35. Here we respond to the paper entitled “Contribution of anthocyanin pathways to fruit flesh coloration in pitayas” (Fan et al., BMC Plant Biol 20:361, 2020). In this paper Fan et al. 2020 propose that the anthocya...

    Authors: Boas Pucker, Hidam Bishworjit Singh, Monika Kumari, Mohammad Imtiyaj Khan and Samuel F. Brockington

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:297

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The Research article to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:361

  36. Moso bamboo, the fastest growing plant on earth, is an important source for income in large areas of Asia, mainly cultivated in China. Lateral organ boundaries domain (LBD) proteins, a family of transcription ...

    Authors: Bin Huang, Zhinuo Huang, Ruifang Ma, Muthusamy Ramakrishnan, Jialu Chen, Zhijun Zhang and Kim Yrjälä

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:296

    Content type: Research

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  37. Drought is a common phenomenon worldwide. It is also one of the main abiotic factors that affect the growth and quality of strawberry. The dehydration-responsive element binding protein (DREB) members that bel...

    Authors: Chao Dong, Yue Xi, Xinlu Chen and Zong-Ming Cheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:295

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. For millennia, drug-type cannabis strains were extensively used for various medicinal, ritual, and inebriant applications. However, cannabis prohibition during the last century led to cultivation and breeding ...

    Authors: Erez Naim-Feil, Luke W. Pembleton, Laura E. Spooner, Alix L. Malthouse, Amy Miner, Melinda Quinn, Renata M. Polotnianka, Rebecca C. Baillie, German C. Spangenberg and Noel O. I. Cogan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:294

    Content type: Research

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  39. Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC, a medicinal herb belonging to the Asteraceae family, often faces severe drought stress during its growth. Until now, there has been no research on the effect of drought stress on ...

    Authors: Aqin Zhang, Mengxue Liu, Wei Gu, Ziyun Chen, Yuchen Gu, Lingfeng Pei and Rong Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Parthenocarpy results in traits attractive to both consumers and breeders, and it overcomes the obstacle of self-incompatibility in the fruit set of horticultural crops, including pear (Pyrus bretshneider). Howev...

    Authors: Haiqi Zhang, Wei Han, Huibin Wang, Liu Cong, Rui Zhai, Chengquan Yang, Zhigang Wang and Lingfei Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:292

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Brassinosteroids (BRs) play important roles in plant growth and development. Although BR receptors have been intensively studied in Arabidopsis, those in foxtail millet remain largely unknown. Here, we show that ...

    Authors: Zhiying Zhao, Sha Tang, Yiming Zhang, Jingjing Yue, Jiaqi Xu, Wenqiang Tang, Yanxiang Sun, Ruiju Wang, Xianmin Diao and Baowen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) is an important leafy vegetable crop, and leaf-related traits including leaf length, leaf width, and petiole length, are important commercial traits. However, the underlying genes r...

    Authors: Zhiyuan Liu, Hongbing She, Zhaosheng Xu, Helong Zhang, Guoliang Li, Shifan Zhang and Wei Qian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) is characterized by the production of berries that are smaller than most common fruits, and the underlying mechanisms of fruit size in blueberry remain elusive. V. corymbosum ‘O’Neal’ a...

    Authors: Li Yang, Liangmiao Liu, Zhuoyi Wang, Yu Zong, Lei Yu, Yongqaing Li, Fanglei Liao, Manman Chen, Kailing Cai and Weidong Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:289

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. B-box (BBX) genes play important roles in plant growth regulation and responses to abiotic stresses. The plant growth and yield production of allotetraploid rapeseed is usually hindered by diverse nutrient stress...

    Authors: Li-wei Zheng, Sheng-jie Ma, Ting Zhou, Cai-peng Yue, Ying-peng Hua and Jin-yong Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:288

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) plays an important role in the primary metabolism of higher plants. Several studies have revealed the critical importance of PEPC in the interaction of carbon and nitroge...

    Authors: Ling Lian, Yuelong Lin, Yidong Wei, Wei He, Qiuhua Cai, Wei Huang, Yanmei Zheng, Huibin Xu, Fuxiang Wang, Yongsheng Zhu, Xi Luo, Huaan Xie and Jianfu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:287

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Brassica napus is an essential crop for oil and livestock feed. Eventually, this crop's economic interest is at the most risk due to anthropogenic climate change. DELLA proteins constitute a significant repressor...

    Authors: Rehman Sarwar, Ting Jiang, Peng Ding, Yue Gao, Xiaoli Tan and Keming Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels (A. sinensis) is a Chinese herb grown in different geographical locations. It contains numerous active components with therapeutic value. Rhizosphere microbiomes affect various asp...

    Authors: Lei Zhu, Hui Yan, Gui-sheng Zhou, Chun-hao Jiang, Pei Liu, Guang Yu, Sheng Guo, Qi-Nan Wu and Jin-ao Duan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Identifying genes involved in salt tolerance in the recretohalophyte Limonium bicolor could facilitate the breeding of crops with enhanced salt tolerance. Here we cloned the previously uncharacterized gene LbHLH ...

    Authors: Xi Wang, Yingli Zhou, Yanyu Xu, Baoshan Wang and Fang Yuan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  49. Sesame is a rare example of non-model and minor crop for which numerous genetic loci and candidate genes underlying features of interest have been disclosed at relatively high resolution. These progresses have...

    Authors: Muez Berhe, Komivi Dossa, Jun You, Pape Adama Mboup, Idrissa Navel Diallo, Diaga Diouf, Xiurong Zhang and Linhai Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:283

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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