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Table 1 Comparison of power and efficiency of single and multi-locus models in GWAS for the detection of marker-trait associations

From: Genome-wide association study and its applications in the non-model crop Sesamum indicum

Species Sample size Traits under study Number of traits measured SNPs number Statistical Models Number of models Maximum QTN detected by each model Co-detected QTN Outperformed model Recommended approach References
Arabidopsis 188 Flowering time 6 216,130 Single-locus 2 25 NA mrMLM Multi-locus [47]
Multi-locus 1 120
199 Flowering time 4 216,130 Single-locus 4 21 NA FASTmrEMMA Multi-locus [17]
Multi-locus 2 68
Maize 144 Embryonic callus regenerative capacity 5 43427 Single-locus 1 1 63 ISIS EMBLASSO Multi-locus [69]
Multi-locus 4 160
230 Starch pasting properties 7 145,232 Single-locus 1 7 7 FASTmrEMMA, Integrated [70]
Multi-locus 3 29
Cotton 160 Fiber quality 6 72,792 Single-locus 1 NA 70 NA Integrated [71]
Multi-locus 6
169 Fiber quality 5 53,848 Single-locus 3 342 15 multi-locus Integrated [54]
Multi-locus 3
Soybean 368 Plant height and number of models 6 62,423 Single-locus 1 24 NA mrMLM Multi-locus [72]
Multi-locus 1 64
Wheat 182 Free amino acid level 20 14,646 Single-locus 1 4 66 pkWmEB Integrated [73]
Multi-locus 6 117
Rice 478 Salt-tolerance 5 165,529 NA 6 NA 56 ISIS EM-BLASSO Integrated [55]
Multi-locus 371