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  1. Sulphur is an essential macronutrient needed for the synthesis of many cellular components. Sulphur containing amino acids and stress response-related compounds, such as glutathione, are derived from reduction...

    Authors: Hélène Zuber, Jean-Claude Davidian, Markus Wirtz, Rüdiger Hell, Maya Belghazi, Richard Thompson and Karine Gallardo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:78

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Clonal propagation is highly desired especially for valuable horticultural crops. The method with the potentially highest multiplication rate is regeneration via somatic embryogenesis. However, this mode of pr...

    Authors: Claudia Hoenemann, Sandra Richardt, Katja Krüger, Andreas D Zimmer, Annette Hohe and Stefan A Rensing

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:77

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Nitrogen (N), the primary limiting factor for plant growth and yield in agriculture, has a patchy distribution in soils due to fertilizer application or decomposing organic matter. Studies in solution culture ...

    Authors: Daniel R Ruzicka, Felipe H Barrios-Masias, Natasha T Hausmann, Louise E Jackson and Daniel P Schachtman

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:75

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Epigenetic phenomena have been associated with the regulation of active and silent chromatin states achieved by modifications of chromatin structure through DNA methylation, and histone post-translational modi...

    Authors: Aliki Kapazoglou, Alessandro Tondelli, Dimitra Papaefthimiou, Helen Ampatzidou, Enrico Francia, Michele A Stanca, Konstantinos Bladenopoulos and Athanasios S Tsaftaris

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:73

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Crossing plants of the same species but different ploidies can have dramatic effects on seed growth, but little is known about the alterations to transcriptional programmes responsible for this. Parental genom...

    Authors: Sushma Tiwari, Melissa Spielman, Reiner Schulz, Rebecca J Oakey, Gavin Kelsey, Andres Salazar, Ke Zhang, Roger Pennell and Rod J Scott

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:72

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) is currently the most accurate method for detecting differential gene expression. Such an approach depends on the identification of uniformly expressed 'housekeeping genes'...

    Authors: Rudy Huis, Simon Hawkins and Godfrey Neutelings

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:71

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Camptotheca acuminata is a major natural source of the terpenoid indole alkaloid camptothecin (CPT). At present, little is known about the cellular distribution of the biosynthesis of CPT, which would be useful k...

    Authors: Alessio Valletta, Livio Trainotti, Anna Rita Santamaria and Gabriella Pasqua

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:69

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Oncidium spp. produce commercially important orchid cut flowers. However, they are amenable to intergeneric and inter-specific crossing making phylogenetic identification very difficult. Molecular markers derived...

    Authors: Fu-Hui Wu, Ming-Tsair Chan, De-Chih Liao, Chen-Tran Hsu, Yi-Wei Lee, Henry Daniell, Melvin R Duvall and Choun-Sea Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:68

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The soil-borne fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae Kleb causes Verticillium wilt in a wide range of crops including cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). To date, most upland cotton varieties are susceptible to V. dahlia...

    Authors: Weiguo Miao, Xiben Wang, Ming Li, Congfeng Song, Yu Wang, Dongwei Hu and Jinsheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:67

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Plants trigger and tailor defense responses after perception of the oral secretions (OS) of attacking specialist lepidopteran larvae. Fatty acid-amino acid conjugates (FACs) in the OS of the Manduca sexta larvae ...

    Authors: Paola A Gilardoni, Stefan Schuck, Ruth Jüngling, Björn Rotter, Ian T Baldwin and Gustavo Bonaventure

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:66

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The genus Musa is a large species complex which includes cultivars at diploid and triploid levels. These sterile and vegetatively propagated cultivars are based on the A genome from Musa acuminata, exclusively fo...

    Authors: Isabelle Hippolyte, Frederic Bakry, Marc Seguin, Laetitia Gardes, Ronan Rivallan, Ange-Marie Risterucci, Christophe Jenny, Xavier Perrier, Françoise Carreel, Xavier Argout, Pietro Piffanelli, Imtiaz A Khan, Robert NG Miller, Georgios J Pappas, Didier Mbéguié-A-Mbéguié, Takashi Matsumoto…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:65

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Nutrient availabilities and needs have to be tightly coordinated between organs to ensure a balance between uptake and consumption for metabolism, growth, and defense reactions. Since plants often have to grow...

    Authors: Anja Buhtz, Janin Pieritz, Franziska Springer and Julia Kehr

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:64

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The importance of maize for human and animal nutrition, but also as a source for bio-energy is rapidly increasing. Maize yield is a quantitative trait controlled by many genes with small effects, spread throug...

    Authors: Junjie Fu, Alexander Thiemann, Tobias A Schrag, Albrecht E Melchinger, Stefan Scholten and Matthias Frisch

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:63

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Brassicaceae family includes the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana as well as a number of agronomically important species such as oilseed crops (in particular Brassica napus, B. juncea and B. rapa) and vegetab...

    Authors: Pauline Stephenson, David Baker, Thomas Girin, Amandine Perez, Stephen Amoah, Graham J King and Lars Østergaard

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:62

    Content type: Methodology article

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  15. Carotenoids are a group of C40 isoprenoid molecules that play diverse biological and ecological roles in plants. Tomato is an important vegetable in human diet and provides the vitamin A precursor β-carotene. Gen...

    Authors: Monika Dalal, Viswanathan Chinnusamy and Kailash C Bansal

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:61

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are toxic, widely-distributed, environmentally persistent, and carcinogenic byproducts of carbon-based fuel combustion. Previously, plant studies have shown that PAHs in...

    Authors: David Weisman, Merianne Alkio and Adán Colón-Carmona

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:59

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Excessive soil salinity is an important problem for agriculture, however, salt tolerance is a complex trait that is not easily bred into plants. Exposure of cultivated tomato to salt stress has been reported t...

    Authors: Anne Frary, Deniz Göl, Davut Keleş, Bilal Ökmen, Hasan Pınar, Hasan Ö Şığva, Ahmet Yemenicioğlu and Sami Doğanlar

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:58

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Reminiscent of their free-living cyanobacterial ancestor, chloroplasts proliferate by division coupled with the partition of nucleoids (DNA-protein complexes). Division of the chloroplast envelope membrane is ...

    Authors: Yukihiro Kabeya, Hiromitsu Nakanishi, Kenji Suzuki, Takanari Ichikawa, Youichi Kondou, Minami Matsui and Shin-ya Miyagishima

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:57

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Reference genes are widely used to normalise transcript abundance data determined by quantitative RT-PCR and microarrays. However, the approaches taken to define reference genes can be variable. Although Oryza sa...

    Authors: Reena Narsai, Aneta Ivanova, Sophia Ng and James Whelan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:56

    Content type: Methodology article

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  20. The obligate parasitic plant witchweed (Striga hermonthica) infects major cereal crops such as sorghum, maize, and millet, and is the most devastating weed pest in Africa. An understanding of the nature of its pa...

    Authors: Satoko Yoshida, Juliane K Ishida, Nasrein M Kamal, Abdelbagi M Ali, Shigetou Namba and Ken Shirasu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:55

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that move along actin filaments, and serve as calcium stores in plant cells. The positioning and dynamics of mitochondria depend on membrane-cytoskeleton interactions, but i...

    Authors: Yuqing Wang, Yingfang Zhu, Yu Ling, Haiyan Zhang, Peng Liu, František Baluška, Jozef Šamaj, Jinxing Lin and Qinli Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:53

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of particular concern due to their hydrophobic, recalcitrant, persistent, potentially carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic properties, and their ubiquitous occurrence i...

    Authors: Xin-Hua Zhan, Heng-Liang Ma, Li-Xiang Zhou, Jian-Ru Liang, Ting-Hui Jiang and Guo-Hua Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:52

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Plant natriuretic peptides (PNPs) belong to a novel class of peptidic signaling molecules that share some structural similarity to the N-terminal domain of expansins and affect physiological processes such as ...

    Authors: Betiana S Garavaglia, Ludivine Thomas, Tamara Zimaro, Natalia Gottig, Lucas D Daurelio, Bongani Ndimba, Elena G Orellano, Jorgelina Ottado and Chris Gehring

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:51

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The control of plant anthocyanin accumulation is via transcriptional regulation of the genes encoding the biosynthetic enzymes. A key activator appears to be an R2R3 MYB transcription factor. In apple fruit, s...

    Authors: Kui Lin-Wang, Karen Bolitho, Karryn Grafton, Anne Kortstee, Sakuntala Karunairetnam, Tony K McGhie, Richard V Espley, Roger P Hellens and Andrew C Allan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:50

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Normalizing through reference genes, or housekeeping genes, can make more accurate and reliable results from reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Recent studies have s...

    Authors: Sinara Artico, Sarah M Nardeli, Osmundo Brilhante, Maria Fátima Grossi-de-Sa and Marcio Alves-Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:49

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Linkage maps are useful tools for examining both the genetic architecture of quantitative traits and the evolution of reproductive incompatibilities. We describe the generation of two genetic maps using recipr...

    Authors: Shunxue Tang, Rebecca A Okashah, Steven J Knapp, Michael L Arnold and Noland H Martin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:48

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Plants respond to abiotic stress through complex regulation of transcription, including both transcriptional activation and repression. Dehydration-responsive-element binding protein (DREB)-type transcription ...

    Authors: Chun-Juan Dong and Jin-Yuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:47

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Evolution of unisexual flowers entails one of the most extreme changes in plant development. Cultivated spinach, Spinacia oleracea L., is uniquely suited for the study of unisexual flower development as it is dio...

    Authors: D Noah Sather, Maja Jovanovic and Edward M Golenberg

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:46

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is one of the major grain legume crops of the tropics and subtropics, but biotic stresses [Fusarium wilt (FW), sterility mosaic disease (SMD), etc.] are serious challenges fo...

    Authors: Nikku L Raju, Belaghihalli N Gnanesh, Pazhamala Lekha, Balaji Jayashree, Suresh Pande, Pavana J Hiremath, Munishamappa Byregowda, Nagendra K Singh and Rajeev K Varshney

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:45

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Puf proteins have important roles in controlling gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by promoting RNA decay and repressing translation. The Pumilio homology domain (PUM-HD) is a conserved region ...

    Authors: Patrick PC Tam, Isabelle H Barrette-Ng, Dawn M Simon, Michael WC Tam, Amanda L Ang and Douglas G Muench

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:44

    Content type: Research article

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  31. DnaJ proteins participate in many metabolic pathways through dynamic interactions with various components of these processes. The role of three small chloroplast-targeted DnaJ proteins, AtJ8 (At1 g80920), AtJ1...

    Authors: Kun-Ming Chen, Maija Holmström, Wuttinun Raksajit, Marjaana Suorsa, Mirva Piippo and Eva-Mari Aro

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:43

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Very little is known about the effects of manganese (Mn)-excess on citrus photosynthesis and antioxidant systems. Seedlings of sour pummelo (Citrus grandis) were irrigated for 17 weeks with nutrient solution cont...

    Authors: Qing Li, Li-Song Chen, Huan-Xin Jiang, Ning Tang, Lin-Tong Yang, Zheng-He Lin, Yan Li and Gang-Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:42

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The nutritional and economic value of many crops is effectively a function of seed protein and oil content. Insight into the genetic and molecular control mechanisms involved in the deposition of these constit...

    Authors: Yung-Tsi Bolon, Bindu Joseph, Steven B Cannon, Michelle A Graham, Brian W Diers, Andrew D Farmer, Gregory D May, Gary J Muehlbauer, James E Specht, Zheng Jin Tu, Nathan Weeks, Wayne W Xu, Randy C Shoemaker and Carroll P Vance

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:41

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The application of hybrid rice technology has significantly increased global rice production during the last three decades. Approximately 90% of the commercially cultivated rice hybrids have been derived throu...

    Authors: Srirupa Das, Supriya Sen, Anirban Chakraborty, Papia Chakraborti, Mrinal K Maiti, Asitava Basu, Debabrata Basu and Soumitra K Sen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:39

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The Botrytis cinerea xylanase Xyn11A has been previously shown to be required for full virulence of this organism despite its poor contribution to the secreted xylanase activity and the low xylan content of B. ci...

    Authors: Judith Noda, Nélida Brito and Celedonio González

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:38

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Exploring the genetic mechanisms underlying speciation is a hot topic in modern genetics and evolutionary studies. Distortion of marker transmission ratio is frequently ascribed to selection against alleles th...

    Authors: Shuxian Li, Ying Chen, Handong Gao and Tongming Yin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:37

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Recent studies have shown that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO) are involved in the signalling processes taking place during the interactions pollen-pistil in several plants. The olive tree (Ol...

    Authors: Adoración Zafra, María Isabel Rodríguez-García and Juan de Dios Alché

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:36

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Land plant genomes contain multiple members of a eukaryote-specific gene family encoding proteins with pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) motifs. Some PPR proteins were shown to participate in post-transcriptional...

    Authors: José R Hernandez Mora, Eric Rivals, Hakim Mireau and Françoise Budar

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:35

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although the effect of salicylic acid (SA) on photosynthesis of plants including grapevines has been investigated, very little is yet known about the effects of SA on carbon assimilation and several components...

    Authors: Li-Jun Wang, Ling Fan, Wayne Loescher, Wei Duan, Guo-Jie Liu, Jian-Shan Cheng, Hai-Bo Luo and Shao-Hua Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:34

    Content type: Research article

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  40. LePRK1 and LePRK2 are two pollen receptor kinases localized to the plasma membrane, where they are present in a high molecular weight complex (LePRK complex). LePRK2 is phosphorylated in mature and germinated ...

    Authors: Diego L Wengier, María A Mazzella, Tamara M Salem, Sheila McCormick and Jorge P Muschietti

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:33

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Plant biologists have long speculated about the mechanisms that guide pollen tubes to ovules. Although there is now evidence that ovules emit a diffusible attractant, little is known about how this attractant ...

    Authors: Shannon F Stewman, Matthew Jones-Rhoades, Prabhakar Bhimalapuram, Martin Tchernookov, Daphne Preuss and Aaron R Dinner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:32

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Recessively inherited natural and induced mutations in the barley Mlo gene confer durable broad-spectrum resistance against the powdery mildew pathogen, Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei. Mlo codes for a member of a...

    Authors: Anja Reinstädler, Judith Müller, Jerzy H Czembor, Pietro Piffanelli and Ralph Panstruga

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:31

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Arabidopsis thaliana transthyretin-like (TTL) protein is a potential substrate in the brassinosteroid signalling cascade, having a role that moderates plant growth. Moreover, sequence homology revealed two sequen...

    Authors: João Pessoa, Zsuzsa Sárkány, Frederico Ferreira-da-Silva, Sónia Martins, Maria R Almeida, Jianming Li and Ana M Damas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:30

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The function of the cortical microtubules, composed of αβ-tubulin heterodimers, is linked to their organizational state which is subject to spatial and temporal modulation by environmental cues. The role of tu...

    Authors: Yaroslav Blume, Alla Yemets, Yarina Sheremet, Alexey Nyporko, Vadym Sulimenko, Tetyana Sulimenko and Pavel Dráber

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:29

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Traditional agroecosystems are known to host both large crop species diversity and high within crop genetic diversity. In a context of global change, this diversity may be needed to feed the world. Are these a...

    Authors: Hafid Achtak, Mohammed Ater, Ahmed Oukabli, Sylvain Santoni, Finn Kjellberg and Bouchaib Khadari

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:28

    Content type: Research article

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