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  1. Intercropping, especially with legumes, as a productive and sustainable system, can promote plants growth and improves the soil quality than the sole crop, is an essential cultivation pattern in modern agricul...

    Authors: Yu Duan, Xiaowen Shang, Guodong Liu, Zhongwei Zou, Xujun Zhu, Yuanchun Ma, Fang Li and Wanping Fang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:482

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Opportunity and challenges of the agriculture scenario of the next decades will face increasing demand for secure food through approaches able to minimize the input to cultivations. Large panels of tomato vari...

    Authors: Pasquale Tripodi, Salvador Soler, Gabriele Campanelli, María José Díez, Salvatore Esposito, Sara Sestili, Maria R. Figàs, Fabrizio Leteo, Cristina Casanova, Cristiano Platani, Elena Soler, Aldo Bertone, Leandro Pereira-Dias, Daniela Palma, Resurrección Burguet, Andrea Pepe…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:481

    Content type: Research

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  3. Nitrogen (N) is an essential macronutrient that significantly affects turf quality. Commercial cultivars of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) require large amounts of nitrogenous fertilizer. Wild bermuda...

    Authors: Dandan Li, Jianxiu Liu, Junqin Zong, Hailin Guo, Jianjian Li, Jingjing Wang, Haoran Wang, Ling Li and Jingbo Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:480

    Content type: Research

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  4. Catechins are crucial in determining the flavour and health benefits of tea, but it remains unclear that how the light intensity regulates catechins biosynthesis. Therefore, we cultivated tea plants in a phyto...

    Authors: Ping Xiang, Qiufang Zhu, Marat Tukhvatshin, Bosi Cheng, Meng Tan, Jianghong Liu, Xingjian Wang, Jiaxin Huang, Shuilian Gao, Dongyi Lin, Yue Zhang, Liangyu Wu and Jinke Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:478

    Content type: Research

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  5. Both underground rhizomes/buds and above-ground Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla) shoots/culms/branches are connected together into a close inter-connecting system in which nutrients are transported and sha...

    Authors: Jiajia Zhang, Ruixiang Ma, Xingcui Ding, Manchang Huang, Kai Shen, Siqi Zhao, Zizhang Xiao and Chengming Xiu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:477

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Bacterial canker of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) caused by the Gram-positive bacterium Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Cmm) is an economically important disease. To understand the host defense re...

    Authors: Naoki Yokotani, Yoshinori Hasegawa, Masaru Sato, Hideki Hirakawa, Yusuke Kouzai, Yoko Nishizawa, Eiji Yamamoto, Yoshiki Naito and Sachiko Isobe

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:476

    Content type: Research

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  7. Carrot (Daucus carota L.), an important root vegetable, is very popular among consumers as its taproot is rich in various nutrients. Abiotic stresses, such as drought, salt, and low temperature, are the main fact...

    Authors: Tong Li, Jie-Xia Liu, Yuan-Jie Deng, Zhi-Sheng Xu and Ai-Sheng Xiong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:475

    Content type: Research

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  8. Plant annexins are calcium- and lipid-binding proteins that have multiple functions, and a significant amount of research on plant annexins has been reported in recent years. However, the functions of annexins...

    Authors: Qian Zhang, Tao Song, Can Guan, Yingjie Gao, Jianchao Ma, Xiangyang Gu, Zhiguang Qi, Xiaoji Wang and Zhengge Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:474

    Content type: Research

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  9. Phosphorylation modification, one of the most common post-translational modifications of proteins, widely participates in the regulation of plant growth and development. Fibers extracted from the stem bark of ...

    Authors: Zheng Zeng, Fu Li, Renyan Huang, Yanzhou Wang and Touming Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:473

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Rose is one of most popular ornamental plants worldwide and is of high economic value and great cultural importance. However, cold damage restricts its planting application in cold areas. To elucidate the meta...

    Authors: Defeng Zhuang, Ce Ma, Li Xue, Zhen Li, Cheng Wang, Jiajun Lei and Xingfu Yuan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:472

    Content type: Research

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  11. Heterotrimeric G-proteins, composed of Gα, Gβ and Gγ subunits, are important signal transmitters, mediating the cellular response to multiple stimuli in animals and plants. The Gγ subunit is an essential compo...

    Authors: Guodong Chen, Yang Li, Xin Qiao, Weike Duan, Cong Jin, Rui Cheng and Jizhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:471

    Content type: Research

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  12. The high susceptibility of European grapevine cultivars (Vitis vinifera) to downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) leads to the intensive use of fungicides in viticulture. To reduce this input, breeding programs have...

    Authors: Chantal Wingerter, Birgit Eisenmann, Patricia Weber, Ian Dry and Jochen Bogs

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:470

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Decrease in anthocyanin content results in the loss of red color in leaves, petals and receptacles during development. The content of anthocyanin was affected by the biosynthesis and degradation of anthocyanin...

    Authors: Guangping Zhao, Fangxin Xiang, Shichao Zhang, Junxing Song, Xieyu Li, Linyan Song, Rui Zhai, Chengquan Yang, Zhigang Wang, Fengwang Ma and Lingfei Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:469

    Content type: Research

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  14. The fragrant flower plant Osmanthus fragrans has an extremely rare androdioecious breeding system displaying the occurrence of males and hermaphrodites in a single population, which occupies a crucial intermediat...

    Authors: Yi-Fan Duan, Cheng Zhang, Min Zhang, Yu Ye, Kai-Lu Zhang, Mo-Xian Chen, Lin Chen, Xian-Rong Wang and Fu-Yuan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:468

    Content type: Research

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  15. Trees of Bombax ceiba L. could produce a large number of viable seeds in the dry-hot valleys. However, the seedling regeneration of the species is difficult in these areas as mild drought often occur repeatedly w...

    Authors: Yanling Zheng, Zhining Xia, Jianrong Wu and Huancheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:467

    Content type: Research

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  16. Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient for plant growth that participates in a series of biological processes. Thus, P deficiency limits crop growth and yield. Although Stylosanthes guianensis (stylo) is an...

    Authors: Zhijian Chen, Jianling Song, Xinyong Li, Jacobo Arango, Juan Andres Cardoso, Idupulapati Rao, Rainer Schultze-Kraft, Michael Peters, Xiaohui Mo and Guodao Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:466

    Content type: Research

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  17. Lilium is an important ornamental bulb, possesses medicinal properties, and is also edible. Species within the Lilium genus share very similar morphology and macroscopic characteristics, thus they cannot be easi...

    Authors: Yixin Liu, Mingfang Zhang, Xuqing Chen, Xi Chen, Yue Hu, Junlian Gao, Wenqiang Pan, Yin Xin, Jian Wu, Yunpeng Du and Xiuhai Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:465

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Yellowhorn (Xanthoceras sorbifolium), an endemic woody oil-bearing tree, has become economically important and is widely cultivated in northern China for bioactive oil production. However, the regulatory mechanis...

    Authors: Li Wang, Chengjiang Ruan, Aomin Bao and He Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:464

    Content type: Research

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  19. Water is one of the main limiting factors for plant growth and crop productivity. Plants constantly monitor water availability and can rapidly adjust their metabolism by altering gene expression. This leads to...

    Authors: Mariane B. Sobreiro, Rosane G. Collevatti, Yuri L. A. dos Santos, Ludmila F. Bandeira, Francis J. F. Lopes and Evandro Novaes

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:463

    Content type: Research

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  20. The invasion of Solidago canadensis probably related to polyploidy, which may promotes its potential of sexual reproductive. S. canadensis as an invasive species which rapidly widespread through yield huge number...

    Authors: Miao Wu, Huiyuan Liu, Bingbing Li and Tao Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:462

    Content type: Research

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  21. Inducible systems for transgene expression activated by a chemical inducer or an inducer of non-plant origin are desirable tools for both basic plant research and biotechnology. Although, the technology has be...

    Authors: Marketa Samalova and Ian Moore

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:461

    Content type: Research

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  22. Magonlia denudata is an important perennial tree species of the Magnoliaceae family, known for its ornamental value, resistance to smoke pollution and wind, role in air purification, and robust cold tolerance. In...

    Authors: Kunjing Wu, Xiaojing Duan, Zhonglong Zhu, Ziyang Sang, Jie Duan, Zhongkui Jia and Luyi Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:460

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cadmium (Cd) is a heavy metal with high toxicity that severely inhibits wheat growth and development. Cd easily accumulates in wheat kernels and enters the human food chain. Genetic variation in the resistance...

    Authors: Tao Zhang, Jingui Xiao, Yongsheng Zhao, Yifan Zhang, Yaqi Jie, Dandan Shen, Caipeng Yue, Jinyong Huang, Yingpeng Hua and Ting Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:459

    Content type: Research

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  24. Drought stress has great negative effects on the plant growth and development. The tolerance of plants to such abiotic stress is triggered by complicated and multilayered signaling pathways to restore cellular...

    Authors: Qin Hu, Chuanwei Ao, Xiaorui Wang, Yanfei Wu and Xuezhu Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:458

    Content type: Research

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  25. Inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi has the potential to alleviate salt stress in host plants through the mitigation of ionic imbalance. However, inoculation effects vary, and the underlying mecha...

    Authors: Hao Wang, Tingting An, Di Huang, Runjin Liu, Bingcheng Xu, Suiqi Zhang, Xiping Deng, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Yinglong Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:457

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Leaf shape is an important agronomic trait in ornamental kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala). Although some leaf shape-related genes have been reported in ornamental kale, the detailed mechanism underlying ...

    Authors: Bin Zhang, Wendi Chen, Xing Li, Wenjing Ren, Li Chen, Fengqing Han, Zhiyuan Fang, Limei Yang, Mu Zhuang, Honghao Lv, Yong Wang and Yangyong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:456

    Content type: Research

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  27. Glutenin contents and compositions are crucial factors influencing the end-use quality of wheat. Although the composition of glutenin fractions is well known, there has been relatively little research on the g...

    Authors: Zhengfu Zhou, Ziwei Zhang, Annaliese S. Mason, Lingzhi Chen, Congcong Liu, Maomao Qin, Wenxu Li, Baoming Tian, Zhengqing Wu, Zhensheng Lei and Jinna Hou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:455

    Content type: Research

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  28. Photosynthesis in the green leafless blade tissues or organs of plants has been studied in some plants, but the photosynthetic characteristics of stems and petioles are poorly understood. Cucurbitaceous plants ar...

    Authors: Weike Sun, Ning Ma, Hongyu Huang, Jingwei Wei, Si Ma, Huan Liu, Shi Zhang, Zhenxian Zhang, Xiaolei Sui and Xin Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:454

    Content type: Research

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  29. Appropriate flowering time is very important to the success of modern agriculture. Maize (Zea mays L.) is a major cereal crop, originated in tropical areas, with photoperiod sensitivity. Which is an important obs...

    Authors: Huihui Su, Jiachen Liang, Salah Fatouh Abou-Elwafa, Haiyang Cheng, Dandan Dou, Zhenzhen Ren, Jiarong Xie, Zhihui Chen, Fengran Gao, Lixia Ku and Yanhui Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:453

    Content type: Research

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  30. Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra Sieb. & Zucc.) is an important fruit tree in China, and has high medicinal value. At present, the genome, transcriptome and germplasm resources of bayberry have been reported. In or...

    Authors: Haiying Ren, Yuanhao He, Xingjiang Qi, Xiliang Zheng, Shuwen Zhang, Zheping Yu and Fengrong Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:452

    Content type: Database

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  31. As a biennial plant, Secale cereale L is usually harvested in the autumn in the northern part of China where the temperature difference between day and night is of great disparity Through the pot experiment, the ...

    Authors: Longtian Zhang, Guozhang Bao, Mengyu Zhang, Zihang Yu, Tao Guan, Jingwen Li, Yidan Su and Jinghui Xi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:451

    Content type: Research

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  32. Cotton is an important cash crop. The fiber length has always been a hot spot, but multi-factor control of fiber quality makes it complex to understand its genetic basis. Previous reports suggested that OsGASR9 p...

    Authors: Baojun Chen, Yaru Sun, Zailong Tian, Guoyong Fu, Xinxin Pei, Zhaoe Pan, Mian Faisal Nazir, Song Song, Hongge Li, Xiaoyang Wang, Ning Qin, Jiandong Shang, Yuchen Miao, Shoupu He and Xiongming Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:448

    Content type: Research

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  33. Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen (P. notoginseng) is a medicinal plant. Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) monooxygenase superfamily is involved in the synthesis of a variety of plant hormones. Studies have shown that ...

    Authors: Rui Xiong, Ting He, Yamei Wang, Shifan Liu, Yameng Gao, Hanwei Yan and Yan Xiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:447

    Content type: Research

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  34. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) production decreases under salt stress. Identification of genes associated with salt tolerance in alfalfa is essential for the development of molecular markers used for breeding and g...

    Authors: Surendra Bhattarai, Yong-Bi Fu, Bruce Coulman, Karen Tanino, Chithra Karunakaran and Bill Biligetu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:446

    Content type: Research

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  35. Filamentation temperature-sensitive H (FtsH) is an ATP-dependent zinc metalloprotease with ATPase activity, proteolysis activity and molecular chaperone-like activity. For now, a total of nine FtsH proteins ha...

    Authors: Qingfei Wu, Tiantian Han, Li Yang, Qiang Wang, Yingxian Zhao, Dean Jiang and Xiao Ruan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:445

    Content type: Research

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  36. Gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-ECS) is a rate-limiting enzyme in glutathione biosynthesis and plays a key role in plant stress responses. In this study, the endogenous expression of the Caragana korshinskii

    Authors: Baiyan Lu, Xinjuan Luo, Chunmei Gong and Juan Bai

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:444

    Content type: Research

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  37. Tiller number is a factor determining panicle number and grain yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Auxin plays an important role in the regulation of branch production. PIN-FORMED 1 (PIN1), an auxin efflux carrie...

    Authors: Fu Quan Yao, Xiao Hui Li, He Wang, Yu Ning Song, Zhong Qing Li, Xing Guo Li, Xin-Qi Gao, Xian Sheng Zhang and Xiao Min Bie

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:443

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Stone-hardening stage is crucial to the development of grape seed and berry quality. A significant body of evidence supports the important roles of MicroRNAs in grape-berry development, but their specific mole...

    Authors: Peipei Wang, Xuxian Xuan, Ziwen Su, Wenran Wang, Mostafa Abdelrahman, Songtao Jiu, Xiaowen Zhang, Zhongjie Liu, Xicheng Wang, Chen Wang and Jinggui Fang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:442

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Soybean is an economically important crop which flowers predominantly in response to photoperiod. Several major loci controlling the quantitative trait for reproductive timing have been identified, of which al...

    Authors: Nicholas Dietz, Rachel Combs-Giroir, Grace Cooper, Minviluz Stacey, Carrie Miranda and Kristin Bilyeu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:441

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Matías Schierenbeck, Ahmad M. Alqudah, Ulrike Lohwasser, Rasha A. Tarawneh, María Rosa Simón and Andreas Börner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:440

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:417

  41. The asynchronous filling between superior spikelets (SS) and inferior spikelets (IS) in rice has become a research hotspot. The stagnant development and poor grain filling of IS limit yields and the formation ...

    Authors: Xiumei Min, Hailong Xu, Fenglian Huang, Yidong Wei, Wenxiong Lin and Zhixing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:439

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Chlorophyll (Chl) is a vital photosynthetic pigment involved in capturing light energy and energy conversion. In this study, the color conversion of inner-leaves from green to yellow in the new wucai (Brassica ca...

    Authors: Lingyun Yuan, Liting Zhang, Ying Wu, Yushan Zheng, Libing Nie, Shengnan Zhang, Tian Lan, Yang Zhao, Shidong Zhu, Jinfeng Hou, Guohu Chen, Xiaoyan Tang and Chenggang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:438

    Content type: Research

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  43. Some subspecies of Dichapetalum gelonioides are the only tropical woody zinc (Zn)-hyperaccumulator plants described so far and the first Zn hyperaccumulators identified to occur exclusively on non-Zn enriched 'no...

    Authors: Antony van der Ent, Philip Nti Nkrumah, Mark G. M. Aarts, Alan J. M. Baker, Fien Degryse, Chris Wawryk and Jason K. Kirby

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:437

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Nitrogen, as a limiting factor for net primary productivity in grassland ecosystems, is an important link in material cycles in grassland ecosystems. However, the nitrogen assimilation efficiency and mechanism...

    Authors: Aimin Zhu, Haili Liu, Yuehua Wang, Hailian Sun and Guodong Han

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:436

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) perform a fundamental role in protecting plants against abiotic stresses. Individual family members have been analyzed in previous studies, but there has not yet been a comprehensive...

    Authors: Xinzi Yu, Zhaolan Mo, Xianghai Tang, Tian Gao and Yunxiang Mao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:435

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. Kernel development and starch formation are the primary determinants of maize yield and quality, which are considerably influenced by drought stress. To clarify the response of maize kernel to drought stress, ...

    Authors: Jian Guo, Lingling Qu, Yifan Hu, Weiping Lu and Dalei Lu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:434

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. MYB transcription factors, comprising one of the largest transcription factor families in plants, play many roles in secondary metabolism, especially in anthocyanin biosynthesis. However, the functions of the Pde...

    Authors: Weibing Zhuang, Xiaochun Shu, Xinya Lu, Tao Wang, Fengjiao Zhang, Ning Wang and Zhong Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:432

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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