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  1. Flavonol glucosides constitute the second group of secondary metabolites that accumulate in Crocus sativus stigmas. To date there are no reports of functionally characterized flavonoid glucosyltransferases in C. ...

    Authors: Ángela Rubio Moraga, Almudena Trapero Mozos, Oussama Ahrazem and Lourdes Gómez-Gómez
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:109
  2. The serine-threonine protein kinase gene, designated pkv (protein kinase- viroid induced) was previously found to be transcriptionally activated in tomato plants infected with the plant pathogen Potato spindle tu...

    Authors: Rosemarie W Hammond and Yan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:108
  3. Heterosis, the superior performance of hybrids relative to parents, has clear agricultural value, but its genetic control is unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that hybrids expressing heterosis ...

    Authors: Xuehui Li, Yanling Wei, Dan Nettleton and E Charles Brummer
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:107
  4. Conifers are a large group of gymnosperm trees which are separated from the angiosperms by more than 300 million years of independent evolution. Conifer genomes are extremely large and contain considerable amo...

    Authors: Björn Hamberger, Dawn Hall, Mack Yuen, Claire Oddy, Britta Hamberger, Christopher I Keeling, Carol Ritland, Kermit Ritland and Jörg Bohlmann
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:106
  5. Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is induced in non-inoculated leaves following infection with certain pathogenic strains. SAR is effective against many pathogens. Salicylic acid (SA) is a signaling molecule ...

    Authors: Devinder Sandhu, I Made Tasma, Ryan Frasch and Madan K Bhattacharyya
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:105
  6. Whole genome transcriptomics analysis is a very powerful approach because it gives an overview of the activity of genes in certain cells or tissue types. However, biological interpretation of such results can ...

    Authors: Ana Rotter, Céline Camps, Marc Lohse, Christian Kappel, Stefania Pilati, Matjaž Hren, Mark Stitt, Pierre Coutos-Thévenot, Claudio Moser, Björn Usadel, Serge Delrot and Kristina Gruden
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:104
  7. Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is widely used as a food and cash crop around the world. It is considered to be an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 40) originated from a single hybridization event between two wild diploids...

    Authors: Daniel Foncéka, Tossim Hodo-Abalo, Ronan Rivallan, Issa Faye, Mbaye Ndoye Sall, Ousmane Ndoye, Alessandra P Fávero, David J Bertioli, Jean-Christophe Glaszmann, Brigitte Courtois and Jean-Francois Rami
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:103
  8. Little information is available on the amelioration of boron (B) on aluminum (Al)-induced photosynthesis inhibition. Sour pummelo (Citrus grandis) seedlings were irrigated for 18 weeks with nutrient solution cont...

    Authors: Huan-Xin Jiang, Ning Tang, Jin-Gui Zheng and Li-Song Chen
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:102
  9. Functional genomics tools provide researchers with the ability to apply high-throughput techniques to determine the function and interaction of a diverse range of genes. Mutagenised plant populations are one s...

    Authors: Stephen J Robinson, Lily H Tang, Brent AG Mooney, Sheldon J McKay, Wayne E Clarke, Matthew G Links, Steven Karcz, Sharon Regan, Yun-Yun Wu, Margaret Y Gruber, Dejun Cui, Min Yu and Isobel AP Parkin
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:101
  10. Gene-based (genic) microsatellites are a useful tool for plant genetics and simple sequence repeat loci can often be found in coding regions of the genome. While EST sequencing can be used to discover genic mi...

    Authors: Matthew W Blair, Monica Muñoz Torres, Martha C Giraldo and Fabio Pedraza
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:100
  11. Histone modifications and histone variants are of importance in many biological processes. To understand the biological functions of the global dynamics of histone modifications and histone variants in higher ...

    Authors: Tao Wu, Tiezheng Yuan, Sau-Na Tsai, Chunmei Wang, Sai-Ming Sun, Hon-Ming Lam and Sai-Ming Ngai
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:98
  12. The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis [Pergande]) is one of the most important insect herbivores of cultivated plants. However, no pesticide provides complete control of this species, and insectic...

    Authors: Hiroshi Abe, Takeshi Shimoda, Jun Ohnishi, Soichi Kugimiya, Mari Narusaka, Shigemi Seo, Yoshihiro Narusaka, Shinya Tsuda and Masatomo Kobayashi
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:97
  13. Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in plants is a trait with potential economic, agricultural and environmental impact. In relation to the food industry, PPO-induced browning causes unacceptable discolouration ...

    Authors: Ana Winters, Sue Heywood, Kerrie Farrar, Iain Donnison, Ann Thomas and K Judith Webb
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:94
  14. Exposure to dietary wheat proteins in genetically susceptible individuals has been associated with increased risk for the development of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Recently, a wheat protein encoded by cDNA WP5212 ...

    Authors: Evelin Loit, Charles W Melnyk, Amanda J MacFarlane, Fraser W Scott and Illimar Altosaar
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:93
  15. Many flowering plants attract pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. Remarkably, the molecular events involved in the development of nectaries, the organs that produce nectar, as well as the synthe...

    Authors: Brian W Kram, Wayne W Xu and Clay J Carter
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:92
  16. mPing is an endogenous MITE in the rice genome, which is quiescent under normal conditions but can be induced towards mobilization under various stresses. The cellular mechanism responsible for modulating the act...

    Authors: Frédéric Ngezahayo, Chunming Xu, Hongyan Wang, Lily Jiang, Jinsong Pang and Bao Liu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:91
  17. There are few genomic tools available in melon (Cucumis melo L.), a member of the Cucurbitaceae, despite its importance as a crop. Among these tools, genetic maps have been constructed mainly using marker types s...

    Authors: Wim Deleu, Cristina Esteras, Cristina Roig, Mireia González-To, Iria Fernández-Silva, Daniel Gonzalez-Ibeas, José Blanca, Miguel A Aranda, Pere Arús, Fernando Nuez, Antonio J Monforte, Maria Belén Picó and Jordi Garcia-Mas
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:90
  18. Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is rapidly emerging as a powerful model system to facilitate research aimed at improving grass crops for grain, forage and energy production. To characterize the natural div...

    Authors: John P Vogel, Metin Tuna, Hikmet Budak, Naxin Huo, Yong Q Gu and Michael A Steinwand
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:88
  19. Sesquiterpene lactones are characteristic metabolites of Asteraceae (or Compositae) which often display potent bioactivities and are sequestered in specialized organs such as laticifers, resin ducts, and trich...

    Authors: Jens C Göpfert, Gillian MacNevin, Dae-Kyun Ro and Otmar Spring
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:86
  20. Brachiaria brizantha is an important forage grass. The occurrence of both apomictic and sexual reproduction within Brachiaria makes it an interesting system for understanding the molecular pathways involved in bo...

    Authors: Érica Duarte Silveira, Márcio Alves-Ferreira, Larissa Arrais Guimarães, Felipe Rodrigues da Silva and Vera Tavares de Campos Carneiro
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:84
  21. Plant matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are conserved proteolytic enzymes found in a wide range of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plant species. Acting on the plant extracellular matrix, they play crucial r...

    Authors: Andreas Schiermeyer, Hanna Hartenstein, Manoj K Mandal, Burkhard Otte, Verena Wahner and Stefan Schillberg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:83
  22. Two complete genome sequences are available for Vitis vinifera Pinot noir. Based on the sequence and gene predictions produced by the IASMA, we performed an in silico detection of putative microRNA genes and of t...

    Authors: Barbara Lazzari, Andrea Caprera, Alessandro Cestaro, Ivan Merelli, Marcello Del Corvo, Paolo Fontana, Luciano Milanesi, Riccardo Velasco and Alessandra Stella
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:82
  23. Dormancy associated MADS-box (DAM) genes are candidates for the regulation of growth cessation and terminal bud formation in peach. These genes are not expressed in the peach mutant evergrowing, which fails to ce...

    Authors: Sergio Jiménez, Amy L Lawton-Rauh, Gregory L Reighard, Albert G Abbott and Douglas G Bielenberg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:81
  24. Polyploidy (whole-genome duplication) is an important speciation mechanism, particularly in plants. Gene loss, silencing, and the formation of novel gene complexes are some of the consequences that the new pol...

    Authors: Jennifer A Tate, Prashant Joshi, Kerry A Soltis, Pamela S Soltis and Douglas E Soltis
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:80
  25. DNA ligase enzymes catalyse the joining of adjacent polynucleotides and as such play important roles in DNA replication and repair pathways. Eukaryotes possess multiple DNA ligases with distinct roles in DNA m...

    Authors: Wanda M Waterworth, Jaroslav Kozak, Claire M Provost, Clifford M Bray, Karel J Angelis and Christopher E West
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:79
  26. Transgenic approaches provide a powerful tool for gene function investigations in plants. However, some legumes are still recalcitrant to current transformation technologies, limiting the extent to which funct...

    Authors: Bo Jian, Wensheng Hou, Cunxiang Wu, Bin Liu, Wei Liu, Shikui Song, Yurong Bi and Tianfu Han
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:78
  27. Next-generation transgenic plants will require a more precise regulation of transgene expression, preferably under the control of native promoters. A genome-wide T-DNA tagging strategy was therefore performed ...

    Authors: Efrén Santos, Serge Remy, Els Thiry, Saskia Windelinckx, Rony Swennen and László Sági
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:77
  28. In pea seeds (Pisum sativum L.), the Def locus defines an abscission event where the seed separates from the funicle through the intervening hilum region at maturity. A spontaneous mutation at this locus results ...

    Authors: Kwadwo Owusu Ayeh, YeonKyeong Lee, Mike J Ambrose and Anne Kathrine Hvoslef-Eide
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:76
  29. Transcription factor HaDREB2 was identified in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as a drought-responsive element-binding factor 2 (DREB2) with unique properties. HaDREB2 and the sunflower Heat Shock Factor A9 (HaH...

    Authors: Concepción Almoguera, Pilar Prieto-Dapena, Juan Díaz-Martín, José M Espinosa, Raúl Carranco and Juan Jordano
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:75
  30. Rice transcription regulator OsWRKY13 influences the functioning of more than 500 genes in multiple signalling pathways, with roles in disease resistance, redox homeostasis, abiotic stress responses, and devel...

    Authors: Deyun Qiu, Jun Xiao, Weibo Xie, Hongtao Cheng, Xianghua Li and Shiping Wang
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:74
  31. Like other species of the Phaseoleae tribe, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) has the potential to establish symbiosis with rhizobia and to fix the atmospheric dinitrogen (N2) for its N nutrition. Common bean h...

    Authors: Fatma Tajini, Porntip Suriyakup, Hélène Vailhe, Jan Jansa and Jean-Jacques Drevon
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:73
  32. Limited DNA sequence and DNA marker resources have been developed for Iris (Iridaceae), a monocot genus of 200–300 species in the Asparagales, several of which are horticulturally important. We mined an I. brevic...

    Authors: Shunxue Tang, Rebecca A Okashah, Marie-Michele Cordonnier-Pratt, Lee H Pratt, Virgil Ed Johnson, Christopher A Taylor, Michael L Arnold and Steven J Knapp
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:72
  33. Photosystems are composed of two moieties, a reaction center and a peripheral antenna system. In photosynthetic eukaryotes the latter system is composed of proteins belonging to Lhc family. An increasing set o...

    Authors: Alessandro Alboresi, Matteo Ballottari, Rainer Hienerwadel, Giorgio M Giacometti and Tomas Morosinotto
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:71
  34. Helitrons are a class of transposable elements which have been identified in a number of species of plants, animals and fungi. They are unique in their proposed rolling-circle mode of replication, have a highl...

    Authors: Tim Langdon, Ann Thomas, Lin Huang, Kerrie Farrar, Julie King and Ian Armstead
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:70
  35. Despite wealth of information generated on salt tolerance mechanism, its basics still remain elusive. Thus, there is a need of continued effort to understand the salt tolerance mechanism using suitable biotech...

    Authors: Binod B Sahu and Birendra P Shaw
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:69
  36. Members of plant WRKY transcription factor families are widely implicated in defense responses and various other physiological processes. For canola (Brassica napus L.), no WRKY genes have been described in detai...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Yuanqing Jiang, Muhammad H Rahman, Michael K Deyholos and Nat NV Kav
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:68
  37. Tomato fruit set is a key process that has a great economic impact on crop production. We employed the Affymetrix GeneChip Tomato Genome Array to compare the transcriptome of a non-parthenocarpic line, UC82, w...

    Authors: Laura Pascual, Jose M Blanca, Joaquin Cañizares and Fernado Nuez
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:67
  38. The APETALA2-like genes form a large multi-gene family of transcription factors which play an important role during the plant life cycle, being key regulators of many developmental processes. Many studies in Arab...

    Authors: Javier Gil-Humanes, Fernando Pistón, Antonio Martín and Francisco Barro
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:66
  39. A large number of genetic variations have been identified in rice. Such variations must in many cases control phenotypic differences in abiotic stress tolerance and other traits. A single feature polymorphism ...

    Authors: Sung-Hyun Kim, Prasanna R Bhat, Xinping Cui, Harkamal Walia, Jin Xu, Steve Wanamaker, Abdelbagi M Ismail, Clyde Wilson and Timothy J Close
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:65
  40. The actin cytoskeleton is involved in the responses of plants to environmental signals. Actin bundles play the role of tracks in chloroplast movements activated by light. Chloroplasts redistribute in response ...

    Authors: Anna Anielska-Mazur, Tytus Bernaś and Halina Gabryś
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:64
  41. Inter-specific hybridization occurs frequently in plants, which may induce genetic and epigenetic instabilities in the resultant hybrids, allopolyploids and introgressants. It remains unclear however whether p...

    Authors: Hongyan Wang, Yang Chai, Xiucheng Chu, Yunyang Zhao, Ying Wu, Jihong Zhao, Frédéric Ngezahayo, Chunming Xu and Bao Liu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:63
  42. Qualitative pathogen resistance in both dicotyledenous and monocotyledonous plants has been attributed to the action of resistance (R) genes, including those encoding nucleotide binding site – leucine rich rep...

    Authors: Peter M Dracatos, Noel OI Cogan, Timothy I Sawbridge, Anthony R Gendall, Kevin F Smith, German C Spangenberg and John W Forster
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:62
  43. Allium sativum., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus (Allium), which is a large and diverse one containing over 1,250 species. Its close relatives include chives, onion, leek and shallot. Ga...

    Authors: Dae-Won Kim, Tae-Sung Jung, Seong-Hyeuk Nam, Hyuk-Ryul Kwon, Aeri Kim, Sung-Hwa Chae, Sang-Haeng Choi, Dong-Wook Kim, Ryong Nam Kim and Hong-Seog Park
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:61
  44. Two previously uncharacterized Arabidopsis genes that encode proteins with acyltransferase PlsC regions were selected for study based on their sequence similarity to a recently identified lung lysophosphatidyl...

    Authors: Kjell Stålberg, Ulf Ståhl, Sten Stymne and John Ohlrogge
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:60

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