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  1. Content type: Research article

    Foliicolous algae are a common occurrence in tropical forests. They are referable to a few simple morphotypes (unicellular, sarcinoid-like or filamentous), which makes their morphology of limited usefulness fo...

    Authors: Huan Zhu, Shuyin Li, Zhengyu Hu and Guoxiang Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:365

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Inconsistent pear fruit ripening resulting from variable harvest maturity within tree canopies can contribute to postharvest losses through senescence and spoilage that would otherwise be effectively managed u...

    Authors: Sara Serra, Nathanael Sullivan, James P. Mattheis, Stefano Musacchi and David R. Rudell

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:364

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Bud sport mutants of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees with a highly blushed colouring pattern are mainly caused by the accumulation of anthocyanins in the fruit skin. Hormones are important factors modulating...

    Authors: Wen-Fang Li, Juan Mao, Shi-Jin Yang, Zhi-Gang Guo, Zong-Huan Ma, Mohammed Mujitaba Dawuda, Cun-Wu Zuo, Ming-Yu Chu and Bai-Hong Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:363

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Melatonin and serotonin are well-known signaling molecules that mediate multiple physiological activities in plants, including stress defense, growth, development, and morphogenesis, but their underlying mecha...

    Authors: Jinpeng Wan, Ping Zhang, Ruling Wang, Liangliang Sun, Qiong Ju and Jin Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:362

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Mepiquat chloride (MC) is a plant growth regulator widely used in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production to suppress excessive vegetative growth, increase root growth and avoid yield losses. To increase root g...

    Authors: Xiaojiao Chen, Man Zhang, Mian Wang, Guiyu Tan, Mingcai Zhang, Yu Xia Hou, Baomin Wang and Zhaohu Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:361

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae Fitch) is a major insect pest that negatively impacts commercial grapevine performance worldwide. Consequently, the use of phylloxera resistant rootstocks is an essenti...

    Authors: Harley M. Smith, Catherine W. Clarke, Brady P. Smith, Bernadette M. Carmody, Mark R. Thomas, Peter R. Clingeleffer and Kevin S. Powell

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:360

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Yams (Dioscorea spp.) are economically important food for millions of people in the humid and sub-humid tropics. Dioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) is the most nutritious among the eight-yam species, commonly grown and ...

    Authors: Christian Siadjeu, Eike Mayland-Quellhorst and Dirk C. Albach

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:359

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the mechanisms involved in climacteric fruit ripening is key to improve fruit harvest quality and postharvest performance. Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. ‘Hayward’) ripening involves a series of...

    Authors: Ioannis S. Minas, Georgia Tanou, Afroditi Krokida, Evangelos Karagiannis, Maya Belghazi, Miltiadis Vasilakakis, Kalliope K. Papadopoulou and Athanassios Molassiotis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:358

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Pinellia ternata is a Chinese traditional medicinal herb, used to cure diseases including insomnia, eclampsia and cervical carcinoma, for hundreds of years. Non-self-recognition in multicellular organisms can ini...

    Authors: Hafiz Muhammad Khalid Abbas, Jingshu Xiang, Zahoor Ahmad, Lilin Wang and Wubei Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:357

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  10. Content type: Research article

    In many plants, the amino acid proline is strongly accumulated in pollen and disruption of proline synthesis caused abortion of microspore development in Arabidopsis. So far, it was unclear whether local biosy...

    Authors: Roberto Mattioli, Marco Biancucci, Amira El Shall, Luciana Mosca, Paolo Costantino, Dietmar Funck and Maurizio Trovato

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:356

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Plant phospholipase D (PLD), which can hydrolyze membrane phospholipids to produce phosphatidic acid (PA), a secondary signaling molecule, has been proposed to function in diverse plant stress responses. Both ...

    Authors: Tuo Ji, Shuzhen Li, Lujun Li, Meili Huang, Xiufeng Wang, Min Wei, Qinghua Shi, Yan Li, Biao Gong and Fengjuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:355

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen is one basic element of amino acids and grain protein in wheat. In field experiments, wheat plants were subjected to different timing of nitrogen topdressing treatments: at the stages of emergence of ...

    Authors: Yingxin Zhong, Dachao Xu, Kim Henrik Hebelstrup, Donglei Yang, Jian Cai, Xiao Wang, Qin Zhou, Weixing Cao, Tingbo Dai and Dong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:353

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Early peanut pod development is an important process of peanut reproductive development. Modes of DNA methylation during early peanut pod development are still unclear, possibly because its allotetraploid geno...

    Authors: Pengfei Wang, Suhua Shi, Junjie Ma, Hui Song, Ye Zhang, Chao Gao, Chuanzhi Zhao, Shuzhen Zhao, Lei Hou, Javier Lopez-Baltazar, Shoujin Fan, Han Xia and Xingjun Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:352

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Water shortage is a major factor that harms agriculture and ecosystems worldwide. Plants display various levels of tolerance to water deficit, but only resurrection plants can survive full desiccation of their...

    Authors: Jie Liu, Daniela Moyankova, Chih-Ta Lin, Petko Mladenov, Run-Ze Sun, Dimitar Djilianov and Xin Deng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:351

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Auxin-induced genes regulate many aspects of plant growth and development. The Gretchen Hagen 3 (GH3) gene family, one of three major early auxin-responsive families, is ubiquitous in the plant kingdom and its me...

    Authors: Daoqian Yu, Ghulam Qanmber, Lili Lu, Lingling Wang, Jie Li, Zhaoen Yang, Zhao Liu, Yi Li, Quanjia Chen, Venugopal Mendu, Fuguang Li and Zuoren Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:350

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  16. Content type: Research article

    SUMOylation is an essential eukaryotic post-translation modification that, in plants, regulates numerous cellular processes, ranging from seed development to stress response. Using rice as a model crop plant, ...

    Authors: Margarida T. G. Rosa, Diego M. Almeida, Inês S. Pires, Daniel da Rosa Farias, Alice G. Martins, Luciano Carlos da Maia, António Costa de Oliveira, Nelson J. M. Saibo, M. Margarida Oliveira and Isabel A. Abreu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:349

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Panicle architecture is one of the main important agronomical traits that determine branch number and grain number in rice. Although a large number of genes involved in panicle development have been identified...

    Authors: Yan Li, Xuemei Li, Debao Fu and Changyin Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:348

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  18. Content type: Research article

    High-saturate molecular linkage maps are an important tool in studies on plant molecular biology and assisted breeding. Development of a large set of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) via next-generation ...

    Authors: Junchi Zhu, Yinshan Guo, Kai Su, Zhendong Liu, Zhihua Ren, Kun Li and Xiuwu Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:347

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  19. Content type: Research article

    St. Augustinegrass [Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze] is a warm-season, perennial turfgrass species well adapted for home lawns and commercial landscapes with economic and ecological value. However, a lack ...

    Authors: Xingwang Yu, Jennifer A. Kimball and Susana R. Milla-Lewis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:346

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Ramie (Boehmeria nivea L.) is one of the most important natural fiber crops and an important forage grass in south China. Ramet number, which is a quantitative trait controlled by multigenes, is one of the most i...

    Authors: Kunmei Chen, Mingbao Luan, Heping Xiong, Ping Chen, Jikang Chen, Gang Gao, Kunyong Huang, Aiguo Zhu and Chunming Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:345

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Pre-harvest contamination of fruits and vegetables by Salmonella in fields is one of the causes of food-borne outbreaks. Natural openings like stomata, hydathodes and fruit cracks are known to serve as entry poin...

    Authors: Kapudeep Karmakar, Utpal Nath, Karaba N. Nataraja and Dipshikha Chakravortty

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:344

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids) is considered the most globally important sugar-producing crop and raw material for biofuel. Insect attack is a major issue in sugarcane cultivation, resulting in yield losses a...

    Authors: Dinggang Zhou, Xiaolan Liu, Shiwu Gao, Jinlong Guo, Yachun Su, Hui Ling, Chunfeng Wang, Zhu Li, Liping Xu and Youxiong Que

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:342

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Great advances have been achieved in our understanding of flower development and evolution since the establishment of the ABC model. However, it remains a challenge to define the exact context of organ identit...

    Authors: Jing Liu, Chao-Qun Li, Yang Dong, Xia Yang and Yin-Zheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:341

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Exploring the natural occurring genetic variation of the wild barley genepool has become a major target of barley crop breeding programmes aiming to increase crop productivity and sustainability in global clim...

    Authors: Carla De la Fuente Cantó, Joanne Russell, Christine A. Hackett, Allan Booth, Siobhan Dancey, Timothy S. George and Robbie Waugh

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:340

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Developing tolerant cultivars by incorporating resistant genes is regarded as a potential strategy for controlling Verticillium wilt that causes severe losses in the yield and fiber quality of cotton.

    Authors: Jun Yang, Yan Zhang, Xingfen Wang, Weiqiao Wang, Zhikun Li, Jinhua Wu, Guoning Wang, Liqiang Wu, Guiyin Zhang and Zhiying Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:339

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Amaryllidaceae alkaloids (AAs) are a large group of plant-specialized metabolites displaying an array of biological and pharmacological properties. Previous investigations on AA biosynthesis have revealed that...

    Authors: Aparna Singh, Marie-Ange Massicotte, Ariane Garand, Laurence Tousignant, Vincent Ouellette, Gervais Bérubé and Isabel Desgagné-Penix

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:338

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Phytocystatins (PhyCys) act as endogenous regulators of cysteine proteases (CysProt) involved in various physiological processes. Besides, PhyCys are involved in plant reactions to abiotic stresses like drough...

    Authors: Blanca Velasco-Arroyo, Manuel Martinez, Isabel Diaz and Mercedes Diaz-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:337

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The auxin response factor (ARF) gene family is involved in plant development and hormone regulation. Although the ARF gene family has been studied in some plant species, its structural features, molecular evoluti...

    Authors: Nannan Liu, Liwei Dong, Xiong Deng, Dongmiao Liu, Yue Liu, Mengfei Li, Yingkao Hu and Yueming Yan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:336

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Calmodulin (CaM) is an important calcium sensor protein that transduces Ca2+ signals in plant stress signaling pathways. A previous study has revealed that transgenic rice over-expressing the calmodulin gene OsCa...

    Authors: Worawat Yuenyong, Aumnart Chinpongpanich, Luca Comai, Supachitra Chadchawan and Teerapong Buaboocha

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:335

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  30. Content type: Research article

    There are two plant phosphorus (P)-uptake pathways, namely the direct P uptake by roots and the indirect P uptake through arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Maximizing the efficiency of root and AMF processes...

    Authors: Wenxuan Mai, Xiangrong Xue, Gu Feng and Changyan Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:334

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Among semi-aquatic species of the legume genus Aeschynomene, some have the property of being nodulated by photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium lacking the nodABC genes necessary for the synthesis of Nod factors. Knowled...

    Authors: Laurent Brottier, Clémence Chaintreuil, Paul Simion, Céline Scornavacca, Ronan Rivallan, Pierre Mournet, Lionel Moulin, Gwilym P. Lewis, Joël Fardoux, Spencer C. Brown, Mario Gomez-Pacheco, Mickaël Bourges, Catherine Hervouet, Mathieu Gueye, Robin Duponnois, Heriniaina Ramanankierana…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:333

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In flowering plants, lipid biosynthesis and transport within anthers is essential for male reproductive success. TaMs1, a dominant wheat fertility gene located on chromosome 4BS, has been previously fine mapped a...

    Authors: Allan Kouidri, Ute Baumann, Takashi Okada, Mathieu Baes, Elise J. Tucker and Ryan Whitford

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:332

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  33. Content type: Research article

    CRISPR/Cas9 technology is one of the most powerful and useful tools for genome editing in various living organisms. In higher plants, the system has been widely exploited not only for basic research, such as g...

    Authors: Masahiro Nishihara, Atsumi Higuchi, Aiko Watanabe and Keisuke Tasaki

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:331

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The glycogen synthase kinase 3/shaggy kinase (GSK3) is a serine/threonine kinase with important roles in animals. Although GSK3 genes have been studied for more than 30 years, plant GSK genes have been studied on...

    Authors: Lingling Wang, Zhaoen Yang, Bin Zhang, Daoqian Yu, Ji Liu, Qian Gong, Ghulam Qanmber, Yi Li, Lili Lu, Yongjun Lin, Zuoren Yang and Fuguang Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:330

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  35. Content type: Research article

    CC-type glutaredoxins (GRXs) are plant-specific glutaredoxin, play regulatory roles in response of biotic and abiotic stress. However, it is not clear whether the CC-type GRXs are involve in drought response i...

    Authors: Meng-Bin Ruan, Yi-Ling Yang, Kai-Mian Li, Xin Guo, Bin Wang, Xiao-Ling Yu and Ming Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:329

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and soybean (Glycine max L.) seeds are rich in both protein and oil, which are major sources of biofuels and nutrition. Although the difference in seed oil content between soybean (~ ...

    Authors: Zhibin Zhang, Jim M. Dunwell and Yuan-Ming Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:328

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Grain weight (GW) is a key component of sunflower yield and quality, but may be limited by maternal tissues. Cell growth is influenced by expansin proteins that loosen the plant cell wall. This study aimed to ...

    Authors: Francisca M. Castillo, Javier Canales, Alejandro Claude and Daniel F. Calderini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:327

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Phosphorus (Pi) deficiency induces root morphological remodeling in plants. The primary root length of rice increased under Pi deficiency stress; however, the underlying mechanism is not well understood. In th...

    Authors: Yan Ding, Zegang Wang, Menglian Ren, Ping Zhang, Zhongnan Li, Sheng Chen, Cailin Ge and Yulong Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:326

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Soybean is a paleopolyploid that has undergone two whole genome duplication events. Gene duplication is a type of genomic change that can lead to novel functions of pre-existing genes. Chalcone synthase (CHS) ...

    Authors: Arun Kumaran Anguraj Vadivel, Kevin Krysiak, Gang Tian and Sangeeta Dhaubhadel

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:325

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Melon shows a broad diversity in fruit morphology and quality, which is still underexploited in breeding programs. The knowledge of the genetic basis of fruit quality traits is important for identifying new al...

    Authors: L. Pereira, V. Ruggieri, S. Pérez, K. G. Alexiou, M. Fernández, T. Jahrmann, M. Pujol and J. Garcia-Mas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:324

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Observations of precocious (early bearing) genotypes of walnut (Juglans regia L.) under natural conditions encouraged us to study the origin and genetic control of these fascinating traits.

    Authors: Lingna Chen, Runquan Dong, Qingguo Ma, Yu Zhang, Shizhong Xu, Delu Ning, Qin Chen and Dong Pei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:323

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen (N) is a macronutrient that is essential for optimal plant growth and seed yield. Allotetraploid rapeseed (AnAnCnCn, 2n = 4x = 38) has a higher requirement for N fertilizers whereas exhibiting a lower N ...

    Authors: Zhen-hua Zhang, Ting Zhou, Qiong Liao, Jun-yue Yao, Gui-hong Liang, Hai-xing Song, Chun-yun Guan and Ying-peng Hua

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:322

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Comparative analyses of chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes have shown that organelle genomes in bryophytes evolve slowly. However, in contrast to seed plants, the organellar genomes are yet poorly explored ...

    Authors: Kamil Myszczyński, Piotr Górski, Monika Ślipiko and Jakub Sawicki

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:321

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Abiotic stress severely influences plant growth and development. MYB transcription factors (TFs), which compose one of the largest TF families, play an important role in abiotic stress responses.

    Authors: Yong-Tao Du, Meng-Jie Zhao, Chang-Tao Wang, Yuan Gao, Yan-Xia Wang, Yong-Wei Liu, Ming Chen, Jun Chen, Yong-Bin Zhou, Zhao-Shi Xu and You-Zhi Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:320

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  45. Content type: Research article

    High-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) play important roles in the elasticity of dough made from wheat. The HMW-GS null line is useful for studying the contribution of HMW-GS to the end-use quality o...

    Authors: Yingjun Zhang, Mengyun Hu, Qian Liu, Lijing Sun, Xiyong Chen, Liangjie Lv, Yuping Liu, Xu Jia and Hui Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:319

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  46. Content type: Research article

    The anther cuticle, which is primarily composed of lipid polymers, is crucial for pollen development and plays important roles in sexual reproduction in higher plants. However, the mechanism underlying the bio...

    Authors: Lei Zhang, Hongbing Luo, Yue Zhao, Xiaoyang Chen, Yumin Huang, Shuangshuang Yan, Suxing Li, Meishan Liu, Wei Huang, Xiaolan Zhang and Weiwei Jin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:318

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Hybridization of species with porous genomes can eventually lead to introgression via repeated backcrossing. The potential for introgression between species is reflected by the extent of segregation distortion...

    Authors: Susanne Gramlich, Natascha Dorothea Wagner and Elvira Hörandl

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:317

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Betanins have become excellent replacers for artificial red-purple food colourants. Red beet (Beta vulgaris L. spp. vulgaris) known as beetroot, is a rich source of betalains, which major forms are betanin (red t...

    Authors: Gregorio Barba-Espin, Stephan Glied-Olsen, Tsaneta Dzhanfezova, Bjarne Joernsgaard, Henrik Lütken and Renate Müller

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:316

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