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  1. Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in plants is a trait with potential economic, agricultural and environmental impact. In relation to the food industry, PPO-induced browning causes unacceptable discolouration ...

    Authors: Ana Winters, Sue Heywood, Kerrie Farrar, Iain Donnison, Ann Thomas and K Judith Webb
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:94
  2. Exposure to dietary wheat proteins in genetically susceptible individuals has been associated with increased risk for the development of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). Recently, a wheat protein encoded by cDNA WP5212 ...

    Authors: Evelin Loit, Charles W Melnyk, Amanda J MacFarlane, Fraser W Scott and Illimar Altosaar
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:93
  3. Many flowering plants attract pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. Remarkably, the molecular events involved in the development of nectaries, the organs that produce nectar, as well as the synthe...

    Authors: Brian W Kram, Wayne W Xu and Clay J Carter
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:92
  4. mPing is an endogenous MITE in the rice genome, which is quiescent under normal conditions but can be induced towards mobilization under various stresses. The cellular mechanism responsible for modulating the act...

    Authors: Frédéric Ngezahayo, Chunming Xu, Hongyan Wang, Lily Jiang, Jinsong Pang and Bao Liu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:91
  5. There are few genomic tools available in melon (Cucumis melo L.), a member of the Cucurbitaceae, despite its importance as a crop. Among these tools, genetic maps have been constructed mainly using marker types s...

    Authors: Wim Deleu, Cristina Esteras, Cristina Roig, Mireia González-To, Iria Fernández-Silva, Daniel Gonzalez-Ibeas, José Blanca, Miguel A Aranda, Pere Arús, Fernando Nuez, Antonio J Monforte, Maria Belén Picó and Jordi Garcia-Mas
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:90
  6. Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is rapidly emerging as a powerful model system to facilitate research aimed at improving grass crops for grain, forage and energy production. To characterize the natural div...

    Authors: John P Vogel, Metin Tuna, Hikmet Budak, Naxin Huo, Yong Q Gu and Michael A Steinwand
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:88
  7. Sesquiterpene lactones are characteristic metabolites of Asteraceae (or Compositae) which often display potent bioactivities and are sequestered in specialized organs such as laticifers, resin ducts, and trich...

    Authors: Jens C Göpfert, Gillian MacNevin, Dae-Kyun Ro and Otmar Spring
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:86
  8. Brachiaria brizantha is an important forage grass. The occurrence of both apomictic and sexual reproduction within Brachiaria makes it an interesting system for understanding the molecular pathways involved in bo...

    Authors: Érica Duarte Silveira, Márcio Alves-Ferreira, Larissa Arrais Guimarães, Felipe Rodrigues da Silva and Vera Tavares de Campos Carneiro
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:84
  9. Plant matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are conserved proteolytic enzymes found in a wide range of monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plant species. Acting on the plant extracellular matrix, they play crucial r...

    Authors: Andreas Schiermeyer, Hanna Hartenstein, Manoj K Mandal, Burkhard Otte, Verena Wahner and Stefan Schillberg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:83
  10. Two complete genome sequences are available for Vitis vinifera Pinot noir. Based on the sequence and gene predictions produced by the IASMA, we performed an in silico detection of putative microRNA genes and of t...

    Authors: Barbara Lazzari, Andrea Caprera, Alessandro Cestaro, Ivan Merelli, Marcello Del Corvo, Paolo Fontana, Luciano Milanesi, Riccardo Velasco and Alessandra Stella
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:82
  11. Dormancy associated MADS-box (DAM) genes are candidates for the regulation of growth cessation and terminal bud formation in peach. These genes are not expressed in the peach mutant evergrowing, which fails to ce...

    Authors: Sergio Jiménez, Amy L Lawton-Rauh, Gregory L Reighard, Albert G Abbott and Douglas G Bielenberg
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:81
  12. Polyploidy (whole-genome duplication) is an important speciation mechanism, particularly in plants. Gene loss, silencing, and the formation of novel gene complexes are some of the consequences that the new pol...

    Authors: Jennifer A Tate, Prashant Joshi, Kerry A Soltis, Pamela S Soltis and Douglas E Soltis
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:80
  13. DNA ligase enzymes catalyse the joining of adjacent polynucleotides and as such play important roles in DNA replication and repair pathways. Eukaryotes possess multiple DNA ligases with distinct roles in DNA m...

    Authors: Wanda M Waterworth, Jaroslav Kozak, Claire M Provost, Clifford M Bray, Karel J Angelis and Christopher E West
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:79
  14. Transgenic approaches provide a powerful tool for gene function investigations in plants. However, some legumes are still recalcitrant to current transformation technologies, limiting the extent to which funct...

    Authors: Bo Jian, Wensheng Hou, Cunxiang Wu, Bin Liu, Wei Liu, Shikui Song, Yurong Bi and Tianfu Han
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:78
  15. Next-generation transgenic plants will require a more precise regulation of transgene expression, preferably under the control of native promoters. A genome-wide T-DNA tagging strategy was therefore performed ...

    Authors: Efrén Santos, Serge Remy, Els Thiry, Saskia Windelinckx, Rony Swennen and László Sági
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:77
  16. In pea seeds (Pisum sativum L.), the Def locus defines an abscission event where the seed separates from the funicle through the intervening hilum region at maturity. A spontaneous mutation at this locus results ...

    Authors: Kwadwo Owusu Ayeh, YeonKyeong Lee, Mike J Ambrose and Anne Kathrine Hvoslef-Eide
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:76
  17. Transcription factor HaDREB2 was identified in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as a drought-responsive element-binding factor 2 (DREB2) with unique properties. HaDREB2 and the sunflower Heat Shock Factor A9 (HaH...

    Authors: Concepción Almoguera, Pilar Prieto-Dapena, Juan Díaz-Martín, José M Espinosa, Raúl Carranco and Juan Jordano
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:75
  18. Rice transcription regulator OsWRKY13 influences the functioning of more than 500 genes in multiple signalling pathways, with roles in disease resistance, redox homeostasis, abiotic stress responses, and devel...

    Authors: Deyun Qiu, Jun Xiao, Weibo Xie, Hongtao Cheng, Xianghua Li and Shiping Wang
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:74
  19. Like other species of the Phaseoleae tribe, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) has the potential to establish symbiosis with rhizobia and to fix the atmospheric dinitrogen (N2) for its N nutrition. Common bean h...

    Authors: Fatma Tajini, Porntip Suriyakup, Hélène Vailhe, Jan Jansa and Jean-Jacques Drevon
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:73
  20. Limited DNA sequence and DNA marker resources have been developed for Iris (Iridaceae), a monocot genus of 200–300 species in the Asparagales, several of which are horticulturally important. We mined an I. brevic...

    Authors: Shunxue Tang, Rebecca A Okashah, Marie-Michele Cordonnier-Pratt, Lee H Pratt, Virgil Ed Johnson, Christopher A Taylor, Michael L Arnold and Steven J Knapp
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:72
  21. Photosystems are composed of two moieties, a reaction center and a peripheral antenna system. In photosynthetic eukaryotes the latter system is composed of proteins belonging to Lhc family. An increasing set o...

    Authors: Alessandro Alboresi, Matteo Ballottari, Rainer Hienerwadel, Giorgio M Giacometti and Tomas Morosinotto
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:71
  22. Helitrons are a class of transposable elements which have been identified in a number of species of plants, animals and fungi. They are unique in their proposed rolling-circle mode of replication, have a highl...

    Authors: Tim Langdon, Ann Thomas, Lin Huang, Kerrie Farrar, Julie King and Ian Armstead
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:70
  23. Despite wealth of information generated on salt tolerance mechanism, its basics still remain elusive. Thus, there is a need of continued effort to understand the salt tolerance mechanism using suitable biotech...

    Authors: Binod B Sahu and Birendra P Shaw
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:69
  24. Members of plant WRKY transcription factor families are widely implicated in defense responses and various other physiological processes. For canola (Brassica napus L.), no WRKY genes have been described in detai...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Yuanqing Jiang, Muhammad H Rahman, Michael K Deyholos and Nat NV Kav
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:68
  25. Tomato fruit set is a key process that has a great economic impact on crop production. We employed the Affymetrix GeneChip Tomato Genome Array to compare the transcriptome of a non-parthenocarpic line, UC82, w...

    Authors: Laura Pascual, Jose M Blanca, Joaquin Cañizares and Fernado Nuez
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:67
  26. The APETALA2-like genes form a large multi-gene family of transcription factors which play an important role during the plant life cycle, being key regulators of many developmental processes. Many studies in Arab...

    Authors: Javier Gil-Humanes, Fernando Pistón, Antonio Martín and Francisco Barro
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:66
  27. A large number of genetic variations have been identified in rice. Such variations must in many cases control phenotypic differences in abiotic stress tolerance and other traits. A single feature polymorphism ...

    Authors: Sung-Hyun Kim, Prasanna R Bhat, Xinping Cui, Harkamal Walia, Jin Xu, Steve Wanamaker, Abdelbagi M Ismail, Clyde Wilson and Timothy J Close
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:65
  28. The actin cytoskeleton is involved in the responses of plants to environmental signals. Actin bundles play the role of tracks in chloroplast movements activated by light. Chloroplasts redistribute in response ...

    Authors: Anna Anielska-Mazur, Tytus Bernaś and Halina Gabryś
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:64
  29. Inter-specific hybridization occurs frequently in plants, which may induce genetic and epigenetic instabilities in the resultant hybrids, allopolyploids and introgressants. It remains unclear however whether p...

    Authors: Hongyan Wang, Yang Chai, Xiucheng Chu, Yunyang Zhao, Ying Wu, Jihong Zhao, Frédéric Ngezahayo, Chunming Xu and Bao Liu
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:63
  30. Qualitative pathogen resistance in both dicotyledenous and monocotyledonous plants has been attributed to the action of resistance (R) genes, including those encoding nucleotide binding site – leucine rich rep...

    Authors: Peter M Dracatos, Noel OI Cogan, Timothy I Sawbridge, Anthony R Gendall, Kevin F Smith, German C Spangenberg and John W Forster
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:62
  31. Allium sativum., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus (Allium), which is a large and diverse one containing over 1,250 species. Its close relatives include chives, onion, leek and shallot. Ga...

    Authors: Dae-Won Kim, Tae-Sung Jung, Seong-Hyeuk Nam, Hyuk-Ryul Kwon, Aeri Kim, Sung-Hwa Chae, Sang-Haeng Choi, Dong-Wook Kim, Ryong Nam Kim and Hong-Seog Park
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:61
  32. Two previously uncharacterized Arabidopsis genes that encode proteins with acyltransferase PlsC regions were selected for study based on their sequence similarity to a recently identified lung lysophosphatidyl...

    Authors: Kjell Stålberg, Ulf Ståhl, Sten Stymne and John Ohlrogge
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:60
  33. Acidity is an essential component of the organoleptic quality of fleshy fruits. However, in these fruits, the physiological and molecular mechanisms that control fruit acidity remain unclear. In peach the D locus...

    Authors: Karima Boudehri, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Gaëlle Cardinet, Christelle Troadec, Annick Moing and Elisabeth Dirlewanger
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:59
  34. Selenium is a trace element performing important biological functions in many organisms including humans. It usually affects organisms in a strictly dosage-dependent manner being essential at low and toxic at ...

    Authors: Dáša Umysová, Milada Vítová, Irena Doušková, Kateřina Bišová, Monika Hlavová, Mária Čížková, Jiří Machát, Jiří Doucha and Vilém Zachleder
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:58
  35. Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a major forage legume that has a strong self-incompatibility system and exhibits high genetic diversity within populations. For several crop species, integrated consensus lin...

    Authors: Sachiko Isobe, Roland Kölliker, Hiroshi Hisano, Shigemi Sasamoto, Tshyuko Wada, Irina Klimenko, Kenji Okumura and Satoshi Tabata
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:57
  36. The tightly bound to DNA proteins (TBPs) is a protein group that remains attached to DNA with covalent or non-covalent bonds after its deproteinisation. The functional role of this group is as yet not complete...

    Authors: Tatjana Sjakste, Kristina Bielskiene, Marion Röder, Olga Sugoka, Danute Labeikyte, Lida Bagdoniene, Benediktas Juodka, Yegor Vassetzky and Nikolajs Sjakste
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:56
  37. For plants to flower at the appropriate time, they must be able to perceive and respond to various internal and external cues. Wheat is generally a long-day plant that will go through phase transition from veg...

    Authors: Mark O Winfield, Chungui Lu, Ian D Wilson, Jane A Coghill and Keith J Edwards
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:55
  38. Grapevine protection against diseases needs alternative strategies to the use of phytochemicals, implying a thorough knowledge of innate defense mechanisms. However, signalling pathways and regulatory elements...

    Authors: Gaëlle Le Henanff, Thierry Heitz, Pere Mestre, Jerôme Mutterer, Bernard Walter and Julie Chong
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:54
  39. Despite great advances in genomic technology observed in several crop species, the availability of molecular tools such as microsatellite markers has been limited in tea (Camellia sinensis L.). The development of...

    Authors: Ram Kumar Sharma, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Rinu Negi, Trilochan Mohapatra and Paramvir Singh Ahuja
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:53
  40. The complex responses of plants to DNA damage are incompletely understood and the role of members of the serpin protein family has not been investigated. Serpins are functionally diverse but structurally conse...

    Authors: Joon-Woo Ahn, Brian J Atwell and Thomas H Roberts
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:52
  41. American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was devastated by an exotic pathogen in the beginning of the twentieth century. This chestnut blight is caused by Cryphonectria parasitica, a fungus that infects stem tissues ...

    Authors: Abdelali Barakat, Denis S DiLoreto, Yi Zhang, Chris Smith, Kathleen Baier, William A Powell, Nicholas Wheeler, Ron Sederoff and John E Carlson
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:51
  42. The Brassica species include an important group of crops and provide opportunities for studying the evolutionary consequences of polyploidy. They are related to Arabidopsis thaliana, for which the first complete ...

    Authors: Martin Trick, Foo Cheung, Nizar Drou, Fiona Fraser, Edward K Lobenhofer, Patrick Hurban, Andreas Magusin, Christopher D Town and Ian Bancroft
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:50
  43. Universally accepted landmark stages are necessary to highlight key events in plant reproductive development and to facilitate comparisons among species. Domestication and selection of tomato resulted in many ...

    Authors: Han Xiao, Cheryll Radovich, Nicholas Welty, Jason Hsu, Dongmei Li, Tea Meulia and Esther van der Knaap
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:49
  44. Seed dormancy is controlled by the physiological or structural properties of a seed and the external conditions. It is induced as part of the genetic program of seed development and maturation. Seeds with deep...

    Authors: Tomasz A Pawłowski
    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:48

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