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Table 1 Percentages of total embryogenic explants (E, %) and embryogenic explants obtained via direct embryogenesis (DE, %) after two (T2), three (T3), and four (T4) months of culture. Starting explants consist of 100 seeds distributed a rate of 10 seeds per Petri dish

From: Somatic embryogenesis from seeds in a broad range of Vitis vinifera L. varieties: rescue of true-to-type virus-free plants

Cultivar T2 T3 T4
E DE E DE E DE
Airen 18.50 j 0.50 h 31.50 fg 1.50 g 13.00 g 1.00 f
Cabernet Franc 51.26 bcde 51.09 abc 60.50 abc 59.91 a 64.66 a 64.65 a
Cabernet Sauvignon 28.99 hij 23.79 fg 51.15 cd 50.17 abc 46.26 b 44.06 b
Mencía 43.77 defg 40.09 cde 52.17 cd 48.71 abcd 28.73 def 28.71 cde
Merlot 38.10 ghi 35.30 e 54.71 bcd 50.44 abc 37.82 bcd 37.81 bc
Monastrell 42.00 efg 4.75 h 46.44 de 7.55 fg 42.85 bc 25.20 de
Petit Verdot 55.50 abc 49.00 bcd 64.00 ab 56.00 ab 71.00 a 70.50 a
Pinot Blanc 50.00 bcdef 50.00 abc 30.50 fg 30.50 e 22.00 fg 22.00 e
Pinot Gris 54.94 abcd 54.78 ab 45.24 de 45.17 bcd 25.71 ef 25.70 de
Pinot Meunier 60.50 ab 60.50 a 48.50 de 48.50 bcd 44.50 bc 44.50 b
Pinot Noir 39.00 fgh 39.00 de 39.00 ef 39.00 de 34.50 cde 34.00 bcd
Syrah 27.57 ij 16.88 g 26.29 g 15.70 f 26.76 def 19.39 e
Tempranillo 44.47 cdefg 28.77 ef 48.26 de 39.50 cde 48.90 b 44.21 b
Verdil 65.46 a 60.83 a 70.58 a 56.34 ab 49.71 b 42.34 b
ANOVA
Cultivar
Culture medium
Interaction
*
*
NS
*
NS
NS
*
NS
NS
*
NS
NS
*
NS
NS
*
NS
NS
  1. Different lower case letters within a column indicate significantly different values (P value < 0.05)
  2. NS: P value >0.05
  3. *: P value <0.05