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Fig. 5 | BMC Plant Biology

Fig. 5

From: Linkage mapping combined with GWAS revealed the genetic structural relationship and candidate genes of maize flowering time-related traits

Fig. 5

Combined QTL and GWAS analysis used to reveal the candidate genes. AB QTLs for HnDTS on chromosome 9 (A), HfDTH and HnDTS on chromosome 4 (B). The red dashed line points to the candidate single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) location. CD Manhattan plots of the GWAS analysis for HnDTH, HfDTA, HnDTA (C) and HnDTH (D) by mixed linear model (MLM). Horizontal dashed red line represents unified P value threshold. SNPs co-localized in the GWAS and QTL analyses are marked with larger dots. EG Allelic effects of the significant SNPs on the Zm00001d045962 (E) and Zm00001d053376 (F and G) in HnDTA. DTA, days to anthesis. Significance: *, P ≤ 0.05; **, P ≤ 0.01

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