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  1. The determinate growth habits is beneficial for plant architecture modification and the development of crops cultivars suited to mechanized production systems. Which play an important role in the genetic impro...

    Authors: Kaixiang Li, Liang Xu, Yongpeng Jia, Cuiping Chen, Yanmei Yao, Haidong Liu and Dezhi Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:568

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Tipburn, also known as leaf tip necrosis, is a severe issue in Chinese cabbage production. One known cause is that plants are unable to provide adequate Ca2+ to rapidly expanding leaves. Bacterial infection is al...

    Authors: Jingping Yuan, Changwei Shen, Ranghua Yuan, Huaixia Zhang, Yan Xiao, Xiaoling Wang, Feifei Pan, Chunhui Wu, Qingfei Li, Jingyun Yuan and Xuesheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:567

    Content type: Research

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  3. Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep is a traditional Chinese medical plant that is mainly cultivated in southern China. Drought stress is one of the major abiotic stresses that negatively impacts S. tonkinensis growth. H...

    Authors: Ying Liang, Kunhua Wei, Fan Wei, Shuangshuang Qin, Chuanhua Deng, Yang Lin, Mingjie Li, Li Gu, Guili Wei, Jianhua Miao and Zhongyi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:566

    Content type: Research

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  4. The Gibberellic Acid Stimulated Arabidopsis (GASA) proteins were investigated in the study to help understand their possible roles in fruit trees, particularly in Citrus. A total of 18 CcGASA proteins were identi...

    Authors: Tianli Wu, Yun Zhong, Min Chen, Bo Wu, Ting Wang, Bo Jiang and Guangyan Zhong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:565

    Content type: Research

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  5. Plant transformation with rol oncogenes derived from wild strains of Rhizobium rhizogenes is a popular biotechnology tool. Transformation effects depend on the type of rol gene, expression level, and the number o...

    Authors: Wojciech Makowski, Aleksandra Królicka, Barbara Tokarz, Karolina Miernicka, Anna Kołton, Łukasz Pięta, Kamilla Malek, Halina Ekiert, Agnieszka Szopa and Krzysztof Michał Tokarz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:564

    Content type: Research

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  6. Anthocyanins, which belong to flavonoids, are widely colored among red-purple pigments in the Asiatic hybrid lilies (Lilium spp.). Transcription factor (TF) LhMYBSPLATTER (formerly known as LhMYB12-Lat), identifi...

    Authors: Yuwei Cao, Mengmeng Bi, Panpan Yang, Meng Song, Guoren He, Jing Wang, Yue Yang, Leifeng Xu and Jun Ming

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:563

    Content type: Research

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  7. Brood pollination mutualism is a special type of plant-pollinator interaction in which adult insects pollinate plants, and the plants provide breeding sites for the insects as a reward. To manifest such a mutu...

    Authors: Bo Zhang, Shu-Fan Sun, Wang-Long Luo, Jia-Xin Li, Qiang-En Fang, De-Gang Zhang and Gui-Xin Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:562

    Content type: Research

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  8. AP2/ERF transcription factors (TFs) constitute one of the largest TF families in plants, which play crucial roles in plant metabolism, growth, and development as well as biotic and abiotic stresses responses. ...

    Authors: Haitao Xing, Yusong Jiang, Yong Zou, Xiaoling Long, Xiaoli Wu, Yun Ren, Yuan Li and Hong-Lei Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:561

    Content type: Research

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  9. Barley yellow mosaic disease (BYMD) caused by Barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV) and Barley mild mosaic virus (BaMMV) seriously threatens the production of winter barley. Cultivating and promoting varieties that ...

    Authors: Yuhan Pan, Juan Zhu, Yi Hong, Mengna Zhang, Chao Lv, Baojian Guo, Huiquan Shen, Xiao Xu and Rugen Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:560

    Content type: Research

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  10. Sucrose (Suc) hydrolysis is directly associated with plants tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses. Invertase (INV) enzymes irreversibly catalyze Suc degradation to produce glucose (Glc) and fructose (Frc). Ho...

    Authors: Bachar Dahro, Yue Wang, Ahmed Alhag, Chunlong Li, Dayong Guo and Ji-Hong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:559

    Content type: Research

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  11. Arabidopsis protein disulfide isomerase 1 (AtPDI1) has been demonstrated to have disulfide isomerase activity and to be involved in the stress response. However, whether the anti-stress function is directly rela...

    Authors: Ying Lu, Li Yuan, Zhou Zhou, Mengyu Wang, Xiaoyun Wang, Shizhong Zhang and Qinghua Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:557

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Understanding the ecological strategies of urban trees to the urban environment is crucial to the selection and management of urban trees. However, it is still unclear whether urban tree pit cover will affect ...

    Authors: Jiyou Zhu, Yujuan Cao, Weijun He, Qing Xu, Chengyang Xu and Xinna Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:556

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. CCCH zinc finger family is one of the largest transcription factor families related to multiple biotic and abiotic stresses. Brassica napus L., an allotetraploid oilseed crop formed by natural hybridization betwe...

    Authors: Boyi Pi, Jiao Pan, Mu Xiao, Xinchang Hu, Lei Zhang, Min Chen, Boyu Liu, Ying Ruan and Yong Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:555

    Content type: Research

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  14. Authors: Ivis Moran-Bertot, Lianet Rodríguez-Cabrera, Orlando Borras-Hidalgo, Siliang Huang, Yunchao Kan, Denis J. Wright and Camilo Ayra-Pardo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:554

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:78

  15. Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) based virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS), a widely used functional genomics tool, requires growth temperatures typically lower than those of the plant’s native environment. Enabling...

    Authors: Jamilur Rahman, Ian T. Baldwin and Klaus Gase

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:553

    Content type: Research

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  16. Improvement of tuber yield and tolerance to viruses are priority objectives in white Guinea yam breeding programs. However, phenotypic selection for these traits is quite challenging due to phenotypic plastici...

    Authors: Paterne A. Agre, Prince E. Norman, Robert Asiedu and Asrat Asfaw

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:552

    Content type: Research

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  17. Ascochyta blight caused by Ascochyta fabae Speg. and broomrape (Orobanche crenata) are among the economically most significant pathogens of faba bean. Several QTLs conferring resistance against the two pathogens ...

    Authors: Natalia Gutierrez and Ana M. Torres

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:551

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Merr.) is the third most important tropical fruit in China. In other crops, farmers can easily judge the nutritional requirements from leaf color. However, concerning pineapple, it is...

    Authors: Jing Chen, Hui Zeng and Xiumei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:550

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Unrevealing the genetic makeup of crop morpho-agronomic traits is essential for improving yield quality and sustainability. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is one of the oldest oil-crops in the world. Despite its eco...

    Authors: Idan Sabag, Gota Morota and Zvi Peleg

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:549

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. African Yam Bean (AYB) is an understudied and underutilized tuberous legume of tropical West and Central African origin. In these geographical regions, both seeds and tubers of AYB are important components of ...

    Authors: Ademola Aina, Ana Luísa Garcia-Oliveira, Christopher Ilori, Peter L. Chang, Muyideen Yusuf, Olaniyi Oyatomi, Michael Abberton and Daniel Potter

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:547

    Content type: Research

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  21. NAC (NAM, ATAF and CUC) transcription factors (TFs) play vital roles in plant development and abiotic stress tolerance. Salt stress is one of the most limiting factors for rice growth and production. However, ...

    Authors: Xiang Zhang, Yan Long, Xingxiang Chen, Baolei Zhang, Yafeng Xin, Longying Li, Shuling Cao, Fuhang Liu, Zhigang Wang, Hao Huang, Degui Zhou and Jixing Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:546

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is one of the most convenient and powerful methods of reverse genetics. In vitro-inoculation of plant virus is an important method for studying the interactions between viru...

    Authors: Qili Liu, Kedong Xu, Lun Yi, Yalin Hou, Dongxiao Li, Haiyan Hu, Feng Zhou, Puwen Song, Yongang Yu, Qichao Wei, Yuanyuan Guan, Ping Hu, Ruifang Bu, Eryong Chen, Xiaojia Su, Honglian Li…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:545

    Content type: Methodology article

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  23. Vicia amoena is a high-nutritional quality forage similar to alfalfa. However, studies on the genetic background of V. amoena are scarce. In the present study, the genetic variation of 24 V. amoena populations w...

    Authors: Feifei Wu, Shangxiong Zhang, Qiu Gao, Fang Liu, Jianli Wang and Xianguo Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:544

    Content type: Research

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  24. In plants, histone modification (HM) genes participate in various developmental and defense processes. Gramineae plants (e.g., Triticum aestivum, Hordeum vulgare, Sorghum bicolor, Setaria italica, Setaria viridis

    Authors: Liwei Zheng, Shengjie Ma, Dandan Shen, Hong Fu, Yue Wang, Ying Liu, Kamran Shah, Caipeng Yue and Jinyong Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:543

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Rice is a crop that is very sensitive to low temperature, and its morphological development and production are greatly affected by low temperature. Therefore, understanding the genetic basis of cold tolerance ...

    Authors: Caijing Li, Jindong Liu, Jianxin Bian, Tao Jin, Baoli Zou, Shilei Liu, Xiangyu Zhang, Peng Wang, Jingai Tan, Guangliang Wu, Qin Chen, Yanning Wang, Qi Zhong, Shiying Huang, Mengmeng Yang, Tao Huang…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:542

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. The cereal family Poaceae is one of the largest and most diverse angiosperm families. The central component of centromere specification and function is the centromere-specific histone H3 (CENH3). Some cereal s...

    Authors: Evgeny A. Elisafenko, Elena V. Evtushenko and Alexander V. Vershinin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:541

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors (TFs) are one of the largest gene families in plants. They regulate gene expression through interactions with specific motifs in target genes. bHLH TFs are n...

    Authors: Chunjuan Li, Caixia Yan, Quanxi Sun, Juan Wang, Cuiling Yuan, Yifei Mou, Shihua Shan and Xiaobo Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:540

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Litchi is a well-known subtropical fruit crop. However, irregular bearing attributed to unstable flowering is a major ongoing problem for the development of the litchi industry. In a previous study, our labora...

    Authors: Feng Ding, Haoran Li, Jinying Wang, Hongxiang Peng, Houbin Chen, Fuchu Hu, Biao Lai, Yongzan Wei, Wuqiang Ma, Hongli Li, Xinhua He and Shuwei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:539

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Our recently reported doubled haploid (DH) induction lines e.g., Y3380 and Y3560 are allo-octoploid (AAAACCCC, 2n = 8× ≈ 76), which can induce the maternal parent to produce DH individuals. Whether this induct...

    Authors: Xuan Luo, Jin Yang, Zhendong Zhu, Liangjun Huang, Asif Ali, Hafiz Hassan Javed, Wei Zhang, Ying Zhou, Liqin Yin, Peizhou Xu, Xingyu Liang, Yun Li, Jisheng Wang, Qiong Zou, Wanzhuo Gong, Haoran Shi…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:538

    Content type: Research

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  30. Polygonatum kingianum Coll. et Hemsl. is an important plant in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The extracts from its tubers are rich in polysaccharides and other metabolites such as saponins. It is a well-known co...

    Authors: Huali Qian, Zhe Xu, Kun Cong, Xinyan Zhu, Lei Zhang, Junfeng Wang, Jiankun Wei and Pengzhang Ji

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:537

    Content type: Research

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  31. Leaf hydraulic and economics traits are critical for balancing plant water and CO2 exchange, and their relationship has been widely studied. Leaf anatomical traits determine the efficiency of CO2 diffusion within...

    Authors: Shuang Li, Abdoul Kader Mounkaila Hamani, Yingying Zhang, Yueping Liang, Yang Gao and Aiwang Duan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:536

    Content type: Research

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  32. Populus and Salix belong to Salicaceae and are used as models to investigate woody plant physiology. The variation of karyotype and nuclear DNA content can partly reflect the evolutionary history of the whole gen...

    Authors: Zhong-Shuai Zhang, Qing-Yin Zeng and Yan-Jing Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:535

    Content type: Research

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  33. Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) bitter acids are valuable metabolites for the brewing industry. They are biosynthesized and accumulate in glandular trichomes of the female inflorescence (hop cone). The content of alpha ...

    Authors: Josef Patzak, Alena Henychová and Jaroslav Matoušek

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:534

    Content type: Research

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  34. How to quickly predict and evaluate urban dust deposition is the key to the control of urban atmospheric environment. Here, we focus on changes of plant reflectance and plant functional traits due to dust depo...

    Authors: Jiyou Zhu, Jingliang Xu, Yujuan Cao, Jing Fu, Benling Li, Guangpeng Sun, Xinna Zhang and Chengyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:533

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. In northern Iran and other cold regions, winter freezing injury and resultant yield instability are major limitations to strawberry production. However, there is scarcity of information on the physiological an...

    Authors: Elnaz Zareei, Farhad Karami, Mansour Gholami, Ahmad Ershadi, Saber Avestan, Rishi Aryal, Gholamreza Gohari and Muhammad Farooq

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:532

    Content type: Research

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  36. The leaf is a determinate organ essential for photosynthesis, whose size and shape determine plant architecture and strongly affect agronomic traits. In soybean, the molecular mechanism of leaf development is ...

    Authors: Yongli Li, Zhihong Hou, Weiwei Li, Haiyang Li, Sijia Lu, Zhuoran Gan, Hao Du, Tai Li, Yuhang Zhang, Fanjiang Kong, Yuhan Cheng, Milan He, Lixin Ma, Chunmei Liao, Yaru Li, Lidong Dong…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:531

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Alba (Acetylation lowers binding affinity) proteins are an ancient family of nucleic acid-binding proteins that function in gene regulation, RNA metabolism, mRNA translatability, developmental processes, and s...

    Authors: Antt Htet Wai, Lae-Hyeon Cho, Xin Peng, Muhammad Waseem, Do-jin Lee, Je-Min Lee, Chang-Kil Kim and Mi-Young Chung

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:530

    Content type: Research

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  38. Natural hybridization can influence the adaptive response to selection and accelerate species diversification. Understanding the composition and structure of hybrid zones may elucidate patterns of hybridizatio...

    Authors: Wei Zheng, Li-Jun Yan, Kevin S. Burgess, Ya-Huang Luo, Jia-Yun Zou, Han-Tao Qin, Ji-Hua Wang and Lian-Ming Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:529

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Vitis vinifera L. is the most cultivated grapevine species worldwide. Erysiphe necator Sch., the causal agent of grape powdery mildew, is one of the main pathogens affecting viticulture. V. vinifera has little or...

    Authors: Tyrone Possamai, Sabine Wiedemann-Merdinoglu, Didier Merdinoglu, Daniele Migliaro, Gloria De Mori, Guido Cipriani, Riccardo Velasco and Raffaele Testolin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:528

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. SEPALLATA3 (SEP3), which is conserved across various plant species, plays essential and various roles in flower and fruit development. However, the regulatory network of the role of SEP3 in flowering time at the ...

    Authors: Weilin Gao, Liman Zhang, Jiurui Wang, Zhiguo Liu, Yao Zhang, Chaoling Xue, Mengjun Liu and Jin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:527

    Content type: Research

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  41. Wall-associated kinase (WAK)/WAK-like (WAKL) is one of the subfamily of receptor like kinases (RLK). Although previous studies reported that WAK/WAKL played an important role in plant cell elongation, response...

    Authors: Xintong Liu, Zicheng Wang, Yu Tian, Shiya Zhang, Dandan Li, Wenqi Dong, Changqing Zhang and Zhao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:526

    Content type: Research

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  42. Phosphorus is one of the essential elements for plant growth and development, but available phosphorus (Pi) content in many soil types is low. As a fast-growing tree species for timber production, Chinese fir ...

    Authors: Wanting Chen, Mengyan Zhou, Mingzhen Zhao, Ranhong Chen, Mulualem Tigabu, Pengfei Wu, Ming Li and Xiangqing Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:525

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Grain size is thought to be a major component of yield in many plant species. Here we set out to understand if knowledge from other cereals such as rice could translate to increased yield gains in wheat and le...

    Authors: Matthew J. Milner, Sarah Bowden, Melanie Craze and Emma J. Wallington

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:524

    Content type: Research

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  44. Peroxidase (POD) activity plays an important role in flour-based product quality, which is mainly associated with browning and bleaching effects of flour. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study (GW...

    Authors: Zhengfu Zhou, Huiyue Guan, Congcong Liu, Ziwei Zhang, Shenghui Geng, Maomao Qin, Wenxu Li, Xia Shi, Ziju Dai, Zhensheng Lei, Zhengqing Wu, Baoming Tian and Jinna Hou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:523

    Content type: Research

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  45. Japanese knotweed (R. japonica var japonica) is one of the world’s 100 worst invasive species, causing crop losses, damage to infrastructure, and erosion of ecosystem services. In the UK, this species is an all-f...

    Authors: Claire A. Holden, Camilo L. M. Morais, Jane E. Taylor, Francis L. Martin, Paul Beckett and Martin McAinsh

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:522

    Content type: Research

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  46. Shoot branching is one of the important agronomic traits affecting yields and quality of tea plant (Camellia sinensis). Cytokinins (CTKs) play critical roles in regulating shoot branching. However, whether and ho...

    Authors: Liping Zhang, Menghan Li, Peng Yan, Jianyu Fu, Lan Zhang, Xin Li and Wenyan Han

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:521

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Brassica napus is the third leading source of edible oil in the world. Genic male sterility (GMS) lines provide crucial material for harnessing heterosis for rapeseed. GMS lines have been used successfully for r...

    Authors: Jianxia Jiang, Pengfei Xu, Yajie Li, Yanli Li, Xirong Zhou, Meiyan Jiang, Junying Zhang, Jifeng Zhu, Weirong Wang and Liyong Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:520

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Flowers of Chrysanthemum × morifolium Ramat. are used as tea in traditional Chinese cuisine. However, with increasing population and urbanization, water and land availability have become limiting for chrysanthemu...

    Authors: Penghui Ai, Xiaoqi Liu, Zhongai Li, Dongru Kang, Muhammad Ayoub Khan, Han Li, Mengkang Shi and Zicheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:517

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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