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Table 1 Carotenoid composition of RH and RHB fruits during ripening.

From: Study of 'Redhaven' peach and its white-fleshed mutant suggests a key role of CCD4 carotenoid dioxygenase in carotenoid and norisoprenoid volatile metabolism

Stage Compound Amount
   RH RHB
S1 Lutein isomers 830 457
  β-carotene 178 310
  Neochrome epimers 141 n.d.
  (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-β-ionone + (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-10'-apo-β-carotenal (tent.) 76 n.d.
  β-cryptoxanthin 64 68
  Violaxanthin 56 n.d.
  Zeaxanthin n.d. 50
S2 Lutein isomers 577 485
  Neochrome epimers 114 n.d.
  β-carotene 109 313
  (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-β-ionone + (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-10'-apo-β-carotenal (tent.) 54 n.d.
  Violaxanthin 23 n.d.
  β-cryptoxanthin 21 48
  Zeaxanthin n.d. 54
  Zeinoxanthin (tent.) n.d. 27
  β-cryptoflavin n.d. 25
S3 Lutein isomers 1394 690
  Neochrome epimers 382 n.d.
  β-carotene 292 330
  Violaxanthin isomers 253 n.d.
  Luteoxanthin epimers 137 n.d.
  (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-β-ionone + (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-10'-apo-β-carotenal (tent.) 77 n.d.
  Auroxanthin 49 n.d.
  Zeaxanthin n.d. 77
  β-cryptoflavin n.d. 34
  Zeinoxanthin (tent.) n.d. 31
Br Luteoxanthin epimers 2506 n.d.
  (9Z)-lutein-5,6-epoxide isomers 942 n.d.
  β-carotene 912 219
  Violaxanthin isomers 741 n.d.
  Lutein isomers 693 248
  Zeaxanthin isomers 523 27
  Neochrome epimers 437 n.d.
  β-cryptoxanthin 208 23
  Mutatoxanthin epimers 148 n.d.
  Latochrome (tent.) 141 n.d.
  (all-E)-neoxanthin 89 n.d.
  Unidentified compound 67 n.d.
  (Z)-auroxanthin 7 n.d.
S4 Antheraxanthin isomers 2391 n.d.
  Luteoxanthin isomers 2304 n.d.
  Zeaxanthin isomers 1539 427
  Mutatoxanthin epimers 972 95
  β-cryptoxanthin 742 31
  β-carotene 583 n.d.
  (all-E)-violaxanthin 491 n.d.
  Neochrome epimers 459 n.d.
  Phytofluene 389 20
  Lutein isomers 480 150
  Neoxanthin isomers 275 n.d.
  Latochrome epimers (tent.) 183 n.d.
  Unidentified compound 76 n.d.
  (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-β-ionone + (3-hydroxy)-5,6-epoxy-5,6-dihydro-10'-apo-β-carotenal (tent.) 55 8
  ζ-carotene n.d. 20
  1. Average values are listed in descending order with respect to RH composition and expressed in ng/g fresh weight. PDA λ: 450 nm. tent.: tentative identification. n.d.: not detectable.