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Table 1 The mean and standard deviation of quantitative traits of ancient wheats

From: Molecular and agro-morphological characterization of ancient wheat landraces of turkey

  Einkorn Emmer Tir wheat Check cultivars Mean
Kastamonu Konya Kastamonu Kayseri Kars   
Plant height (cm) 71.3 ± 0.68 74.9 ± 1.22 72.3 ± 1.95 75.7 ± 1.81 82.2 ± 0.89 68.1 ± 0.53 74.08 ± 0.76
Number of grains per spike 25.6 ± 0.85 28.5 ± 0.89 17.5 ± 1.02 24.9 ± 2.18 26.9 ± 0.67 23.3 ± 1.53 24.45 ± 0.68
Plant yield (g) 0.57 ± 0.07 0.56 ± 0.08 0.74 ± 0.08 0.79 ± 0.09 0.94 ± 0.09 1.48 ± 0.11 0.86 ± 0.05
Heading time 76.10 ± 0.46 77.0 ± 0.45 69.20 ± 0.36 69.80 ± 0.57 67.20 ± 0.99 74.0 ± 0.82 72.22 ± 0.54
Maturity time 107.40 ± 0.37 110.50 ± 0.31 107.0 ± 0.29 107.30 ± 0.30 103.10 ± 0.35 94.60 ± 0.56 104.98 ± 0.68
1000 kernel weight (g) 36.0 ± 0.84 37.74 ± 0.32 41.60 ± 0.33 42.81 ± 0.32 34.80 ± 0.40 39.76 ± 0.54 36.79 ± 0.42
Protein ratio (%) 17.12 ± 0.14 17.50 ± 0.25 18.20 ± 0.31 18.40 ± 0.21 12.47 ± 0.20 11.08 ± 0.12 15.79 ± 0.39