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  1. The Deg/HtrA family of ATP-independent serine endopeptidases is present in nearly all organisms from bacteria to human and vascular plants. In recent years, multiple deg/htrA protease genes were identified in ...

    Authors: Holger Schuhmann, Pitter F Huesgen and Iwona Adamska
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:52
  2. In plants, transposons and non-protein-coding repeats are epigenetically silenced by CG and non-CG methylation. This pattern of methylation is mediated in part by small RNAs and two specialized RNA polymerases...

    Authors: Wanhui You, Agata Tyczewska, Matthew Spencer, Lucia Daxinger, Marc W Schmid, Ueli Grossniklaus, Stacey A Simon, Blake C Meyers, Antonius JM Matzke and Marjori Matzke
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:51
  3. Xanthophylls are oxygenated carotenoids playing an essential role as structural components of the photosynthetic apparatus. Xanthophylls contribute to the assembly and stability of light-harvesting complex, to...

    Authors: Alessia Fiore, Luca Dall'Osto, Stefano Cazzaniga, Gianfranco Diretto, Giovanni Giuliano and Roberto Bassi
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:50
  4. Domestication generally implies a loss of diversity in crop species relative to their wild ancestors because of genetic drift through bottleneck effects. Compared to native Mediterranean fruit species like oli...

    Authors: Hedia Bourguiba, Jean-Marc Audergon, Lamia Krichen, Neila Trifi-Farah, Ali Mamouni, Samia Trabelsi, Claudio D’Onofrio, Bayram M Asma, Sylvain Santoni and Bouchaib Khadari
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:49
  5. Etoposide (epipodophyllotoxin) is a chemical commonly used as an anti-cancer drug which inhibits DNA synthesis by blocking topoisomerase II activity. Previous studies in animal cells have demonstrated that eto...

    Authors: Xuejiao Yang, Yingjie Yu, Lily Jiang, Xiuyun Lin, Chunyu Zhang, Xiufang Ou, Kenji Osabe and Bao Liu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:48
  6. The genetic control of important adaptive traits, such as bud set, is still poorly understood in most forest trees species. Poplar is an ideal model tree to study bud set because of its indeterminate shoot gro...

    Authors: Francesco Fabbrini, Muriel Gaudet, Catherine Bastien, Giusi Zaina, Antoine Harfouche, Isacco Beritognolo, Nicolas Marron, Michele Morgante, Giuseppe Scarascia-Mugnozza and Maurizio Sabatti
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:47
  7. There has been increased consumption of blueberries in recent years fueled in part because of their many recognized health benefits. Blueberry fruit is very high in anthocyanins, which have been linked to impr...

    Authors: Lisa J Rowland, Nadim Alkharouf, Omar Darwish, Elizabeth L Ogden, James J Polashock, Nahla V Bassil and Dorrie Main
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:46
  8. Entry into mitosis is regulated by cyclin dependent kinases that in turn are phosphoregulated. In most eukaryotes, phosphoregulation is through WEE1 kinase and CDC25 phosphatase. In higher plants a homologous ...

    Authors: Natasha D Spadafora, David Parfitt, Angela Marchbank, Sherong Li, Leonardo Bruno, Rhys Vaughan, Jeroen Nieuwland, Vicky Buchanan-Wollaston, Robert J Herbert, Maria Beatrice Bitonti, John Doonan, Diego Albani, Els Prinsen, Dennis Francis and Hilary J Rogers
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:45
  9. Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis is the most widespread association between plant roots and fungi in natural and agricultural ecosystems. This work investigated the influence of mycorrhization on the econ...

    Authors: Alessandra Salvioli, Inès Zouari, Michel Chalot and Paola Bonfante
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:44
  10. After crop-wild hybridization, some of the crop genomic segments may become established in wild populations through selfing of the hybrids or through backcrosses to the wild parent. This constitutes a possible...

    Authors: Brigitte Uwimana, Marinus JM Smulders, Danny AP Hooftman, Yorike Hartman, Peter H van Tienderen, Johannes Jansen, Leah K McHale, Richard W Michelmore, Richard GF Visser and Clemens CM van de Wiel
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:43
  11. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the most important legumes in the world. Several diseases severely reduce bean production and quality; therefore, it is very important to better understand disease re...

    Authors: Zhanji Liu, Mollee Crampton, Antonette Todd and Venu Kalavacharla
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:42
  12. It is known that excess reducing equivalents in the form of NADPH in chloroplasts can be transported via shuttle machineries, such as the malate-oxaloacetate (OAA) shuttle, into the mitochondria, where they ar...

    Authors: Li-Tao Zhang, Zi-Shan Zhang, Hui-Yuan Gao, Xiang-Long Meng, Cheng Yang, Jian-Guo Liu and Qing-Wei Meng
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:40
  13. Plant secondary metabolites, including phenylpropanoids and carotenoids, are stress inducible, have important roles in potato physiology and influence the nutritional value of potatoes. The type and magnitude ...

    Authors: Raja S Payyavula, Duroy A Navarre, Joseph C Kuhl, Alberto Pantoja and Syamkumar S Pillai
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:39
  14. A century ago, Chestnut Blight Disease (CBD) devastated the American chestnut. Backcross breeding has been underway to introgress resistance from Chinese chestnut into surviving American chestnut genotypes. De...

    Authors: Abdelali Barakat, Meg Staton, Chun-Huai Cheng, Joseph Park, Norzawani M Buang Yassin, Stephen Ficklin, Chia-Chun Yeh, Fred Hebard, Kathleen Baier, William Powell, Stephan C Schuster, Nicholas Wheeler, Albert Abbott, John E Carlson and Ronald Sederoff
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:38
  15. Arabidopsis seedling development is controlled by many regulatory genes involved in multiple signaling pathways. The functional relationships of these genes working in multiple signaling cascades have started ...

    Authors: Babu Rajendra V Prasad, Selva V Kumar, Ashis Nandi and Sudip Chattopadhyay
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:37
  16. The N-terminal proline-rich domain (Zera) of the maize storage protein γ-zein, is able to induce the formation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-derived protein bodies (PBs) when fused to proteins of interest. Thi...

    Authors: Minu Joseph, M Dolors Ludevid, Margarita Torrent, Valérie Rofidal, Marc Tauzin, Michel Rossignol and Jean-Benoit Peltier
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:36
  17. Wheat grains are an important source of food, stock feed and raw materials for industry, but current production levels cannot meet world needs. Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms underlying wheat grain de...

    Authors: Delphine Capron, Said Mouzeyar, Aurélia Boulaflous, Christine Girousse, Camille Rustenholz, Christel Laugier, Etienne Paux and Mohamed Fouad Bouzidi
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:35
  18. Carotenoids and anthocyanins are the predominant non-chlorophyll pigments in plants. However, certain families within the order Caryophyllales produce another class of pigments, the betalains, instead of antho...

    Authors: Nilangani N Harris, John Javellana, Kevin M Davies, David H Lewis, Paula E Jameson, Simon C Deroles, Kate E Calcott, Kevin S Gould and Kathy E Schwinn
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:34
  19. The development of plant gene transfer systems has allowed for the introgression of alien genes into plant genomes for novel disease control strategies, thus providing a mechanism for broadening the genetic re...

    Authors: Jigang Han, Dilip K Lakshman, Leny C Galvez, Sharmila Mitra, Peter Stephen Baenziger and Amitava Mitra
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:33
  20. Photoperiod-sensitive flowering is a key adaptive trait for sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) in West and Central Africa. In this study we performed an association analysis to investigate the effect of polymorphisms with...

    Authors: Sankalp U Bhosale, Benjamin Stich, H Frederick W Rattunde, Eva Weltzien, Bettina IG Haussmann, C Thomas Hash, Punna Ramu, Hugo E Cuevas, Andrew H Paterson, Albrecht E Melchinger and Heiko K Parzies
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:32
  21. Cysteine proteinases perform multiple functions in seeds, including participation in remodelling polypeptides and recycling amino acids during maturation and germination. Currently, few details exist concernin...

    Authors: Maud Lepelley, Mohamed Ben Amor, Nelly Martineau, Gerald Cheminade, Victoria Caillet and James McCarthy
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:31
  22. Proanthocyanidins (PAs), or condensed tannins, are flavonoid polymers, widespread throughout the plant kingdom, which provide protection against herbivores while conferring organoleptic and nutritive values to...

    Authors: Yung-Fen Huang, Agnès Doligez, Alexandre Fournier-Level, Loïc Le Cunff, Yves Bertrand, Aurélie Canaguier, Cécile Morel, Valérie Miralles, Frédéric Veran, Jean-Marc Souquet, Véronique Cheynier, Nancy Terrier and Patrice This
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:30
  23. microRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules that control gene expression by silencing complementary mRNA. They play a crucial role in stress response in plants, including biotic stress. Some miRNAs are known to...

    Authors: Álvaro L Pérez-Quintero, Andrés Quintero, Oscar Urrego, Pablo Vanegas and Camilo López
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:29
  24. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are two major classes of small RNAs. They play important regulatory roles in plants and animals by regulating transcription, stability and/or translation ...

    Authors: She Tang, Yu Wang, Zefeng Li, Yijie Gui, Bingguang Xiao, Jiahua Xie, Qian-Hao Zhu and Longjiang Fan
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:28
  25. Lupulin glands of hop produce a specific metabolome including hop bitter acids valuable for the brewing process and prenylflavonoids with promising health-beneficial activities. The detailed analysis of the tr...

    Authors: Jaroslav Matoušek, Tomáš Kocábek, Josef Patzak, Zoltán Füssy, Jitka Procházková and Arne Heyerick
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:27
  26. Polyploidy can result in genetic bottlenecks, especially for species of monophyletic origin. Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid harbouring limited genetic diversity, likely resulting from the combined effe...

    Authors: Daniel Fonceka, Hodo-Abalo Tossim, Ronan Rivallan, Hélène Vignes, Issa Faye, Ousmane Ndoye, Márcio C Moretzsohn, David J Bertioli, Jean-Christophe Glaszmann, Brigitte Courtois and Jean-François Rami
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:26
  27. Genetic studies in allopolyploid plants are challenging because of the presence of similar sub-genomes, which leads to multiple alleles and complex segregation ratios. In this study, we describe a novel method...

    Authors: Thijs van Dijk, Yolanda Noordijk, Tiphaine Dubos, Marco CAM Bink, Bert J Meulenbroek, Richard GF Visser and Eric van de Weg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:25
  28. Many flowering plants produce bicellular pollen. The two cells of the pollen grain are destined for separate fates in the male gametophyte, which provides a unique opportunity to study genetic interactions tha...

    Authors: Said Hafidh, Katarína Breznenová, Petr Růžička, Jana Feciková, Věra Čapková and David Honys
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:24
  29. In flowering plants, the development of male reproductive organs is controlled precisely to achieve successful fertilization and reproduction. Despite the increasing knowledge of genes that contribute to anthe...

    Authors: Xuan Ma, Baomin Feng and Hong Ma
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:23
  30. Plant growth is greatly affected by low temperatures, and the expression of a number of genes is induced by cold stress. Although many genes in the cold signaling pathway have been identified in Arabidopsis, litt...

    Authors: Xiao-Ming Feng, Qiang Zhao, Ling-Ling Zhao, Yu Qiao, Xing-Bin Xie, Hui-Feng Li, Yu-Xin Yao, Chun-Xiang You and Yu-Jin Hao
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:22
  31. Plants adopt different reproductive strategies as an adaptation to growth in a range of climates. In Arabidopsis thaliana FRIGIDA (FRI) confers a vernalization requirement and thus winter annual habit by increasi...

    Authors: Judith A Irwin, Clare Lister, Eleni Soumpourou, Yanwen Zhang, Elaine C Howell, Graham Teakle and Caroline Dean
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:21
  32. Reproductive biology in citrus is still poorly understood. Although in recent years several efforts have been made to study pollen-pistil interaction and self-incompatibility, little information is available a...

    Authors: Marco Caruso, Paz Merelo, Gaetano Distefano, Stefano La Malfa, Angela Roberta Lo Piero, Francisco R Tadeo, Manuel Talon and Alessandra Gentile
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:20
  33. Fruit ripening is a complicated development process affected by a variety of external and internal cues. It is well established that calcium treatment delays fruit ripening and senescence. However, the underly...

    Authors: Tianbao Yang, Hui Peng, Bruce D Whitaker and William S Conway
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:19
  34. Plants respond to external stimuli through fine regulation of gene expression partially ensured by small RNAs. Of these, microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role. They negatively regulate gene expression by targ...

    Authors: Virginie Gébelin, Xavier Argout, Worrawat Engchuan, Bertrand Pitollat, Cuifang Duan, Pascal Montoro and Julie Leclercq
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:18
  35. With the completion of genome sequences belonging to some of the major crop plants, new challenges arise to utilize this data for crop improvement and increased food security. The field of genetical genomics h...

    Authors: Bjorn Kloosterman, AM Anithakumari, Pierre-Yves Chibon, Marian Oortwijn, Gerard C van der Linden, Richard GF Visser and Christian WB Bachem
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:17
  36. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) based on linkage disequilibrium (LD) provide a promising tool for the detection and fine mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) underlying complex agronomic traits. In ...

    Authors: Raj K Pasam, Rajiv Sharma, Marcos Malosetti, Fred A van Eeuwijk, Grit Haseneyer, Benjamin Kilian and Andreas Graner
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:16
  37. Imbibed seeds integrate environmental and endogenous signals to break dormancy and initiate growth under optimal conditions. Seed maturation plays an important role in determining the survival of germinating s...

    Authors: Rex S Chiu, Hardeep Nahal, Nicholas J Provart and Sonia Gazzarrini
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:15
  38. Next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies are providing new ways to accelerate fine-mapping and gene isolation in many species. To date, the majority of these efforts have focused on diploid organisms with...

    Authors: Martin Trick, Nikolai Maria Adamski, Sarah G Mugford, Cong-Cong Jiang, Melanie Febrer and Cristobal Uauy
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:14
  39. Pine wilt disease is caused by the pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, which threatens pine forests and forest ecosystems worldwide and causes serious economic losses. In the 40 years since the pathog...

    Authors: Tomonori Hirao, Eitaro Fukatsu and Atsushi Watanabe
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:13
  40. The polyphenolic products of the phenylpropanoid pathway, including proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins and flavonols, possess antioxidant properties that may provide health benefits. To investigate the genetic ar...

    Authors: David Chagné, Célia Krieger, Maysoon Rassam, Mike Sullivan, Jenny Fraser, Christelle André, Massimo Pindo, Michela Troggio, Susan E Gardiner, Rebecca A Henry, Andrew C Allan, Tony K McGhie and William A Laing
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:12
  41. Mechanosensing and its downstream responses are speculated to involve sensory complexes containing Ca2+-permeable mechanosensitive channels. On recognizing osmotic signals, plant cells initiate activation of a wi...

    Authors: Takamitsu Kurusu, Daisuke Nishikawa, Yukari Yamazaki, Mariko Gotoh, Masataka Nakano, Haruyasu Hamada, Takuya Yamanaka, Kazuko Iida, Yuko Nakagawa, Hikaru Saji, Kazuo Shinozaki, Hidetoshi Iida and Kazuyuki Kuchitsu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:11
  42. Cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important crop worldwide, valued for its edible oil and digestible protein. It has a very narrow genetic base that may well derive from a relatively recent single pol...

    Authors: Hui Wang, R Varma Penmetsa, Mei Yuan, Limin Gong, Yongli Zhao, Baozhu Guo, Andrew D Farmer, Benjamin D Rosen, Jinliang Gao, Sachiko Isobe, David J Bertioli, Rajeev K Varshney, Douglas R Cook and Guohao He
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:10
  43. Identification of genes underlying drought tolerance (DT) quantitative trait loci (QTLs) will facilitate understanding of molecular mechanisms of drought tolerance, and also will accelerate genetic improvement...

    Authors: Deepmala Sehgal, Vengaldas Rajaram, Ian Peter Armstead, Vincent Vadez, Yash Pal Yadav, Charles Thomas Hash and Rattan Singh Yadav
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:9
  44. We have studied the impact of carbohydrate-starvation on the acclimation response to high light using Arabidopsis thaliana double mutants strongly impaired in the day- and night path of photoassimilate export fro...

    Authors: Jessica Schmitz, Mark Aurel Schöttler, Stephan Krueger, Stefan Geimer, Anja Schneider, Tatjana Kleine, Dario Leister, Kirsten Bell, Ulf-Ingo Flügge and Rainer E Häusler
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:8
  45. Auxin is an important phytohormone for fleshy fruit development, having been shown to be involved in the initial signal for fertilisation, fruit size through the control of cell division and cell expansion, an...

    Authors: Fanny Devoghalaere, Thomas Doucen, Baptiste Guitton, Jeannette Keeling, Wendy Payne, Toby John Ling, John James Ross, Ian Charles Hallett, Kularajathevan Gunaseelan, GA Dayatilake, Robert Diak, Ken C Breen, D Stuart Tustin, Evelyne Costes, David Chagné, Robert James Schaffer…
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:7
  46. Plants exhibit phenotypic plasticity and respond to differences in environmental conditions by acclimation. We have systematically compared leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown in the field and under contr...

    Authors: Yogesh Mishra, Hanna Johansson Jänkänpää, Anett Z Kiss, Christiane Funk, Wolfgang P Schröder and Stefan Jansson
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:6
  47. Aquatic plants differ in their development from terrestrial plants in their morphology and physiology, but little is known about the molecular basis of the major phases of their life cycle. Interestingly, in p...

    Authors: Wenqin Wang and Joachim Messing
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:5
  48. The Arabidopsis thaliana dgat1 mutant, AS11, has an oil content which is decreased by 30%, and a strongly increased ratio of 18:3/20:1, compared to wild type. Despite lacking a functional DGAT1, AS11 still manage...

    Authors: Jingyu Xu, Anders S Carlsson, Tammy Francis, Meng Zhang, Travis Hoffman, Michael E Giblin and David C Taylor
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:4
  49. Previous studies on the reproductive biology of ferns showed that mating strategies vary among species, and that polyploid species often show higher capacity for self-fertilization than diploid species. Howeve...

    Authors: G Arjen de Groot, Betty Verduyn, ER Jasper Wubs, Roy HJ Erkens and Heinjo J During
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:3

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