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Table 1 Provenance and voucher number from the Medicinal Plants and Drug Research Institute Herbarium (MPH), Shahid Beheshti University (Tehran) of the populations of Tanacetum studied, together with genome size, number of CMA+ bands and number of rDNA sites

From: The striking and unexpected cytogenetic diversity of genus Tanacetum L. (Asteraceae): a cytometric and fluorescent in situ hybridisation study of Iranian taxa

Species Population PL1 2n2 2C3 2C4 SD5 1Cx6 HPCV7 CMA8 rDNA9
T. archibaldii Podl. Mazandaran: Pole Zangoleh road (1790) 2 18 8.77 8577 0.04 4.39 1.77 56itc (50, 54, 66) 4
T. balsamita L. Mazandaran: Pole Zangooleh road (1788) 2 18 10.38 10152 0.09 5.19 1.13 40tc (24, 30, 34, 36, 40, 42, 44) 4
T. budjnurdense (Rech.f) Tzvel. Khorasan: Bujnourd (1477) 2 18 10.13 9907 0.19 5.07 1.77 4t 4
T. canescens DC. Zanjan: Soltanieh (1912) 2 18 9.3 9095 0.13 4.65 1.68 4, 6 and 8tc 6 (8)
T. aureum (Lam.) Greuter, M.V.Agab. & Wagenitz Urmia: Meyab (1848) 4 36 17.08* 16704 1.38 4.27 2.62 28tc (26, 32, 34) 10 (8)
T. aureum (Lam.) Greuter, M.V.Agab. & Wagenitz Urmia: Suluk Waterfall (1861) 4 36 15.47* 15130 0.36 3.87 2.79 6 and 10t (3, 4, 5) 10
T. heimerlii (Nabělek) Parsa Urmia: Sero road, Golsheykhan (1227) 2 18 8.25 8069 0.06 4.13 2.09 4t (2, 3, 5, 6) 4 and 6
T. oligocephalum (DC.) Sch.Bip. Urmia: Chaldoran (1914) 2 18 7.67 7501 0.05 3.84 2.53 6t (4) 6
T. oligocephalum (DC.) Sch.Bip. Urmia: Naghadeh (1868) 4 36 17.57* 17183 0.62 4.39 2.2 22t(10, 12, 14, 20, 24) 12 (8, 10)
T. oligocephalum (DC.) Sch.Bip. Urmia: Mamakan (1911) 4 36 14.87* 14543 0.28 3.72 3.02 10t (8, 9) 10
T. fisherae Aitch. & Hemsley. Kerman Mehr mountain, north and east slopes (1916) 5 44A 17.11* 16734 0.27 3.42 2.69 30 tc (8, 14, 22, 24, 28) 10 (5, 7, 6, 12, 15)
T. hololeucum (Bornm.) Podl. Mazandaran: Pole Zangoleh road (1791) 2 18 8.45 8264 0.2 4.23 1.61 14 and 16t (18, 20, 22) 6
T. joharchii Sonboli & Kaz.Osaloo Khorasan, Chenaran, (1620) 3 27 11.31* 11061 0.11 3.77 0.92 24itc (32 and 36) 6 (5, 8)
T. kotschyi (Boiss.) Grierson Urmia, Anhar road, Suluk (1129) 3 27 10.04* 9819 0.07 3.35 1.63 24tc (20, 28, 32, 34) 6
T. kotschyi (Boiss.) Grierson Tabriz: Mishodagh (1339) 3 27 10.72* 10484 0.12 3.57 1.83 44tc (28, 32, 42, 44, 48) 6
T. kotschyi (Boiss.) Grierson Zanjan: Ghidar (1419) 3 27 8.58* 8391 0.09 2.86 1.89 18tc (20, 22, 26) 4
T. parthenifolium (Willd.) Sch.Bip. Urmia: Suluk Waterfall (1127) 2 18 4.68 4577 0.09 2.34 3.07 4t 4
T. parthenium (L.) Sch.Bip. Tehran: Tochal (1483) 2 18 3.84 3756 0.04 1.92 2.46 2t (3, 4) 2 (3, 4)
T. parthenium (L.) Sch.Bip. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University, agricultural field of research. Cultivated (1633) 2 18 4.51 4411 0.04 2.26 3.06 14tc (8, 10) 6
T. parthenium (L.) Sch.Bip. Hamadan: Dare Morad Beig (1903) 2 18 4 3912 0.04 2.00 3.02 3t (2,4) 2(3, 4)
T. persicum (Boiss.) Mozaff. Chahar Mahal & Bakhtiari: Sabz Kuh (1502) 2 18 4.4 4303 0.69 2.20 2.49 4t 4
T. pinnatum Boiss. Hamadan: Asad Abad (1895) 2 18B 13.19 12900 0.06 6.60 2.09 4t 4
T. pinnatum Boiss. Hamadan: Malayer (1896) 2 18 13.18* 12890 0.08 6.59 2.75 4t (6) 4
T. pinnatum Boiss. Hamadan: Razan (1894) 4 36 24.87* 24323 0.58 4.15 1.45 6t (3, 4, 5) 4 and 6 (8)
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip. ssp. argyrophyllum (K.Koch) Podlech Urmia: Meshkin Shahr (1884) 2 18 9.26 9056 0.14 4.63 1.3 6t (5, 7, 8, 10) 6 (7, 8)
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip. ssp. argyrophyllum (K.Koch) Podlech Urmia: Ghasemloo Valley (1866) 4 36 17.88* 17487 0.84 4.47 2.84 8 and 10t (5, 6, 13) 12 (14)
Species Population PL1 2n2 2C3 2C4 SD5 1Cx6 HPCV7 CMA8 rDNA9
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip. ssp. argyrophyllum (K.Koch) Podlech Urmia: Oshnaviyeh (1867) 4 35 16.82* 16450 0.4 4.21 2.94 6, 10, 20 and 24t 14 (10, 11, 12, 13, 15)
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip. ssp. argyrophyllum (K.Koch) Podlech Urmia: Marand (1856) 4 36 17.89* 17496 0.16 4.47 2.4 32 and 36t (8, 20) 12 (14)
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip.ssp. azerbaijanicum Podlech Urmia: Ghishchi (1212) 4 36 18.24* 17839 0.31 4.56 2.4 16t (8, 14) 12
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip. ssp. duderanum (Boiss.) Podlech Mazandaran: Pole Zangoleh road (1795) 4 36 17.63* 17242 0.53 4.41 3.22 14tc (18, 20, 22, 24) 12 (11)
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip. ssp. farsicum Podlech Hamadan: Kabudar Ahang (1901) 6 54 24.12** 23589 0.39 4.02 3.46 22 and 24t (18, 20, 26) 13 (14, 17)
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip. ssp. heterophyllum (Boiss.) Podlech Mazandaran: Pole Zangoleh road (1797) 4 36 18.10* 17702 0.29 4.53 2.48 18 and 22t (16, 18, 20, 30, 32) 12 (9, 10, 11)
T. polycephalum Sch.Bip.ssp. heterophyllum (Boiss.) Podlech Hamadan: Asad Abad (1899) 6 54 22.99** 22484 0.56 3.83 2.88 8t (10, 12, 14, 16) 18 (15, 16, 17)
T. sonbolii Mozaff. (305) Urmia: Takab 2 18 9.17 8968 0.19 4.59 2.12 5t (4, 6, 8) 8
T. tabrisianum (Boiss.) Sosn. & Takht. Urmia: Ahar (1905) 6 54 23.56** 23042 1.12 3.93 2.59 20 and 26t (14, 16, 27) 14 and 16 (10, 12)
T. tabrisianum (Boiss.) Sosn. & Takht. Urmia: Ahar (1906) 6 54 24.01** 23482 0.16 4.00 1.96 50t (28, 40) 16 (14, 15, 26)
T. tenuisectum (Boiss.) Podl. Tehran: Damavand (863) 2 18 7.68 7511 0.13 3.84 1.11 32, 34 and 46tc 6 (8, 10)
T. tenuissimum (Trautv.) Grossh. Urmia: Jolfa (1855) 4 36 16.26* 15902 1.33 4.07 2.74 16 and 22 tc 9
  1. All populations are native to Iran. (1) ploidy; (2) chromosome number; (3) genome size in pg; Petunia hybrida ‘PxPC6’ (2C = 2.85 pg), (*) Pisum sativum ‘Express Long’ (2C = 8.37 pg), and (**) Triticum aestivum ‘Chinese Spring’ (2C = 30.9 pg) were used as internal standards; (4) genome size in Mbp (1 pg = 978 Mbp); (5) standard deviation; (6) monoploid genome size; (7) half peak coefficient of variation for each population; (8) most commonly found number of CMA+ bands, together with the most usual position found for them (I = interstitial, t = terminal or subterminal, c = centromeric or pericentromeric); in brackets, other numbers of CMA+ bands found; (9) most commonly found number of rDNA sites; in brackets other numbers of rDNA sites found (position of rDNA sites is always terminal or subterminal). AThe expected number for a pentaploid would be 2n = 45 but there is an already described hypoaneuploidy for this taxon, sometimes presenting a B chromosome (2n = 44 + 1B, [105]); Btwo to three B-chromosomes occasionally found