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  1. Cysteine-rich receptor-like kinases (CRKs) represent a large subfamily of receptor-like kinases and play vital roles in diverse physiological processes in regulating plant growth and development.

    Authors: Shaoliang Mou, Qianqian Meng, Feng Gao, Tingting Zhang, Weihong He, Deyi Guan and Shuilin He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:382

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Phosphate (Pi) deficiency severely affects crop growth and productivity, including wheat, therefore it is necessary to develop cultivars with enhanced Pi-deficiency tolerance. However, the underlying mechanism...

    Authors: Lu Zheng, Mohammad Rezaul Karim, Yin-Gang Hu, Renfang Shen and Ping Lan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:381

    Content type: Research

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  3. The C2H2-type zinc finger proteins (C2H2-ZFPs) are one of major classes of transcription factors that play important roles in plant growth, development and stress responses. Limit information about the C2H2-ZF ge...

    Authors: Yongliang Li, Aolong Sun, Qun Wu, Xiaoxiao Zou, Fenglin Chen, Ruqiong Cai, Hai Xie, Meng Zhang and Xinhong Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:380

    Content type: Research

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  4. The decrease in Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) production on continuously planted soil is an essential problem. In this study, two-year-old seedlings of two cultivars (a normal cultivar, NC, and a super cultivar...

    Authors: Fangyuan Bian, Yukui Wang, Baoli Duan, Zhizhuang Wu, Yuanbing Zhang, Yufang Bi, Anke Wang, Hao Zhong and Xuhua Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:379

    Content type: Research

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  5. Understanding mechanisms of sugar accumulation and composition is essential to determining fruit quality and maintaining a desirable balance of sugars in plant storage organs. The major sugars in mature Rosace...

    Authors: Sogo Nishio, Takeshi Hayashi, Kenta Shirasawa, Toshihiro Saito, Shingo Terakami, Norio Takada, Yukie Takeuchi, Shigeki Moriya and Akihiko Itai

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:378

    Content type: Research

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  6. C. panzhihuaensis is more tolerant to freezing than C. bifida but the mechanisms underlying the different freezing tolerance are unclear. Photosynthesis is one of the most temperature-sensitive processes. Lipids ...

    Authors: Yanling Zheng, Yongqiong Yang, Meng Wang, Shijun Hu, Jianrong Wu and Zhixiang Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:377

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Glycolytic pathway is common in all plant organs, especially in oxygen-deficient tissues. Phosphofructokinase (PFK) is a rate-limiting enzyme in the glycolytic pathway and catalyses the phosphorylation of fruc...

    Authors: Haiyan Wang, Pingjuan Zhao, Xu Shen, Zhiqiang Xia, Xincheng Zhou, Xin Chen, Cheng Lu and WenquanWang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:376

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The lace plant (Aponogeton madagascariensis) is an aquatic monocot that develops leaves with uniquely formed perforations through the use of a developmentally regulated process called programmed cell death (PCD)....

    Authors: Nathan M. Rowarth, Bruce A. Curtis, Anthony L. Einfeldt, John M. Archibald, Christian R. Lacroix and Arunika H. L. A. N. Gunawardena

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:375

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal that is harmful to the environment and human health. Cd pollution threatens the cultivation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in many countries. Improving rice performance under Cd str...

    Authors: Jianping Yu, Chaolei Liu, Hai Lin, Bin Zhang, Xiaoxia Li, Qiaoling Yuan, Tianjiao Liu, Huiying He, Zhaoran Wei, Shilin Ding, Chao Zhang, Hongsheng Gao, Longbiao Guo, Quan Wang, Qian Qian and Lianguang Shang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:374

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Flowering is an important inflection point in the transformation from vegetative to reproductive growth, and premature bolting severely decreases crop yield and quality.

    Authors: Chong Tan, Jie Ren, Lin Wang, Xueling Ye, Wei Fu, Jiamei Zhang, Meng Qi, Hui Feng and Zhiyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:373

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Oilseed rape (B. napus L.) has great potential for phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd)-polluted soils due to its large plant biomass production and strong metal accumulation. Soil properties and the presence of othe...

    Authors: Ting Zhou, Cai-peng Yue, Tian-yu Zhang, Ying Liu, Jin-yong Huang and Ying-peng Hua

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:372

    Content type: Research

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  12. The Orchid family is the largest families of the monocotyledons and an economically important ornamental plant worldwide. Given the pivotal role of this plant to humans, botanical researchers and breeding comm...

    Authors: Yu-Yun Hsiao, Chih-Hsiung Fu, Sau-Yee Ho, Chung-I Li, You-Yi Chen, Wan-Lin Wu, Jeen-Shing Wang, Di-Yang Zhang, Wen-Qi Hu, Xia Yu, Wei-Hong Sun, Zhuang Zhou, Ke-Wei Liu, Laiqiang Huang, Si-Ren Lan, Hong-Hwa Chen…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:371

    Content type: Database

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  13. To adapt seasonal climate changes under natural environments, Polygonatum sibiricum seeds have a long period of epicotyl morphophysiological dormancy, which limits their wide-utilization in the large-scale plant ...

    Authors: Dengqun Liao, Ruipeng An, Jianhe Wei, Dongmei Wang, Xianen Li and Jianjun Qi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:370

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Melatonin is considered a potential plant growth regulator to enhance the growth of plants and increase tolerance to various abiotic stresses. Nevertheless, melatonin’s role in mediating stress response in dif...

    Authors: Shakeel Ahmad, Ihsan Muhammad, Guo Yun Wang, Muhammad Zeeshan, Li Yang, Izhar Ali and Xun Bo Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:368

    Content type: Research

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  15. The TGACG-binding (TGA) family has 10 members that play vital roles in Arabidopsis thaliana defense responses and development. However, their involvement in controlling flowering time remains largely unknown and ...

    Authors: Xiaorui Xu, Jingya Xu, Chen Yuan, Yikai Hu, Qinggang Liu, Qianqian Chen, Pengcheng Zhang, Nongnong Shi and Cheng Qin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:367

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Small RNAs are short non-coding RNAs that are key gene regulators controlling various biological processes in eukaryotes. Plants may regulate discrete sets of sRNAs in response to pathogen attack. Sclerotinia scl...

    Authors: Roshan Regmi, Toby E. Newman, Lars G. Kamphuis and Mark C. Derbyshire

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:366

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:399

  17. Kiwifruit (Actinidia Lindl.) is considered an important fruit species worldwide. Due to its temperate origin, this species is highly vulnerable to freezing injury while under low-temperature stress. To obtain fur...

    Authors: Shihang Sun, Miaomiao Lin, Xiujuan Qi, Jinyong Chen, Hong Gu, Yunpeng Zhong, Leiming Sun, Abid Muhammad, Danfeng Bai, Chungen Hu and Jinbao Fang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:365

    Content type: Research

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  18. Improving the overall production of rice with high quality is a major target of breeders. Mining potential yield-related loci have been geared towards developing efficient rice breeding strategies. In this stu...

    Authors: Hua Zhong, Shuai Liu, Tong Sun, Weilong Kong, Xiaoxiao Deng, Zhaohua Peng and Yangsheng Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:364

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To meet increasing demand for forest-based products and protect natural forests from further deforestation requires increased productivity from planted forests. Genetic improvement of conifers by traditional b...

    Authors: Charleson Poovaiah, Lorelle Phillips, Barbara Geddes, Cathie Reeves, Mathias Sorieul and Glenn Thorlby

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:363

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The root rot of fragrant solomonseal (Polygonatum odoratum) has occurred frequently in the traditional P. odoratum cultivating areas in recent years, causing a heavy loss in yield and quality. The phenolic acids ...

    Authors: Xianzhi Ni, Chenzhong Jin, Aiyu Liu, Yong Chen and Yihong Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:362

    Content type: Research

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  21. Priming of seed prior chilling is regarded as one of the methods to promote seeds germination, whole plant growth, and yield components. The application of biostimulants was reported as beneficial for protecti...

    Authors: Raifa A. Hassanein, Omaima S. Hussein, Amal F. Abdelkader, Iman A. Farag, Yousra E. Hassan and Mohamed Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Dendrobium catenatum belongs to the Orchidaceae, and is a precious Chinese herbal medicine. In the past 20 years, D. catenatum industry has developed from an endangered medicinal plant to multi-billion dollar gra...

    Authors: Cong Li, Qiuyi Shen, Xiang Cai, Danni Lai, Lingshang Wu, Zhigang Han, Tianlun Zhao, Donghong Chen and Jinping Si

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:360

    Content type: Research

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  23. Plant height is an important architecture trait which is a fundamental yield-determining trait in crops. Variety with dwarf or semi-dwarf phenotype is a major objective in the breeding because dwarfing archite...

    Authors: Mao Yang, Jianbo He, Shubei Wan, Weiyan Li, Wenjing Chen, Yangming Wang, Xiaomei Jiang, Pengfei Cheng, Pu Chu, Wenbiao Shen and Rongzhan Guan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:359

    Content type: Research

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  24. The South America pinworm, Tuta absoluta, is a destructive pest of tomato that causes important losses worldwide. Breeding of resistant/tolerant tomato cultivars could be an effective strategy for T. absoluta man...

    Authors: Daniela D’Esposito, Daniele Manzo, Alessandro Ricciardi, Antonio Pietro Garonna, Antonino De Natale, Luigi Frusciante, Francesco Pennacchio and Maria Raffaella Ercolano

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:358

    Content type: Research

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  25. Powdery mildew (PM), one of the major diseases in wheat, severely damages yield and quality, and the most economical and effective way to address this issue is to breed disease-resistant cultivars. Accordingly...

    Authors: Xijun Du, Weigang Xu, Chaojun Peng, Chunxin Li, Yu Zhang and Lin Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:357

    Content type: Research

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  26. Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are important plant secondary metabolites that confer flavor, nutritional value, and resistance to pathogens. Persimmon is one of the PA richest crops. Mature fruits can be inedible bec...

    Authors: Qingyou Zheng, Wenxing Chen, Man Luo, Liqing Xu, Qinglin Zhang and Zhengrong Luo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:356

    Content type: Research

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  27. Bacterial wilt is the most devastating disease in ginger caused by Ralstonia solanacearum. Even though ginger (Zingiber officinale) and mango ginger (Curcuma amada) are from the same family Zingiberaceae, the lat...

    Authors: Mohandas Snigdha and Duraisamy Prasath

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:355

    Content type: Research

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  28. Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz is a well-known medicinal plant containing the major bioactive compound, atractylodin, a sesquiterpenoid. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis demonstrated tha...

    Authors: Jianhua Zhao, Chengzhen Sun, Fengyu Shi, Shanshan Ma, Jinshuang Zheng, Xin Du and Liping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:354

    Content type: Research

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  29. In breeding programs, the selection of cultivars with the highest yield potential consisted in the selection of the yield per se, which resulted in cultivars with higher grains per spike (GN) and occasionally ...

    Authors: Nicole Pretini, Leonardo S. Vanzetti, Ignacio I. Terrile, Guillermo Donaire and Fernanda G. González

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:353

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) leaves, flowers, especially seeds are used in traditional medicine to prevent or cure various diseases. Its seed’s market is expanding. However, the other tissues are still underexploi...

    Authors: Senouwa Segla Koffi Dossou, Fangtao Xu, Xianghua Cui, Chen Sheng, Rong Zhou, Jun You, Koffi Tozo and Linhai Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research

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  31. In nature, green apple are associated with the accumulation of chlorophyll, while red apple varieties are associated with anthocyanins accumulation. Notably, in this study, the green skin color apple variety ‘...

    Authors: Ruirui Ding, Xingkai Che, Zhen Shen and Yuanhu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research

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  32. Lycium Linn. (Solanaceae) is a genus of economically important plants producing fruits and leaves with high nutritional value and medicinal benefits. However, genetic analysis of this plant and molecular breeding...

    Authors: Jianhua Zhao, Haoxia Li, Yuhui Xu, Yue Yin, Ting Huang, Bo Zhang, Yajun Wang, Yanlong Li, Youlong Cao and Wei An

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:350

    Content type: Research

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  33. Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient for plant growth and development. Upon P shortage, plant responds with massive reprogramming of transcription, the Phosphate Starvation Response (PSR). In parallel,...

    Authors: Yanting Wang, Hernando G. Suárez Duran, Jan C. van Haarst, Elio G.W.M Schijlen, Carolien Ruyter-Spira, Marnix H. Medema, Lemeng Dong and Harro J. Bouwmeester

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:349

    Content type: Research

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  34. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is one of the most important horticultural crops, with a marked preference for nitrate as an inorganic nitrogen source. The molecular mechanisms of nitrate uptake and assimilation ar...

    Authors: Mengyuan Liu, Xiaona Zhi, Yi Wang and Yang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:347

    Content type: Research

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  35. Root system architecture (RSA), which is determined by the crown root angle (CRA), crown root diameter (CRD), and crown root number (CRN), is an important factor affecting the ability of plants to obtain nutri...

    Authors: Houmiao Wang, Xiao Tang, Xiaoyi Yang, Yingying Fan, Yang Xu, Pengcheng Li, Chenwu Xu and Zefeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:346

    Content type: Research

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  36. Due to global warming, the search for new sources for heat tolerance and the identification of genes involved in this process has become an important challenge as of today. The main objective of the current re...

    Authors: María José Gonzalo, Inmaculada Nájera, Carlos Baixauli, David Gil, Teresa Montoro, Vicky Soriano, Fabrizio Olivieri, Maria Manuela Rigano, Daniela Ganeva, Stanislava Grozeva-Tileva, Galina Pevicharova, Amalia Barone, Antonio Granell and Antonio José Monforte

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:345

    Content type: Research

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  37. Maize (Zea mays ssp. mays) is the most abundantly cultivated and highly valued food commodity in the world. Oil from maize kernels is highly nutritious and important for the diet and health of humans, and it can ...

    Authors: Hui Fang, Xiuyi Fu, Hanqiu Ge, Aixia Zhang, Tingyu Shan, Yuandong Wang, Ping Li and Baohua Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:344

    Content type: Research

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  38. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a legume whose grain can be stored for months, a common practice among Brazilian growers. Over time, seed coats become darker and harder to cook, traits that are undesirable...

    Authors: Caléo Panhoca de Almeida, Isabella Laporte Santos, Jean Fausto de Carvalho Paulino, Caio Cesar Ferrari Barbosa, Cássia Cristina Augusto Pereira, Cassia Regina Limonta Carvalho, Gabriel de Moraes Cunha Gonçalves, Qijian Song, Sérgio Augusto Morais Carbonell, Alisson Fernando Chiorato and Luciana Lasry Benchimol-Reis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:343

    Content type: Research

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  39. Chloroplasts respond to stress and changes in the environment by producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) that have specific signaling abilities. The ROS singlet oxygen (1O2) is unique in that it can signal to ini...

    Authors: Matthew D. Lemke, Karen E. Fisher, Marta A. Kozlowska, David W. Tano and Jesse D. Woodson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research

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  40. Restoration through planting is the dominant strategy to conserve mangrove ecosystems. However, many of the plantations fail to survive. Site and seeding selection matters for planting.

    Authors: Yuze Zhao, Yifan Zhong, Congting Ye, Pingping Liang, Xiaobao Pan, Yuan-Ye Zhang, Yihui Zhang and Yingjia Shen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:341

    Content type: Research

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  41. TLPs (Tubby-like proteins) are widespread in eukaryotes and highly conserved in plants and animals. TLP is involved in many biological processes, such as growth, development, biotic and abiotic stress response...

    Authors: Shuangtao Li, Zhirong Wang, Fei Wang, Hongmei Lv, Meng Cao, Na Zhang, Fengju Li, Hao Wang, Xingsheng Li, Xiaowei Yuan, Bing Zhao and Yang-Dong Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:340

    Content type: Research

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  42. Mulberry (Morus alba L.) is an important sericulture crop; however, root-knot nematode infection seriously limits its production. Understanding the mechanism of interaction between mulberry and nematode is import...

    Authors: Hudie Shao, Yu Fu, Pan Zhang, Chunping You, Chuanren Li and Huan Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:338

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Pesticide residue and its poor utilization remains problematic in agricultural development. To address the issue, a nano-pesticide has been developed by incorporating pesticide acetamiprid in porous silica nan...

    Authors: Xinyi Wang, Min Yan, Jie Zhou, Wei Song, Yu Xiao, Chuanjian Cui, Wanjun Gao, Fei Ke, Jing Zhu, Zi Gu and Ruyan Hou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:337

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Chromium is the most toxic pollutant that negatively affects a plant’s metabolic activities and yield. It reduces plant growth by influencing the antioxidant defence system’s activities. In the present study, ...

    Authors: Praveen Kumar

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:336

    Content type: Research article

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  45. In brown algae, dioicy is the prevalent sexual system, and phenotypic differences between male and female gametophytes have been found in many dioicous species. Saccharina japonica show remarkable sexual dimorphi...

    Authors: Jiaxun Zhang, Yan Li, Shiju Luo, Min Cao, Linan Zhang and Xiaojie Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:335

    Content type: Research

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  46. The skin (exocarp) of fleshy fruit is hugely diverse across species. Most fruit types have a live epidermal skin covered by a layer of cuticle made up of cutin while a few create an outermost layer of dead cel...

    Authors: Nikolai Macnee, Elena Hilario, Jibran Tahir, Alastair Currie, Ben Warren, Ria Rebstock, Ian C. Hallett, David Chagné, Robert J. Schaffer and Sean M. Bulley

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:334

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Canavalia rosea (Sw.) DC. (bay bean) is an extremophile halophyte that is widely distributed in coastal areas of the tropics and subtropics. Seawater and drought tolerance in this species may be facilitated by aq...

    Authors: Ruoyi Lin, Jiexuan Zheng, Lin Pu, Zhengfeng Wang, Qiming Mei, Mei Zhang and Shuguang Jian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:333

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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