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Table 2 Number of embryos per explant (NE) for each cultivar after two (T2) and three (T3) months of culture, and the average values. Starting explants consist of 100 seeds distributed a rate of 10 seeds per Petri dish

From: Somatic embryogenesis from seeds in a broad range of Vitis vinifera L. varieties: rescue of true-to-type virus-free plants

Cultivar Medium NE at T2 NE at T3 NE/explant
Airen EIM2 1.70 ± 0.53 b 1.02 ± 0.30 d 1.36 ± 0.26 cd
EIM2/2 0.83 ± 0.60 b 1.21 ± 0.10 cd 1.02 ± 0.41 d
Cabernet Franc EIM2 1.24 ± 0.62 b 1.61 ± 0.57 cd 1.43 ± 0.58 cd
EIM2/2 2.51 ± 0.25 b 3.16 ± 0.21 bc 2.84 ± 0.24 cd
Cabernet Sauvignon EIM2 1.39 ± 0.39 b 1.51 ± 0.14 cd 1.45 ± 0.23 cd
EIM2/2 1.14 ± 0.41 b 1.25 ± 0.23 cd 1.19 ± 0.27 cd
Mencía EIM2 1.34 ± 0.38 b 1.15 ± 0.15 cd 1.24 ± 0.22 cd
EIM2/2 2.03 ± 0.25 b 1.12 ± 0.25 cd 1.57 ± 0.25 cd
Merlot EIM2 1.57 ± 0.49 b 1.10 ± 0.65 cd 1.34 ± 0.51 cd
EIM2/2 2.19 ± 0.34 b 1.99 ± 0.35 cd 2.09 ± 0.32 cd
Monastrell EIM2 2.75 ± 0.39 b 2.71 ± 0.34 bcd 2.73 ± 0.24 cd
EIM2/2 2.17 ± 0.58 b 1.25 ± 0.64 cd 1.71 ± 0.61 cd
Petit Verdot EIM2 2.14 ± 0.27 b 4.15 ± 0.47 b 3.15 ± 0.41 bc
EIM2/2 1.32 ± 0.40 b 1.79 ± 0.63 cd 1.55 ± 0.55 cd
Pinot Blanc EIM2 2.05 ± 0.19 b 1.40 ± 0.59 cd 1.73 ± 0.32 cd
EIM2/2 1.19 ± 0.35 b 2.24 ± 0.30 bcd 1.72 ± 0.32 cd
Pinot Gris EIM2 1.35 ± 0.12 b 1.12 ± 0.14 cd 1.24 ± 0.12 cd
EIM2/2 1.20 ± 0.28 b 1.07 ± 0.20 d 1.14 ± 0.26 cd
Pinot Meunier EIM2 1.78 ± 0.31 b 1.81 ± 0.61 cd 1.79 ± 0.43 cd
EIM2/2 1.15 ± 0.38 b 1.83 ± 0.66 cd 1.49 ± 0.42 cd
Pinot Noir EIM2 1.35 ± 0.26 b 1.42 ± 0.35 cd 1.39 ± 0.29 cd
EIM2/2 1.19 ± 0.22 b 1.36 ± 0.58 cd 1.27 ± 0.36 cd
Syrah EIM2 1.00 ± 0.25 b 0.94 ± 0.27 d 0.97 ± 0.21 d
EIM2/2 1.21 ± 0.13 b 1.35 ± 0.45 cd 1.28 ± 0.19 cd
Tempranillo EIM2 2.20 ± 0.42 b 1.23 ± 0.36 cd 1.71 ± 0.31 cd
EIM2/2 2.12 ± 0.49 b 2.15 ± 0.44 bcd 2.14 ± 0.36 cd
Verdil EIM2 10.77 ± 0.55 a 10.32 ± 0.25 a 10.54 ± 0.33 a
EIM2/2 8.72 ± 0.58 a 1.50 ± 0.25 cd 5.11 ± 0.53 b
ANOVA Cultivar
Culture medium Interaction
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  1. Different lower case letters within a column indicate significantly different values (P value < 0.05)
  2. *: P value <0.05
  3. ***: P value <0.001