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  1. Content type: Review

    Classical plant breeding was extremely successful in generating high yielding crop varieties. Yet, in modern crops, the long domestication process has impoverished the genetic diversity available for breeding....

    Authors: Felix Wolter, Patrick Schindele and Holger Puchta

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:176

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Angiosperm sex chromosomes, where present, are generally recently evolved. The key step in initiating the development of sex chromosomes from autosomes is the establishment of a sex-determining locus within a ...

    Authors: S. M. Pilkington, J. Tahir, E. Hilario, S. E. Gardiner, D. Chagné, A. Catanach, J. McCallum, L. Jesson, L. G. Fraser, M. A. McNeilage, C. Deng, R. N. Crowhurst, P. M. Datson and Q. Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:172

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Common bean is the most important staple grain legume for direct human consumption and nutrition. It complements major sources of carbohydrates, including cereals, root crop, or plantain, as a source of dietar...

    Authors: Jorge C. Berny Mier y Teran, Enéas R. Konzen, Antonia Palkovic, Siu M. Tsai, Idupulapati M. Rao, Stephen Beebe and Paul Gepts

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:171

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Endo-β-1,4-xylanase1 (EA), the key endoxylanase in plants, is involved in the degradation of arabinoxylan during grain germination. In barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), one gene (HvXYN-1) that encode a endo-beta-1,4-x...

    Authors: Xueli Lu, Yunxia Fang, Bin Tian, Tao Tong, Jiahui Wang, Hua Wang, Shengguan Cai, Jiang Hu, Dali Zeng, Heng Xu, Xiaoqin Zhang and Dawei Xue

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:170

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Lycium ruthenicum Murray is an important economic plant in China and contains higher levels of anthocyanins in its fruits than other Lyciums. However, the genetic mechanism of anthocyanin production in this plant...

    Authors: Yuan Zong, Xuebing Zhu, Zenggen Liu, Xinyuan Xi, Guomin Li, Dong Cao, Le Wei, Jianming Li and Baolong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:169

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Identification of loci for grain yield (GY) and related traits, and dissection of the genetic architecture are important for yield improvement through marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two genome-wide associati...

    Authors: Faji Li, Weie Wen, Jindong Liu, Yong Zhang, Shuanghe Cao, Zhonghu He, Awais Rasheed, Hui Jin, Chi Zhang, Jun Yan, Pingzhi Zhang, Yingxiu Wan and Xianchun Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:168

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  7. Content type: Research article

    First flower node (FFN) is an important trait for evaluating fruit earliness in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). The trait is controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL); however, studies have been limited on QTL map...

    Authors: Xiao-fen Zhang, Guo-yun Wang, Ting-ting Dong, Bin Chen, He-shan Du, Chang-bao Li, Feng-lan Zhang, Hai-ying Zhang, Yong Xu, Qian Wang and San-sheng Geng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:167

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important forage crop grown worldwide. Alfalfa is called the “queen of forage crops” due to its high forage yield and nutritional characteristics. The aim of this study was to u...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Junmei Kang, Ruicai Long, Long-Xi Yu, Zhen Wang, Zhongxiang Zhao, Tiejun Zhang and Qingchuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:165

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are 3′-5′ head-to-tail covalently closed non-coding RNA that have been proved to play essential roles in many cellular and developmental processes. However, no information relate to cu...

    Authors: Yong-Xing Zhu, Jian-Hua Jia, Lei Yang, Yu-Chen Xia, Hui-Li Zhang, Jin-Bu Jia, Ran Zhou, Pei-Yao Nie, Jun-Liang Yin, Dong-Fang Ma and Le-Cheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:164

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Genetic variation in plants alters insect abundance and community structure in the field; however, little is known about the importance of a single gene among diverse plant genotypes. In this context, Arabidopsis

    Authors: Yasuhiro Sato, Rie Shimizu-Inatsugi, Misako Yamazaki, Kentaro K. Shimizu and Atsushi J. Nagano

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:163

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Polyploidy has played a major role in angiosperm evolution. Previous studies have examined polyploid phenotypes in comparison to their extant progenitors, but not in context of predicted progenitor phenotypes ...

    Authors: Elizabeth W. McCarthy, Jacob B. Landis, Amelda Kurti, Amber J. Lawhorn, Mark W. Chase, Sandra Knapp, Steven C. Le Comber, Andrew R. Leitch and Amy Litt

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:162

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Although the genome of Chinese white pear (‘Dangshansuli’) has been released, little is known about the functions, evolutionary history and expression patterns of NAC families in this species to date.

    Authors: Xin Gong, Liangyi Zhao, Xiaofei Song, Zekun Lin, Bingjie Gu, Jinxuan Yan, Shaoling Zhang, Shutian Tao and Xiaosan Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:161

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Sugarcane accumulates very high levels of sucrose in the culm. Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms that allows such high sucrose synthesis and accumulation (up to 650 mM) is made difficult by the complexit...

    Authors: Prathima P. Thirugnanasambandam, Patrick J. Mason, Nam V. Hoang, Agnelo Furtado, Frederik C. Botha and Robert J. Henry

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:160

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A disease of unknown etiology in water chestnut plants (Eleocharis dulcis) was reported in China between 2012 and 2014. High throughput sequencing of small RNA (sRNA) combined with bioinformatics, and molecular i...

    Authors: Fangpeng Zhang, Zuokun Yang, Ni Hong, Guoping Wang, Aiming Wang and Liping Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:159

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Elytrigia lolioides (Kar. et Kir.) Nevski, which is a perennial, cross-pollinating wheatgrass that is distributed in Russia and Kazakhstan, is classified into Elytrigia, Elymus, and Lophopyrum genera by taxonomis...

    Authors: Long Wang, Yuanyuan Jiang, Qinghua Shi, Yi Wang, Lina Sha, Xing Fan, Houyang Kang, Haiqin Zhang, Genlou Sun, Li Zhang and Yonghong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:158

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Pedicel orientation can affect the female flower orientation and seed yield in cucumber.

    Authors: Jingxian Sun, Tingting Xiao, Jingtao Nie, Yue Chen, Duo Lv, Ming Pan, Qifan Gao, Chunli Guo, Leyu Zhang, Huan-Le He, Hongli Lian, Junsong Pan, Run Cai and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:157

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Seed germination and seedling establishment are two of the most critical phases in plant development. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effect of phosphorus on seed germination and post-germinat...

    Authors: Ke-Lin Huang, Huan Wang, Ying-Li Wei, Han-Xin Jia, Lei Zha, Yong Zheng, Feng Ren and Xue-Bao Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:156

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. is one of the most important sources of allergenic pollen in many regions of the world. Its health impact increased over the last decades and is expected to further increase in conseque...

    Authors: Rodolfo Gentili, Riccardo Asero, Sarah Caronni, Maria Guarino, Chiara Montagnani, Gianni Mistrello and Sandra Citterio

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:155

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Trihelix transcription factors (TTFs) are photoresponsive proteins that have a representative three-helix structure (helix-loop-helix-loop-helix). Members of this gene family have been reported to play roles in m...

    Authors: Xinran Cheng, Rui Xiong, Hanwei Yan, Yameng Gao, Huanlong Liu, Min Wu and Yan Xiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:154

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Fusarium crown rot (FCR) is a severe and chronic disease in common wheat and is able to cause serious yield loss and health problems to human and livestock.

    Authors: Xia Yang, Yubo Pan, Pawan K. Singh, Xinyao He, Yan Ren, Lei Zhao, Ning Zhang, Shunhe Cheng and Feng Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:153

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  21. Content type: Research article

    During sexual reproduction, pollen grains land on the stigma, rehydrate and produce pollen tubes that grow through the female transmitting-tract tissue allowing the delivery of the two sperm cells to the ovule...

    Authors: Ferdousse Laggoun, Flavien Dardelle, Jérémy Dehors, Denis Falconet, Azeddine Driouich, Christophe Rochais, Patrick Dallemagne, Arnaud Lehner and Jean-Claude Mollet

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:152

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Powdery mildew (PM) is a widespread fungal disease of plants in temperate climates, causing significant economic losses in agricultural settings. Specific homologs of the MLO gene family are PM susceptibility fac...

    Authors: Giuseppe Andolfo, Paolo Iovieno, Luigi Ricciardi, Concetta Lotti, Edgardo Filippone, Stefano Pavan and Maria Raffaella Ercolano

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:150

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Wheat is a cool seasoned crop requiring low temperature during grain filling duration and therefore increased temperature causes significant yield reduction. A set of 125 spring wheat genotypes from Internatio...

    Authors: Muhammad Jamil, Aamir Ali, Alvina Gul, Abdul Ghafoor, Abdul Aziz Napar, Amir M. H. Ibrahim, Naima Huma Naveed, Nasim Ahmad Yasin and Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:149

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Magnesium (Mg) deficiency causes physiological and molecular responses, already dissected in several plant species. The study of these responses among genotypes showing a different tolerance to the Mg shortage...

    Authors: Sonia Livigni, Luigi Lucini, Davide Sega, Oriano Navacchi, Tiziana Pandolfini, Anita Zamboni and Zeno Varanini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:148

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Stripe rust (also called yellow rust) is a common and serious fungal disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. The narrow genetic basis of modern wheat cultivars and r...

    Authors: Xueling Ye, Jian Li, Yukun Cheng, Fangjie Yao, Li Long, Can Yu, Yuqi Wang, Yu Wu, Jing Li, Jirui Wang, Qiantao Jiang, Wei Li, Jian Ma, Yuming Wei, Youliang Zheng and Guoyue Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:147

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Fig fruit are highly perishable at the tree-ripe (TR) stage. Commercial-ripe (CR) fruit, which are harvested before the TR stage for their postharvest transportability and shelf-life advantage, are inferior to...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Cui, Ziran Wang, Shangwu Chen, Alexander Vainstein and Huiqin Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:146

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  27. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to identify the transcription factors of nitrate reductase genes (NIA1 and NIA2) promoters and hypothetical cis-element of NRE2. Based on the constructed cDNA library of Nicotiana tabacum K326, a...

    Authors: Huijuan Yang, Yan Zhou, Yuning Zhang, Jing Wang and Hongzhi Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:145

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  28. Content type: Research article

    C4 plants have been classified into three subtypes based on the enzymes used to decarboxylate C4 acids in the bundle sheath cells (NADP-ME, NAD-ME and PEPCK pathways). Evidences indicate that, depending on env...

    Authors: Viviane Cacefo, Alessandra Ferreira Ribas, Rafael Rebes Zilliani, Daniel Moreira Neris, Douglas Silva Domingues, Adriana Lima Moro and Luiz Gonzaga Esteves Vieira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:144

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  29. Content type: Research article

    MYB-CC transcription factors (TFs) genes have been demonstrated to be involved in the response to inorganic phosphate (Pi) starvation and regulate some Pi-starvation-inducible genes. However, their role in dro...

    Authors: Yaqing Li, Shichang Zhang, Nan Zhang, Wenying Zhang, Mengjun Li, Binhui Liu and Zhanliang Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:143

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Technical limitations regarding bulk analysis of phytoplankton biomass limit our comprehension of carbon fluxes in natural populations and, therefore, of carbon, nutrients and energy cycling in aquatic ecosyst...

    Authors: Andrea Fanesi, Heiko Wagner, Giovanni Birarda, Lisa Vaccari and Christian Wilhelm

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:142

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Tomato mutants altered in leaf morphology are usually identified in the greenhouse, which demands considerable time and space and can only be performed in adequate periods. For a faster but equally reliable sc...

    Authors: Marybel Jáquez-Gutiérrez, Alejandro Atarés, Benito Pineda, Pilar Angarita, Carlos Ribelles, Begoña García-Sogo, Jorge Sánchez-López, Carmen Capel, Fernando J. Yuste-Lisbona, Rafael Lozano and Vicente Moreno

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:141

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements (MITEs) and long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons are ubiquitous in plants genomes, and highly important in their evolution and diversity. However, their m...

    Authors: Yan Liu, Muhammad Tahir ul Qamar, Jia-Wu Feng, Yuduan Ding, Shuo Wang, Guizhi Wu, Lingjun Ke, Qiang Xu and Ling-Ling Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:140

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  33. Content type: Research article

    RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are increasingly recognized as regulatory component of post-transcriptional gene expression. RBPs interact with mRNAs via RNA-binding domains and these interactions affect RNA avail...

    Authors: Claudius Marondedze, Ludivine Thomas, Chris Gehring and Kathryn S. Lilley

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:139

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Gossypium hirsutum L. is grown worldwide and is the largest source of natural fiber crop. We focus on exploring the favorable alleles (FAs) for upland cotton varieties improvement, and further understanding the h...

    Authors: Panhong Dai, Yuchen Miao, Shoupu He, Zhaoe Pan, Yinhua Jia, Yingfan Cai, Junling Sun, Liru Wang, Baoyin Pang, Mi Wang and Xiongming Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:138

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Peanut is one of the most important oil and protein crops, and it exhibits wide cultivar variations in shoot Cd accumulation ability. However, the mechanism of Cd accumulation in peanut shoots has not been wel...

    Authors: Rugang Yu, Qun Jiang, Chen Xv, Lien Li, Sijia Bu and Gangrong Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:137

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) is the sixth most important food crop in the world. The formation and development of storage roots in sweet potato is a highly complicated and genetically programmed process. How...

    Authors: Tingting Dong, Mingku Zhu, Jiawen Yu, Rongpeng Han, Cheng Tang, Tao Xu, Jingran Liu and Zongyun Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:136

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The floral transition is a complex developmental event, fine-tuned by various environmental and endogenous cues to ensure the success of offspring production. Leaves are key organs in sensing floral inductive ...

    Authors: Stefania Del Prete, Anne Molitor, Delphine Charif, Nadia Bessoltane, Ludivine Soubigou-Taconnat, Cécile Guichard, Véronique Brunaud, Fabienne Granier, Paul Fransz and Valérie Gaudin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:135

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is the fourth most important cereal crop worldwide. Barley production is compromised by many abiotic stresses including drought. Wild barley is a valuable source of alleles that can im...

    Authors: Anh-Tung Pham, Andreas Maurer, Klaus Pillen, Chris Brien, Kate Dowling, Bettina Berger, Jason K. Eglinton and Timothy J. March

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:134

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Increasing zinc (Zn) concentrations in crops is important for alleviation of human Zn deficiency. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) contribute to plant Zn uptake, but their contribution to Zn in the edible po...

    Authors: Antonio Coccina, Timothy R. Cavagnaro, Elisa Pellegrino, Laura Ercoli, Michael J. McLaughlin and Stephanie J. Watts-Williams

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:133

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The mechanism underlying the interaction between host plant and host-selective toxin (HST)-producing Alternaria alternata during infection is of particular interest for sustainable crop production. Alternaria blo...

    Authors: Shigeki Moriya, Shingo Terakami, Kazuma Okada, Taku Shimizu, Yoshihiko Adachi, Yuichi Katayose, Hiroko Fujisawa, Jianzhon Wu, Hiroyuki Kanamori, Toshiya Yamamoto and Kazuyuki Abe

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:132

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The plant architecture has significant effects on grain yield of various crops, including soybean (Glycine max), but the knowledge on optimization of plant architecture in order to increase yield potential is sti...

    Authors: Aili Bao, Haifeng Chen, Limiao Chen, Shuilian Chen, Qingnan Hao, Wei Guo, Dezhen Qiu, Zhihui Shan, Zhonglu Yang, Songli Yuan, Chanjuan Zhang, Xiaojuan Zhang, Baohui Liu, Fanjiang Kong, Xia Li, Xinan Zhou…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:131

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Potassium is a nutrient element necessary for tobacco growth. Tobacco leaves with high potassium content are elastic and tough, rich in oil. And the same time, potassium can also improve the scent and aromatic...

    Authors: Wei Hu, Qing Di, Zhijin Wang, Yimo Zhang, Jie Zhang, Jia Liu and Xiaojun Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:130

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Maize yield potential is rarely maximized in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) due to the devastating effects of drought stress and Striga hermonthica parasitism. This study was conducted to determine the gains in grain y...

    Authors: B. Badu-Apraku, A. O. Talabi, M. A. B. Fakorede, Y. Fasanmade, M. Gedil, C. Magorokosho and R. Asiedu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:129

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The soil-borne vascular pathogen Verticillium dahliae causes severe wilt symptoms in a wide range of plants including strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa). To enhance our understanding of the effects of V. dahliae on...

    Authors: Fatma Besbes, Ruth Habegger and Wilfried Schwab

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:128

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Durum wheat is considered not suitable for making many food products that bread wheat can. This limitation is largely due to: (i) lack of grain-hardness controlling genes (Puroindoline a and b) and consequently e...

    Authors: Qiong Wang, Yin Li, Fusheng Sun, Xiaoyan Li, Pandi Wang, Junli Chang, Yuesheng Wang, Guangxiao Yang and Guangyuan He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:126

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) is a bacterial disease with high economic significance. The associated agent Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus is a fastidious, phloem-limited, intracellular bacterium that is transmitt...

    Authors: Qingchun Shi, Marco Pitino, Shujian Zhang, Joseph Krystel, Liliana M. Cano, Robert G. Shatters Jr, David G. Hall and Ed Stover

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:122

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