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  1. Content type: Research article

    Autophagy is a conserved, highly-regulated catabolic process that plays important roles in growth, development and innate immunity in plants. In this study, we compared the rate of autophagy induction in Nicotian...

    Authors: Mercy W. Macharia, Wilfred Y. Z. Tan, Prem P. Das, Naweed I. Naqvi and Sek-Man Wong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:326

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The heteroside floridoside is a primary photosynthetic product that is known to contribute to osmotic acclimation in almost all orders of Rhodophyta. However, the encoding genes and enzymes responsible for the...

    Authors: Minxiu Sun, Zhujun Zhu, Juanjuan Chen, Rui Yang, Qijun Luo, Wei Wu, Xiaojun Yan and Haimin Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:325

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Leaf shape development research is important because leaf shapes such as moderate curling can help to improve light energy utilization efficiency. Leaf growth and development includes initiation of the leaf pr...

    Authors: Mao Yang, Chengwei Huang, Mingming Wang, Hao Fan, Shubei Wan, Yangming Wang, Jianbo He and Rongzhan Guan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:324

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Exogenous 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) positively regulates plants chlorophyll synthesis and protects them against environmental stresses, although the protection mechanism is not fully clear. Here, we explored...

    Authors: Tao Liu, Qingjie Du, Suzhi Li, Jianyu Yang, Xiaojing Li, Jiaojiao Xu, Pengxiang Chen, Jianming Li and Xiaohui Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:323

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Besides fibers, cotton plants also produce a large amount of seeds with a high oil and protein content. The use of these seeds is restricted by their high contents of the terpenoid gossypol, which is harmful t...

    Authors: Steffen Hagenbucher, Michael Eisenring, Michael Meissle, Keerti S. Rathore and Jörg Romeis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:322

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Magnolia wufengensis is a new species of Magnolia L. and has considerable ornamental and economic value due to its unique characteristics. However, because of its characteristic of poor low temperature resistance...

    Authors: Shixin Deng, Jiang Ma, Lili Zhang, Faju Chen, Ziyang Sang, Zhongkui Jia and Luyi Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:321

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Plant cell walls participate in all plant-environment interactions. Maintaining cell wall integrity (CWI) during these interactions is essential. This realization led to increased interest in CWI and resulted ...

    Authors: Timo Engelsdorf, Lars Kjaer, Nora Gigli-Bisceglia, Lauri Vaahtera, Stefan Bauer, Eva Miedes, Alexandra Wormit, Lucinda James, Issariya Chairam, Antonio Molina and Thorsten Hamann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:320

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:385

  8. Content type: Research article

    Non-host resistance (NHR) presents a compelling long-term plant protection strategy for global food security, yet the genetic basis of NHR remains poorly understood. For many diseases, including stem rust of w...

    Authors: Radhika Bartaula, Arthur T. O. Melo, Sarah Kingan, Yue Jin and Iago Hale

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:319

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) array and re-sequencing technologies have different properties (e.g. calling rate, minor allele frequency profile) and drawbacks (e.g. ascertainment bias). This lead us to ...

    Authors: Sandra S. Negro, Emilie J. Millet, Delphine Madur, Cyril Bauland, Valérie Combes, Claude Welcker, François Tardieu, Alain Charcosset and Stéphane D. Nicolas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:318

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Anthocyanins, which are colored pigments, have long been used as food and pharmaceutical ingredients due to their potential health benefits, but the intermediate signals through which environmental or developm...

    Authors: Gen Li, Jianhua Zhao, Beibei Qin, Yue Yin, Wei An, Zixin Mu and Youlong Cao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:317

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  11. Content type: Research article

    HKT channels mediate sodium uniport or sodium and potassium symport in plants. Monocotyledons express a higher number of HKT proteins than dicotyledons, and it is only within this clade of HKT channels that ca...

    Authors: Janin Riedelsberger, Ariela Vergara-Jaque, Miguel Piñeros, Ingo Dreyer and Wendy González

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:316

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Abaxially anthocyanic leaves of deeply-shaded understorey plants play important ecological significance for the environmental adaption. In contrast to the transient pigmentation in other plants, anthocyanins a...

    Authors: Honghui Luo, Wenjun Li, Xin Zhang, Shuangfan Deng, Qiuchan Xu, Ting Hou, Xuequn Pang, Zhaoqi Zhang and Xuelian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:315

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  13. Content type: Research article

    LEAFY COTYLEDON 2 (LEC2) acts throughout embryo morphogenesis and maturation phase to maintain embryogenic identity. Our previous study stated that Arabidopsis thaliana LEC2 (AtLEC2) driven by glucocorticoid rece...

    Authors: Ke Li, Juan Wang, Chuanliang Liu, Changsheng Li, Jingjing Qiu, Chuanzhi Zhao, Han Xia, Changle Ma, Xingjun Wang and Pengcheng Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:314

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Essential oils (EOs) of Lavandula angustifolia, mainly consist of monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids, are of great commercial value. The multi-flower spiciform thyrse of lavender not only determines the output o...

    Authors: Hui Li, Jingrui Li, Yanmei Dong, Haiping Hao, Zhengyi Ling, Hongtong Bai, Huafang Wang, Hongxia Cui and Lei Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:313

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The WOX (WUSCHEL-RELATED HOMEOBOX) gene family encodes a class of transcription factors that are unique to green plants, where they are involved in regulating the development of plant tissues and organs by determ...

    Authors: Peng He, Yuzhou Zhang, Hao Liu, Yi Yuan, Chan Wang, Jianing Yu and Guanghui Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:312

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  16. Content type: Research article

    CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing is now revolutionizing the ability to effectively modify plant genomes in the absence of efficient homologous recombination mechanisms that exist in other organisms. However, soybean i...

    Authors: Phat T. Do, Cuong X. Nguyen, Hien T. Bui, Ly T. N. Tran, Gary Stacey, Jason D. Gillman, Zhanyuan J. Zhang and Minviluz G. Stacey

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:311

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The hypersensitive defense response (HR) in plants is a fast, localized necrotic response around the point of pathogen ingress. HR is usually triggered by a pathogen recognition event mediated by a nucleotide-...

    Authors: Yijian He, Shailesh Karre, Gurmukh S. Johal, Shawn A. Christensen and Peter Balint-Kurti

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:310

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Ethylene promotes fruit ripening whereas 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), a non-toxic antagonist of ethylene, delays fruit ripening via the inhibition of ethylene receptor. However, unsuitable 1-MCP treatment can...

    Authors: Xiaoyang Zhu, Lanlan Ye, Xiaochun Ding, Qiyang Gao, Shuangling Xiao, Qinqin Tan, Jiling Huang, Weixin Chen and Xueping Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:309

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Land preparation is an important component of fragrant rice production. However, the effect of tillage on fragrant rice production is unclear, especially regarding the biosynthesis of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2-A...

    Authors: Pan Du, Haowen Luo, Jing He, Ting Mao, Bin Du and Lian Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:308

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  20. Content type: Research article

    DNA methylation is a crucial epigenetic modification, which is involved in many biological processes, including gene expression regulation, embryonic development, cell differentiation and genomic imprinting et...

    Authors: Liuling Pei, Lin Zhang, Jianying Li, Chao Shen, Ping Qiu, Lili Tu, Xianlong Zhang and Maojun Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:307

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Phosphorus (P) deficiency in soil is a worldwide issue and a major constraint on the production of sorghum, which is an important staple food, forage and energy crop. The depletion of P reserves and the increa...

    Authors: Jinglong Zhang, Fangfang Jiang, Yixin Shen, Qiuwen Zhan, Binqiang Bai, Wei Chen and Yingjun Chi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:306

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Verticillium wilt caused by the fungus Verticillium dahliae race 1 is among the top disease concerns for lettuce in the Salinas and Pajaro Valleys of coastal central California. Resistance of lettuce against V. d...

    Authors: Patrik Inderbitzin, Marilena Christopoulou, Dean Lavelle, Sebastian Reyes-Chin-Wo, Richard W. Michelmore, Krishna V. Subbarao and Ivan Simko

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:305

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:374

  23. Content type: Research article

    In flowering plants, proper seed development is achieved through the constant interplay of fertilization products, embryo and endosperm, and maternal tissues. Communication between these compartments is suppos...

    Authors: Olivier Coen, Jing Lu, Wenjia Xu, Delphine De Vos, Christine Péchoux, Frédéric Domergue, Damaris Grain, Loïc Lepiniec and Enrico Magnani

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:304

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Polyploidy and hybridization are ubiquitous in Rubus L., a large and taxonomically challenging genus. Chinese Rubus are mainly concentrated into two major sections, the diploid Idaeobatus and the polyploid Malach...

    Authors: Yan Wang, Qing Chen, Tao Chen, Jing Zhang, Wen He, Lin Liu, Ya Luo, Bo Sun, Yong Zhang, Hao-ru Tang and Xiao-rong Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:303

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen (N) and potassium (K) are two important mineral nutrients in regulating leaf photosynthesis. Studying the interactive effects of N and K on regulating N allocation and photosynthesis (Pn) of rice leaves ...

    Authors: Wenfeng Hou, Merle Tränkner, Jianwei Lu, Jinyao Yan, Siyuan Huang, Tao Ren, Rihuan Cong and Xiaokun Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:302

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Nothapodytes nimmoniana, a plant of pivotal medicinal significance is a source of potent anticancer monoterpene indole alkaloid (MIA) camptothecin (CPT). This compound owes its potency due to topoisomerase-I inhi...

    Authors: Gulzar A. Rather, Arti Sharma, Syed Mudassir Jeelani, Prashant Misra, Veenu Kaul and Surrinder K. Lattoo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:301

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Salinity is a major abiotic stress that limits the growth, productivity, and geographical distribution of plants. A comparative proteomics and gene expression analysis was performed to better understand salini...

    Authors: Mohammad Arefian, Saeedreza Vessal, Saeid Malekzadeh-Shafaroudi, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Abdolreza Bagheri

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:300

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  28. Content type: Research article

    SPL (SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein-like) is a class of plant-specific transcription factors that play important roles in many growth and developmental processes, including shoot and inflorescence branching...

    Authors: Moyang Liu, Wenjun Sun, Zhaotang Ma, Li Huang, Qi Wu, Zizhong Tang, Tongliang Bu, Chenglei Li and Hui Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:299

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factors play important roles in the growth, development and stress responses of plants, including (presumably) physic nut (Jatropha curcas), which has high drough...

    Authors: Yuehui Tang, Jian Wang, Xinxin Bao, Mengyu Liang, Huimin Lou, Junwei Zhao, Mengting Sun, Jing Liang, Lisha Jin, Guangling Li, Yahui Qiu and Kun Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:298

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The modification effect of leaching fraction (LF) on the physiological responses of plants to irrigation water salinity (ECiw) remains unknown. Here, leaf gas exchange, photosynthetic light–response and CO2–respo...

    Authors: Rangjian Qiu, Chunwei Liu, Fusheng Li, Zhenchang Wang, Zaiqiang Yang and Ningbo Cui

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:297

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Premature senescence of flag leaf severely affects wheat yield and quality. Chlorophyll (Chl) degradation is the most obvious symptom during leaf senescence and catalyzed by a series of enzymes. Pheophytin phe...

    Authors: Huiyan Wang, Shuguang Wang, Xiaoping Chang, Chenyang Hao, Daizhen Sun and Ruilian Jing

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:296

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  32. Content type: Research article

    As the major storage protein in rice seeds, glutelins are synthesized at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) as proglutelins and transported to protein storage vacuoles (PSVs) called PBIIs (Protein body IIs), where...

    Authors: Jianping Zhu, Yulong Ren, Yunlong Wang, Feng Liu, Xuan Teng, Yuanyan Zhang, Erchao Duan, Mingming Wu, Mingsheng Zhong, Yuanyuan Hao, Xiaopin Zhu, Jie Lei, Yongfei Wang, Yanfang Yu, Tian Pan, Yiqun Bao…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:295

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Rapeseed is the third largest oil seed crop in the world. The seeds of this plant store lipids in oil bodies, and oleosin is the most important structural protein in oil bodies. However, the function of oleosi...

    Authors: Kang Chen, Yongtai Yin, Si Liu, Zhenyi Guo, Kai Zhang, Yu Liang, Lina Zhang, Weiguo Zhao, Hongbo Chao and Maoteng Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:294

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Robust phylogenies for species with giant genomes and closely related taxa can build evolutionary frameworks for investigating the origin and evolution of these genomic gigantisms. Paris japonica (Melanthiaceae) ...

    Authors: Lifang Yang, Zhenyan Yang, Changkun Liu, Zhengshan He, Zhirong Zhang, Jing Yang, Haiyang Liu, Junbo Yang and Yunheng Ji

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:293

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The oilseed Camelina sativa is grown for a range of applications, including for biofuel, biolubricants, and as a source of omega-3 fatty acids for the aquaculture feed industry. The seed meal co-product is used a...

    Authors: Wendy J. Lyzenga, Myrtle Harrington, Diana Bekkaoui, Merek Wigness, Dwayne D. Hegedus and Kevin L. Rozwadowski

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:292

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Sand oat (Avena strigosa Schreb.), one of the four cultivated species of the genus Avena, could be considered as another alternative crop. In gene banks 865 germplasm samples of this species have been preserved t...

    Authors: Wiesław Podyma, Paulina Bolc, Joanna Nocen, Marta Puchta, Sylwia Wlodarczyk, Boguslaw Lapinski and Maja Boczkowska

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:291

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Saussurea DC. is one of the largest and most morphologically heterogeneous genera in Asteraceae. The relationships within Saussurea have been poorly resolved, probably due an early, rapid radiation. To examine pl...

    Authors: Xu Zhang, Tao Deng, Michael J. Moore, Yunheng Ji, Nan Lin, Huajie Zhang, Aiping Meng, Hengchang Wang, Yanxia Sun and Hang Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:290

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Banana anthracnose, caused by Colletotrichum musae, is one of the most severe postharvest diseases in banana. Melatonin is widely known for its role in enhancing plant stress tolerance. However, little is known a...

    Authors: Taotao Li, Qixian Wu, Hong Zhu, Yijie Zhou, Yueming Jiang, Huijun Gao and Ze Yun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:289

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Clubroot disease caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae (Phytomyxea, Rhizaria) is one of the economically most important diseases of Brassica crops. The formation of hypertrophied roots accompanied by altered metabol...

    Authors: Stefan Ciaghi, Arne Schwelm and Sigrid Neuhauser

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:288

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The majority of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars display orange or yellow background skin, whereas some cultivars are particularly preferred by consumers because of their red blushed skin on the background...

    Authors: Wanpeng Xi, Jing Feng, Yu Liu, Shikui Zhang and Guohua Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:287

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Primula is a large genus of flowering herbs well known for their heterostyly. Currently few natural hybrids are known and reproductive barriers in this genus in the wild have received little attention. However, t...

    Authors: Yongpeng Ma, Tobias Marczewski, Dan Xue, Zhikun Wu, Rongli Liao, Weibang Sun and Jane Marczewski

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:286

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Sugarcane is a major crop producing about 80% of sugar globally. Increasing sugar content is a top priority for sugarcane breeding programs worldwide, however, the progress is extremely slow. Owing to its comm...

    Authors: Zhongliang Chen, Cuixian Qin, Miao Wang, Fen Liao, Qing Liao, Xihui Liu, Yangrui Li, Prakash Lakshmanan, Minghua Long and Dongliang Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:285

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Echinacea-endophyte interaction might affect plant secondary metabolites content and influence bacterial colonization specificity and plant growth, but the underlying mechanisms need deepening. An in vitro model,...

    Authors: Valentina Maggini, Alessio Mengoni, Eugenia Rosaria Gallo, Sauro Biffi, Renato Fani, Fabio Firenzuoli and Patrizia Bogani

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:284

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Metal homeostasis is critical for plant growth, development and adaptation to environmental stresses and largely governed by a variety of metal transporters. The plant ZIP (Zn-regulated transporter, Iron-regulate...

    Authors: Xue Song Liu, Sheng Jun Feng, Bai Qing Zhang, Meng Qi Wang, Hong Wei Cao, Justice Kipkoir Rono, Xi Chen and Zhi Min Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:283

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Heavy metal toxicity has become a major threat to sustainable crop production worldwide. Thus, considerable interest has been placed on deciphering the mechanisms that allow plants to combat heavy metal stress...

    Authors: Weixuan Cong, Yiling Miao, Lei Xu, Yunhong Zhang, Chunlei Yuan, Junmeng Wang, Tingting Zhuang, Xiuyun Lin, Lili Jiang, Ningning Wang, Jian Ma, Karen A. Sanguinet, Bao Liu, Sachin Rustgi and Xiufang Ou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:282

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Lythraceae belongs to the order Myrtales, which is part of Archichlamydeae. The family has 31 genera containing approximately 620 species of herbs, shrubs and trees. Of these 31 genera, five large genera each ...

    Authors: Cuihua Gu, Li Ma, Zhiqiang Wu, Kai Chen and Yixiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:281

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Seed germination, a complex, physiological–morphogenetic process, is a critical stage in the life cycle of plants. Biological changes in germinating seeds have not been investigated in poplar, a model woody pl...

    Authors: Chunpu Qu, Zhuang Zuo, Lina Cao, Jiahuan Huang, Xue Sun, Peng Zhang, Chengjun Yang, Lixin Li, Zhiru Xu and Guanjun Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:279

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  48. Content type: Research article

    NAC (NAM, ATAF and CUC) transcriptional factors constitute a large family with more than 150 members in rice and several members of this family have been demonstrated to play crucial roles in rice abiotic stre...

    Authors: Xi Yuan, Hui Wang, Jiating Cai, Yan Bi, Dayong Li and Fengming Song

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:278

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Aspartic protease (AP) is one of four large proteolytic enzyme families that are involved in plant growth and development. Little is known about the AP gene family in tree species, although it has been charact...

    Authors: Shenquan Cao, Mengjie Guo, Chong Wang, Wenjing Xu, Tianyuan Shi, Guimin Tong, Cheng Zhen, Hao Cheng, Chuanping Yang, Nabil Ibrahim Elsheery and Yuxiang Cheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:276

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