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  1. In plants, host factors encoded by susceptibility (S) genes are indispensable for viral infection. Resistance is achieved through the impairment or the absence of those susceptibility factors. Many S genes have b...

    Authors: Julia Rubio, Evelyn Sánchez, David Tricon, Christian Montes, Jean-Philippe Eyquard, Aurélie Chague, Carlos Aguirre, Humberto Prieto and Véronique Decroocq

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:440

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor), belonging to the gall midge family (Cecidomyiidae), is a devastating pest of wheat (Triticum aestivum) causing significant yield losses. Despite identification and characte...

    Authors: Jill A. Nemacheck, Brandon J. Schemerhorn, Steven R. Scofield and Subhashree Subramanyam

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:439

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Multiprotein bridging factor 1 s (MBF1s) are members of the transcriptional co-activator family that have involved in plant growth, development and stress responses. However, little is known about the Solanum lyc...

    Authors: Xu Zhang, Zhixuan Xu, Lichen Chen and Zhonghai Ren

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:437

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Stevia rebaudiana (Asteraceae), native from Paraguay, accumulates steviol glycosides (SGs) into its leaves. These compounds exhibit acaloric intense sweet taste which answers to consumer demands for reducing dail...

    Authors: Patrick Cosson, Cécile Hastoy, Luis Ernesto Errazzu, Carlos Jorge Budeguer, Philippe Boutié, Dominique Rolin and Valérie Schurdi-Levraud

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:436

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Adventitious root (AR) formation is a critical developmental process in cutting propagation for the horticultural industry. While auxin has been shown to regulate this process, the exact mechanism and details ...

    Authors: Ling Guan, Reuben Tayengwa, Zongming (Max) Cheng, Wendy Ann Peer, Angus S. Murphy and Mizhen Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:435

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Developing Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa) cultivars tolerant to drought is critical for the crop’s sustainable production. miR156 regulates various plant biological functions by silencing SQUAMOSA-PROMOTER BINDING ...

    Authors: Biruk A. Feyissa, Muhammad Arshad, Margaret Y. Gruber, Susanne E. Kohalmi and Abdelali Hannoufa

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:434

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Studies have shown that HSP20 (heat-shock protein 20) genes play important roles in regulating plant growth, development, and stress response. However, the grape HSP20 gene family has not been well studied.

    Authors: Xiao-Ru Ji, Yi-He Yu, Pei-Yi Ni, Guo-Hai Zhang and Da-Long Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:433

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cotton fiber length and strength are both key traits of fiber quality, and fiber strength (FS) is tightly correlated with secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis. The three-amino-acid-loop-extension (TALE) supe...

    Authors: Qiang Ma, Nuohan Wang, Pengbo Hao, Huiru Sun, Congcong Wang, Liang Ma, Hantao Wang, Xianlong Zhang, Hengling Wei and Shuxun Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:432

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Corn borers constitute an important pest of maize around the world; in particular Sesamia nonagrioides Lefèbvre, named Mediterranean corn borer (MCB), causes important losses in Southern Europe. Methods of select...

    Authors: José Cruz Jiménez-Galindo, Rosa Ana Malvar, Ana Butrón, Rogelio Santiago, Luis Fernando Samayoa, Marlon Caicedo and Bernardo Ordás

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:431

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Simple non-isoprenoid hydrocarbons accumulate in discrete regions of the biosphere, including within bacteria and algae as a carbon and/or energy store, and the cuticles of plants and insects, where they may p...

    Authors: Tesia Dennison, Wenmin Qin, Derek M. Loneman, Samson G. F. Condon, Nick Lauter, Basil J. Nikolau and Marna D. Yandeau-Nelson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:430

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) is an epigenetic transcriptional repression system, whose catalytic subunit (ENHANCER OF ZESTE HOMOLOG 2, EZH2 in animals) is responsible for trimethylating histone H3 at l...

    Authors: Veronica Ruta, Chiara Longo, Alessandra Boccaccini, Valentina Noemi Madia, Francesco Saccoliti, Valeria Tudino, Roberto Di Santo, Riccardo Lorrai, Raffaele Dello Ioio, Sabrina Sabatini, Roberta Costi, Paolo Costantino and Paola Vittorioso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:429

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Olive (Olea europaea L.) is an emblematic oil tree crop in the Mediterranean basin. Currently, despite olive features as a moderately thermophilic species, its cultivation is worldwide spreading due to the health...

    Authors: Leonardo Bruno, Ernesto Picardi, Marianna Pacenza, Adriana Chiappetta, Antonella Muto, Olimpia Gagliardi, Innocenzo Muzzalupo, Graziano Pesole and Maria Beatrice Bitonti

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:428

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Salicornia europaea, a succulent obligatory halophyte is the most salt-tolerant plant species in the world. It survives salt concentrations of more than 1 M. Therefore, it is a suitable model plant to identify ge...

    Authors: Bliss Ursula Furtado, Istvan Nagy, Torben Asp, Jarosław Tyburski, Monika Skorupa, Marcin Gołębiewski, Piotr Hulisz and Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:427

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Chemically inducible systems that provide both spatial and temporal control of gene expression are essential tools, with many applications in plant biology, yet they have not been extensively tested in monocot...

    Authors: Daniela Vlad, Basel Abu-Jamous, Peng Wang and Jane A. Langdale

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:426

    Content type: Methodology article

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  15. Nitrogen (N) nutrition significantly affected metabolism and accumulation of quality-related compounds in tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.). Little is known about the physiological and molecular mechanisms underly...

    Authors: Mei-Ya Liu, Dandan Tang, Yuanzhi Shi, Lifeng Ma, Yan Li, Qunfeng Zhang and Jianyun Ruan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:425

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pine wilt disease (PWD), which is caused by the pine wood nematode (PWN) Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is currently the greatest threat to pine forests in Europe and East Asian countries including Japan. Constructi...

    Authors: Tomonori Hirao, Koji Matsunaga, Hideki Hirakawa, Kenta Shirasawa, Keiya Isoda, Kentaro Mishima, Miho Tamura and Atsushi Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:424

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pink-flowered strawberry is a promising new ornamental flower derived from intergeneric hybridization (Fragaria × Potentilla) with bright color, a prolonged flowering period and edible fruits. Its flower color ra...

    Authors: Li Xue, Jian Wang, Jun Zhao, Yang Zheng, Hai-Feng Wang, Xue Wu, Cheng Xian, Jia-Jun Lei, Chuan-Fei Zhong and Yun-Tao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:423

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Synonymous mutations do not change amino acids but do sometimes change the tRNAs (anticodons) that decode a particular codon. An isoaccepting codon is a synonymous codon that shares the same tRNA. If a mutated...

    Authors: Duan Chu and Lai Wei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:422

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Precise regulation of gene expression is indispensable for the proper functioning of organisms in both optimal and challenging conditions. The most commonly known regulative mechanisms include the modulation o...

    Authors: Jagna Chmielowska-Bąk, Magdalena Arasimowicz-Jelonek and Joanna Deckert

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:421

    Content type: Review

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  20. Soybean is subjected to genetic manipulation by breeding, mutation, and transgenic approaches to produce value-added quality traits. Among those genetic approaches, mutagenesis through fast neutrons radiation ...

    Authors: Nazrul Islam, Robert M. Stupar, Song Qijian, Devanand L. Luthria, Wesley Garrett, Adrian O. Stec, Jeff Roessler and Savithiry S. Natarajan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:420

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa is one of the Cruciferae species most tolerant to drought stress. In our previous study some extremely drought-tolerant/sensitive Eruca lines were obtained. However little is known a...

    Authors: Bang-Lian Huang, Xuan Li, Pei Liu, Lan Ma, Wenhua Wu, Xuekun Zhang, Zaiyun Li and Bangquan Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:419

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The content of stone cells and lignin is one of the key factors affecting the quality of pear fruit. In a previous study, we determined the developmental regularity of stone cells and lignin in ‘Dangshan Su’ p...

    Authors: Xueqiang Su, Yu Zhao, Han Wang, Guohui Li, Xi Cheng, Qing Jin and Yongping Cai

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:417

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Post-embryonic growth of land plants originates from meristems. Genetic networks in meristems maintain the stem cells and direct acquisition of cell fates. WUSCHEL-RELATED HOMEOBOX (WOX) transcription factors ...

    Authors: Christopher E. Youngstrom, Lander F. Geadelmann, Erin E. Irish and Chi-Lien Cheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:416

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Genome wide association studies (GWAS) are a powerful tool for identifying quantitative trait loci (QTL) and causal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)/genes associated with various important traits in crop...

    Authors: Abiskar Gyawali, Vivek Shrestha, Katherine E. Guill, Sherry Flint-Garcia and Timothy M. Beissinger

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:412

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Appropriate plant architecture can improve the amount of cotton boll opening and allow increased planting density, thus increasing the level of cotton mechanical harvesting and cotton yields. The internodes of...

    Authors: Feiyan Ju, Shaodong Liu, Siping Zhang, Huijuan Ma, Jing Chen, Changwei Ge, Qian Shen, Xiaomeng Zhang, Xinhua Zhao, Yongjiang Zhang and Chaoyou Pang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:415

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Melatonin is a pleiotropic signaling molecule that plays multifarious roles in plants stress tolerance. The polyamine (PAs) metabolic pathway has been suggested to eliminate the effects of environmental stress...

    Authors: Mohammad Shah Jahan, Sheng Shu, Yu Wang, Zheng Chen, Mingming He, Meiqi Tao, Jin Sun and Shirong Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:414

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Taxus spp. produces the anticancer drug, taxol, and hence is planted as an industrial crop in China. APETALA2/ethylene response element binding proteins (AP2/EREBPs) are the key regulators of plant development, g...

    Authors: Meng Zhang, Ying Chen, Xiaofei Jin, Yuxin Cai, Yuanyuan Yuan, Chunhua Fu and Longjiang Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:413

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. The presence and persistence of water on the leaf can affect crop performance and thus might be a relevant trait to select for or against in breeding programmes. Low-cost, rapid and relatively simple methods a...

    Authors: Agata Rascio, Michele Rinaldi, Giuditta De Santis, Nicola Pecchioni, Gabriele Palazzo and Nicola Palazzo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:411

    Content type: Methodology article

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  29. Phosphorus is often present naturally in the soil as inorganic phosphate, Pi, which bio-availability is limited in many ecosystems due to low soil solubility and mobility. Plants respond to low Pi with a Pi St...

    Authors: Mohamed El-Soda, Charles Neris Moreira, Nakai Goredema-Matongera, Diaan Jamar, Maarten Koornneef and Mark G. M. Aarts

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:410

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a new group of plant hormones and play important roles in plant growth and development. However, little information is available if BRs could regulate spikelet development in rice (Oryz...

    Authors: Weiyang Zhang, Jiayan Sheng, Yunji Xu, Fei Xiong, Yunfei Wu, Weilu Wang, Zhiqin Wang, Jianchang Yang and Jianhua Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:409

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Intensity of drought stress and pest attacks is forecasted to increase in the near future posing a serious threat to natural and agricultural ecosystems. Knowledge on potential effects of a combined abiotic-bi...

    Authors: Tadeja Savi, Almudena García González, Jose Carlos Herrera and Astrid Forneck

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:408

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. NAC transcription factors contain five highly conserved subdomains which are required for protein dimerisation and DNA binding. Few residues within these subdomains have been identified as essential for protei...

    Authors: Sophie A. Harrington, Lauren E. Overend, Nicolas Cobo, Philippa Borrill and Cristobal Uauy

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:407

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The editor has retracted this article [1] because parts of Figs. 1 and 4 were duplicated from a previously published paper by the same authors [2] without appropriate disclosure. None of the authors have respo...

    Authors: Dongmiao Liu, Caixia Han, Xiong Deng, Yue Liu, Nannan Liu and Yueming Yan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:406

    Content type: Retraction Note

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:29

  34. Cotton is one of the most important commercial crops as the source of natural fiber, oil and fodder. To protect it from harmful pest populations number of newer transgenic lines have been developed. For quick ...

    Authors: P. K. Smitha, K. Vishnupriyan, Ananya S. Kar, M. Anil Kumar, Christopher Bathula, K. N. Chandrashekara, Sujan K. Dhar and Manjula Das

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:405

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To limit the impact of the downy mildew disease of grapevine and reduce the need to recur to chemical treatments, an effective strategy might be recovering adaptive resistance traits in both cultivated and wild V...

    Authors: Mario Ciaffi, Anna Rita Paolacci, Marco Paolocci, Enrica Alicandri, Valentina Bigini, Maurizio Badiani and Massimo Muganu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:404

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Photosynthetic efficiency might be a key factor determining plant resistance to abiotic stresses. Plants can sense when growing conditions are not favorable and trigger an internal response at an early stage b...

    Authors: Yu-Chang Tsai, Kuan-Chuan Chen, Tung-Shan Cheng, Chuan Lee, Shih-Hung Lin and Chih-Wei Tung

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:403

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Around the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary, an obvious global cooling occurred, which resulted in dramatic changes in terrestrial ecosystems and the evolutionary trends of numerous organisms. However, how...

    Authors: Yi-Ming Cui, Wei Wang, David K. Ferguson, Jian Yang and Yu-Fei Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:402

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Small RNAs regulate a wide variety of processes in plants, from organ development to both biotic and abiotic stress response. Being master regulators in genetic networks, their biogenesis and action is a funda...

    Authors: Agustín Sabbione, Lucas Daurelio, Abelardo Vegetti, Manuel Talón, Francisco Tadeo and Marcela Dotto

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:401

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. C2H2-zinc finger protein family is commonly found in the plant, and it is known as the key actors in the regulation of transcription and vital component of chromatin structure. A large number of the C2H2-zinc ...

    Authors: Haron Salih, Magwanga Richard Odongo, Wenfang Gong, Shoupu He and Xiongming Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:400

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Stemphylium blight (SB), caused by Stemphylium botryosum, is a devastating disease in lentil production. Although it is known that accessions of Lens ervoides possess superior SB resistance at much higher frequen...

    Authors: Zhe Cao, Li Li, Karan Kapoor and Sabine Banniza

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:399

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. High temperature is one of the major abiotic stresses in tomato and greatly reduces fruit yield and quality. Identifying high-temperature stress-responsive (HSR) genes and breeding heat-tolerant varieties is a...

    Authors: Junqin Wen, Fangling Jiang, Yiqun Weng, Mintao Sun, Xiaopu Shi, Yanzhao Zhou, Lu Yu and Zhen Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:398

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Drought stress is a major abiotic stress that causes huge losses in agricultural production. Proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) can efficiently adapt to drought stress and provides important information and gene...

    Authors: Yuyu Zhang, Xiaoli Gao, Jing Li, Xiangwei Gong, Pu Yang, Jinfeng Gao, Pengke Wang and Baili Feng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:397

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Leaf morphology and spikelet number are two important traits associated with grain yield. To understand how genes coordinating with sink and sources of cereal crops is important for grain yield improvement gui...

    Authors: Ke Chen, Tao Guo, Xin-Min Li, Yi-Bing Yang, Nai-Qian Dong, Chuan-Lin Shi, Wang-Wei Ye, Jun-Xiang Shan and Hong-Xuan Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:395

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Salinity is a major abiotic stress seriously hindering crop yield. Development and utilization of tolerant varieties is the most economical way to address soil salinity. Upland cotton is a major fiber crop and...

    Authors: Yanchao Yuan, Huixian Xing, Wenguan Zeng, Jialing Xu, Lili Mao, Liyuan Wang, Wei Feng, Jincai Tao, Haoran Wang, Haijun Zhang, Qingkang Wang, Guihua Zhang, Xianliang Song and Xue-Zhen Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:394

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. In higher plants, the FAD2 gene encodes the microsomal oleate Δ12-desaturase, one of the key enzymes essential for the biosynthesis of the polyunsaturated lipids that serve many important functions in plant devel...

    Authors: Feng Liu, Lihong Ma, Youwu Wang, Yanjun Li, Xinyu Zhang, Fei Xue, Xinhui Nie, Qianhao Zhu and Jie Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:393

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Utilization of heterosis in maize could be critical in maize breeding for boosting grain yield. However, the genetic architecture of heterosis is not fully understood. To dissect the genetic basis of yield-rel...

    Authors: Qiang Yi, Yinghong Liu, Xianbin Hou, Xiangge Zhang, Hui Li, Junjie Zhang, Hanmei Liu, Yufeng Hu, Guowu Yu, Yangping Li, Yongbin Wang and Yubi Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:392

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Jute (Corchorus spp.) is the most important natural fiber crop after cotton in terms of cultivation area and production. Salt stress greatly restricts plant development and growth. A high-density genetic linkage ...

    Authors: Zemao Yang, Youxin Yang, Zhigang Dai, Dongwei Xie, Qing Tang, Chaohua Cheng, Ying Xu, Chan Liu, Canhui Deng, Jiquan Chen and Jianguang Su

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:391

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. The primary pigments in flowers are anthocyanins, the biosynthesis of which is mainly regulated by R2R3-MYBs. Muscari armeniacum is an ornamental garden plant with deep cobalt blue flowers containing delphinidin-...

    Authors: Kaili Chen, Lingjuan Du, Hongli Liu and Yali Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:390

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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