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  1. Late blight is the most serious potato disease world-wide. The most effective and environmentally sound way for controlling late blight is to incorporate natural resistance into potato cultivars. Several late ...

    Authors: Pudota B Bhaskar, John A Raasch, Lara C Kramer, Pavel Neumann, Susan M Wielgus, Sandra Austin-Phillips and Jiming Jiang
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:8
  2. Association analysis is a powerful tool to identify gene loci that may contribute to phenotypic variation. This includes the estimation of nucleotide diversity, the assessment of linkage disequilibrium structu...

    Authors: Corina M Fusari, Verónica V Lia, H Esteban Hopp, Ruth A Heinz and Norma B Paniego
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:7
  3. To find candidate genes that potentially influence the susceptibility or resistance of crop plants to powdery mildew fungi, an assay system based on transient-induced gene silencing (TIGS) as well as transient...

    Authors: Alexander Ihlow, Patrick Schweizer and Udo Seiffert
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:6
  4. Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) produces a diverse array of bioactive benzylisoquinoline alkaloids and has emerged as a model system to study plant alkaloid metabolism. The plant is cultivated as the only commer...

    Authors: Katherine G Zulak, Aalim M Weljie, Hans J Vogel and Peter J Facchini
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:5
  5. The key enzymes of photosynthetic carbon assimilation in C4 plants have evolved independently several times from C3 isoforms that were present in the C3 ancestral species. The C4 isoform of phosphoenolpyruvate ca...

    Authors: Sascha Engelmann, Corinna Zogel, Maria Koczor, Ute Schlue, Monika Streubel and Peter Westhoff
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:4
  6. Forage quality of maize is influenced by both the content and structure of lignins in the cell wall. Biosynthesis of monolignols, constituting the complex structure of lignins, is catalyzed by enzymes in the p...

    Authors: Jeppe Reitan Andersen, Imad Zein, Gerhard Wenzel, Birte Darnhofer, Joachim Eder, Milena Ouzunova and Thomas Lübberstedt
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:2
  7. Plants encode a large number of leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases. Legumes encode several LRR-RLK linked to the process of root nodule formation, the ligands of which are unknown. To identify ligands f...

    Authors: Karsten Oelkers, Nicolas Goffard, Georg F Weiller, Peter M Gresshoff, Ulrike Mathesius and Tancred Frickey
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:1
  8. Chromosome pairing, recombination and DNA repair are essential processes during meiosis in sexually reproducing organisms. Investigating the bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Ph2 (Pairing homoeologous) locus has...

    Authors: Andrew H Lloyd, Andrew S Milligan, Peter Langridge and Jason A Able
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:67
  9. Cassava, an allotetraploid known for its remarkable tolerance to abiotic stresses is an important source of energy for humans and animals and a raw material for many industrial processes. A full-length cDNA li...

    Authors: Tetsuya Sakurai, Germán Plata, Fausto Rodríguez-Zapata, Motoaki Seki, Andrés Salcedo, Atsushi Toyoda, Atsushi Ishiwata, Joe Tohme, Yoshiyuki Sakaki, Kazuo Shinozaki and Manabu Ishitani
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:66
  10. Gibberellins (GA) are plant hormones that can regulate germination, elongation growth, and sex determination. They ubiquitously occur in seed plants. The discovery of gibberellin receptors, together with advan...

    Authors: Filip Vandenbussche, Ana C Fierro, Gertrud Wiedemann, Ralf Reski and Dominique Van Der Straeten
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:65
  11. The phospholipids of the plant plasma membrane are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The majority of these lipids reach the plasma membrane independently of the secretory vesicular pathway. Phosph...

    Authors: Karin E Larsson, J Magnus Kjellberg, Henrik Tjellström and Anna Stina Sandelius
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:64
  12. The Ni hyperaccumulator Thlaspi goesingense is tolerant to Ni ≅ Zn, ≅ Co and slightly resistant to > Cd. We previously observed that elevated glutathione, driven by constitutive activation of serine acetyltransfe...

    Authors: John L Freeman and David E Salt
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:63
  13. Guar, Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub, is a member of the Leguminosae (Fabaceae) family and is economically the most important of the four species in the genus. The endosperm of guar seed is a rich source of mu...

    Authors: Marina Naoumkina, Ivone Torres-Jerez, Stacy Allen, Ji He, Patrick X Zhao, Richard A Dixon and Gregory D May
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:62
  14. Elicitations are considered to be an important strategy towards improved in vitro production of secondary metabolites. In cell cultures, biotic and abiotic elicitors have effectively stimulated the production of ...

    Authors: Shilpa Ramani and Jayabaskaran Chelliah
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:61
  15. Hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) is a key enzyme in plant oxylipin metabolism that catalyses the cleavage of polyunsaturated fatty acid hydroperoxides produced by the action of lipoxygenase (LOX) to volatile aldehyde...

    Authors: Stefania De Domenico, Nicolas Tsesmetzis, Gian Pietro Di Sansebastiano, Richard K Hughes, Rod Casey and Angelo Santino
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:58
  16. Plastid genome content and protein sequence are highly conserved across land plants and their closest algal relatives. Parasitic plants, which obtain some or all of their nutrition through an attachment to a h...

    Authors: Joel R McNeal, Jennifer V Kuehl, Jeffrey L Boore and Claude W de Pamphilis
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:57
  17. Nucleotide binding site-leucine rich repeat (NBS-LRR)-encoding genes comprise the largest class of plant disease resistance genes. The 149 NBS-LRR-encoding genes and the 58 related genes that do not encode LRR...

    Authors: Xiaoping Tan, Blake C Meyers, Alexander Kozik, Marilyn AL West, Michele Morgante, Dina A St Clair, Andrew F Bent and Richard W Michelmore
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:56
  18. Alternative splicing (AS) contributes significantly to protein diversity, by selectively using different combinations of exons of the same gene under certain circumstances. One particular type of AS is the use...

    Authors: Wei-Hua Chen, Guanting Lv, Congying Lv, Changqing Zeng and Songnian Hu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:55
  19. Saffron (Crocus sativus L., Iridaceae) flowers have been used as a spice and medicinal plant ever since the Greek-Minoan civilization. The edible part – the stigmas – are commonly considered the most expensive sp...

    Authors: Nunzio D'Agostino, Daniele Pizzichini, Maria Luisa Chiusano and Giovanni Giuliano
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:53
  20. Vascular plants respond to pathogens by activating a diverse array of defense mechanisms. Studies with these plants have provided a wealth of information on pathogen recognition, signal transduction and the ac...

    Authors: Inés Ponce de León, Juan Pablo Oliver, Alexandra Castro, Carina Gaggero, Marcel Bentancor and Sabina Vidal
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:52
  21. Inorganic polyphosphate (poly P), linear chains of phosphate residues linked by energy rich phosphoanhydride bonds, is found in every cell and organelle and is abundant in algae. Depending on its localization ...

    Authors: Thomas P Werner, Nikolaus Amrhein and Florian M Freimoser
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:51
  22. Real-time RT-PCR has become a powerful technique to monitor low-abundance mRNA expression and is a useful tool when examining bacterial gene expression inside infected host tissues. However, correct evaluation...

    Authors: Gunnhild W Takle, Ian K Toth and May B Brurberg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:50
  23. It was proposed that differentially-expressed genes, aside from genetic variations affecting protein processing and functioning, between hybrid and its parents provide essential candidates for studying heteros...

    Authors: Shuhui Song, Hongzhu Qu, Chen Chen, Songnian Hu and Jun Yu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:49
  24. The cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channels (CNGCs) maintain cation homeostasis essential for a wide range of physiological processes in plant cells. However, the precise subcellular locations and trafficking of ...

    Authors: David A Christopher, Tamas Borsics, Christen YL Yuen, Wendy Ullmer, Christine Andème-Ondzighi, Marilou A Andres, Byung-Ho Kang and L Andrew Staehelin
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:48
  25. Most transcription factors fulfill their role in complexes and regulate their target genes upon binding to DNA motifs located in upstream regions or introns. To date, knowledge about transcription factor targe...

    Authors: Stefan de Folter, Susan L Urbanus, Lisette GC van Zuijlen, Kerstin Kaufmann and Gerco C Angenent
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:47
  26. Fruit coloration of red-skinned grapevines is mainly due to anthocyanin pigments. We analysed a panel of nine cultivars that included extreme phenotypes for berry colour, ranging from green (absence of anthocy...

    Authors: Simone D Castellarin and Gabriele Di Gaspero
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:46
  27. The holoparasitic plant genus Cuscuta comprises species with photosynthetic capacity and functional chloroplasts as well as achlorophyllous and intermediate forms with restricted photosynthetic activity and degen...

    Authors: Helena T Funk, Sabine Berg, Karin Krupinska, Uwe G Maier and Kirsten Krause
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:45
  28. Association analysis is an alternative way for QTL mapping in ryegrass. So far, knowledge on nucleotide diversity and linkage disequilibrium in ryegrass is lacking, which is essential for the efficiency of ass...

    Authors: Yongzhong Xing, Uschi Frei, Britt Schejbel, Torben Asp and Thomas Lübberstedt
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:43
  29. Calcium is commonly involved as intracellular messenger in the transduction by plants of a wide range of biotic stimuli, including signals from pathogenic and symbiotic fungi. Trichoderma spp. are largely used in...

    Authors: Lorella Navazio, Barbara Baldan, Roberto Moscatiello, Anna Zuppini, Sheridan L Woo, Paola Mariani and Matteo Lorito
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:41
  30. Molecular genetic maps provide a means to link heritable traits with underlying genome sequence variation. Several genetic maps have been constructed for Brassica species, yet to date, there has been no simple me...

    Authors: Geraldine AC Lim, Erica G Jewell, Xi Li, Timothy A Erwin, Christopher Love, Jacqueline Batley, German Spangenberg and David Edwards
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:40
  31. Microarray technologies now belong to the standard functional genomics toolbox and have undergone massive development leading to increased genome coverage, accuracy and reliability. The number of experiments e...

    Authors: Nikoleta Dupl'áková, David Reňák, Patrik Hovanec, Barbora Honysová, David Twell and David Honys
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:39
  32. Proper development of plastids in embryo and seedling tissues is critical for plant development. During germination, plastids develop to perform many critical functions that are necessary to establish the seed...

    Authors: Nicholas J Ruppel and Roger P Hangarter
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:37
  33. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers are highly informative and widely used for genetic and breeding studies in several plant species. They are used for cultivar identification, variety protection, as anchor m...

    Authors: Torben Asp, Ursula K Frei, Thomas Didion, Klaus K Nielsen and Thomas Lübberstedt
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:36
  34. The hypersensitive necrosis response (HR) of resistant plants to avirulent pathogens is a form of programmed cell death in which the plant sacrifices a few cells under attack, restricting pathogen growth into ...

    Authors: Sonja Vorwerk, Celine Schiff, Marjorie Santamaria, Serry Koh, Marc Nishimura, John Vogel, Chris Somerville and Shauna Somerville
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:35
  35. Translation initiation factors of the 4E and 4G protein families mediate resistance to several RNA plant viruses in the natural diversity of crops. Particularly, a single point mutation in melon eukaryotic tra...

    Authors: Cristina Nieto, Florence Piron, Marion Dalmais, Cristina F Marco, Enrique Moriones, Ma Luisa Gómez-Guillamón, Verónica Truniger, Pedro Gómez, Jordi Garcia-Mas, Miguel A Aranda and Abdelhafid Bendahmane
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:34
  36. Metal hyperaccumulators, including various Thlaspi species, constitutively express the putative metal transporter MTP1 to high levels in shoots. Here we present data on the transcriptional regulation and localiza...

    Authors: Balasubramaniam Muthukumar, Bakhtiyor Yakubov and David E Salt
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:32
  37. Cell elongation is mainly limited by the extensibility of the cell wall. Dicotyledonous primary (growing) cell walls contain cellulose, xyloglucan, pectin and proteins, but little is known about how each polym...

    Authors: Paul Derbyshire, Maureen C McCann and Keith Roberts
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:31
  38. Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is the major cereal crop in Ethiopia. Tef is an allotetraploid with a base chromosome number of 10 (2n = 4× = 40) and a genome size of 730 Mbp. The goal of this study was to i...

    Authors: Ju-Kyung Yu, Elizabeth Graznak, Flavio Breseghello, Hailu Tefera and Mark E Sorrells
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:30
  39. Musa species contain the fourth most important crop in developing countries. Here, we report the analysis of 6,252 BAC end-sequences, in order to view the sequence composition of the Musa acuminata genome in a co...

    Authors: Foo Cheung and Christopher D Town
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:29
  40. Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is an asexual propagation pathway requiring a somatic-to-embryonic transition of differentiated somatic cells toward embryogenic cells capable of producing embryos in a process resem...

    Authors: Sylvain Legrand, Theo Hendriks, Jean-Louis Hilbert and Marie-Christine Quillet
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:27
  41. The eukaryotic TOR pathway controls translation, growth and the cell cycle in response to environmental signals such as nutrients or growth-stimulating factors. The TOR protein kinase can be inactivated by the...

    Authors: Rodnay Sormani, Lei Yao, Benoît Menand, Najla Ennar, Cécile Lecampion, Christian Meyer and Christophe Robaglia
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2007 7:26

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