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  1. Mango, Mangifera indica L., an important tropical fruit crop, is grown for its sweet and aromatic fruits. Past improvement of this species has predominantly relied on chance seedlings derived from over 1000 culti...

    Authors: Ian S. E. Bally, Aureliano Bombarely, Alan H. Chambers, Yuval Cohen, Natalie L. Dillon, David J. Innes, María A. Islas-Osuna, David N. Kuhn, Lukas A. Mueller, Ron Ophir, Aditi Rambani, Amir Sherman and Haidong Yan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Chromosomal variants play important roles in crop breeding and genetic research. The development of single-stranded oligonucleotide (oligo) probes simplifies the process of fluorescence in situ hybridization (...

    Authors: Liuyang Fu, Qian Wang, Lina Li, Tao Lang, Junjia Guo, Siyu Wang, Ziqi Sun, Suoyi Han, Bingyan Huang, Wenzhao Dong, Xinyou Zhang and Pei Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Chrysanthemum morifolium is one of the most popular ornamental crops. The capitulum, which is the main ornamental part of chrysanthemum plants, consists of ligulate marginal ray florets, an attractive corolla (pe...

    Authors: Hua Liu, Ming Sun, Huitang Pan, Tangren Cheng, Jia Wang and Qixiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:105

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Taxol is an efficient anticancer drug accumulated in Taxus species. Pseudotaxus chienii is an important member of Taxaceae, however, the level of six taxoids in P. chienii is largely unknown.

    Authors: Chunna Yu, Chengchao Zhang, Xinyun Xu, Jiefang Huang, Yueyue Chen, Xiujun Luo, Huizhong Wang and Chenjia Shen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The overall genetic distribution and divergence of cloned genes among bread wheat varieties that have occurred during the breeding process over the past few decades in Ningxia Province, China, are poorly under...

    Authors: Weijun Zhang, Junjie Zhao, Jinshang He, Ling Kang, Xiaoliang Wang, Fuguo Zhang, Chenyang Hao, Xiongfeng Ma and Dongsheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Gossypium hirsutum L. (cotton) is one of the most economically important crops in the world due to its significant source of fiber, feed, foodstuff, oil and biofuel products. However, the utilization of cottonsee...

    Authors: Chaofeng Wu, Hailiang Cheng, Shuyan Li, Dongyun Zuo, Zhongxu Lin, Youping Zhang, Limin Lv, Qiaolian Wang and Guoli Song

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:102

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Male sterility (MS) has important applications in hybrid seed production, and the abortion of anthers has been observed in many plant species. While most studies have focused on the genetic factors affecting m...

    Authors: Lijun Zhang, Mingchuan Ma, Lin Cui and Longlong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:101

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD) proteins play important roles in epigenetic gene regulation, and have diverse molecular, cellular, and biological functions in plants. MBD proteins have been functionally charac...

    Authors: Mengyu Qu, Zhujian Zhang, Tingmin Liang, Peipei Niu, Mingji Wu, Wenchao Chi, Zi-Qiang Chen, Zai-Jie Chen, Shubiao Zhang and Songbiao Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Nitrogen fertilization is known to increase disease susceptibility, a phenomenon called Nitrogen-Induced Susceptibility (NIS). In rice, this phenomenon has been observed in infections with the blast fungus Magnap...

    Authors: Mathias Frontini, Arnaud Boisnard, Julien Frouin, Malika Ouikene, Jean Benoit Morel and Elsa Ballini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Plants have remarkable diversity in petal colour through the biosynthesis and accumulation of various pigments. To better understand the mechanisms regulating petal pigmentation in Lonicera japonica, we used mult...

    Authors: Yan Xia, Weiwei Chen, Weibo Xiang, Dan Wang, Baogui Xue, Xinya Liu, Lehua Xing, Di Wu, Shuming Wang, Qigao Guo and Guolu Liang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Banana is a tropical fruit with a high economic impact worldwide. Cold stress greatly affects the development and production of banana.

    Authors: Jie Gao, Tongxin Dou, Weidi He, Ou Sheng, Fangcheng Bi, Guiming Deng, Huijun Gao, Tao Dong, Chunyu Li, Sheng Zhang, Ganjun Yi, Chunhua Hu and Qiaosong Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Assessment and effective utilization of genetic diversity in breeding programs is crucial for sustainable genetic improvement and rapid adaptation to changing breeding objectives. During the past two decades, ...

    Authors: Baffour Badu-Apraku, Ana Luísa Garcia-Oliveira, César Daniel Petroli, Sarah Hearne, Samuel Adeyemi Adewale and Melaku Gedil

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is globally used as a fodder plant due its high nutritional value and soil improving qualities. In response to mowing, red clover exhibits specific morphological traits to compensa...

    Authors: Denise Brigitte Herbert, Thomas Gross, Oliver Rupp and Annette Becker

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Acyl-CoA-binding proteins (ACBPs) possess a conserved acyl-CoA-binding (ACB) domain that facilitates binding to acyl-CoA esters and trafficking in eukaryotic cells. Although the various functions of ACBP have ...

    Authors: Jiantang Zhu, Weijun Li, Yuanyuan Zhou, Laming Pei, Jiajia Liu, Xinyao Xia, Ronghui Che and Hui Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in essential biological processes. However, our understanding of lncRNAs as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) and their responses to nitrogen stress is still...

    Authors: Peng Ma, Xiao Zhang, Bowen Luo, Zhen Chen, Xuan He, Haiying Zhang, Binyang Li, Dan Liu, Ling Wu, Shiqiang Gao, Duojiang Gao, Suzhi Zhang and Shibin Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:93

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Fruit abscission depends on cell separation that occurs within specialized cell layers that constitute an abscission zone (AZ). To determine the mechanisms of fleshy fruit abscission of the monocot oil palm (Elae...

    Authors: Kim Fooyontphanich, Fabienne Morcillo, Thierry Joët, Stéphane Dussert, Julien Serret, Myriam Collin, Philippe Amblard, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Peerapat Roongsattham, Chatchawan Jantasuriyarat, Jean-Luc Verdeil and Timothy J. Tranbarger

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:92

    Content type: Research

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  17. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Peng Zhang, Yuqiang Zhu and Shengjun Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:91

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:24

  18. Monochasma savatieri is a medicinal root hemiparasitic herb that extracts water and nutrients from the host plant via a haustorium. M. savatieri exhibits an enhanced growth after the establishment of parasite-hos...

    Authors: Lanlan Chen, Qiaosheng Guo, Zaibiao Zhu, Hefang Wan, Yuhao Qin and Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Dirigent (DIR) proteins mediate regioselectivity and stereoselectivity during lignan biosynthesis and are also involved in lignin, gossypol and pterocarpan biosynthesis. This gene family plays a vital role in ...

    Authors: Zhengwen Liu, Xingfen Wang, Zhengwen Sun, Yan Zhang, Chengsheng Meng, Bin Chen, Guoning Wang, Huifeng Ke, Jinhua Wu, Yuanyuan Yan, Liqiang Wu, Zhikun Li, Jun Yang, Guiyin Zhang and Zhiying Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:89

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Fruit abortion is a major limiting factor for fruit production. In flat peach, fruit abortion is present in the whole tree of some accessions during early fruit development. However, the physiological factors ...

    Authors: Jian Guo, Ke Cao, Jia-Long Yao, Cecilia Deng, Yong Li, Gengrui Zhu, Weichao Fang, Changwen Chen, Xinwei Wang, Jinlong Wu, Wenwu Guo and Lirong Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The nitrogen-containing polysaccharide chitin is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth and is found in the cell walls of diatoms, where it serves as a scaffold for biosilica deposition. Diatom chitin is...

    Authors: Haomiao Cheng, Zhanru Shao, Chang Lu and Delin Duan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:87

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors play important roles in many processes in plant growth, metabolism and responses to abiotic stresses. Although, the sequence of Chinese white pear genome...

    Authors: Huizhen Dong, Qiming Chen, Yuqin Dai, Wenjie Hu, Shaoling Zhang and Xiaosan Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:86

    Content type: Research

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  23. Rice plants suffer from the rising temperature which is becoming more and more prominent. Mining heat-resistant genes and applying them to rice breeding is a feasible and effective way to solve the problem.

    Authors: Zhaoran Wei, Qiaoling Yuan, Hai Lin, Xiaoxia Li, Chao Zhang, Hongsheng Gao, Bin Zhang, Huiying He, Tianjiao Liu, Zhang Jie, Xu Gao, Shandang Shi, Bo Wang, Zhenyu Gao, Lingrang Kong, Qian Qian…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) is an important enzyme functions at the last step in lignin monomer synthesis pathway. Our previous work found that drought induced the expressions of CmCAD genes and promoted...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Yun Jiang, Yazhong Jin, Chenghui Wang, Juan Yang and Hongyan Qi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Fusarium crown rot is major disease in wheat. However, the wheat defense mechanisms against this disease remain poorly understood.

    Authors: Fangfang Qiao, Xiwen Yang, Fengdan Xu, Yuan Huang, Jiemei Zhang, Miao Song, Sumei Zhou, Meng Zhang and Dexian He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Calcium (Ca2+) plays an important role in plant growth and development, and the maintenance of calcium homeostasis is necessary for the survival of all plant species. Ca2+/H+ exchangers (CAXs) are a subgroup of t...

    Authors: Ke Mao, Jie Yang, Min Wang, Huayu Liu, Xin Guo, Shuang Zhao, Qinglong Dong and Fengwang Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  27. As important forest tree species, biological stress and soil salinization are important factors that restrict the growth of Populus × euramericana. WRKYs are important transcription factors in plants that can reg...

    Authors: Xiaoyue Yu, Yu Pan, Yan Dong, Bin Lu, Chao Zhang, Minsheng Yang and Lihui Zuo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  28. MADS-box transcription factors (TFs) are the key regulators of multiple developmental processes in plants; among them, a chrysanthemum MADS-box TF CmANR1 has been isolated and described as functioning in root dev...

    Authors: Cui-Hui Sun, Jia-Hui Wang, Kai-Di Gu, Peng Zhang, Xin-Yi Zhang, Cheng-Shu Zheng, Da-Gang Hu and Fangfang Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The Plutella xylostella PxSDF2L1 gene was previously reported to enhance insect resistance to pathogen at high basal transcription rate. PxSDF2L1 shows similitude with the stromal cell-derived factor 2 (SDF2), an...

    Authors: Ivis Moran-Bertot, Lianet Rodríguez-Cabrera, Orlando Borras-Hidalgo, Siliang Huang, Yunchao Kan, Denis J. Wright and Camilo Ayra-Pardo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Gloriosa superba L. (Colchicaceae) is a high-value medicinal plant indigenous to Africa and Southeast Asia. Its therapeutic benefits are well-established in traditional medicines including Ayurveda. It is well kn...

    Authors: Devendra Kumar Pandey, Prabhjot Kaur, Vijay Kumar, R. M. Banik, Tabarak Malik and Abhijit Dey

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The subfamily Bambusoideae belongs to the grass family Poaceae and has significant roles in culture, economy, and ecology. However, the phylogenetic relationships based on large-scale chloroplast genomes (CpGe...

    Authors: Jiongliang Wang, Weixue Mu, Ting Yang, Yue Song, Yin Guang Hou, Yu Wang, Zhimin Gao, Xin Liu, Huan Liu and Hansheng Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Saussurea involucrata survives in extreme arctic conditions and is very cold-resistant. This species grows in rocky, mountainous areas with elevations of 2400–4100 m, which are snow-covered year-round and are sub...

    Authors: Jianqiang Mu, Yajuan Fu, Bucang Liu, Yao Zhang, Aiying Wang, Yuxia Li and Jianbo Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Lack of nutritionally appropriate foods is one of the leading causes of obesity in the US and worldwide. Wheat (Triticum aestivum) provides 20% of the calories consumed daily across the globe. The nutrients in th...

    Authors: Adam Schoen, Anupama Joshi, Vijay Tiwari, Bikram S. Gill and Nidhi Rawat

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Fusarium crown rot (FCR) is a chronic disease in cereal production worldwide. The impact of this disease is highly environmentally dependant and significant yield losses occur mainly in drought-affected crops.

    Authors: Z. Y. Su, J. J. Powell, S. Gao, M. Zhou and C. Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:73

    Content type: Research article

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  35. APETALA2/ethylene responsive factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factors are a plant-specific family of transcription factors and one of the largest families of transcription factors. Ethylene response factors (ERF...

    Authors: Huanhuan Yang, Yaoguang Sun, Hexuan Wang, Tingting Zhao, Xiangyang Xu, Jingbin Jiang and Jingfu Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Carpet grass [Axonopus compressus (L.)] is an important warm-season perennial grass around the world and is known for its adaptability to varied environmental conditions. However, Carpet grass lacks enough data i...

    Authors: Mohsin Nawaz, Liao Li, Farrukh Azeem, Samina Shabbir, Ali Zohaib, Umair Ashraf, Hubiao Yang and Zhiyong Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Durian (Durio zibethinus L.) is a highly popular fruit in Thailand and several other Southeast Asian countries. It is abundant in essential nutrients and sulphur-containing compounds such as glutathione (GSH) and...

    Authors: Pawinee Panpetch and Supaart Sirikantaramas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Verticillium wilt is a widespread and destructive disease, which causes serious loss of cotton yield and quality. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in many biological processes, such as plant disease re...

    Authors: Guoning Wang, Xingfen Wang, Yan Zhang, Jun Yang, Zhikun Li, Lizhu Wu, Jinhua Wu, Nan Wu, Lixia Liu, Zhengwen Liu, Man Zhang, Liqiang Wu, Guiyin Zhang and Zhiying Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Most plant viruses rely on vectors for their transmission and spread. One of the outstanding biological questions concerning the vector-pathogen-symbiont multi-trophic interactions is the potential involvement...

    Authors: Xiao-Bin Shi, Shuo Yan, Chi Zhang, Li-Min Zheng, Zhan-Hong Zhang, Shu-E Sun, Yang Gao, Xin-Qiu Tan, De-Yong Zhang and Xu-Guo Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Glutamine synthetase (GS) acts as a key enzyme in plant nitrogen (N) metabolism. It is important to understand the regulation of GS expression in plant. Promoters can initiate the transcription of its downstre...

    Authors: Yanshan Zhong, Xiaodan Lu, Zhiwei Deng, Ziqing Lu and Minghui Fu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The peanut is one of the most important oil crops worldwide. Qualities and yields of peanut can be dramatically diminished by abiotic stresses particularly by drought. Therefore, it would be beneficial to gain...

    Authors: Chunji Jiang, Xinlin Li, Jixiang Zou, Jingyao Ren, Chunyi Jin, He Zhang, Haiqiu Yu and Hua Jin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:64

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Shoot architecture is fundamentally crucial to crop growth and productivity. As a key component of shoot architecture, plant height is known to be controlled by both genetic and environmental factors, though s...

    Authors: Qing Yang, Gaoming Lin, Huiyong Lv, Cunhu Wang, Yongqing Yang and Hong Liao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Mexico is considered the diversification center for chili species, but these crops are susceptible to infection by pathogens such as Colletotrichum spp., which causes anthracnose disease and postharvest decay in ...

    Authors: María E. Sánchez-Sandoval, Graciela E. Racagni Di-Palma, Victor M. González-Mendoza, Yahaira A. Cab-Guillén, José A. Muñoz-Sanchez, Ana Ramos-Díaz and S. M. Teresa Hernández-Sotomayor

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Glycoalkaloids are bioactive compounds that contribute to the defence response of plants against herbivore attack and during pathogenesis. Solanaceous plants, including cultivated and wild potato species, are ...

    Authors: Katarzyna Szajko, Jarosław Ciekot, Iwona Wasilewicz-Flis, Waldemar Marczewski and Dorota Sołtys-Kalina

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Hemibiotrophic pathogen such as the fungal pathogen Ganoderma boninense that is destructive to oil palm, manipulates host defense mechanism by strategically switching from biotrophic to necrotrophic phase. Our pr...

    Authors: Nurshafika Mohd Sakeh, Siti Nor Akmar Abdullah, Mohammad Nazri Abdul Bahari, Azzreena Mohamad Azzeme, Noor Azmi Shaharuddin and Abu Seman Idris

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Physical seed dormancy is an important trait in legume domestication. Although seed dormancy is beneficial in wild ecosystems, it is generally considered to be an undesirable trait in crops due to reduction in...

    Authors: Ali Soltani, Katelynn A. Walter, Andrew T. Wiersma, James P. Santiago, Michelle Quiqley, Daniel Chitwood, Timothy G. Porch, Phillip Miklas, Phillip E. McClean, Juan M. Osorno and David B. Lowry

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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