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  1. The investigation of molecular mechanisms involved in lipid metabolism plays a critical role for the genetic engineering of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) to increase the oil accumulation level or to change ...

    Authors: Dandan Li, Qing Wang, Xin Xu, Jingsheng Yu, Zhiyu Chen, Bo Wei and Wei Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Melatonin, a multifunctional signal molecule, has been reported to play crucial roles in growth and development and stress responses in various plant species. Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) is a food crop with ...

    Authors: Yihua Zhan, Tingting Wu, Xuan Zhao, Zhanqi Wang and Yue Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research

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  3. Bolting refers to the early flowering stem production on agricultural and horticultural crops before harvesting. Indeed, bolting is an event induced by the coordinated effects of various environmental factors ...

    Authors: Reza Abolghasemi, Maryam Haghighi, Nematollah Etemadi, Shui Wang and Aboozar Soorni

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research

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  4. Apomixis is a form of asexual reproduction that produces offspring without the need for combining male and female gametes, and the offspring have the same genetic makeup as the mother. Therefore, apomixis tech...

    Authors: Xitong Fei, Yu Lei, Yichen Qi, Shujie Wang, Haichao Hu and Anzhi Wei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research

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  5. Cottonseed is one of the major sources of vegetable oil. Analysis of the dynamic changes of fatty acid components and the genes regulating the composition of fatty acids of cottonseed oil is of great significa...

    Authors: Lihong Ma, Xinqi Cheng, Chuan Wang, Xinyu Zhang, Fei Xue, Yanjun Li, Qianhao Zhu, Jie Sun and Feng Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Salinity is a major threat to the agriculture industry due to the negative impact of salinity stress on crop productivity. In the present study, we isolated rhizobacteria and evaluated their capacities to prom...

    Authors: Muhammad Aaqil Khan, Atlaw Anbelu Sahile, Rahmatullah Jan, Sajjad Asaf, Muhammad Hamayun, Muhammad Imran, Arjun Adhikari, Sang-Mo Kang, Kyung-Min Kim and In-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Despite its good salt-tolerance level, key genes and pathways involved with temporal salt response of common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) have not been explored. Therefore, in this study, to underst...

    Authors: An Shao, Wei Wang, Shugao Fan, Xiao Xu, Yanling Yin, Amombo Erick, Xiaoning Li, Guangyang Wang, Hongli Wang and Jinmin Fu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Allium sativum (garlic) is an economically important food source and medicinal plant rich in sulfides and other protective substances such as alliin, the precursor of allicin biosynthesis. Cysteine, serine and su...

    Authors: Xuqin Yang, Yiren Su, Jiaying Wu, Wen Wan, Huijian Chen, Xiaoying Cao, Junjuan Wang, Zhong Zhang, Youzhi Wang, Deliang Ma, G. J. Loake and Jihong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The shedding of premature sweet cherry (Prunus avium L) fruitlet has significantly impacted production, which in turn has a consequential effect on economic benefits.

    Authors: Zhilang Qiu, Zhuang Wen, Qiandong Hou, Guang Qiao, Kun Yang, Yi Hong and Xiaopeng Wen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:173

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Leaf color is an important trait in breeding of leafy vegetables. Y-05, a pakchoi (Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis) cultivar, displays yellow inner (YIN) and green outer leaves (GOU) after cold acclimation. However,...

    Authors: Huiyu Wang, Zhubo Li, Lingyun Yuan, Hefang Zhou, Xilin Hou and Tongkun Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  11. A better understanding of non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) dynamics in trees under drought stress is critical to elucidate the mechanisms underlying forest decline and tree mortality from extended periods of ...

    Authors: Jiaxing Wang, Haoqiang Zhang, Jing Gao, Yu Zhang, Yaqin Liu and Ming Tang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research

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  12. Protease inhibitors are defense proteins widely distributed in the plant kingdom. By reducing the activity of digestive enzymes in insect guts, they reduce the availability of nutrients and thus impair the gro...

    Authors: Franziska Eberl, Thomas Fabisch, Katrin Luck, Tobias G. Köllner, Heiko Vogel, Jonathan Gershenzon and Sybille B. Unsicker

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:170

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Pepper is one of the most cultivated crops worldwide, but is sensitive to salinity. This sensitivity is dependent on varieties and our knowledge about how they can face such stress is limited, mainly according...

    Authors: Lidia López-Serrano, Ángeles Calatayud, Salvador López-Galarza, Ramón Serrano and Eduardo Bueso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:169

    Content type: Research article

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  14. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: W. V. Andrade Júnior, C. F. Oliveira Neto, B. G. Santos Filho, E. D. Cruz, C. B. Amarante, A. V. C. Barbosa, G. A. S. Nogueira, V. R. Nascimento, D. J. P. Sousa and J. S. S. Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:168

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:151

  15. DNA sequence composition affects meiotic recombination. However, the correlation between tandem repeat composition and meiotic recombination in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is unclear.

    Authors: Yang Zou, Linrong Wan, Jie Luo, Zongxiang Tang and Shulan Fu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pollination accelerate sepal development that enhances plant fitness by protecting seeds in female spinach. This response requires pollination signals that result in the remodeling within the sepal cells for r...

    Authors: Mahpara Fatima, Xiaokai Ma, Ping Zhou, Madiha Zaynab and Ray Ming

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

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  17. To decipher the root and microbial interaction, secondary metabolite accumulation in roots and the microbial community’s succession model during the plant’s growth period demands an in-depth investigation. How...

    Authors: Hanli Dang, Tao Zhang, Zhongke Wang, Guifang Li, Wenqin Zhao, Xinhua Lv and Li Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Diatoms contribute 20% of the global primary production and are adaptable in dynamic environments. Diatoms always bloom earlier in the annual phytoplankton succession instead of dinoflagellates. However, how d...

    Authors: Lu Zhou, Songcui Wu, Wenhui Gu, Lijun Wang, Jing Wang, Shan Gao and Guangce Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:164

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Greater yam (Dioscorea alata L.) is a major tropical and subtropical staple crop cultivated for its starchy tubers. Breeding of this dioecious species is hampered by its erratic flowering, yet little is currently...

    Authors: Fabien Cormier, Guillaume Martin, Hélène Vignes, Laurie Lachman, Denis Cornet, Yoana Faure, Erick Maledon, Pierre Mournet, Gemma Arnau and Hâna Chaïr

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:163

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In plants, 14-3-3 proteins, also called GENERAL REGULATORY FACTORs (GRFs), encoded by a large multigene family, are involved in protein–protein interactions and play crucial roles in various physiological proc...

    Authors: Na Sang, Hui Liu, Bin Ma, Xianzhong Huang, Lu Zhuo and Yuqiang Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:162

    Content type: Research article

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  21. As the key regulators in BR signaling, BES1 family genes regulate thousands of target genes involved in various development processes. So far, the functions of BES1 family are poorly understood in tomato, and a c...

    Authors: Deding Su, Wei Xiang, Ling Wen, Wang Lu, Yuan Shi, Yudong Liu and Zhengguo Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Being a promising tropical woody oilseed crop, the evergreen and recurrent plants of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) has complex phenology and source–sink interactions. Carbon source–sink manipulations with...

    Authors: Zhiquan Cai, Tao Xie and Jin Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:160

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Sesame (Sesamum indicum) charcoal rot, a destructive fungal disease caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid (MP), is a great threat to the yield and quality of sesame. However, there is a lack of informati...

    Authors: Wenqing Yan, Yunxia Ni, Xintao Liu, Hui Zhao, Yanhua Chen, Min Jia, Mingming Liu, Hongyan Liu and Baoming Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:159

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Maize is one of the most important field crops in the world. Most of the key agronomic traits, including yield traits and plant architecture traits, are quantitative. Fine mapping of genes/ quantitative trait ...

    Authors: Zhengjie Chen, Dengguo Tang, Jixing Ni, Peng Li, Le Wang, Jinhong Zhou, Chenyang Li, Hai Lan, Lujiang Li and Jian Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:157

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Low temperature (LT) is one of the main limiting factors that affect growth and development in grape. Increasing soluble sugar and scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) play critical roles in grapevine resi...

    Authors: Guoping Liang, Honghong He, Guojie Nai, Lidan Feng, Yanmei Li, Qi Zhou, Zonghuan Ma, Yuan Yue, Baihong Chen and Juan Mao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:156

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Anastomosis group 1 IA (AG1-IA) of Rhizoctonia solani is the major agent of banded leaf and sheath blight (BLSB) disease that causes severe yield loss in many worldwide crops. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ~ 22 nt non-c...

    Authors: Hongxu Meng, Shaoli Wang, Wei Yang, Xinhua Ding, Ning Li, Zhaohui Chu and Xiaoming Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Mechanical damage is an unavoidable threat to the growth and survival of plants. Although a wound to senescing (lower) leaves improves plant vitality, a wound to younger (upper) leaves often causes damage to o...

    Authors: Qi Chen, Xueyan Lu, Xiaorui Guo, Mingyuan Xu and Zhonghua Tang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:154

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Acetosyringone (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxyacetophenone, AS) is a syringyl-type phenolic compound rarely found in plants in free form. It has been shown earlier to inhibit the growth of Pseudomonas bacteria in the pr...

    Authors: Ágnes Szatmári, Ágnes M. Móricz, Ildikó Schwarczinger, Judit Kolozsváriné Nagy, Ágnes Alberti, Miklós Pogány and Zoltán Bozsó

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Prunus pedunculata Pall, the deciduous shrub of Amygdalus subgenus in Rosaceae, is a new kind of desert oil-bearing tree. It has a long story of being planted in the West and North of China for sand fixation and ...

    Authors: Wenquan Bao, Dun Ao, Lin Wang, Zhihao Ling, Maoshan Chen, Yue Bai, Ta-Na Wuyun, Junxing Chen, Shuning Zhang and Fengming Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Virola surinamensis is a forest species widely distributed in the estuaries of the Amazon. These ecosystems are susceptible to contamination by Cadmium (Cd), indicating that the plant has strategies for toleratin...

    Authors: W. V. Andrade Júnior, C. F. Oliveira Neto, B. G. Santos Filho, E. D. Cruz, C. B. Amarante, A. V. C. Barbosa, G. A. S. Nogueira, V. R. Nascimento, D. J. P. Sousa and J. S. S. Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:151

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:168

  31. Rice is particularly effective, compared to other cereals, at accumulating arsenic (As), a nonthreshold, class 1 human carcinogen in shoot and grain. Nano-zinc oxide is gradually used in agricultural productio...

    Authors: Shiwei Yan, Fan Wu, Song Zhou, Jianhao Yang, Xianjin Tang and Wenling Ye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:150

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The main objectives of this study were to find the possible structural association between the activity of enzymatic antioxidants and the grain yield of triticale plants as well as identifying the genotypic va...

    Authors: Armin Saed-Moucheshi, Fatemeh Sohrabi, Elham Fasihfar, Fatemeh Baniasadi, Mehrnaz Riasat and Ali Akbar Mozafari

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Climate change is predicted to lead to changes in the amount and distribution of precipitation during the growing seasonal. This “repackaging” of rainfall could be particularly important for grassland producti...

    Authors: Jinwei Zhang, Xiangjin Shen, Bifan Mu, Yujie Shi, Yuheng Yang, Xuefeng Wu, Chunsheng Mu and Junfeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:147

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Glycine betaine (GB) plays a crucial role in plants responding to abiotic stresses. Studying the physiological response of cotton seedlings to exogenous GB under salt stress provides a reference for the applic...

    Authors: Abdoul Kader Mounkaila Hamani, Shuang Li, Jinsai Chen, Abubakar Sunusi Amin, Guangshuai Wang, Shen Xiaojun, Muhammad Zain and Yang Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:146

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Barley is known to be recalcitrant to tissue culture, which hinders genetic transformation and its biotechnological application. To date, the ideal explant for transformation remains limited to immature embryo...

    Authors: Jingqi Suo, Chenlu Zhou, Zhanghui Zeng, Xipu Li, Hongwu Bian, Junhui Wang, Muyuan Zhu and Ning Han

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:145

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Identifying the loci and dissecting the genetic architecture underlying wheat yield- and quality-related traits are essential for wheat breeding. A genome-wide association study was conducted using a high-dens...

    Authors: Le Gao, Chengsheng Meng, Tengfei Yi, Ke Xu, Huiwen Cao, Shuhua Zhang, Xueju Yang and Yong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Signal peptides are essential for plant growth and development. In plants, biological processes including cell-cell communication, cellular proliferation and differentiation, cellular determination of self-inc...

    Authors: Nannan Qin, Yang Gao, Xiaojing Cheng, Yang Yang, Jiang Wu, Jinyao Wang, Sen Li and Guoming Xing

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:143

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Cannabis, an important industrial crop, has a high sensitivity to photoperiods. The flowering time of cannabis is one of its important agronomic traits, and has a significant effect on its yield and quality. The

    Authors: Gen Pan, Zheng Li, Ming Yin, Siqi Huang, Jie Tao, Anguo Chen, Jianjun Li, Huijuan Tang, Li Chang, Yong Deng, Defang Li and Lining Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:142

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Sterols are structural and functional components of eukaryotic cell membranes. Plants produce a complex mixture of sterols, among which β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, and cholesterol in some Solanace...

    Authors: Laura Gutiérrez-García, Montserrat Arró, Teresa Altabella, Albert Ferrer and Albert Boronat

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Genomic imprinting results in the expression of parent-of-origin-specific alleles in the offspring. Brassica napus is an oil crop with research values in polyploidization. Identification of imprinted genes in B. ...

    Authors: Hao Rong, Wenjing Yang, Haotian Zhu, Bo Jiang, Jinjin Jiang and Youping Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:140

    Content type: Research article

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  41. In recent years, sugarcane has attracted increasing attention as an energy crop. Wild resources are widely used to improve the narrow genetic base of sugarcane. However, the infertility of F1 hybrids between Sacc...

    Authors: Xueting Li, Fei Huang, Jin Chai, Qiusong Wang, Fan Yu, Yongji Huang, Jiayun Wu, Qinnan Wang, Liangnian Xu, Muqing Zhang and Zuhu Deng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Maize (Zea mays L.) is a major cereal crop, with the United States accounting for over 40% of the worldwide production. Corn leaf aphid [CLA; Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch)] is an economically important pest of mai...

    Authors: Lise Pingault, Suresh Varsani, Nathan Palmer, Swayamjit Ray, W. Paul Williams, Dawn S. Luthe, Jared G. Ali, Gautam Sarath and Joe Louis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Environmental stresses including abiotic stresses and biotic stresses limit yield of plants. Stress-tolerant breeding is an efficient way to improve plant yield under stress conditions. Genome editing by CRISP...

    Authors: Siyu Chen, Na Zhang, Ganghua Zhou, Saddam Hussain, Sajjad Ahmed, Hainan Tian and Shucai Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Cleistogamic flowers are a main barrier in pollen dispersal for cross-pollination necessary in wheat hybrid breeding. The aim of our study was to gain new knowledge on the biology of wheat flowering, in partic...

    Authors: Urszula Zajączkowska, Bożena Denisow, Barbara Łotocka, Alicja Dołkin-Lewko and Monika Rakoczy-Trojanowska

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:136

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Grapevine reproductive development has direct implications on yield. It also impacts on berry and wine quality by affecting traits like seedlessness, berry and bunch size, cluster compactness and berry skin to...

    Authors: Laura Costantini, Paula Moreno-Sanz, Chinedu Charles Nwafor, Silvia Lorenzi, Annarita Marrano, Fabiana Cristofolini, Elena Gottardini, Stefano Raimondi, Paola Ruffa, Ivana Gribaudo, Anna Schneider and Maria Stella Grando

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Providing the photosynthesis factory for plants, chloroplasts are critical for crop biomass and economic yield. However, chloroplast development is a complicated process, coordinated by the cross-communication...

    Authors: Shengming Yang, Megan Overlander and Jason Fiedler

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. It has been recognized that a certain amount of habitat disturbance is a facilitating factor for the occurrence of natural hybridization, yet to date we are unaware of any studies exploring hybridization and r...

    Authors: Rongli Liao, Weibang Sun and Yongpeng Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:133

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Tartary buckwheat seed development is an extremely complex process involving many gene regulatory pathways. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as the important negative regulators of gene expression and p...

    Authors: Hongyou Li, Hengling Meng, Xiaoqian Sun, Jiao Deng, Taoxiong Shi, Liwei Zhu, Qiuyu Lv and Qingfu Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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