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  1. Content type: Research article

    Color directly affects fruit quality and consumer preference. In fig syconia, the female flower tissue is contained in a receptacle. Anthocyanin pigmentation of this tissue and the peel differs temporally and ...

    Authors: Ziran Wang, Miaoyu Song, Yunze Li, Shangwu Chen and Huiqin Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:217

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Adaptation to drought-prone environments requires robust root architecture. Genotypes with a more vigorous root system have the potential to better adapt to soils with limited moisture content. However, root a...

    Authors: Adel H. Abdel-Ghani, Rajiv Sharma, Celestine Wabila, Sidram Dhanagond, Saed J. Owais, Mahmud A. Duwayri, Saddam A. Al-Dalain, Christian Klukas, Dijun Chen, Thomas Lübberstedt, Nicolaus von Wirén, Andreas Graner, Benjamin Kilian and Kerstin Neumann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:216

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  3. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNA319 (miR319) acts as an essential regulator of gene expression during plant development and under stress conditions. Although the role of miR319a in regulating leaf development has been well studied in...

    Authors: Xiaopu Shi, Fangling Jiang, Junqin Wen and Zhen Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:214

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Atriplex canescens is a typical C4 secretohalophyte with salt bladders on the leaves. Accumulating excessive Na+ in tissues and salt bladders, maintaining intracellular K+ homeostasis and increasing leaf organic ...

    Authors: Huan Guo, Le Zhang, Yan-Nong Cui, Suo-Min Wang and Ai-Ke Bao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:213

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Manganese (Mn), an essential element for plants, can be toxic when present in excess. Stylo (Stylosanthes) is a pioneer tropical legume with great potential for Mn tolerance, but its Mn tolerance mechanisms remai...

    Authors: Pandao Liu, Rui Huang, Xuan Hu, Yidan Jia, Jifu Li, Jiajia Luo, Qin Liu, Lijuan Luo, Guodao Liu and Zhijian Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:212

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Banana (Musa spp.) is one of the world’s most important fruits and its production is largely limited by diverse stress conditions. SROs (SIMILAR TO RCD-ONE) have important functions in abiotic stress resistance a...

    Authors: Lu Zhang, Dengbo Zhou, Huigang Hu, Weiming Li, Yulin Hu, Jianghui Xie, Shangzhi Huang and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:211

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Taxus cuspidata is well known worldwide for its ability to produce Taxol, one of the top-selling natural anticancer drugs. However, current Taxol production cannot match the increasing needs of the market, and no...

    Authors: Xuejun Kuang, Sijie Sun, Jianhe Wei, Ying Li and Chao Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:210

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  8. Content type: Research article

    By sensing environmental cues indicative of pathogens or herbivores, plants can “prime” appropriate defenses and deploy faster, stronger responses to subsequent attack. Such priming presumably entails costs—el...

    Authors: Eric C. Yip, John F. Tooker, Mark C. Mescher and Consuelo M. De Moraes

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:209

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Cotton fiber is a single cell that arises from the epidermis of ovule. It is not only a main economic product of cotton, but an ideal material for studying on the growth and development of plant cell. Our prev...

    Authors: Qi Niu, Kunling Tan, Zhenle Zang, Zhongyi Xiao, Kuijun Chen, Mingyu Hu and Ming Luo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:208

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Sea buckthorn is a woody oil crop in which palmitoleic acid (C16:1n7, an omega-7 fatty acid (FA)) contributes approximately 40% of the total FA content in berry pulp (non-seed tissue). However, the molecular m...

    Authors: Jian Ding, Chengjiang Ruan, Wei Du and Ying Guan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:207

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In order to grow, plants rely on soil nutrients which can vary both spatially and temporally depending on the environment, the soil type or the microbial activity. An essential nutrient is nitrogen, which is m...

    Authors: Julie Dechorgnat, Karen L. Francis, Kanwarpal S. Dhugga, J. Antony Rafalski, Stephen D. Tyerman and Brent N. Kaiser

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:206

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Fall dormancy and freezing tolerance characterized as two important phenotypic traits, have great effects on productivity and persistence of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Despite the fact that one of the most lim...

    Authors: Zhi-Ying Liu, Taogetao Baoyin, Xi-Liang Li and Zong-Li Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:205

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Rice blast disease is one of the most destructive fungal disease of rice worldwide. The avirulence (AVR) genes of Magnaporthe oryzae are recognized by the cognate resistance (R) genes of rice and trigger race-spe...

    Authors: Jinbin Li, Qun Wang, Chengyun Li, Yunqing Bi, Xue Fu and Raoquan Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:204

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Brassica napus is of substantial economic value for vegetable oil, biofuel, and animal fodder production. The breeding of yellow-seeded B. napus to improve seed quality with higher oil content, improved oil and m...

    Authors: Jinjin Jiang, Shuang Zhu, Yi Yuan, Yue Wang, Lei Zeng, Jacqueline Batley and You-Ping Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:203

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The Fertilization-related kinases (FRK) form a class that belongs to the MEKK subfamily of plant MAPKKKs. It was recently shown that FRK class kinases expanded during angiosperm evolution, reaching their maxim...

    Authors: Caroline Daigle, Benjamin Mazin and Daniel P. Matton

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:202

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The kernel row number (KRN) of an ear is an important trait related to yield and domestication in maize. Exploring the underlying genetic mechanisms of KRN has great research significance and application poten...

    Authors: Yixin An, Lin Chen, Yong-Xiang Li, Chunhui Li, Yunsu Shi, Yanchun Song, Dengfeng Zhang, Yu Li and Tianyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:201

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a staple food crop worldwide. Its yield and quality are affected by its tillering pattern and spikelet development. Although many genes involved in the vegetative and reproductive develo...

    Authors: Qigui Jiang, Yindi Zeng, Baiyang Yu, Weijian Cen, Siyuan Lu, Peilong Jia, Xuan Wang, Baoxiang Qin, Zhongquan Cai and Jijing Luo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:200

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Fraxinus hupehensis is an endangered tree species that is endemic to in China; the species has very high commercial value because of its intricate shape and potential to improve and protect the environment. Its s...

    Authors: Qiling Song, Shuiyuan Cheng, Zexiong Chen, Gongping Nie, Feng Xu, Jian Zhang, Mingqin Zhou, Weiwei Zhang, Yongling Liao and Jiabao Ye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:199

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Lonicera japonica Thunb. flower has been used for the treatment of various diseases for a long time and attracted many studies on its potential effects. Transcription factors (TFs) regulate extensive biological p...

    Authors: Tantan Wang, Bingxian Yang, Qijie Guan, Xi Chen, Zhuoheng Zhong, Wei Huang, Wei Zhu and Jingkui Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:198

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  20. Content type: Research article

    During maize early kernel development, the dramatic transcriptional reprogramming determines the rate of developmental progression, and phytohormone plays critical role in these important processes. To investi...

    Authors: Chuanyu Ma, Bo Li, Lina Wang, Ming-liang Xu, E. Lizhu, Hongyu Jin, Zhicheng Wang and Jian-rong Ye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:197

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Root parasitic weeds are a major constraint to crop production worldwide causing significant yearly losses in yield and economic value. These parasites cause their destruction by attaching to their hosts with ...

    Authors: Vikram A. Misra, Eric K. Wafula, Yu Wang, Claude W. dePamphilis and Michael P. Timko

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:196

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Flavonol synthase (FLS) is the key enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of flavonols, the most abundant flavonoids, which have diverse pharmaceutical effects. Flavonol synthase has been previously found in ...

    Authors: Yu-Jia Sun, Jiu-Ming He and Jian-Qiang Kong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:195

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Our study is the first to provide RNA-Seq data analysis related to transcriptomic responses towards drought across different crops. The aim was to identify and map which genes play a key role in drought respon...

    Authors: Jubina Benny, Antonino Pisciotta, Tiziano Caruso and Federico Martinelli

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:194

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Wheat production is largely restricted by adverse environmental stresses. Under many undesirable conditions, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress can be induced. However, the physiological and molecular responses...

    Authors: Xing Yu, Tanchun Wang, Meichen Zhu, Liting Zhang, Fengzhi Zhang, Enen Jing, Yongzhe Ren, Zhiqiang Wang, Zeyu Xin and Tongbao Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:193

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study was to characterize molecular mechanism of calyx persistence in Korla fragrant pear by transcriptome and small RNA sequencing. Abscission zone tissues of flowers at three stages (th...

    Authors: Li Ma, Li Zhou, Shaowen Quan, Hang Xu, Jieping Yang and Jianxin Niu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:192

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  26. Content type: Research article

    BRASSINAZOLE-RESISTANT (BZR) family genes encode plant-specific transcription factors (TFs) that participate in brassinosteroid signal transduction. BZR TFs have vital roles in plant growth, including cell elo...

    Authors: Wei Wang, Ya-Qing Sun, Guo-Long Li and Shao-Ying Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:191

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The functional characteristics of SLAC/SLAH family members isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana, poplar, barley and rice have been comprehensively investigated. However, there are no reports regarding SLAC/SLAH fam...

    Authors: Guodong Chen, Li Wang, Qian Chen, Kaijie Qi, Hao Yin, Peng Cao, Chao Tang, Xiao Wu, Shaoling Zhang, Peng Wang and Juyou Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:190

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) is a non-climacteric fruit; however, the underlying mechanism of ripening and the role of abscisic acid involved in this process are not yet understood for this species.

    Authors: Zhong Zhang, Chenxuan Kang, Shuyi Zhang and Xingang Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:189

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The BBAA subgenomes of hexaploid common wheat are structurally intact, which makes it possible to extract the BBAA subgenomes to constitute a novel plant type, namely, extracted tetraploid wheat (ETW). ETW dis...

    Authors: Ruili Lv, Lei Han, Binbin Xiao, Chaoxia Xiao, Zongze Yang, Hao Wang, Huan Wang, Bao Liu and Chunwu Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:188

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  30. Content type: Research article

    It is important to explore renewable alternatives (e.g. biofuels) that can produce energy sources to help reduce reliance on fossil oils, and reduce greenhouse gases and waste solids resulted from fossil oils ...

    Authors: Zinan Luo, Pernell Tomasi, Noah Fahlgren and Hussein Abdel-Haleem

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:187

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation can affect several aspects ranging from plant growth to metabolic regulation. Maca is a Brassicaceae crop native to the Andes growing in above 3500 m of altitude. Although maca h...

    Authors: Thais Huarancca Reyes, Andrea Scartazza, Antonio Pompeiano and Lorenzo Guglielminetti

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:186

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Passiflora edulis, known as passion fruit and native to South America, is now widely cultivated throughout southern China for its edible value, medicinal efficacy and ornamental properties. We have developed a co...

    Authors: Mengxuan Xu, Anding Li, Yao Teng, Zimou Sun and Meng Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:185

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Since their discovery, vacuolar processing enzymes (VPEs) have consistently been investigated as programmed cell death (PCD) initiators and participants in plant development and responses to biotic or abiotic ...

    Authors: Jiaojiao Jiang, Jianzhong Hu, Rujiao Tan, Yonghua Han and Zongyun Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:184

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Triticum timopheevii (2n = 4x = 28; AtAtGG), is an important source for new genetic variation for wheat improvement with genes for potential disease resistance and salt tolerance. By generating a range of intersp...

    Authors: Urmila Devi, Surbhi Grewal, Cai-yun Yang, Stella Hubbart-Edwards, Duncan Scholefield, Stephen Ashling, Amanda Burridge, Ian P King and Julie King

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:183

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) J.D. Sauer) is a problem weed commonly found in the Midwestern United States that can cause crippling yield losses for both maize (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L...

    Authors: Daniel R. Kohlhase, Jamie A. O’Rourke, Micheal D. K. Owen and Michelle A. Graham

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:182

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is an important seed oil crop. Castor oil is a highly demanded oil for several industrial uses. Current castor bean varieties suffer from low productivity and high risk of insect pest...

    Authors: Jiannong Lu, Yuzhen Shi, Weijin Li, Sen Chen, Yafei Wang, Xiaolin He and Xuegui Yin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:181

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  37. Content type: Methodology article

    The intracellular accommodation of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi involves a profound molecular reprogramming of the host cell architecture and metabolism, based on the activation of a symbiotic signaling p...

    Authors: Gennaro Carotenuto, Ivan Sciascia, Ludovica Oddi, Veronica Volpe and Andrea Genre

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:180

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Fusarium head blight resistance genes, Fhb1 (for Type-II resistance), Fhb2 (Type-II), and Fhb5 (Type-I plus some Type-II), which originate from Sumai 3, are among the most important that confer resistance in hexa...

    Authors: Gurcharn Singh Brar, Anita L. Brûlé-Babel, Yuefeng Ruan, Maria Antonia Henriquez, Curtis Jerry Pozniak, Hadley Randal Kutcher and Pierre Jan Hucl

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:179

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  39. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], a reader spotted an incorrect citation of the reference 14 [2] in the ‘Background’. The male meiocyte isolation work described in this article [2] was carried...

    Authors: Arun S. K. Shunmugam, Venkatesh Bollina, Stefanie Dukowic-Schulze, Pankaj K. Bhowmik, Chris Ambrose, James D. Higgins, Curtis Pozniak, Andrew G. Sharpe, Kevin Rozwadowski and Sateesh Kagale

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:178

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    The original article was published in BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:293

  40. Content type: Research article

    Early flowering and maturing flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) cultivars are better adapted than lines with a longer reproductive phase for the short growing season of the northern Canadian Prairies. We examined the ...

    Authors: Jia Sun, Lester W. Young, Megan A. House, Ketema Daba and Helen M. Booker

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:177

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  41. Content type: Review

    Classical plant breeding was extremely successful in generating high yielding crop varieties. Yet, in modern crops, the long domestication process has impoverished the genetic diversity available for breeding....

    Authors: Felix Wolter, Patrick Schindele and Holger Puchta

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:176

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  42. Content type: Research article

    DUOII is a multi-ovary wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) line with two or three pistils and three stamens in each floret. The multi-ovary trait of DUOII is controlled by a dominant gene, whose expression can be suppre...

    Authors: Jialin Guo, Gaisheng Zhang, Yulong Song, Zheng Li, Shoucai Ma, Na Niu and Junwei Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:175

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Senescence affects the quality and yield of plants by regulating different traits of plants. A few members of S40 gene family, the barley HvS40 and the Arabidopsis AtS40–3, have been shown to play a role in leaf ...

    Authors: Xiangzi Zheng, Muhammad Jehanzeb, Habiba, Yuanyuan Zhang, Li Li and Ying Miao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:174

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In higher plants, salicylic acid (SA) plays important roles in inducing resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) causes a highly devastating viral disease in plants, partic...

    Authors: Tong Li, Ying Huang, Zhi-Sheng Xu, Feng Wang and Ai-Sheng Xiong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:173

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Angiosperm sex chromosomes, where present, are generally recently evolved. The key step in initiating the development of sex chromosomes from autosomes is the establishment of a sex-determining locus within a ...

    Authors: S. M. Pilkington, J. Tahir, E. Hilario, S. E. Gardiner, D. Chagné, A. Catanach, J. McCallum, L. Jesson, L. G. Fraser, M. A. McNeilage, C. Deng, R. N. Crowhurst, P. M. Datson and Q. Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:172

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Common bean is the most important staple grain legume for direct human consumption and nutrition. It complements major sources of carbohydrates, including cereals, root crop, or plantain, as a source of dietar...

    Authors: Jorge C. Berny Mier y Teran, Enéas R. Konzen, Antonia Palkovic, Siu M. Tsai, Idupulapati M. Rao, Stephen Beebe and Paul Gepts

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:171

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Endo-β-1,4-xylanase1 (EA), the key endoxylanase in plants, is involved in the degradation of arabinoxylan during grain germination. In barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), one gene (HvXYN-1) that encode a endo-beta-1,4-x...

    Authors: Xueli Lu, Yunxia Fang, Bin Tian, Tao Tong, Jiahui Wang, Hua Wang, Shengguan Cai, Jiang Hu, Dali Zeng, Heng Xu, Xiaoqin Zhang and Dawei Xue

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:170

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Lycium ruthenicum Murray is an important economic plant in China and contains higher levels of anthocyanins in its fruits than other Lyciums. However, the genetic mechanism of anthocyanin production in this plant...

    Authors: Yuan Zong, Xuebing Zhu, Zenggen Liu, Xinyuan Xi, Guomin Li, Dong Cao, Le Wei, Jianming Li and Baolong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:169

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Identification of loci for grain yield (GY) and related traits, and dissection of the genetic architecture are important for yield improvement through marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two genome-wide associati...

    Authors: Faji Li, Weie Wen, Jindong Liu, Yong Zhang, Shuanghe Cao, Zhonghu He, Awais Rasheed, Hui Jin, Chi Zhang, Jun Yan, Pingzhi Zhang, Yingxiu Wan and Xianchun Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:168

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  50. Content type: Research article

    First flower node (FFN) is an important trait for evaluating fruit earliness in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). The trait is controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL); however, studies have been limited on QTL map...

    Authors: Xiao-fen Zhang, Guo-yun Wang, Ting-ting Dong, Bin Chen, He-shan Du, Chang-bao Li, Feng-lan Zhang, Hai-ying Zhang, Yong Xu, Qian Wang and San-sheng Geng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:167

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