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  1. Content type: Research article

    The ability of severed rootstocks and shoots to re-establish vascular connections is used to generate grafted plants that combine desirable traits from both scions and rootstocks. Clarifying the mechanisms of ...

    Authors: Lulu Xie, Chunjuan Dong and Qingmao Shang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:373

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Correct timing of flowering is critical for plants to produce enough viable offspring. In Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis), flowering time is regulated by an intricate network of molecular signaling pathways. A...

    Authors: Sarah Schiessl, Natalie Williams, Pascal Specht, Dorothee Staiger and Mikael Johansson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:372

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Propamocarb (PM) is one of the main pesticides used for controlling cucumber downy mildew. However, due to its volatility and internal absorption, PM can easily form pesticide residues on cucumber fruits that ...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Zhiwei Qin, Xiuyan Zhou, Ming Xin, Shengnan Li and Jie Luan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:371

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Accumulating evidences show that SPLs are crucial regulators of plant abiotic stress tolerance and the highly conserved module miR156/SPL appears to balance plant growth and stress responses. The halophyte Tamari...

    Authors: Jianwen Wang, Youju Ye, Meng Xu, Liguo Feng and Li-an Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:370

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Cucumis melo is a suitable study material for investigation of fruit ripening owing to its climacteric nature. Long non-coding RNAs have been linked to many important biological processes, such as fruit ripening,...

    Authors: Yunyun Tian, Selinge Bai, Zhenhua Dang, Jinfeng Hao, Jin Zhang and Agula Hasi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:369

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  6. Content type: Research article

    We previously reported the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel 6 (CNGC6) in the responses of plants to heat shock (HS) exposure. To elucidate their relationship with heat t...

    Authors: Xuan Peng, Xiaona Zhang, Bing Li and Liqun Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:368

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Adaptation to abiotic stresses is crucial for the survival of perennial plants in a natural environment. However, very little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Here, we adopted a liquid culture system ...

    Authors: Jin-Gui Liu, Xiao Han, Tong Yang, Wen-Hui Cui, Ai-Min Wu, Chun-Xiang Fu, Bai-Chen Wang and Li-Jun Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:367

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Drought stress is one of the major abiotic stresses that affects plant growth and productivity. The GAPCp genes play important roles in drought stress tolerance in multiple species. The aim of this experiment was...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Zhiqiang Song, Fangfang Li, Xixi Li, Haikun Ji and Shushen Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:366

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Gossypium australe F. Mueller (2n = 2x = 26, G2 genome) possesses valuable characteristics. For example, the delayed gland morphogenesis trait causes cottonseed protein and oil to be edible while retaining resist...

    Authors: Shouli Feng, Min Xu, Fujie Liu, Changjiang Cui and Baoliang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:365

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Poly (ADP-ribosyl) ation (PARylation) is an important posttranslational modification that regulates DNA repair, gene transcription, stress responses and developmental processes in multicellular organisms. Poly...

    Authors: Zongying Gu, Weiyang Pan, Wei Chen, Qichao Lian, Qiao Wu, Zeyu Lv, Xuan Cheng and Xiaochun Ge

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:364

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Heat treatment is widely used to break dormancy for seed germination and phytohormones could be deeply involved. However, effect of heat treatment on phytohormone related genes/proteins/metabolites and possibl...

    Authors: Yong Wang, Yin Min Htwe, Jing Li, Peng Shi, Dapeng Zhang, Zhihao Zhao and Leonard Osayande Ihase

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:363

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The MYB transcription factor family is one of the largest transcriptional factor families in plants and plays a multifaceted role in plant growth and development. However, MYB transcription factors involved in...

    Authors: Ya-Li Zhang, Chun-Ling Zhang, Gui-Luan Wang, Yong-Xu Wang, Chen-Hui Qi, Qiang Zhao, Chun-Xiang You, Yuan-Yuan Li and Yu-Jin Hao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:362

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The transfer of chloroplast DNA into nuclear genome is a common process in plants. These transfers form nuclear integrants of plastid DNAs (NUPTs), which are thought to be driving forces in genome evolution, i...

    Authors: Shu-Fen Li, Jia-Rong Li, Jin Wang, Ran Dong, Ke-Li Jia, Hong-Wei Zhu, Ning Li, Jin-Hong Yuan, Chuan-Liang Deng and Wu-Jun Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:361

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Tilletia horrida is a basidiomycete fungus that causes rice kernel smut, one of the most important rice diseases in hybrid rice growing areas worldwide. However, little is known about its mechanisms of pathogenic...

    Authors: Aijun Wang, Linxiu Pan, Xianyu Niu, Xinyue Shu, Xiaoqun Yi, Naoki Yamamoto, Shuangcheng Li, Qiming Deng, Jun Zhu, Yueyang Liang, Lingxia Wang, Ping Li and Aiping Zheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:360

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper], is an important legume crop of Asia with limited genomic resources. We report a comprehensive set of genic simple sequence repeat (SSR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP...

    Authors: Avi Raizada and J. Souframanien

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:358

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Survival of plants in response to salinity stress is typically related to Na+ toxicity, but little is known about how heterologous high-affinity potassium transporter (HKT) may help alleviate salt-induced damages...

    Authors: Li Wang, Yuhui Liu, Dan Li, Shoujiang Feng, Jiangwei Yang, Jingjing Zhang, Junlian Zhang, Di Wang and Yantai Gan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:357

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Drought is a major environmental constraint to plant growth, development and productivity. Compared with most willows that are generally susceptible to drought, the desert willow Salix psammophila has extraordina...

    Authors: Huixia Jia, Jin Zhang, Jianbo Li, Pei Sun, Yahong Zhang, Xuebing Xin, Mengzhu Lu and Jianjun Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:356

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To compensate for the lack of information about the molecular mechanism involved in Arundo donax L. response to salt stress, we de novo sequenced, assembled and analyzed the A. donax leaf transcriptome subjected ...

    Authors: Angelo Sicilia, Giorgio Testa, Danilo Fabrizio Santoro, Salvatore Luciano Cosentino and Angela Roberta Lo Piero

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:355

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  19. Content type: Research article

    High temperature is a major environmental stress that limits plant growth and agriculture productivity. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are highly conserved serine and threonine protein kinases that ...

    Authors: Wenqing Yu, Liu Wang, Ruirui Zhao, Jiping Sheng, Shujuan Zhang, Rui Li and Lin Shen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:354

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The PHOSPHATE1 (PHO1) gene family plays diverse roles in inorganic phosphate (Pi) transfer and signal transduction, and plant development. However, the functions and diversification of soybean PHO1 family are poo...

    Authors: Yan Wang, Huihui Gao, Lingli He, Weiwei Zhu, Lixin Yan, Qingshan Chen and Chaoying He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:353

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Rice plants show yellowing, stunting, withering, reduced tillering and utimately low productivity in susceptible varieties under low temperature stress. Comparative transcriptome analysis was performed to iden...

    Authors: Sharat Kumar Pradhan, Elssa Pandit, Deepak Kumar Nayak, Lambodar Behera and Trilochan Mohapatra

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:352

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Rubisco activase (RCA) regulates the activity of Rubisco and is a key enzyme of photosynthesis. RCA expression was widely reported to affect plant photosynthesis and crop yield, but the molecular basis of natu...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Yong Zhou, Qian Sun, Dexiang Deng, Huanhuan Liu, Saihua Chen and Zhitong Yin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:351

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) gene family, which contains multiple 35-amino acid repeats, constitutes one of the largest gene families in plants. PPR proteins function in organelles to target specific tra...

    Authors: Peng He, Shuyin Wu, Yanli Jiang, Lihua Zhang, Meiju Tang, Guanghui Xiao and Jianing Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:350

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  24. Content type: Research article

    AFP is a negative regulator of ABA signaling that promotes ABI5 protein degradation and weakens regulation of ABA signaling by targeting upstream genes of ABI5, and TaABI5 gene was seed-specific, and accumulated ...

    Authors: Yumei Feng, Meng Liu, Zeng Wang, Xianlin Zhao, Bing Han, Yanping Xing, Maoyan Wang and Yan Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:349

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Resistance to pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) is one of the major objectives in wheat breeding programs. However, the complex quantitative nature of this trait presents challenges when breeding for PHS resistance....

    Authors: Xingyi Wang, Hui Liu, Guannan Liu, Md Sultan Mia, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Guijun Yan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:348

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Flavonoid 3′-hydroxlase (F3’H) is an important enzyme in determining the B-ring hydroxylation pattern of flavonoids. In monocots, previous studies indicated the presence of two groups of F3’Hs with different e...

    Authors: Yong Jia, Bo Li, Yujuan Zhang, Xiaoqi Zhang, Yanhao Xu and Chengdao Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:347

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The safety assessment and control of stacked transgenic crops is increasingly important due to continuous crop development and is urgently needed in China. The genetic stability of foreign genes and unintended...

    Authors: Xujing Wang, Xin Zhang, Jiangtao Yang, Xiaojing Liu, Yaya Song and Zhixing Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:346

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Aquaporin (AQP) proteins comprise a group of membrane intrinsic proteins (MIPs) that are responsible for transporting water and other small molecules, which is crucial for plant survival under stress condition...

    Authors: Yong-Xing Zhu, Lei Yang, Ning Liu, Jie Yang, Xiao-Kang Zhou, Yu-Chen Xia, Yang He, Yi-Qin He, Hai-Jun Gong, Dong-Fang Ma and Jun-Liang Yin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:345

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In the study, the trihelix family, also referred to as GT factors, is one of the transcription factor families. Trihelix genes play roles in the light response, seed maturation, leaf development, abiotic and biol...

    Authors: Zhaotang Ma, Moyang Liu, Wenjun Sun, Li Huang, Qi Wu, Tongliang Bu, Chenglei Li and Hui Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:344

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  30. Content type: Research article

    European grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera spp.) are highly susceptible to the downy mildew pathogen Plasmopara viticola. Breeding of resistant V. vinifera cultivars is a promising strategy to reduce the impact...

    Authors: Birgit Eisenmann, Stefan Czemmel, Tobias Ziegler, Günther Buchholz, Andreas Kortekamp, Oliver Trapp, Thomas Rausch, Ian Dry and Jochen Bogs

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:343

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  31. Content type: Research article

    GRAS are plant-specific transcription factors that play important roles in plant growth and development. Although the GRAS gene family has been studied in many plants, there has been little research on the GRAS g...

    Authors: Moyang Liu, Li Huang, Zhaotang Ma, Wenjun Sun, Qi Wu, Zizhong Tang, Tongliang Bu, Chenglei Li and Hui Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:342

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Barley is a low phosphorus (P) demand cereal crop. Tibetan wild barley, as a progenitor of cultivated barley, has revealed outstanding ability of tolerance to low-P stress. However, the underlying mechanisms o...

    Authors: Lizhi Long, Xinyi Ma, Lingzhen Ye, Jianbin Zeng, Guang Chen and Guoping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:341

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are known to play an important role in the regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Photo-thermosensitive genic male sterile (PTGMS) is a very important germplasm resource in two-l...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Zeyang Xiong, Qian Li, Yueyang Sun, Jing Jin, Hao Chen, Yu Zou, Xingguo Huang and Yi Ding

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:340

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum) is an edible cereal crop whose sprouts have been marketed and commercialized for their higher levels of anti-oxidants, including rutin and anthocyanin. UDP-glucose flavonoi...

    Authors: Panfeng Yao, Renyu Deng, Yunji Huang, Simon Stael, Jiaqi Shi, Guanlan Shi, Bingbing Lv, Qi Li, Qixin Dong, Qi Wu, Chenglei Li, Hui Chen and Haixia Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:339

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In native environments plants frequently experience simultaneous or sequential unfavourable abiotic and biotic stresses. The plant’s response to combined stresses is usually not the sum of the individual respo...

    Authors: Jana Oberländer, Vivien Lortzing, Monika Hilker and Reinhard Kunze

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:338

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Cymbidium goeringii belongs to the Orchidaceae, which is one of the most abundant angiosperm families. Cymbidium goeringii consist with high economic value and characteristics include fragrance and multiple flowe...

    Authors: Mummadireddy Ramya, Pue Hee Park, Yu-Chen Chuang, Oh Keun Kwon, Hye Ryun An, Pil Man Park, Yun Su Baek, Byoung-Chorl Kang, Wen-Chieh Tsai and Hong-Hwa Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:337

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  37. Content type: Research article

    APETALA2-like genes encode plant-specific transcription factors, some of which possess one microRNA172 (miR172) binding site. The miR172 and its target euAP2 genes are involved in the process of phase transformat...

    Authors: Tengyue Wang, Xiaoke Ping, Yanru Cao, Hongju Jian, Yumin Gao, Jia Wang, Yingchao Tan, Xinfu Xu, Kun Lu, Jiana Li and Liezhao Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:336

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Drought is a serious causal factor of reduced crop yields than any other abiotic stresses. As one of the most widely distributed crops, maize plants frequently suffer from drought stress, which causes great lo...

    Authors: Baomei Wang, Can Liu, Dengfeng Zhang, Chunmei He, Juren Zhang and Zhaoxia Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:335

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Parasitic plants engage in a complex molecular dialog with potential host plants to identify a host and overcome host defenses to initiate development of the parasitic feeding organ, the haustorium, invade hos...

    Authors: Loren A. Honaas, Sam Jones, Nina Farrell, William Kamerow, Huiting Zhang, Kathryn Vescio, Naomi S. Altman, John I. Yoder and Claude W. dePamphilis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:334

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Wheat grains contain gluten proteins, which harbour immunogenic epitopes that trigger Coeliac disease in 1–2% of the human population. Wheat varieties or accessions containing only safe gluten have not been id...

    Authors: Aurélie Jouanin, Jan G. Schaart, Lesley A. Boyd, James Cockram, Fiona J. Leigh, Ruth Bates, Emma J. Wallington, Richard G. F. Visser and Marinus J. M. Smulders

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:333

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Good establishment is important for rapid leaf area development in wheat crops. Poor establishment results in fewer, later-emerging plants, reduced leaf area and tiller number. In addition, poorly established ...

    Authors: William D. Bovill, Jessica Hyles, Alexander B. Zwart, Brett A. Ford, Geetha Perera, Tanya Phongkham, Brenton J. Brooks, Gregory J. Rebetzke, Matthew J. Hayden, James R. Hunt and Wolfgang Spielmeyer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:332

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Salt stress is one of the environmental factors that greatly limits crop production worldwide because high salt concentrations in the soil affect morphological responses and physiological and metabolic process...

    Authors: Yuan Li, Wenquan Niu, Xiaoshu Cao, Jingwei Wang, Mingzhi Zhang, Xiaohui Duan and Zhenxing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:331

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Dioecy is an important sexual system wherein, male and female flowers are borne on separate unisexual plants. Knowledge of sex-related differences can enhance our understanding in molecular and developmental p...

    Authors: Ravi Suresh Devani, Tejas Chirmade, Sangram Sinha, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Bhushan B. Dholakia, Anjan Kumar Banerjee and Jayeeta Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:330

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) containing only a single zinc finger domain play important roles in the regulation of plant growth and development, as well as in biotic and abiotic stress responses. To date, the e...

    Authors: Peng He, Yan Yang, Zihua Wang, Peng Zhao, Yi Yuan, Li Zhang, Yueqin Ma, Chaoyou Pang, Jianing Yu and Guanghui Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:329

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  45. Content type: Research article

    To efficiently protect and exploit germplasm resources for marker development and breeding purposes, we must accurately depict the features of the tea populations. This study focuses on the Camellia sinensis (C. ...

    Authors: Suzhen Niu, Qinfei Song, Hisashi Koiwa, Dahe Qiao, Degang Zhao, Zhengwu Chen, Xia Liu and Xiaopeng Wen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:328

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Diethyl aminoethyl hexanoate (DA-6), a plant growth regulator, has many beneficial effects on agricultural production. DA-6 has been applied to many plant species, but the molecular mechanism by which spraying...

    Authors: Daxing Wen, Yan Li, Lifeng He and Chunqing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:327

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Autophagy is a conserved, highly-regulated catabolic process that plays important roles in growth, development and innate immunity in plants. In this study, we compared the rate of autophagy induction in Nicotian...

    Authors: Mercy W. Macharia, Wilfred Y. Z. Tan, Prem P. Das, Naweed I. Naqvi and Sek-Man Wong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:326

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The heteroside floridoside is a primary photosynthetic product that is known to contribute to osmotic acclimation in almost all orders of Rhodophyta. However, the encoding genes and enzymes responsible for the...

    Authors: Minxiu Sun, Zhujun Zhu, Juanjuan Chen, Rui Yang, Qijun Luo, Wei Wu, Xiaojun Yan and Haimin Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:325

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Leaf shape development research is important because leaf shapes such as moderate curling can help to improve light energy utilization efficiency. Leaf growth and development includes initiation of the leaf pr...

    Authors: Mao Yang, Chengwei Huang, Mingming Wang, Hao Fan, Shubei Wan, Yangming Wang, Jianbo He and Rongzhan Guan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:324

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