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  1. Plant cells divide by the formation of new cross walls, known as cell plates, from the center to periphery of each dividing cell. Formation of the cell plate occurs in the phragmoplast, a complex structure com...

    Authors: Takumi Higaki, Natsumaro Kutsuna, Toshio Sano and Seiichiro Hasezawa
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:80
  2. In plant organelles, specific messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are subjected to conversion editing, a process that often converts the first or second nucleotide of a codon and hence the encoded amino acid. No systematic...

    Authors: Kei Yura and Mitiko Go
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:79
  3. The Arabidopsis response regulator 22 (ARR22) is one of two members of a recently defined novel group of two-component system (TCS) elements. TCSs are stimulus perception and response modules of prokaryotic origi...

    Authors: Jakub Horák, Christopher Grefen, Kenneth W Berendzen, Achim Hahn, York-Dieter Stierhof, Bettina Stadelhofer, Mark Stahl, Csaba Koncz and Klaus Harter
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:77
  4. Elucidating metabolic network structures and functions in multicellular organisms is an emerging goal of functional genomics. We describe the co-expression network of three core metabolic processes in the gene...

    Authors: Wieslawa I Mentzen, Jianling Peng, Nick Ransom, Basil J Nikolau and Eve Syrkin Wurtele
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:76
  5. The cytoskeletal mechanisms that underlie organelle transport in plants are intimately linked to acto-myosin function. This function is mediated by the attachment of myosin heads to F-actin and the binding of ...

    Authors: Nadine Walter and Carola L Holweg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:74
  6. Despite the importance of the shoot apical meristem (SAM) in plant development and organ formation, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms controlling its function is limited. Genomic tools have the pot...

    Authors: Chui E Wong, Prem L Bhalla, Harald Ottenhof and Mohan B Singh
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:73
  7. The recent rapid accumulation of sequence resources of various crop species ensures an improvement in the genetics approach, including quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis as well as the holistic population ...

    Authors: Keiichi Mochida, Daisuke Saisho, Takuhiro Yoshida, Tetsuya Sakurai and Kazuo Shinozaki
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:72
  8. Silage maize is a major forage and energy resource for cattle feeding, and several studies have shown that lignin content and structure are the determining factors in forage maize feeding value. In maize, four...

    Authors: Sabine Guillaumie, Deborah Goffner, Odile Barbier, Jean-Pierre Martinant, Magalie Pichon and Yves Barrière
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:71
  9. The recent determination of complete chloroplast (cp) genomic sequences of various plant species has enabled numerous comparative analyses as well as advances in plant and genome evolutionary studies. In angio...

    Authors: Tomonori Hirao, Atsushi Watanabe, Manabu Kurita, Teiji Kondo and Katsuhiko Takata
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:70
  10. The recent development of novel repeat-fruiting types of blackberry (Rubus L.) cultivars, combined with a long history of morphological marker-assisted selection for thornlessness by blackberry breeders, has give...

    Authors: Kim S Lewers, Chris A Saski, Brandon J Cuthbertson, David C Henry, Meg E Staton, Dorrie S Main, Anik L Dhanaraj, Lisa J Rowland and Jeff P Tomkins
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:69
  11. Plant WRKY DNA-binding transcription factors are involved in plant responses to biotic and abiotic responses. It has been previously shown that Arabidopsis WRKY3 and WRKY4, which encode two structurally similar W...

    Authors: Zhibing Lai, KM Vinod, Zuyu Zheng, Baofang Fan and Zhixiang Chen
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:68
  12. The Rosaceae encompass a large number of economically-important diploid and polyploid fruit and ornamental species in many different genera. The basic chromosome numbers of these genera are x = 7, 8 and 9 and all...

    Authors: Santiago Vilanova, Daniel J Sargent, Pere Arús and Amparo Monfort
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:67
  13. Whole-genome physical maps facilitate genome sequencing, sequence assembly, mapping of candidate genes, and the design of targeted genetic markers. An automated protocol was used to construct a Vitis vinifera 'Ca...

    Authors: Marco Moroldo, Sophie Paillard, Raffaella Marconi, Legeai Fabrice, Aurelie Canaguier, Corinne Cruaud, Veronique De Berardinis, Cecile Guichard, Veronique Brunaud, Isabelle Le Clainche, Simone Scalabrin, Raffaele Testolin, Gabriele Di Gaspero, Michele Morgante and Anne-Francoise Adam-Blondon
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:66
  14. Chlorophyll b is a major photosynthetic pigment in green plants that is synthesized by chlorophyllide a oxygenase (CAO). The regulation of chlorophyll b biosynthesis is an important determinant for the antenna si...

    Authors: Akihiro Yamasato, Ryouichi Tanaka and Ayumi Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:64
  15. Plant cells respond to the presence of potential fungal or oomycete pathogens by mounting a basal defence response that involves aggregation of cytoplasm, reorganization of cytoskeletal, endomembrane and other...

    Authors: Adrienne R Hardham, Daigo Takemoto and Rosemary G White
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:63
  16. Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) is one of the most important oil bearing crops in the world. However, genetic improvement of oil palm through conventional breeding is extremely slow and costly, as the breeding...

    Authors: Eng-Ti L Low, Halimah Alias, Soo-Heong Boon, Elyana M Shariff, Chi-Yee A Tan, Leslie CL Ooi, Suan-Choo Cheah, Abdul-Rahim Raha, Kiew-Lian Wan and Rajinder Singh
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:62
  17. Genomic studies are routinely performed on young plants in controlled environments which is very different from natural conditions. In reality plants in temperate countries are exposed to large fluctuations in...

    Authors: Andreas Sjödin, Kirsten Wissel, Max Bylesjö, Johan Trygg and Stefan Jansson
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:61
  18. Molecular probes are required to detect cell wall polymers in-situ to aid understanding of their cell biology and several studies have shown that cell wall epitopes have restricted occurrences across sections of ...

    Authors: Susan E Marcus, Yves Verhertbruggen, Cécile Hervé, José J Ordaz-Ortiz, Vladimir Farkas, Henriette L Pedersen, William GT Willats and J Paul Knox
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:60
  19. Chloroplast genome sequences are extremely informative about species-interrelationships owing to its non-meiotic and often uniparental inheritance over generations. The subject of our study, Fagopyrum esculentum,...

    Authors: Maria D Logacheva, Tahir H Samigullin, Amit Dhingra and Aleksey A Penin
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:59
  20. The Arabidopsis thaliana CONSTITUTIVE EXPRESSOR OF PATHOGENESIS-RELATED GENES5 (CPR5) gene has been previously implicated in disease resistance, cell proliferation, cell death, and sugar sensing, and encodes a pu...

    Authors: Ginger Brininstool, Remmy Kasili, L Alice Simmons, Viktor Kirik, Martin Hülskamp and John C Larkin
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:58
  21. Formation of plant root hairs originating from epidermal cells involves selection of a polar initiation site and production of an initial hair bulge which requires local cell wall loosening. In Arabidopsis the...

    Authors: Sunil K Singh, Urs Fischer, Manoj Singh, Markus Grebe and Alan Marchant
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:57
  22. Cryptophytes are highly compartmentalized organisms, expressing a secondary minimized eukaryotic genome in the nucleomorph and its surrounding remnant cytoplasm, in addition to the cell nucleus, the mitochondr...

    Authors: Kathrin Bolte, Oliver Kawach, Julia Prechtl, Nicole Gruenheit, Julius Nyalwidhe and Uwe-G Maier
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:56
  23. Cultivated peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is the fourth most important oilseed crop in the world, grown mainly in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate climates. Due to its origin through a single a...

    Authors: Luu M Cuc, Emma S Mace, Jonathan H Crouch, Vu D Quang, Tran D Long and Rajeev K Varshney
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:55
  24. Chromatin dynamics and stability are both required to control normal development of multicellular organisms. Chromatin assembly factor CAF-1 is a histone chaperone that facilitates chromatin formation and the ...

    Authors: Vivien Exner, Wilhelm Gruissem and Lars Hennig
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:54
  25. Vitis vinifera (V. vinifera) is the primary grape species cultivated for wine production, with an industry valued annually in the billions of dollars worldwide. In order to sustain and increase grape production, ...

    Authors: Alberto Iandolino, Kan Nobuta, Francisco Goes da Silva, Douglas R Cook and Blake C Meyers
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:53
  26. Species-specific microsatellite markers are desirable for genetic studies and to harness the potential of MAS-based breeding for genetic improvement. Limited availability of such markers for coffee, one of the...

    Authors: Prasad Suresh Hendre, Regur Phanindranath, V Annapurna, Albert Lalremruata and Ramesh K Aggarwal
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:51
  27. NEP1-like proteins (NLPs) are a novel family of microbial elicitors of plant necrosis. Some NLPs induce a hypersensitive-like response in dicot plants though the basis for this response remains unclear. In add...

    Authors: Adelmo L Cechin, Marialva Sinigaglia, Ney Lemke, Sérgio Echeverrigaray, Odalys G Cabrera, Gonçalo AG Pereira and José CM Mombach
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:50
  28. Plants respond to extracellularly perceived abiotic stresses such as low temperature, drought, and salinity by activation of complex intracellular signaling cascades that regulate acclimatory biochemical and p...

    Authors: Calliste J Diédhiou, Olga V Popova, Karl-Josef Dietz and Dortje Golldack
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:49
  29. The regulation of the chloroplast antioxidant capacity depends on nuclear gene expression. For the 2-Cys peroxiredoxin-A gene (2CPA) a cis-regulatory element was recently characterized, which responds to photosyn...

    Authors: Jehad Shaikhali, Isabelle Heiber, Thorsten Seidel, Elke Ströher, Heiko Hiltscher, Stefan Birkmann, Karl-Josef Dietz and Margarete Baier
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:48
  30. Sequencing of the first plant genomes has revealed that cytochromes P450 have evolved to become the largest family of enzymes in secondary metabolism. The proportion of P450 enzymes with characterized biochemi...

    Authors: Jürgen Ehlting, Vincent Sauveplane, Alexandre Olry, Jean-François Ginglinger, Nicholas J Provart and Danièle Werck-Reichhart
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:47
  31. Tropospheric ozone, the most abundant air pollutant is detrimental to plant and animal health including humans. In sensitive plant species even a few hours of exposure to this potent oxidant (200–300 nL. L-1) lea...

    Authors: Michael C Puckette, Yuhong Tang and Ramamurthy Mahalingam
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:46
  32. In bacteria, such as Salmonella typhimurium, tryptophan is synthesized from indole-3-glycerole phosphate (IGP) by a tryptophan synthase αββα heterotetramer. Plants have evolved multiple α (TSA) and β (TSB) homolo...

    Authors: Verena Kriechbaumer, Linda Weigang, Andreas Fießelmann, Thomas Letzel, Monika Frey, Alfons Gierl and Erich Glawischnig
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:44
  33. We have further characterized floral organ-localized gene expression in the inflorescence of Arabidopsis thaliana by comparison of massively parallel signature sequencing (MPSS) data. Six libraries of RNA sequenc...

    Authors: Jason A Peiffer, Shail Kaushik, Hajime Sakai, Mario Arteaga-Vazquez, Nidia Sanchez-Leon, Hassan Ghazal, Jean-Philippe Vielle-Calzada and Blake C Meyers
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:43
  34. StWhy1, a member of the plant-specific Whirly single-stranded DNA-binding protein family, was first characterized as a transcription factor involved in the activation of the nuclear PR-10a gene following defense-...

    Authors: Alexandre Maréchal, Jean-Sébastien Parent, Mohammed Sabar, Félix Véronneau-Lafortune, Charbel Abou-Rached and Normand Brisson
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:42
  35. In Arabidopsis, INDOLE-3-BUTYRIC ACID RESPONSE5 (IBR5), a putative dual-specificity protein phosphatase, is a positive regulator of auxin response. Mutations in IBR5 result in decreased plant height, defective va...

    Authors: Lucia C Strader, Melanie Monroe-Augustus and Bonnie Bartel
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:41
  36. The timing of grape ripening initiation, length of maturation period, berry size and seed content are target traits in viticulture. The availability of early and late ripening varieties is desirable for stagge...

    Authors: Laura Costantini, Juri Battilana, Flutura Lamaj, Girolamo Fanizza and Maria Stella Grando
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:38
  37. The Arabidopsis outer ovule integument is a simple two-cell layered structure that grows around the developing embryo and develops into the outer layer of the seed coat. As one of the functions of the seed coat i...

    Authors: Elisabeth Truernit and Jim Haseloff
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:35
  38. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) and potato (S. tuberosum) are two economically important crop species, the genomes of which are currently being sequenced. This study presents a first genome-wide analysis of these t...

    Authors: Erwin Datema, Lukas A Mueller, Robert Buels, James J Giovannoni, Richard GF Visser, Willem J Stiekema and Roeland CHJ van Ham
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:34
  39. Heterosis is the superior performance of F1 hybrid progeny relative to the parental phenotypes. Maize exhibits heterosis for a wide range of traits, however the magnitude of heterosis is highly variable depending...

    Authors: Robert M Stupar, Jack M Gardiner, Aaron G Oldre, William J Haun, Vicki L Chandler and Nathan M Springer
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:33
  40. Previous work showed that the maize primary root adapts to low Ψw (-1.6 MPa) by maintaining longitudinal expansion in the apical 3 mm (region 1), whereas in the adjacent 4 mm (region 2) longitudinal expansion rea...

    Authors: William G Spollen, Wenjing Tao, Babu Valliyodan, Kegui Chen, Lindsey G Hejlek, Jong-Joo Kim, Mary E LeNoble, Jinming Zhu, Hans J Bohnert, David Henderson, Daniel P Schachtman, Georgia E Davis, Gordon K Springer, Robert E Sharp and Henry T Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:32
  41. The first high quality draft of the grape genome sequence has just been published. This is a critical step in accessing all the genes of this species and increases the chances of exploiting the natural genetic...

    Authors: Loïc Le Cunff, Alexandre Fournier-Level, Valérie Laucou, Silvia Vezzulli, Thierry Lacombe, Anne-Françoise Adam-Blondon, Jean-Michel Boursiquot and Patrice This
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2008 8:31

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