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  1. Introns stimulate gene expression in a wide range of organisms by increasing the levels of mature mRNA, without affecting mRNA stability. Although introns sometimes function as transcriptional enhancers, they ...

    Authors: Tsofit Akua, Irina Berezin and Orit Shaul

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:93

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Peptide transporter (PTR) family whose member can transport di-/tripeptides and nitrate is important for plant growth and development. Although the rice (Oryza sativa L.) genome has been sequenced for a few years...

    Authors: Xiaobo Zhao, Jianyan Huang, Huihui Yu, Lei Wang and Weibo Xie

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:92

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Salt stress is one of the major abiotic stresses affecting plant growth and productivity. Vacuolar H+-pyrophosphatase (H+-PPase) genes play an important role in salt stress tolerance in multiple species.

    Authors: Qinghua Sun, Feng Gao, Lei Zhao, Kunpeng Li and Juren Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:90

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Somatic embryogenesis in spruce is a process of high importance for biotechnology, yet it comprises of orchestrated series of events whose cellular and molecular details are not well understood. In this study,...

    Authors: Kateřina Schwarzerová, Zuzana Vondráková, Lukáš Fischer, Petra Boříková, Erica Bellinvia, Kateřina Eliášová, Lenka Havelková, Jindřiška Fišerová, Martin Vágner and Zdeněk Opatrný

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:89

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In the last hundred years, the development of improved wheat cultivars has led to the replacement of landraces and traditional varieties by modern cultivars. This has resulted in a decline in the genetic diver...

    Authors: Navreet K Bhullar, Zhiqing Zhang, Thomas Wicker and Beat Keller

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:88

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Oat, Avena sativa is the sixth most important cereal in the world. Presently oat is mostly used as feed for animals. However, oat also has special properties that make it beneficial for human consumption and has ...

    Authors: Aakash Chawade, Per Sikora, Marcus Bräutigam, Mikael Larsson, Vivekanand Vivekanand, Montedar All Nakash, Tingsu Chen and Olof Olsson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:86

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and soybean (Glycine max) both belong to the Phaseoleae tribe and share significant coding sequence homology. This suggests that the GeneChip® Soybean Genome Array (soybean Gen...

    Authors: S Samuel Yang, Oswaldo Valdés-López, Wayne W Xu, Bruna Bucciarelli, John W Gronwald, Georgina Hernández and Carroll P Vance

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:85

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Two component systems (TCS) are phosphotransfer-based signal transduction pathways first discovered in bacteria, where they perform most of the sensing tasks. They present a highly modular structure, comprisin...

    Authors: Luís M Muñiz, Joaquín Royo, Elisa Gómez, Gaelle Baudot, Wyatt Paul and Gregorio Hueros

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:84

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Dunaliella salina Teodoresco, a unicellular, halophilic green alga belonging to the Chlorophyceae, is among the most industrially important microalgae. This is because D. salina can produce massive amounts of β-c...

    Authors: David Roy Smith, Robert W Lee, John C Cushman, Jon K Magnuson, Duc Tran and Jürgen EW Polle

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:83

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Vanilla planifolia is an important Orchid commercially cultivated for the production of natural vanilla flavour. Vanilla plants are conventionally propagated by stem cuttings and thus causing injury to the mother...

    Authors: Tony L Palama, Patrice Menard, Isabelle Fock, Young H Choi, Emmanuel Bourdon, Joyce Govinden-Soulange, Muriel Bahut, Bertrand Payet, Robert Verpoorte and Hippolyte Kodja

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:82

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Strawberry (Fragaria spp.) is the familiar name of a group of economically important crop plants and wild relatives that also represent an emerging system for the study of gene and genome evolution. Its small sta...

    Authors: Thomas M Davis, Melanie E Shields, Qian Zhang, Denise Tombolato-Terzić, Jeffrey L Bennetzen, Ana C Pontaroli, Hao Wang, Qin Yao, Phillip SanMiguel and Kevin M Folta

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:81

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Cysteine is a component in organic compounds including glutathione that have been implicated in the adaptation of plants to stresses. O-acetylserine (thiol) lyase (OAS-TL) catalyses the final step of cysteine bio...

    Authors: Reza Shirzadian-Khorramabad, Hai-Chun Jing, Gerja E Everts, Jos HM Schippers, Jacques Hille and Paul P Dijkwel

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:80

    Content type: Research article

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  13. An interesting seed protein family with a role in preventing insect herbivory is the multi-gene, APA family encoding the α-amylase inhibitor, phytohemagglutinin and arcelin proteins of common bean (Phaseolus vulg...

    Authors: Matthew W Blair, Sergio Prieto, Lucy M Díaz, Héctor F Buendía and César Cardona

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:79

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Sulphur is an essential macronutrient needed for the synthesis of many cellular components. Sulphur containing amino acids and stress response-related compounds, such as glutathione, are derived from reduction...

    Authors: Hélène Zuber, Jean-Claude Davidian, Markus Wirtz, Rüdiger Hell, Maya Belghazi, Richard Thompson and Karine Gallardo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:78

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Clonal propagation is highly desired especially for valuable horticultural crops. The method with the potentially highest multiplication rate is regeneration via somatic embryogenesis. However, this mode of pr...

    Authors: Claudia Hoenemann, Sandra Richardt, Katja Krüger, Andreas D Zimmer, Annette Hohe and Stefan A Rensing

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:77

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Alternative splicing (AS) involving tandem acceptors that are separated by three nucleotides (NAGNAG) is an evolutionarily widespread class of AS, which is well studied in Homo sapiens (human) and Mus musculus (m...

    Authors: Rileen Sinha, Andreas D Zimmer, Kathrin Bolte, Daniel Lang, Ralf Reski, Matthias Platzer, Stefan A Rensing and Rolf Backofen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:76

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Nitrogen (N), the primary limiting factor for plant growth and yield in agriculture, has a patchy distribution in soils due to fertilizer application or decomposing organic matter. Studies in solution culture ...

    Authors: Daniel R Ruzicka, Felipe H Barrios-Masias, Natasha T Hausmann, Louise E Jackson and Daniel P Schachtman

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:75

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Epigenetic phenomena have been associated with the regulation of active and silent chromatin states achieved by modifications of chromatin structure through DNA methylation, and histone post-translational modi...

    Authors: Aliki Kapazoglou, Alessandro Tondelli, Dimitra Papaefthimiou, Helen Ampatzidou, Enrico Francia, Michele A Stanca, Konstantinos Bladenopoulos and Athanasios S Tsaftaris

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:73

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Crossing plants of the same species but different ploidies can have dramatic effects on seed growth, but little is known about the alterations to transcriptional programmes responsible for this. Parental genom...

    Authors: Sushma Tiwari, Melissa Spielman, Reiner Schulz, Rebecca J Oakey, Gavin Kelsey, Andres Salazar, Ke Zhang, Roger Pennell and Rod J Scott

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:72

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) is currently the most accurate method for detecting differential gene expression. Such an approach depends on the identification of uniformly expressed 'housekeeping genes'...

    Authors: Rudy Huis, Simon Hawkins and Godfrey Neutelings

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:71

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Camptotheca acuminata is a major natural source of the terpenoid indole alkaloid camptothecin (CPT). At present, little is known about the cellular distribution of the biosynthesis of CPT, which would be useful k...

    Authors: Alessio Valletta, Livio Trainotti, Anna Rita Santamaria and Gabriella Pasqua

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:69

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Oncidium spp. produce commercially important orchid cut flowers. However, they are amenable to intergeneric and inter-specific crossing making phylogenetic identification very difficult. Molecular markers derived...

    Authors: Fu-Hui Wu, Ming-Tsair Chan, De-Chih Liao, Chen-Tran Hsu, Yi-Wei Lee, Henry Daniell, Melvin R Duvall and Choun-Sea Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:68

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The soil-borne fungal pathogen Verticillium dahliae Kleb causes Verticillium wilt in a wide range of crops including cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). To date, most upland cotton varieties are susceptible to V. dahlia...

    Authors: Weiguo Miao, Xiben Wang, Ming Li, Congfeng Song, Yu Wang, Dongwei Hu and Jinsheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:67

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Plants trigger and tailor defense responses after perception of the oral secretions (OS) of attacking specialist lepidopteran larvae. Fatty acid-amino acid conjugates (FACs) in the OS of the Manduca sexta larvae ...

    Authors: Paola A Gilardoni, Stefan Schuck, Ruth Jüngling, Björn Rotter, Ian T Baldwin and Gustavo Bonaventure

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:66

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The genus Musa is a large species complex which includes cultivars at diploid and triploid levels. These sterile and vegetatively propagated cultivars are based on the A genome from Musa acuminata, exclusively fo...

    Authors: Isabelle Hippolyte, Frederic Bakry, Marc Seguin, Laetitia Gardes, Ronan Rivallan, Ange-Marie Risterucci, Christophe Jenny, Xavier Perrier, Françoise Carreel, Xavier Argout, Pietro Piffanelli, Imtiaz A Khan, Robert NG Miller, Georgios J Pappas, Didier Mbéguié-A-Mbéguié, Takashi Matsumoto…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:65

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Nutrient availabilities and needs have to be tightly coordinated between organs to ensure a balance between uptake and consumption for metabolism, growth, and defense reactions. Since plants often have to grow...

    Authors: Anja Buhtz, Janin Pieritz, Franziska Springer and Julia Kehr

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:64

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The importance of maize for human and animal nutrition, but also as a source for bio-energy is rapidly increasing. Maize yield is a quantitative trait controlled by many genes with small effects, spread throug...

    Authors: Junjie Fu, Alexander Thiemann, Tobias A Schrag, Albrecht E Melchinger, Stefan Scholten and Matthias Frisch

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:63

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Brassicaceae family includes the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana as well as a number of agronomically important species such as oilseed crops (in particular Brassica napus, B. juncea and B. rapa) and vegetab...

    Authors: Pauline Stephenson, David Baker, Thomas Girin, Amandine Perez, Stephen Amoah, Graham J King and Lars Østergaard

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:62

    Content type: Methodology article

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  29. Carotenoids are a group of C40 isoprenoid molecules that play diverse biological and ecological roles in plants. Tomato is an important vegetable in human diet and provides the vitamin A precursor β-carotene. Gen...

    Authors: Monika Dalal, Viswanathan Chinnusamy and Kailash C Bansal

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:61

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are toxic, widely-distributed, environmentally persistent, and carcinogenic byproducts of carbon-based fuel combustion. Previously, plant studies have shown that PAHs in...

    Authors: David Weisman, Merianne Alkio and Adán Colón-Carmona

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:59

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Excessive soil salinity is an important problem for agriculture, however, salt tolerance is a complex trait that is not easily bred into plants. Exposure of cultivated tomato to salt stress has been reported t...

    Authors: Anne Frary, Deniz Göl, Davut Keleş, Bilal Ökmen, Hasan Pınar, Hasan Ö Şığva, Ahmet Yemenicioğlu and Sami Doğanlar

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:58

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Reminiscent of their free-living cyanobacterial ancestor, chloroplasts proliferate by division coupled with the partition of nucleoids (DNA-protein complexes). Division of the chloroplast envelope membrane is ...

    Authors: Yukihiro Kabeya, Hiromitsu Nakanishi, Kenji Suzuki, Takanari Ichikawa, Youichi Kondou, Minami Matsui and Shin-ya Miyagishima

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:57

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Reference genes are widely used to normalise transcript abundance data determined by quantitative RT-PCR and microarrays. However, the approaches taken to define reference genes can be variable. Although Oryza sa...

    Authors: Reena Narsai, Aneta Ivanova, Sophia Ng and James Whelan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:56

    Content type: Methodology article

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  34. The obligate parasitic plant witchweed (Striga hermonthica) infects major cereal crops such as sorghum, maize, and millet, and is the most devastating weed pest in Africa. An understanding of the nature of its pa...

    Authors: Satoko Yoshida, Juliane K Ishida, Nasrein M Kamal, Abdelbagi M Ali, Shigetou Namba and Ken Shirasu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:55

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that move along actin filaments, and serve as calcium stores in plant cells. The positioning and dynamics of mitochondria depend on membrane-cytoskeleton interactions, but i...

    Authors: Yuqing Wang, Yingfang Zhu, Yu Ling, Haiyan Zhang, Peng Liu, František Baluška, Jozef Šamaj, Jinxing Lin and Qinli Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:53

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are of particular concern due to their hydrophobic, recalcitrant, persistent, potentially carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic properties, and their ubiquitous occurrence i...

    Authors: Xin-Hua Zhan, Heng-Liang Ma, Li-Xiang Zhou, Jian-Ru Liang, Ting-Hui Jiang and Guo-Hua Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:52

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Plant natriuretic peptides (PNPs) belong to a novel class of peptidic signaling molecules that share some structural similarity to the N-terminal domain of expansins and affect physiological processes such as ...

    Authors: Betiana S Garavaglia, Ludivine Thomas, Tamara Zimaro, Natalia Gottig, Lucas D Daurelio, Bongani Ndimba, Elena G Orellano, Jorgelina Ottado and Chris Gehring

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:51

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The control of plant anthocyanin accumulation is via transcriptional regulation of the genes encoding the biosynthetic enzymes. A key activator appears to be an R2R3 MYB transcription factor. In apple fruit, s...

    Authors: Kui Lin-Wang, Karen Bolitho, Karryn Grafton, Anne Kortstee, Sakuntala Karunairetnam, Tony K McGhie, Richard V Espley, Roger P Hellens and Andrew C Allan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:50

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Normalizing through reference genes, or housekeeping genes, can make more accurate and reliable results from reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Recent studies have s...

    Authors: Sinara Artico, Sarah M Nardeli, Osmundo Brilhante, Maria Fátima Grossi-de-Sa and Marcio Alves-Ferreira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:49

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Linkage maps are useful tools for examining both the genetic architecture of quantitative traits and the evolution of reproductive incompatibilities. We describe the generation of two genetic maps using recipr...

    Authors: Shunxue Tang, Rebecca A Okashah, Steven J Knapp, Michael L Arnold and Noland H Martin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:48

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Plants respond to abiotic stress through complex regulation of transcription, including both transcriptional activation and repression. Dehydration-responsive-element binding protein (DREB)-type transcription ...

    Authors: Chun-Juan Dong and Jin-Yuan Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:47

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Evolution of unisexual flowers entails one of the most extreme changes in plant development. Cultivated spinach, Spinacia oleracea L., is uniquely suited for the study of unisexual flower development as it is dio...

    Authors: D Noah Sather, Maja Jovanovic and Edward M Golenberg

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:46

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is one of the major grain legume crops of the tropics and subtropics, but biotic stresses [Fusarium wilt (FW), sterility mosaic disease (SMD), etc.] are serious challenges fo...

    Authors: Nikku L Raju, Belaghihalli N Gnanesh, Pazhamala Lekha, Balaji Jayashree, Suresh Pande, Pavana J Hiremath, Munishamappa Byregowda, Nagendra K Singh and Rajeev K Varshney

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:45

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Puf proteins have important roles in controlling gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by promoting RNA decay and repressing translation. The Pumilio homology domain (PUM-HD) is a conserved region ...

    Authors: Patrick PC Tam, Isabelle H Barrette-Ng, Dawn M Simon, Michael WC Tam, Amanda L Ang and Douglas G Muench

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2010 10:44

    Content type: Research article

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