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  1. Next-generation transgenic plants will require a more precise regulation of transgene expression, preferably under the control of native promoters. A genome-wide T-DNA tagging strategy was therefore performed ...

    Authors: Efrén Santos, Serge Remy, Els Thiry, Saskia Windelinckx, Rony Swennen and László Sági

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:77

    Content type: Research article

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  2. In pea seeds (Pisum sativum L.), the Def locus defines an abscission event where the seed separates from the funicle through the intervening hilum region at maturity. A spontaneous mutation at this locus results ...

    Authors: Kwadwo Owusu Ayeh, YeonKyeong Lee, Mike J Ambrose and Anne Kathrine Hvoslef-Eide

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:76

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Transcription factor HaDREB2 was identified in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) as a drought-responsive element-binding factor 2 (DREB2) with unique properties. HaDREB2 and the sunflower Heat Shock Factor A9 (HaH...

    Authors: Concepción Almoguera, Pilar Prieto-Dapena, Juan Díaz-Martín, José M Espinosa, Raúl Carranco and Juan Jordano

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:75

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Rice transcription regulator OsWRKY13 influences the functioning of more than 500 genes in multiple signalling pathways, with roles in disease resistance, redox homeostasis, abiotic stress responses, and devel...

    Authors: Deyun Qiu, Jun Xiao, Weibo Xie, Hongtao Cheng, Xianghua Li and Shiping Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:74

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Like other species of the Phaseoleae tribe, common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) has the potential to establish symbiosis with rhizobia and to fix the atmospheric dinitrogen (N2) for its N nutrition. Common bean h...

    Authors: Fatma Tajini, Porntip Suriyakup, Hélène Vailhe, Jan Jansa and Jean-Jacques Drevon

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:73

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Limited DNA sequence and DNA marker resources have been developed for Iris (Iridaceae), a monocot genus of 200–300 species in the Asparagales, several of which are horticulturally important. We mined an I. brevic...

    Authors: Shunxue Tang, Rebecca A Okashah, Marie-Michele Cordonnier-Pratt, Lee H Pratt, Virgil Ed Johnson, Christopher A Taylor, Michael L Arnold and Steven J Knapp

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:72

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Photosystems are composed of two moieties, a reaction center and a peripheral antenna system. In photosynthetic eukaryotes the latter system is composed of proteins belonging to Lhc family. An increasing set o...

    Authors: Alessandro Alboresi, Matteo Ballottari, Rainer Hienerwadel, Giorgio M Giacometti and Tomas Morosinotto

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:71

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Helitrons are a class of transposable elements which have been identified in a number of species of plants, animals and fungi. They are unique in their proposed rolling-circle mode of replication, have a highl...

    Authors: Tim Langdon, Ann Thomas, Lin Huang, Kerrie Farrar, Julie King and Ian Armstead

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:70

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Despite wealth of information generated on salt tolerance mechanism, its basics still remain elusive. Thus, there is a need of continued effort to understand the salt tolerance mechanism using suitable biotech...

    Authors: Binod B Sahu and Birendra P Shaw

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:69

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Members of plant WRKY transcription factor families are widely implicated in defense responses and various other physiological processes. For canola (Brassica napus L.), no WRKY genes have been described in detai...

    Authors: Bo Yang, Yuanqing Jiang, Muhammad H Rahman, Michael K Deyholos and Nat NV Kav

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:68

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Tomato fruit set is a key process that has a great economic impact on crop production. We employed the Affymetrix GeneChip Tomato Genome Array to compare the transcriptome of a non-parthenocarpic line, UC82, w...

    Authors: Laura Pascual, Jose M Blanca, Joaquin Cañizares and Fernado Nuez

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:67

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The APETALA2-like genes form a large multi-gene family of transcription factors which play an important role during the plant life cycle, being key regulators of many developmental processes. Many studies in Arab...

    Authors: Javier Gil-Humanes, Fernando Pistón, Antonio Martín and Francisco Barro

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:66

    Content type: Research article

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  13. A large number of genetic variations have been identified in rice. Such variations must in many cases control phenotypic differences in abiotic stress tolerance and other traits. A single feature polymorphism ...

    Authors: Sung-Hyun Kim, Prasanna R Bhat, Xinping Cui, Harkamal Walia, Jin Xu, Steve Wanamaker, Abdelbagi M Ismail, Clyde Wilson and Timothy J Close

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:65

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The actin cytoskeleton is involved in the responses of plants to environmental signals. Actin bundles play the role of tracks in chloroplast movements activated by light. Chloroplasts redistribute in response ...

    Authors: Anna Anielska-Mazur, Tytus Bernaś and Halina Gabryś

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:64

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Inter-specific hybridization occurs frequently in plants, which may induce genetic and epigenetic instabilities in the resultant hybrids, allopolyploids and introgressants. It remains unclear however whether p...

    Authors: Hongyan Wang, Yang Chai, Xiucheng Chu, Yunyang Zhao, Ying Wu, Jihong Zhao, Frédéric Ngezahayo, Chunming Xu and Bao Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:63

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Qualitative pathogen resistance in both dicotyledenous and monocotyledonous plants has been attributed to the action of resistance (R) genes, including those encoding nucleotide binding site – leucine rich rep...

    Authors: Peter M Dracatos, Noel OI Cogan, Timothy I Sawbridge, Anthony R Gendall, Kevin F Smith, German C Spangenberg and John W Forster

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:62

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Allium sativum., commonly known as garlic, is a species in the onion genus (Allium), which is a large and diverse one containing over 1,250 species. Its close relatives include chives, onion, leek and shallot. Ga...

    Authors: Dae-Won Kim, Tae-Sung Jung, Seong-Hyeuk Nam, Hyuk-Ryul Kwon, Aeri Kim, Sung-Hwa Chae, Sang-Haeng Choi, Dong-Wook Kim, Ryong Nam Kim and Hong-Seog Park

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:61

    Content type: Database

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  18. Two previously uncharacterized Arabidopsis genes that encode proteins with acyltransferase PlsC regions were selected for study based on their sequence similarity to a recently identified lung lysophosphatidyl...

    Authors: Kjell Stålberg, Ulf Ståhl, Sten Stymne and John Ohlrogge

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:60

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Acidity is an essential component of the organoleptic quality of fleshy fruits. However, in these fruits, the physiological and molecular mechanisms that control fruit acidity remain unclear. In peach the D locus...

    Authors: Karima Boudehri, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Gaëlle Cardinet, Christelle Troadec, Annick Moing and Elisabeth Dirlewanger

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:59

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Selenium is a trace element performing important biological functions in many organisms including humans. It usually affects organisms in a strictly dosage-dependent manner being essential at low and toxic at ...

    Authors: Dáša Umysová, Milada Vítová, Irena Doušková, Kateřina Bišová, Monika Hlavová, Mária Čížková, Jiří Machát, Jiří Doucha and Vilém Zachleder

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:58

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a major forage legume that has a strong self-incompatibility system and exhibits high genetic diversity within populations. For several crop species, integrated consensus lin...

    Authors: Sachiko Isobe, Roland Kölliker, Hiroshi Hisano, Shigemi Sasamoto, Tshyuko Wada, Irina Klimenko, Kenji Okumura and Satoshi Tabata

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:57

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The tightly bound to DNA proteins (TBPs) is a protein group that remains attached to DNA with covalent or non-covalent bonds after its deproteinisation. The functional role of this group is as yet not complete...

    Authors: Tatjana Sjakste, Kristina Bielskiene, Marion Röder, Olga Sugoka, Danute Labeikyte, Lida Bagdoniene, Benediktas Juodka, Yegor Vassetzky and Nikolajs Sjakste

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:56

    Content type: Research article

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  23. For plants to flower at the appropriate time, they must be able to perceive and respond to various internal and external cues. Wheat is generally a long-day plant that will go through phase transition from veg...

    Authors: Mark O Winfield, Chungui Lu, Ian D Wilson, Jane A Coghill and Keith J Edwards

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:55

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Grapevine protection against diseases needs alternative strategies to the use of phytochemicals, implying a thorough knowledge of innate defense mechanisms. However, signalling pathways and regulatory elements...

    Authors: Gaëlle Le Henanff, Thierry Heitz, Pere Mestre, Jerôme Mutterer, Bernard Walter and Julie Chong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:54

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Despite great advances in genomic technology observed in several crop species, the availability of molecular tools such as microsatellite markers has been limited in tea (Camellia sinensis L.). The development of...

    Authors: Ram Kumar Sharma, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Rinu Negi, Trilochan Mohapatra and Paramvir Singh Ahuja

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:53

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The complex responses of plants to DNA damage are incompletely understood and the role of members of the serpin protein family has not been investigated. Serpins are functionally diverse but structurally conse...

    Authors: Joon-Woo Ahn, Brian J Atwell and Thomas H Roberts

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:52

    Content type: Research article

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  27. American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was devastated by an exotic pathogen in the beginning of the twentieth century. This chestnut blight is caused by Cryphonectria parasitica, a fungus that infects stem tissues ...

    Authors: Abdelali Barakat, Denis S DiLoreto, Yi Zhang, Chris Smith, Kathleen Baier, William A Powell, Nicholas Wheeler, Ron Sederoff and John E Carlson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:51

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Brassica species include an important group of crops and provide opportunities for studying the evolutionary consequences of polyploidy. They are related to Arabidopsis thaliana, for which the first complete ...

    Authors: Martin Trick, Foo Cheung, Nizar Drou, Fiona Fraser, Edward K Lobenhofer, Patrick Hurban, Andreas Magusin, Christopher D Town and Ian Bancroft

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:50

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Universally accepted landmark stages are necessary to highlight key events in plant reproductive development and to facilitate comparisons among species. Domestication and selection of tomato resulted in many ...

    Authors: Han Xiao, Cheryll Radovich, Nicholas Welty, Jason Hsu, Dongmei Li, Tea Meulia and Esther van der Knaap

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:49

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Seed dormancy is controlled by the physiological or structural properties of a seed and the external conditions. It is induced as part of the genetic program of seed development and maturation. Seeds with deep...

    Authors: Tomasz A Pawłowski

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:48

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean) is the second most important legume crop in the world after soybean. Consequently, yield losses due to fungal infection, like Uromyces appendiculatus (bean rust), have strong cons...

    Authors: Sandra Thibivilliers, Trupti Joshi, Kimberly B Campbell, Brian Scheffler, Dong Xu, Bret Cooper, Henry T Nguyen and Gary Stacey

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:46

    Content type: Research article

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  32. In recent years, the application of nanotechnology in several fields of bioscience and biomedicine has been studied. The use of nanoparticles for the targeted delivery of substances has been given special atte...

    Authors: Eduardo Corredor, Pilar S Testillano, María-José Coronado, Pablo González-Melendi, Rodrigo Fernández-Pacheco, Clara Marquina, M Ricardo Ibarra, Jesús M de la Fuente, Diego Rubiales, Alejandro Pérez-de-Luque and María-Carmen Risueño

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:45

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Phenotypic characterization of transgenic cell lines, frequently used in plant biology studies, is complicated because transgene expression in individual cells is often heterogeneous and unstable. To identify ...

    Authors: Eva Nocarova and Lukas Fischer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:44

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Although the effects of P deficiency on tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) growth, P uptake and utilization as well as leaf gas exchange and Chl a fluorescence have been investigated, very little is known abo...

    Authors: Zheng-He Lin, Li-Song Chen, Rong-Bing Chen, Fang-Zhou Zhang, Huan-Xin Jiang and Ning Tang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:43

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Tandemly repeated DNA, also called as satellite DNA, is a common feature of eukaryotic genomes. Satellite repeats can expand and contract dramatically, which may cause genome size variation among genetically-r...

    Authors: Sung-Hwan Jo, Dal-Hoe Koo, Jihyun F Kim, Cheol-Goo Hur, Sanghyeob Lee, Tae-jin Yang, Suk-Yoon Kwon and Doil Choi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:42

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Gluten proteins can induce celiac disease (CD) in genetically susceptible individuals. In CD patients gluten-derived peptides are presented to the immune system, which leads to a CD4+ T-cell mediated immune respo...

    Authors: Hetty C van den Broeck, Teun WJM van Herpen, Cees Schuit, Elma MJ Salentijn, Liesbeth Dekking, Dirk Bosch, Rob J Hamer, Marinus JM Smulders, Ludovicus JWJ Gilissen and Ingrid M van der Meer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Arachis hypogaea (peanut) is an important crop worldwide, being mostly used for edible oil production, direct consumption and animal feed. Cultivated peanut is an allotetraploid species with two different genome ...

    Authors: Márcio C Moretzsohn, Andrea VG Barbosa, Dione MT Alves-Freitas, Cristiane Teixeira, Soraya CM Leal-Bertioli, Patrícia M Guimarães, Rinaldo W Pereira, Catalina R Lopes, Marcelo M Cavallari, José FM Valls, David J Bertioli and Marcos A Gimenes

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:40

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Ubiquitination is mediated by the sequential action of at least three enzymes: the E1 (ubiquitin-activating enzyme), E2 (ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme) and E3 (ubiquitin ligase) proteins. Polyubiquitination of ...

    Authors: Hirotaka Takahashi, Akira Nozawa, Motoaki Seki, Kazuo Shinozaki, Yaeta Endo and Tatsuya Sawasaki

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:39

    Content type: Methodology article

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  39. Plastids arose from a free-living cyanobacterial endosymbiont and multiply by binary division as do cyanobacteria. Plastid division involves nucleus-encoded homologs of cyanobacterial division proteins such as...

    Authors: Kenji Suzuki, Hiromitsu Nakanishi, Joyce Bower, David W Yoder, Katherine W Osteryoung and Shin-ya Miyagishima

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:38

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Although histone deacetylases from model organisms have been previously identified, there is no clear basis for the classification of histone deacetylases under the RPD3/HDA1 superfamily, particularly on plant...

    Authors: Malona V Alinsug, Chun-Wei Yu and Keqiang Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Renowned for their fast growth, valuable wood properties and wide adaptability, Eucalyptus species are amongst the most planted hardwoods in the world, yet they are still at the early stages of domestication beca...

    Authors: David Rengel, Hélène San Clemente, Florence Servant, Nathalie Ladouce, Etienne Paux, Patrick Wincker, Arnaud Couloux, Pierre Sivadon and Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:36

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Lack of sufficient molecular markers hinders current genetic research in peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.). It is necessary to develop more molecular markers for potential use in peanut genetic research. With the dev...

    Authors: Xuanqiang Liang, Xiaoping Chen, Yanbin Hong, Haiyan Liu, Guiyuan Zhou, Shaoxiong Li and Baozhu Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:35

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In order to identify genes that might confer and maintain freeze resistance of winter wheat, a comparative transcriptome analysis was performed between control and 4 wk cold-acclimated crown tissue of two wint...

    Authors: Fedora Sutton, Ding-Geng Chen, Xijin Ge and Don Kenefick

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:34

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Ecological, evolutionary and physiological studies have thus far provided an incomplete picture of why some plants become invasive; therefore we used genomic resources to complement and advance this field. In ...

    Authors: Amanda K Broz, Daniel K Manter, Gillianne Bowman, Heinz Müller-Schärer and Jorge M Vivanco

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:33

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Rhizotoxic ions in problem soils inhibit nutrient and water acquisition by roots, which in turn leads to reduced crop yields. Previous studies on the effects of rhizotoxic ions on root growth and physiological...

    Authors: Cheng-Ri Zhao, Takashi Ikka, Yoshiharu Sawaki, Yuriko Kobayashi, Yuji Suzuki, Takashi Hibino, Shigeru Sato, Nozomu Sakurai, Daisuke Shibata and Hiroyuki Koyama

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The interaction of Arabidopsis with Alternaria brassicicola provides a model for disease caused by necrotrophs, but a drawback has been the lack of a compatible pathosystem. Infection of most ecotypes, including ...

    Authors: Arup K Mukherjee, Sophie Lev, Shimon Gepstein and Benjamin A Horwitz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The leaves of globe artichoke and cultivated cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) have significant pharmaceutical properties, which mainly result from their high content of polyphenolic compounds such as monocaffeoylq...

    Authors: Cinzia Comino, Alain Hehn, Andrea Moglia, Barbara Menin, Frédéric Bourgaud, Sergio Lanteri and Ezio Portis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Arabidopsis ovules comprise four morphologically distinct parts: the nucellus, which contains the embryo sac, two integuments that become the seed coat, and the funiculus that anchors the ovule within the carpel....

    Authors: Debra J Skinner and Charles S Gasser

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Besides being essential for plant structure and metabolism, soluble carbohydrates play important roles in stress responses. Sucrose has been shown to confer to Arabidopsis seedlings a high level of tolerance t...

    Authors: Fanny Ramel, Cécile Sulmon, Matthieu Bogard, Ivan Couée and Gwenola Gouesbet

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2009 9:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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