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  1. The monolignol biosynthetic pathway interconnects with the biosynthesis of other secondary phenolic metabolites, such as cinnamic acid derivatives, flavonoids and condensed tannins. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Suvi Sutela, Karoliina Niemi, Jaanika Edesi, Tapio Laakso, Pekka Saranpää, Jaana Vuosku, Riina Mäkelä, Heidi Tiimonen, Vincent L Chiang, Janne Koskimäki, Marja Suorsa, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto and Hely Häggman
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:124
  2. We are studying the regulation of flowering in perennial plants by using diploid wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) as a model. Wild strawberry is a facultative short-day plant with an obligatory short-day requi...

    Authors: Katriina Mouhu, Timo Hytönen, Kevin Folta, Marja Rantanen, Lars Paulin, Petri Auvinen and Paula Elomaa
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:122
  3. Cold acclimation is the process by which plants adapt to the low, non freezing temperatures that naturally occur during late autumn or early winter. This process enables the plants to resist the freezing tempe...

    Authors: Andrés Tittarelli, Margarita Santiago, Andrea Morales, Lee A Meisel and Herman Silva
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:121
  4. The WRKY transcription factor gene family has a very ancient origin and has undergone extensive duplications in the plant kingdom. Several studies have pointed out their involvement in a range of biological pr...

    Authors: Stefano Berri, Pamela Abbruscato, Odile Faivre-Rampant, Ana CM Brasileiro, Irene Fumasoni, Kouji Satoh, Shoshi Kikuchi, Luca Mizzi, Piero Morandini, Mario Enrico Pè and Pietro Piffanelli
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:120
  5. Plant systemic signaling characterized by the long distance transport of molecules across plant organs involves the xylem and phloem conduits. Root-microbe interactions generate systemic signals that are trans...

    Authors: Senthil Subramanian, Un-Haing Cho, Carol Keyes and Oliver Yu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:119
  6. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), a starchy root crop grown in tropical and subtropical climates, is the sixth most important crop in the world after wheat, rice, maize, potato and barley. The repertoire of sim...

    Authors: Adebola AJ Raji, James V Anderson, Olufisayo A Kolade, Chike D Ugwu, Alfred GO Dixon and Ivan L Ingelbrecht
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:118
  7. Organization and presentation of biodiversity data is greatly facilitated by databases that are specially designed to allow easy data entry and organized data display. Such databases also have the capacity to ...

    Authors: Norman Wang, Alison R Sherwood, Akira Kurihara, Kimberly Y Conklin, Thomas Sauvage and Gernot G Presting
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:117
  8. Biogenic emissions of methyl halides (CH3Cl, CH3Br and CH3I) are the major source of these compounds in the atmosphere; however, there are few reports about the halide profiles and strengths of these emissions. H...

    Authors: Nobuya Itoh, Hiroshi Toda, Michiko Matsuda, Takashi Negishi, Tomokazu Taniguchi and Noboru Ohsawa
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:116
  9. Wheat (Triticum ssp.) is an important food source for humans in many regions around the world. However, the ability to understand and modify gene function for crop improvement is hindered by the lack of available...

    Authors: Cristobal Uauy, Francine Paraiso, Pasqualina Colasuonno, Robert K Tran, Helen Tsai, Steve Berardi, Luca Comai and Jorge Dubcovsky
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:115
  10. Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) is well suited to a perennial crop like oil palm, in which the economic products are not produced until several years after planting. The use of DNA markers for selection in suc...

    Authors: Rajinder Singh, Soon G Tan, Jothi M Panandam, Rahimah Abdul Rahman, Leslie CL Ooi, Eng-Ti L Low, Mukesh Sharma, Johannes Jansen and Suan-Choo Cheah
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:114
  11. Nitrogen nutrition is one of the major factors that limit growth and production of crop plants. It affects many processes, such as development, architecture, flowering, senescence and photosynthesis. Although ...

    Authors: Bhakti Prinsi, Alfredo S Negri, Paolo Pesaresi, Maurizio Cocucci and Luca Espen
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:113
  12. Worldwide, diseases are important reducers of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) yield. Sources of resistance against many diseases are available in cultivated peanut genotypes, although often not in farmer preferred vari...

    Authors: Soraya CM Leal-Bertioli, Ana Carolina VF José, Dione MT Alves-Freitas, Márcio C Moretzsohn, Patrícia M Guimarães, Stephan Nielen, Bruna S Vidigal, Rinaldo W Pereira, Jodie Pike, Alessandra P Fávero, Martin Parniske, Rajeev K Varshney and David J Bertioli
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:112
  13. Phytophthora species are notorious oomycete pathogens that cause diseases on a wide range of plants. Our understanding how these pathogens are able to infect their host plants will benefit greatly from informatio...

    Authors: Klaas Bouwmeester and Francine Govers
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:111
  14. In recent years, the development of structural genomics has generated a growing interest in obtaining haploid plants. The use of homozygous lines presents a significant advantage for the accomplishment of sequ...

    Authors: Pablo Aleza, José Juárez, María Hernández, José A Pina, Patrick Ollitrault and Luis Navarro
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:110
  15. Flavonol glucosides constitute the second group of secondary metabolites that accumulate in Crocus sativus stigmas. To date there are no reports of functionally characterized flavonoid glucosyltransferases in C. ...

    Authors: Ángela Rubio Moraga, Almudena Trapero Mozos, Oussama Ahrazem and Lourdes Gómez-Gómez
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:109
  16. The serine-threonine protein kinase gene, designated pkv (protein kinase- viroid induced) was previously found to be transcriptionally activated in tomato plants infected with the plant pathogen Potato spindle tu...

    Authors: Rosemarie W Hammond and Yan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:108
  17. Heterosis, the superior performance of hybrids relative to parents, has clear agricultural value, but its genetic control is unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that hybrids expressing heterosis ...

    Authors: Xuehui Li, Yanling Wei, Dan Nettleton and E Charles Brummer
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:107
  18. Conifers are a large group of gymnosperm trees which are separated from the angiosperms by more than 300 million years of independent evolution. Conifer genomes are extremely large and contain considerable amo...

    Authors: Björn Hamberger, Dawn Hall, Mack Yuen, Claire Oddy, Britta Hamberger, Christopher I Keeling, Carol Ritland, Kermit Ritland and Jörg Bohlmann
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:106
  19. Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is induced in non-inoculated leaves following infection with certain pathogenic strains. SAR is effective against many pathogens. Salicylic acid (SA) is a signaling molecule ...

    Authors: Devinder Sandhu, I Made Tasma, Ryan Frasch and Madan K Bhattacharyya
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:105
  20. Whole genome transcriptomics analysis is a very powerful approach because it gives an overview of the activity of genes in certain cells or tissue types. However, biological interpretation of such results can ...

    Authors: Ana Rotter, Céline Camps, Marc Lohse, Christian Kappel, Stefania Pilati, Matjaž Hren, Mark Stitt, Pierre Coutos-Thévenot, Claudio Moser, Björn Usadel, Serge Delrot and Kristina Gruden
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:104
  21. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is widely used as a food and cash crop around the world. It is considered to be an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 40) originated from a single hybridization event between two wild diploids...

    Authors: Daniel Foncéka, Tossim Hodo-Abalo, Ronan Rivallan, Issa Faye, Mbaye Ndoye Sall, Ousmane Ndoye, Alessandra P Fávero, David J Bertioli, Jean-Christophe Glaszmann, Brigitte Courtois and Jean-Francois Rami
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:103
  22. Little information is available on the amelioration of boron (B) on aluminum (Al)-induced photosynthesis inhibition. Sour pummelo (Citrus grandis) seedlings were irrigated for 18 weeks with nutrient solution cont...

    Authors: Huan-Xin Jiang, Ning Tang, Jin-Gui Zheng and Li-Song Chen
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:102
  23. Functional genomics tools provide researchers with the ability to apply high-throughput techniques to determine the function and interaction of a diverse range of genes. Mutagenised plant populations are one s...

    Authors: Stephen J Robinson, Lily H Tang, Brent AG Mooney, Sheldon J McKay, Wayne E Clarke, Matthew G Links, Steven Karcz, Sharon Regan, Yun-Yun Wu, Margaret Y Gruber, Dejun Cui, Min Yu and Isobel AP Parkin
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:101
  24. Gene-based (genic) microsatellites are a useful tool for plant genetics and simple sequence repeat loci can often be found in coding regions of the genome. While EST sequencing can be used to discover genic mi...

    Authors: Matthew W Blair, Monica Muñoz Torres, Martha C Giraldo and Fabio Pedraza
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:100
  25. Histone modifications and histone variants are of importance in many biological processes. To understand the biological functions of the global dynamics of histone modifications and histone variants in higher ...

    Authors: Tao Wu, Tiezheng Yuan, Sau-Na Tsai, Chunmei Wang, Sai-Ming Sun, Hon-Ming Lam and Sai-Ming Ngai
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:98
  26. The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis [Pergande]) is one of the most important insect herbivores of cultivated plants. However, no pesticide provides complete control of this species, and insectic...

    Authors: Hiroshi Abe, Takeshi Shimoda, Jun Ohnishi, Soichi Kugimiya, Mari Narusaka, Shigemi Seo, Yoshihiro Narusaka, Shinya Tsuda and Masatomo Kobayashi
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:97
  27. Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in plants is a trait with potential economic, agricultural and environmental impact. In relation to the food industry, PPO-induced browning causes unacceptable discolouration ...

    Authors: Ana Winters, Sue Heywood, Kerrie Farrar, Iain Donnison, Ann Thomas and K Judith Webb
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:94
  28. Exposure to dietary wheat proteins in genetically susceptible individuals has been associated with increased risk for the development of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Recently, a wheat protein encoded by cDNA WP5212 ...

    Authors: Evelin Loit, Charles W Melnyk, Amanda J MacFarlane, Fraser W Scott and Illimar Altosaar
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:93
  29. Many flowering plants attract pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. Remarkably, the molecular events involved in the development of nectaries, the organs that produce nectar, as well as the synthe...

    Authors: Brian W Kram, Wayne W Xu and Clay J Carter
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:92
  30. mPing is an endogenous MITE in the rice genome, which is quiescent under normal conditions but can be induced towards mobilization under various stresses. The cellular mechanism responsible for modulating the act...

    Authors: Frédéric Ngezahayo, Chunming Xu, Hongyan Wang, Lily Jiang, Jinsong Pang and Bao Liu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:91
  31. There are few genomic tools available in melon (Cucumis melo L.), a member of the Cucurbitaceae, despite its importance as a crop. Among these tools, genetic maps have been constructed mainly using marker types s...

    Authors: Wim Deleu, Cristina Esteras, Cristina Roig, Mireia González-To, Iria Fernández-Silva, Daniel Gonzalez-Ibeas, José Blanca, Miguel A Aranda, Pere Arús, Fernando Nuez, Antonio J Monforte, Maria Belén Picó and Jordi Garcia-Mas
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:90
  32. Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is rapidly emerging as a powerful model system to facilitate research aimed at improving grass crops for grain, forage and energy production. To characterize the natural div...

    Authors: John P Vogel, Metin Tuna, Hikmet Budak, Naxin Huo, Yong Q Gu and Michael A Steinwand
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:88
  33. Sesquiterpene lactones are characteristic metabolites of Asteraceae (or Compositae) which often display potent bioactivities and are sequestered in specialized organs such as laticifers, resin ducts, and trich...

    Authors: Jens C Göpfert, Gillian MacNevin, Dae-Kyun Ro and Otmar Spring
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:86
  34. Brachiaria brizantha is an important forage grass. The occurrence of both apomictic and sexual reproduction within Brachiaria makes it an interesting system for understanding the molecular pathways involved in bo...

    Authors: Érica Duarte Silveira, Márcio Alves-Ferreira, Larissa Arrais Guimarães, Felipe Rodrigues da Silva and Vera Tavares de Campos Carneiro
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:84
  35. Plant matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are conserved proteolytic enzymes found in a wide range of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plant species. Acting on the plant extracellular matrix, they play crucial r...

    Authors: Andreas Schiermeyer, Hanna Hartenstein, Manoj K Mandal, Burkhard Otte, Verena Wahner and Stefan Schillberg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:83
  36. Two complete genome sequences are available for Vitis vinifera Pinot noir. Based on the sequence and gene predictions produced by the IASMA, we performed an in silico detection of putative microRNA genes and of t...

    Authors: Barbara Lazzari, Andrea Caprera, Alessandro Cestaro, Ivan Merelli, Marcello Del Corvo, Paolo Fontana, Luciano Milanesi, Riccardo Velasco and Alessandra Stella
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:82
  37. Dormancy associated MADS-box (DAM) genes are candidates for the regulation of growth cessation and terminal bud formation in peach. These genes are not expressed in the peach mutant evergrowing, which fails to ce...

    Authors: Sergio Jiménez, Amy L Lawton-Rauh, Gregory L Reighard, Albert G Abbott and Douglas G Bielenberg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:81
  38. Polyploidy (whole-genome duplication) is an important speciation mechanism, particularly in plants. Gene loss, silencing, and the formation of novel gene complexes are some of the consequences that the new pol...

    Authors: Jennifer A Tate, Prashant Joshi, Kerry A Soltis, Pamela S Soltis and Douglas E Soltis
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:80
  39. DNA ligase enzymes catalyse the joining of adjacent polynucleotides and as such play important roles in DNA replication and repair pathways. Eukaryotes possess multiple DNA ligases with distinct roles in DNA m...

    Authors: Wanda M Waterworth, Jaroslav Kozak, Claire M Provost, Clifford M Bray, Karel J Angelis and Christopher E West
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:79
  40. Transgenic approaches provide a powerful tool for gene function investigations in plants. However, some legumes are still recalcitrant to current transformation technologies, limiting the extent to which funct...

    Authors: Bo Jian, Wensheng Hou, Cunxiang Wu, Bin Liu, Wei Liu, Shikui Song, Yurong Bi and Tianfu Han
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:78
  41. Next-generation transgenic plants will require a more precise regulation of transgene expression, preferably under the control of native promoters. A genome-wide T-DNA tagging strategy was therefore performed ...

    Authors: Efrén Santos, Serge Remy, Els Thiry, Saskia Windelinckx, Rony Swennen and László Sági
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:77
  42. In pea seeds (Pisum sativum L.), the Def locus defines an abscission event where the seed separates from the funicle through the intervening hilum region at maturity. A spontaneous mutation at this locus results ...

    Authors: Kwadwo Owusu Ayeh, YeonKyeong Lee, Mike J Ambrose and Anne Kathrine Hvoslef-Eide
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:76
  43. Transcription factor HaDREB2 was identified in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as a drought-responsive element-binding factor 2 (DREB2) with unique properties. HaDREB2 and the sunflower Heat Shock Factor A9 (HaH...

    Authors: Concepción Almoguera, Pilar Prieto-Dapena, Juan Díaz-Martín, José M Espinosa, Raúl Carranco and Juan Jordano
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:75
  44. Rice transcription regulator OsWRKY13 influences the functioning of more than 500 genes in multiple signalling pathways, with roles in disease resistance, redox homeostasis, abiotic stress responses, and devel...

    Authors: Deyun Qiu, Jun Xiao, Weibo Xie, Hongtao Cheng, Xianghua Li and Shiping Wang
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:74

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