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  1. The tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is crucial for cellular energy metabolism and carbon skeleton supply. However, the detailed functions of the maize TCA cycle genes remain unclear.

    Authors: Yongming Liu, Jingtao Qu, Ling Zhang, Xiangyu Xu, Gui Wei, Zhuofan Zhao, Maozhi Ren and Moju Cao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:592

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L., 2n = 2x = 26) is an important oilseed crop with high oil content but small seed size. To reveal the genetic loci of the quantitative seed-related traits, we constructed a high-density ...

    Authors: Hua Du, Haiyang Zhang, Libin Wei, Chun Li, Yinghui Duan and Huili Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:588

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Polygalacturonase (PG), as an important hydrolase participating in the degradation of pectin, plays an important role in softening process of fruit. However, information on PG gene family in pear genome and the s...

    Authors: Suling Zhang, Min Ma, Huping Zhang, Shaoling Zhang, Ming Qian, Zhen Zhang, Weiqi Luo, Jinbu Fan, Zhiqiang Liu and Libin Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:587

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In soft fruits, the differential expression of many genes during development and ripening is responsible for changing their organoleptic properties. In strawberry fruit, although some genes involved in the met...

    Authors: Laura Medina-Puche, Félix J. Martínez-Rivas, Francisco J. Molina-Hidalgo, José A. Mercado, Enriqueta Moyano, Antonio Rodríguez-Franco, José L. Caballero, Juan Muñoz-Blanco and Rosario Blanco-Portales

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:586

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Modification of root architecture and improvement of root resistance to stresses can increase crop productivity. Functional analyses of root-specific genes are necessary for root system improvement, and root-s...

    Authors: Ye Li, Xiaoqing Liu, Rumei Chen, Jian Tian, Yunliu Fan and Xiaojin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:584

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Light conditions significantly influence grape berry ripening and the accumulation of phenolic compounds, but the underlying molecular basis remains partially understood. Here, we applied integrated transcript...

    Authors: Run-Ze Sun, Guo Cheng, Qiang Li, Yan-Rong Zhu, Xue Zhang, Yu Wang, Yan-Nan He, Si-Yu Li, Lei He, Wu Chen, Qiu-Hong Pan, Chang-Qing Duan and Jun Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:583

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Chimeras synthesized artificially by grafting are crucial to the breeding of perennial woody plants. ‘Hongrou Huyou’ (Citrus changshan-huyou + Citrus unshiu) is a new graft chimera originating from the junction w...

    Authors: Min Zhang, Luyang Jing, Qun Wu, Kaijie Zhu, Fuzhi Ke, Jianguo Xu, Siqing Zhao, Gang Wang and Chi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:582

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Pueraria candollei var. mirifica, a Thai medicinal plant used traditionally as a rejuvenating herb, is known as a rich source of phytoestrogens, including isoflavonoids and the highly estrogenic miroestrol and de...

    Authors: Nithiwat Suntichaikamolkul, Kittitya Tantisuwanichkul, Pinidphon Prombutara, Khwanlada Kobtrakul, Julie Zumsteg, Siriporn Wannachart, Hubert Schaller, Mami Yamazaki, Kazuki Saito, Wanchai De-eknamkul, Sornkanok Vimolmangkang and Supaart Sirikantaramas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:581

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Dirty panicle disease (DPD) caused by several fungal phytopathogens results in damage and depreciation of rice seeds. Unhealthy rice seeds with DPD are potent reservoirs of pathogens and unable to be used as s...

    Authors: Chakrapong Rangjaroen, Saisamorn Lumyong, William T. Sloan and Rungroch Sungthong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:580

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although it is known that resistant rootstocks facilitate management of fire blight disease, incited by Erwinia amylovora, the role of rootstock root traits in providing systemic defense against E. amylovora is u...

    Authors: Jugpreet Singh, Jack Fabrizio, Elsa Desnoues, Julliany Pereira Silva, Wolfgang Busch and Awais Khan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:579

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The widely cultivated pepper (Capsicum spp.) is one of the most diverse vegetables; however, little research has focused on characterizing the genetic diversity and relatedness of commercial varieties grown in Ch...

    Authors: Heshan Du, Jingjing Yang, Bin Chen, Xiaofen Zhang, Jian Zhang, Kun Yang, Sansheng Geng and Changlong Wen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:578

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Seed dormancy is a prevailing condition in which seeds are unable to germinate, even under favorable environmental conditions. Harvested Brassica oleracea (Chinese cabbage) seeds are dormant and normally germinat...

    Authors: Abdul Sami, Muhammad Waheed Riaz, Xiangyu Zhou, Zonghe Zhu and Kejin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:577

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Plants are exposed to various forms of environmental stress. Penetration by pathogens is one of the most serious environmental insults. Wounding caused by tissue damage or herbivory also affects the growth and...

    Authors: Tomoya Kojima, Nobuhide Asakura, Shiori Hasegawa, Taishi Hirasawa, Yuri Mizuno, Daigo Takemoto and Shinpei Katou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:576

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Low temperature is one of the main environmental factors that limits crop growth, development, and production. Medicago falcata is an important leguminous herb that is widely distributed worldwide. M. falcata is ...

    Authors: Guowen Cui, Hua Chai, Hang Yin, Mei Yang, Guofu Hu, Mingying Guo, Rugeletu Yi and Pan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:575

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Phenotypic diversity of floral organs plays an important role in plant systematic taxonomy and genetic variation studies. Previous research have focused on the direction of variation but disregarded its degree...

    Authors: Ting Zhou, Junjun Fan, Mingming Zhao, Donglin Zhang, Qianhui Li, Guibin Wang, Wangxiang Zhang and Fuliang Cao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:574

    Content type: Methodology article

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  16. Mepiquat chloride (MC), a plant growth regulator, enhances root growth by promoting lateral root formation in cotton. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of this phenomenon is still unknown.

    Authors: Qian Wu, Mingwei Du, Jie Wu, Ning Wang, Baomin Wang, Fangjun Li, Xiaoli Tian and Zhaohu Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:573

    Content type: Research article

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  17. During tomato cultivation, tomato leaf mould is a common disease caused by Cladosporium fulvum (C. fulvum). By encoding Cf proteins, which can recognize corresponding AVR proteins produced by C. fulvum, Cf genes ...

    Authors: Tingting Zhao, Wenhong Liu, Zhentong Zhao, Huanhuan Yang, Yufang Bao, Dongye Zhang, Ziyu Wang, Jingbin Jiang, Ying Xu, He Zhang, Jingfu Li, Qingshan Chen and Xiangyang Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:572

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Legumes can utilize atmospheric nitrogen by hosting nitrogen-fixing bacteria in special lateral root organs, called nodules. Legume nodules have a unique ontology, despite similarities in the gene networks con...

    Authors: Defeng Shen, Olga Kulikova, Kerstin Guhl, Henk Franssen, Wouter Kohlen, Ton Bisseling and René Geurts

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:571

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Oilseed rape is an excellent candidate for phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) contaminated soils given its advantages of high biomass, fast growth, moderate metal accumulation, ease of harvesting, and metal tole...

    Authors: Ying Fu, Annaliese S. Mason, Yaofeng Zhang, Baogang Lin, Meili Xiao, Donghui Fu and Huasheng Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:570

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Seed germination is essential to crop growth and development, and ultimately affects its harvest. It is difficult to breed soybeans low in phytic acid with a higher seed field emergence. Although additional ma...

    Authors: Xiaomin Yu, Hangxia Jin, Xujun Fu, Qinghua Yang and Fengjie Yuan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:569

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Gynodioecious species exist in two sexes – male-sterile females and hermaphrodites. Male sterility in higher plants often results from mitonuclear interaction between the CMS (cytoplasmic male sterility) gene(...

    Authors: Manuela Krüger, Oushadee A. J. Abeyawardana, Miloslav Juříček, Claudia Krüger and Helena Štorchová

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:568

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine) in plants, regulates shoot and root growth and alleviates environmental stresses. Melatonin and the phyto-hormone auxin are tryptophan-derived compounds. However, it large...

    Authors: Sajal F. Zia, Oliver Berkowitz, Frank Bedon, James Whelan, Ashley E. Franks and Kim M. Plummer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:567

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Sucrose synthase (SUS) is widely considered a key enzyme participating in sucrose metabolism in higher plants and regarded as a biochemical marker for sink strength in crops. However, despite significant progr...

    Authors: Xiaoyang Xu, Yongheng Yang, Chunxiao Liu, Yuming Sun, Ting Zhang, Menglan Hou, Suzhen Huang and Haiyan Yuan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:566

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Pinellia ternata is native to China and has been used as a traditional herb due to its antiemetic, antitussive, analgesic, and anxiolytic effects. When exposed to strong light intensity and high temperature durin...

    Authors: Tao Xue, Han Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Shuqin Wei, Qiujie Chao, Yanfang Zhu, Jingtong Teng, Aimin Zhang, Wei Sheng, Yongbo Duan and Jianping Xue

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:565

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Drought is one of the most serious factors limiting plant growth and production. Sheepgrass can adapt well to various adverse conditions, including drought. However, during germination, sheepgrass young seedli...

    Authors: Pincang Zhao, Shenglin Hou, Xiufang Guo, Junting Jia, Weiguang Yang, Zhujiang Liu, Shuangyan Chen, Xiaoxia Li, Dongmei Qi, Gongshe Liu and Liqin Cheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:564

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level in eukaryotes. In rice, MIR7695 expression is regulated by infection with the rice blast fungus Magnapo...

    Authors: Ferran Sánchez-Sanuy, Cristina Peris-Peris, Shiho Tomiyama, Kazunori Okada, Yue-Ie Hsing, Blanca San Segundo and Sonia Campo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:563

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Soybean (Glycine max) is an economically important oil and protein crop. Plant height is a key trait that significantly impacts the yield of soybean; however, research on the molecular mechanisms associated with ...

    Authors: Qun Cheng, Lidong Dong, Tong Su, Tingyu Li, Zhuoran Gan, Haiyang Nan, Sijia Lu, Chao Fang, Lingping Kong, Haiyang Li, Zhihong Hou, Kun Kou, Yang Tang, Xiaoya Lin, Xiaohui Zhao, Liyu Chen…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:562

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Jacalin-related lectins in plants are important in defense signaling and regulate growth, development, and response to abiotic stress. We characterized the function of a rice mannose-binding jacalin-related le...

    Authors: In Jung Jung, Joon-Woo Ahn, Sera Jung, Jung Eun Hwang, Min Jeong Hong, Hong-Il Choi and Jin-Baek Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:561

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Croton draco is an arboreal species and its latex as well as some other parts of the plant, are traditionally used in the treatment of a wide range of ailments and diseases. Alkaloids, such as magnoflorine, preve...

    Authors: Anahí Canedo-Téxon, Feliza Ramón-Farias, Juan Luis Monribot-Villanueva, Emanuel Villafán, Alexandro Alonso-Sánchez, Claudia Anahí Pérez-Torres, Guillermo Ángeles, José Antonio Guerrero-Analco and Enrique Ibarra-Laclette

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:560

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The element selenium (Se) deficiency is thought to be a global human health problem, which could disperse by daily-supplement from Se-rich food. Increasing the accumulation of Se in rice grain is an approach m...

    Authors: Yuanke Liang, Yang Su, Ling Li, Xin Huang, Faiz Hussain Panhwar, Tengda Zheng, Zhichen Tang, Hla Hla Ei, Muhammad Umer Farooq, Rui Zeng, Yujie Zhang, Xiaoying Ye, Xiaomei Jia, Lanlan Zheng and Jianqing Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:559

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Grazing is an important land use in northern China. In general, different grazing intensities had a different impact on the morphological and physiological traits of plants, and especially their photosynthetic...

    Authors: Min Liu, Jirui Gong, Bo Yang, Yong Ding, Zihe Zhang, Biao Wang, Chenchen Zhu and Xiangyang Hou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:558

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In plants, ammonium metabolism is particularly important for converting absorbed nitrogen into amino acids. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this conversion remains largely unknown.

    Authors: Junyue Yao, Jin-Song Luo, Yan Xiao and Zhenhua Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:557

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. While virus-vector-host interactions have been a major focus of both basic and applied ecological research, little is known about how different levels of plant defense interact with prior herbivory to affect t...

    Authors: Xiaobin Shi, Evan L. Preisser, Baiming Liu, Huipeng Pan, Min Xiang, Wen Xie, Shaoli Wang, Qingjun Wu, Chuanyou Li, Yong Liu, Xuguo Zhou and Youjun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:556

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The leaf age for harvesting flue-cured tobacco leaves is closely related to the quality of tobacco leaves, so an appropriate leaf age for harvesting is important for improving yield and quality of flue-cured t...

    Authors: Yanjie Chen, Ke Ren, Xian He, Jiangshiqi Gong, Xiaodong Hu, Jiaen Su, Yan Jin, Zhengxiong Zhao, Yanmei Zhu and Congming Zou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:555

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Gametogenesis is a key step in the production of ovules or pollen in higher plants. The sex-determination aspects of gametogenesis have been well characterized in the model plant Arabidopsis. However, little is k...

    Authors: Gui-Liang Xin, Jia-Qian Liu, Jia Liu, Xiao-Long Ren, Xiao-Min Du and Wen-Zhe Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:554

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Increasing wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production is required to feed a growing human population. In order to accomplish this task a deeper understanding of the genetic structure of cultivated wheats and the det...

    Authors: Silvana Marisol Luján Basile, Ignacio Abel Ramírez, Juan Manuel Crescente, Maria Belén Conde, Melina Demichelis, Pablo Abbate, William John Rogers, Ana Clara Pontaroli, Marcelo Helguera and Leonardo Sebastián Vanzetti

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:553

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  37. Understanding lignin biosynthesis and composition is of central importance for sustainable bioenergy and biomaterials production. Species of the genus Miscanthus have emerged as promising bioenergy crop due to th...

    Authors: Feng He, Katja Machemer-Noonan, Philippe Golfier, Faride Unda, Johanna Dechert, Wan Zhang, Natalie Hoffmann, Lacey Samuels, Shawn D. Mansfield, Thomas Rausch and Sebastian Wolf

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:552

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Wheat straw is a rich resource worldwide. Straw return is an effective strategy to alleviate soil-borne diseases on monoculture watermelon. Previous studies focus on soil structure, physical and chemical prope...

    Authors: Lili Tang, Shaorui Nie, Wenhui Li, Chao Fan, Siqi Wang, Fengzhi Wu and Kai Pan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:551

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. In the Brassicaceae, the early stages of compatible pollen-stigma interactions are tightly controlled with early checkpoints regulating pollen adhesion, hydration and germination, and pollen tube entry into th...

    Authors: Jennifer Doucet, Hyun Kyung Lee, Nethangi Udugama, Jianfeng Xu, Baoxiu Qi and Daphne R. Goring

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:549

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Elephant grass [Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Morrone] is used for bioenergy and animal feed. In order to identify candidate genes that could be exploited for marker-assisted selection in elephant grass, this st...

    Authors: João Romero do Amaral Santos de Carvalho Rocha, Tiago de Souza Marçal, Felipe Vicentino Salvador, Adriel Carlos da Silva, Pedro Crescencio Souza Carneiro, Marcos Deon Vilela de Resende, Jailton da Costa Carneiro, Ana Luisa Sousa Azevedo, Jorge Fernando Pereira and Juarez Campolina Machado

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:548

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Infestation of the phytotoxic aphid Schizaphis graminum can rapidly induce leaf chlorosis in susceptible plants, but this effect is not observed with the nonphytotoxic aphid Sitobion avenae. However, few studies ...

    Authors: Yong Zhang, Yu Fu, Jia Fan, Qian Li, Frédéric Francis and Julian Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:547

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. As one of the main crops in the world, sterility of rice (Oryza sativa L.) significantly affects the production and leads to yield decrease. Our previous research showed that OsPUB73, which encodes U-box domain-c...

    Authors: Lin Chen, Ruilian Deng, Guoqiang Liu, Jing Jin, Jinwen Wu and Xiangdong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:546

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Carica papaya is a trioecious plant species with a genetic sex-determination system defined by sex chromosomes. Under unfavorable environmental conditions male and hermaphrodite exhibit sex-reversal. Previous ...

    Authors: Dessireé Zerpa-Catanho, Jennifer Wai, Ming Li Wang, Li’ang Yu, Julie Nguyen and Ray Ming

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:545

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Phytophthora species secrete cytoplasmic effectors from a family named Crinkler (CRN), which are characterised by the presence of conserved specific domains in the N- and C-terminal regions. P. parasitica causes ...

    Authors: Heros J. Maximo, Ronaldo J. D. Dalio, Renata O. Dias, Celso G. Litholdo Jr, Henrique L. Felizatti and Marcos A. Machado

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:544

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Paris (Melanthiaceae) is an economically important but taxonomically difficult genus, which is unique in angiosperms because some species have extremely large nuclear genomes. Phylogenetic relationships within Pa...

    Authors: Yunheng Ji, Lifang Yang, Mark W. Chase, Changkun Liu, Zhenyan Yang, Jin Yang, Jun-Bo Yang and Ting-Shuang Yi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:543

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. In water lily (Nymphaea) hybrid breeding, breeders often encounter non-viable seeds, which make it difficult to transfer desired or targeted genes of different Nymphaea germplasm. We found that pre-fertilization ...

    Authors: Chun-Qing Sun, Fa-Di Chen, Nian-Jun Teng, Yue-Mei Yao, Xi Shan and Zhong-Liang Dai

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:542

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Identification of loci for agronomic traits and characterization of their genetic architecture are crucial in marker-assisted selection (MAS). Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have increasingly been used...

    Authors: Yousef Rahimi, Mohammad Reza Bihamta, Alireza Taleei, Hadi Alipour and Pär K. Ingvarsson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:541

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. As a common accompanying dispersal structure, specialized seed appendages play a critical role in the successful germination and dispersal of many plants, and are regarded as an adaptation character for plants...

    Authors: Zhaoren Wang, Yufei Zhao, Yuanyuan Zhang, Baoshan Zhao, Zhen’an Yang and Lijia Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:538

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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