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Table 2 Group of genes encoded in the complete cp genome of the 8 Calanthe group species

From: Plastome structure of 8 Calanthe s.l. species (Orchidaceae): comparative genomics, phylogenetic analysis

Category for Genes Group of Genes Name of Genes
Self-replication transfer RNAs trnK-UUUa, trnQ-UUG, trnS-GCU, trnG-GCC, trnR-UCU, trnC-GCA, trnD-GUC, trnY-GUA, trnE-UUC, trnT-GGU, trnS-UGA, trnG-UCCa, trnfM-CAU, trnS-GGA, trnT-UGU, trnL-UAAa, trnF-GAA, trnV-UACa, trnM-CAU, trnW-CCA, trnP-UGG, trnH-GUG*, trnI-CAU*, trnL-CAA*, trnV-GAC*, trnI-GAUa*, trnA-UGCa*, trnR-ACG*, trnN-GUU*, trnL-UAG
ribosomal RNAs rrn16*, rrn23*, rrn4.5*, rrn5*
RNA polymerase rpoA, rpoB, rpoC1a, rpoC2
Small subunit of ribosomal proteins (SSU) rps11, rps12a*, rps14, rps15, rps16a, rps18, rps19*, rps2, rps3, rps4, rps7*, rps8
Large subunit of ribosomal proteins (LSU) rpl14, rpl16a, rpl2a*, rpl20, rpl22, rpl23*, rpl32, rpl33, rpl36
Genes for photosynthesis Subunits of NADH-dehydrogenase ndhAa, ndhBa*, ndhCb, ndhD, ndhE, ndhFb, ndhH, ndhI, ndhJ, ndhKb
Subunits of photosystem I psaA, psaB, psaC, psaI, psaJ
Subunits of photosystem II psbA, psbB, psbC, psbD, psbE, psbF, psbI, psbJ, psbK, psbL, psbM, psbN, psbT, psbZ,
Subunits of cytochrome b/f complex petA, petBa, petDa, petG, petL, petN
Subunits of ATP synthase atpA, atpB, atpE, atpFa, atpH, atpI
Large subunit of rubisco rbcL
Other genes Translational initiation factor infA
Protease clpPa
Maturase matK
Subunit of Acetyl-CoA-carboxylase accD
Envelope membrane protein cemA
C-type cytochrome synthesis gene ccsA
Genes of unknown function hypothetical chloroplast reading frames (ycf) ycf1, ycf *, ycf3a, ycf4, ycf15
  1. Note:
  2. aGenes containing introns
  3. bGenes lost in P. delavayi
  4. *Duplicated genes