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Genetics and crop biotechnology

This section considers studies in advances in crop biotechnology as well as the inheritance and variation and all other aspects of genetics in relation to plant biology.

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  1. Sugarcane is a major crop producing about 80% of sugar globally. Increasing sugar content is a top priority for sugarcane breeding programs worldwide, however, the progress is extremely slow. Owing to its comm...

    Authors: Zhongliang Chen, Cuixian Qin, Miao Wang, Fen Liao, Qing Liao, Xihui Liu, Yangrui Li, Prakash Lakshmanan, Minghua Long and Dongliang Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:285

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Amylose content (AC) is a critical factor for the quality of rice. It is determined by the biosynthesis gene Waxy (Wx) and a variety of quantitative trait loci (QTLs). Although many QTLs have been reported to aff...

    Authors: Hua Zhang, Lihui Zhou, Heng Xu, Liangchao Wang, Huijie Liu, Changquan Zhang, Qianfeng Li, Minghong Gu, Cailin Wang, Qiaoquan Liu and Ying Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:275

    Content type: Research article

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  3. miRNAs are major regulators of gene expression and have proven their role in understanding the genetic regulation of biosynthetic pathways. Stevioside and rebaudioside-A, the two most abundant and sweetest com...

    Authors: Monica Saifi, Sneha Yogindran, Nazima Nasrullah, Umara Nissar, Irum Gul and M. Z. Abdin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:274

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Heterosis is the superior performance of F1 hybrids relative to their parental lines for a wide range of traits. In this study, expression profiling and heterosis associated genes were analyzed by RNA sequencing ...

    Authors: Yang Zhao, Fangxiu Hu, Xingen Zhang, Qiye Wei, Jinlei Dong, Chen Bo, Beijiu Cheng and Qing Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:273

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Patchouli) is an important aromatic and medicinal plant and widely used in traditional Chinese medicine as well as in the perfume industry. Patchoulol is the primary bioactive c...

    Authors: Xiuzhen Chen, Junren Li, Xiaobing Wang, Liting Zhong, Yun Tang, Xuanxuan Zhou, Yanting Liu, Ruoting Zhan, Hai Zheng, Weiwen Chen and Likai Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:266

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Chloroplast biogenesis, a complex process in higher plants, is the key to photoautotrophic growth in plants. White virescent (wv) mutants have been used to unfold the molecular mechanisms underlying the regulatio...

    Authors: Shenghua Gao, Wenjing Gao, Xiaoli Liao, Cheng Xiong, Gang Yu, Qihong Yang, Changxian Yang and Zhibiao Ye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:265

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the staple food for over half of the world’s population. Thus, improvement of cultivated rice is important for the development of the world. It has been shown that abun...

    Authors: Peng Zhang, Kaizhen Zhong, Zhengzheng Zhong and Hanhua Tong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:259

    Content type: Research article

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  8. As an elite japonica rice variety, Kongyu-131 has been cultivated for over 20 years in the third accumulated temperature zone of Heilongjiang Province, China. However, the cultivated area of Kongyu-131 has decrea...

    Authors: Xiaomin Feng, Kangxue Lin, Wenqi Zhang, Jianzong Nan, Xiaohui Zhang, Chen Wang, Rongsheng Wang, Guoqiang Jiang, Qingbo Yuan and Shaoyang Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:249

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Rapid-cycling Brassica rapa (RCBr), also known as Wisconsin Fast Plants, are small robust plants with a short lifecycle that are widely used in biology teaching. RCBr have been used for decades but there are no p...

    Authors: Die Hu, Andrew F. Bent, Xilin Hou and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:246

    Content type: Methodology article

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  10. Green flesh color, resulting from the accumulation of chlorophyll, is one of the most important commercial traits for the fruits. The genetic network regulating green flesh formation has been studied in tomato...

    Authors: Kailiang Bo, Shuang Wei, Weiping Wang, Han Miao, Shaoyun Dong, Shengping Zhang and Xingfang Gu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:243

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Red maple (Acer rubrum L.) is one of the most common and widespread trees with colorful leaves. We found a mutant with red, yellow, and green leaf phenotypes in different branches, which provided ideal materials ...

    Authors: Zhu Chen, Xiaoyu Lu, Yun Xuan, Fei Tang, Jingjing Wang, Dan Shi, Songling Fu and Jie Ren

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:240

    Content type: Research article

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  12. YABBY genes play important roles in the growth and polar establishment of lateral organs such as leaves and floral organs in angiosperms. However, the functions of YABBY homologous genes are largely unknown in so...

    Authors: Hui Yang, Guixia Shi, Xiao Li, Dezhou Hu, Yanmei Cui, Jinfeng Hou, Deyue Yu and Fang Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The close planting of dwarfing self-rooted rootstocks is currently a widely used method for apple production; however, self-rooted rootstocks are weak with shallow roots and poor grounding. Therefore, understa...

    Authors: Zenghui Wang, Jialin Li, Yunfei Mao, Manman Zhang, Rong Wang, Yanli Hu, Zhiquan Mao and Xiang Shen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:229

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Some broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. italic) accessions have purple sepals and cold weather would deepen the purple color, while the sepals of other broccoli lines are always green even in cold winter. The related...

    Authors: Huifang Yu, Jiansheng Wang, Xiaoguang Sheng, Zhenqing Zhao, Yusen Shen, Ferdinando Branca and Honghui Gu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:228

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Clubroot, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae Woronin, is a very important disease of Brassica species. Management of clubroot relies heavily on genetic resistance. In a cross of Brassica nigra lines PI 219576 (hi...

    Authors: Adrian Chang, Mebarek Lamara, Yangdou Wei, Hao Hu, Isobel A. P. Parkin, Bruce D. Gossen, Gary Peng and Fengqun Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:224

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Adaptation to drought-prone environments requires robust root architecture. Genotypes with a more vigorous root system have the potential to better adapt to soils with limited moisture content. However, root a...

    Authors: Adel H. Abdel-Ghani, Rajiv Sharma, Celestine Wabila, Sidram Dhanagond, Saed J. Owais, Mahmud A. Duwayri, Saddam A. Al-Dalain, Christian Klukas, Dijun Chen, Thomas Lübberstedt, Nicolaus von Wirén, Andreas Graner, Benjamin Kilian and Kerstin Neumann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:216

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Taxus cuspidata is well known worldwide for its ability to produce Taxol, one of the top-selling natural anticancer drugs. However, current Taxol production cannot match the increasing needs of the market, and no...

    Authors: Xuejun Kuang, Sijie Sun, Jianhe Wei, Ying Li and Chao Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:210

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Cotton fiber is a single cell that arises from the epidermis of ovule. It is not only a main economic product of cotton, but an ideal material for studying on the growth and development of plant cell. Our prev...

    Authors: Qi Niu, Kunling Tan, Zhenle Zang, Zhongyi Xiao, Kuijun Chen, Mingyu Hu and Ming Luo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:208

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The kernel row number (KRN) of an ear is an important trait related to yield and domestication in maize. Exploring the underlying genetic mechanisms of KRN has great research significance and application poten...

    Authors: Yixin An, Lin Chen, Yong-Xiang Li, Chunhui Li, Yunsu Shi, Yanchun Song, Dengfeng Zhang, Yu Li and Tianyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:201

    Content type: Research article

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  20. During maize early kernel development, the dramatic transcriptional reprogramming determines the rate of developmental progression, and phytohormone plays critical role in these important processes. To investi...

    Authors: Chuanyu Ma, Bo Li, Lina Wang, Ming-liang Xu, E. Lizhu, Hongyu Jin, Zhicheng Wang and Jian-rong Ye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:197

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The BBAA subgenomes of hexaploid common wheat are structurally intact, which makes it possible to extract the BBAA subgenomes to constitute a novel plant type, namely, extracted tetraploid wheat (ETW). ETW dis...

    Authors: Ruili Lv, Lei Han, Binbin Xiao, Chaoxia Xiao, Zongze Yang, Hao Wang, Huan Wang, Bao Liu and Chunwu Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  22. It is important to explore renewable alternatives (e.g. biofuels) that can produce energy sources to help reduce reliance on fossil oils, and reduce greenhouse gases and waste solids resulted from fossil oils ...

    Authors: Zinan Luo, Pernell Tomasi, Noah Fahlgren and Hussein Abdel-Haleem

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Triticum timopheevii (2n = 4x = 28; AtAtGG), is an important source for new genetic variation for wheat improvement with genes for potential disease resistance and salt tolerance. By generating a range of intersp...

    Authors: Urmila Devi, Surbhi Grewal, Cai-yun Yang, Stella Hubbart-Edwards, Duncan Scholefield, Stephen Ashling, Amanda Burridge, Ian P King and Julie King

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:183

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) J.D. Sauer) is a problem weed commonly found in the Midwestern United States that can cause crippling yield losses for both maize (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L...

    Authors: Daniel R. Kohlhase, Jamie A. O’Rourke, Micheal D. K. Owen and Michelle A. Graham

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is an important seed oil crop. Castor oil is a highly demanded oil for several industrial uses. Current castor bean varieties suffer from low productivity and high risk of insect pest...

    Authors: Jiannong Lu, Yuzhen Shi, Weijin Li, Sen Chen, Yafei Wang, Xiaolin He and Xuegui Yin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:181

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Fusarium head blight resistance genes, Fhb1 (for Type-II resistance), Fhb2 (Type-II), and Fhb5 (Type-I plus some Type-II), which originate from Sumai 3, are among the most important that confer resistance in hexa...

    Authors: Gurcharn Singh Brar, Anita L. Brûlé-Babel, Yuefeng Ruan, Maria Antonia Henriquez, Curtis Jerry Pozniak, Hadley Randal Kutcher and Pierre Jan Hucl

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:179

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Classical plant breeding was extremely successful in generating high yielding crop varieties. Yet, in modern crops, the long domestication process has impoverished the genetic diversity available for breeding....

    Authors: Felix Wolter, Patrick Schindele and Holger Puchta

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:176

    Content type: Review

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  28. DUOII is a multi-ovary wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) line with two or three pistils and three stamens in each floret. The multi-ovary trait of DUOII is controlled by a dominant gene, whose expression can be suppre...

    Authors: Jialin Guo, Gaisheng Zhang, Yulong Song, Zheng Li, Shoucai Ma, Na Niu and Junwei Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:175

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Endo-β-1,4-xylanase1 (EA), the key endoxylanase in plants, is involved in the degradation of arabinoxylan during grain germination. In barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), one gene (HvXYN-1) that encode a endo-beta-1,4-x...

    Authors: Xueli Lu, Yunxia Fang, Bin Tian, Tao Tong, Jiahui Wang, Hua Wang, Shengguan Cai, Jiang Hu, Dali Zeng, Heng Xu, Xiaoqin Zhang and Dawei Xue

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:170

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Lycium ruthenicum Murray is an important economic plant in China and contains higher levels of anthocyanins in its fruits than other Lyciums. However, the genetic mechanism of anthocyanin production in this plant...

    Authors: Yuan Zong, Xuebing Zhu, Zenggen Liu, Xinyuan Xi, Guomin Li, Dong Cao, Le Wei, Jianming Li and Baolong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:169

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Identification of loci for grain yield (GY) and related traits, and dissection of the genetic architecture are important for yield improvement through marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two genome-wide associati...

    Authors: Faji Li, Weie Wen, Jindong Liu, Yong Zhang, Shuanghe Cao, Zhonghu He, Awais Rasheed, Hui Jin, Chi Zhang, Jun Yan, Pingzhi Zhang, Yingxiu Wan and Xianchun Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:168

    Content type: Research article

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  32. First flower node (FFN) is an important trait for evaluating fruit earliness in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). The trait is controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL); however, studies have been limited on QTL map...

    Authors: Xiao-fen Zhang, Guo-yun Wang, Ting-ting Dong, Bin Chen, He-shan Du, Chang-bao Li, Feng-lan Zhang, Hai-ying Zhang, Yong Xu, Qian Wang and San-sheng Geng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:167

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important forage crop grown worldwide. Alfalfa is called the “queen of forage crops” due to its high forage yield and nutritional characteristics. The aim of this study was to u...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Junmei Kang, Ruicai Long, Long-Xi Yu, Zhen Wang, Zhongxiang Zhao, Tiejun Zhang and Qingchuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:165

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are 3′-5′ head-to-tail covalently closed non-coding RNA that have been proved to play essential roles in many cellular and developmental processes. However, no information relate to cu...

    Authors: Yong-Xing Zhu, Jian-Hua Jia, Lei Yang, Yu-Chen Xia, Hui-Li Zhang, Jin-Bu Jia, Ran Zhou, Pei-Yao Nie, Jun-Liang Yin, Dong-Fang Ma and Le-Cheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:164

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Pedicel orientation can affect the female flower orientation and seed yield in cucumber.

    Authors: Jingxian Sun, Tingting Xiao, Jingtao Nie, Yue Chen, Duo Lv, Ming Pan, Qifan Gao, Chunli Guo, Leyu Zhang, Huan-Le He, Hongli Lian, Junsong Pan, Run Cai and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:157

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Seed germination and seedling establishment are two of the most critical phases in plant development. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effect of phosphorus on seed germination and post-germinat...

    Authors: Ke-Lin Huang, Huan Wang, Ying-Li Wei, Han-Xin Jia, Lei Zha, Yong Zheng, Feng Ren and Xue-Bao Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:156

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Fusarium crown rot (FCR) is a severe and chronic disease in common wheat and is able to cause serious yield loss and health problems to human and livestock.

    Authors: Xia Yang, Yubo Pan, Pawan K. Singh, Xinyao He, Yan Ren, Lei Zhao, Ning Zhang, Shunhe Cheng and Feng Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:153

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Wheat is a cool seasoned crop requiring low temperature during grain filling duration and therefore increased temperature causes significant yield reduction. A set of 125 spring wheat genotypes from Internatio...

    Authors: Muhammad Jamil, Aamir Ali, Alvina Gul, Abdul Ghafoor, Abdul Aziz Napar, Amir M. H. Ibrahim, Naima Huma Naveed, Nasim Ahmad Yasin and Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:149

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Fig fruit are highly perishable at the tree-ripe (TR) stage. Commercial-ripe (CR) fruit, which are harvested before the TR stage for their postharvest transportability and shelf-life advantage, are inferior to...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Cui, Ziran Wang, Shangwu Chen, Alexander Vainstein and Huiqin Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:146

    Content type: Research article

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  40. This study aimed to identify the transcription factors of nitrate reductase genes (NIA1 and NIA2) promoters and hypothetical cis-element of NRE2. Based on the constructed cDNA library of Nicotiana tabacum K326, a...

    Authors: Huijuan Yang, Yan Zhou, Yuning Zhang, Jing Wang and Hongzhi Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:145

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Tomato mutants altered in leaf morphology are usually identified in the greenhouse, which demands considerable time and space and can only be performed in adequate periods. For a faster but equally reliable sc...

    Authors: Marybel Jáquez-Gutiérrez, Alejandro Atarés, Benito Pineda, Pilar Angarita, Carlos Ribelles, Begoña García-Sogo, Jorge Sánchez-López, Carmen Capel, Fernando J. Yuste-Lisbona, Rafael Lozano and Vicente Moreno

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:141

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Gossypium hirsutum L. is grown worldwide and is the largest source of natural fiber crop. We focus on exploring the favorable alleles (FAs) for upland cotton varieties improvement, and further understanding the h...

    Authors: Panhong Dai, Yuchen Miao, Shoupu He, Zhaoe Pan, Yinhua Jia, Yingfan Cai, Junling Sun, Liru Wang, Baoyin Pang, Mi Wang and Xiongming Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:138

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is the fourth most important cereal crop worldwide. Barley production is compromised by many abiotic stresses including drought. Wild barley is a valuable source of alleles that can im...

    Authors: Anh-Tung Pham, Andreas Maurer, Klaus Pillen, Chris Brien, Kate Dowling, Bettina Berger, Jason K. Eglinton and Timothy J. March

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:134

    Content type: Research article

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  44. The plant architecture has significant effects on grain yield of various crops, including soybean (Glycine max), but the knowledge on optimization of plant architecture in order to increase yield potential is sti...

    Authors: Aili Bao, Haifeng Chen, Limiao Chen, Shuilian Chen, Qingnan Hao, Wei Guo, Dezhen Qiu, Zhihui Shan, Zhonglu Yang, Songli Yuan, Chanjuan Zhang, Xiaojuan Zhang, Baohui Liu, Fanjiang Kong, Xia Li, Xinan Zhou…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Maize yield potential is rarely maximized in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) due to the devastating effects of drought stress and Striga hermonthica parasitism. This study was conducted to determine the gains in grain y...

    Authors: B. Badu-Apraku, A. O. Talabi, M. A. B. Fakorede, Y. Fasanmade, M. Gedil, C. Magorokosho and R. Asiedu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:129

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Durum wheat is considered not suitable for making many food products that bread wheat can. This limitation is largely due to: (i) lack of grain-hardness controlling genes (Puroindoline a and b) and consequently e...

    Authors: Qiong Wang, Yin Li, Fusheng Sun, Xiaoyan Li, Pandi Wang, Junli Chang, Yuesheng Wang, Guangxiao Yang and Guangyuan He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:126

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Maize is a crop in high demand for food purposes and consumers worldwide are increasingly concerned with food quality. However, breeding for improved quality is a complex task and therefore developing tools to...

    Authors: Mara Lisa Alves, Bruna Carbas, Daniel Gaspar, Manuel Paulo, Cláudia Brites, Pedro Mendes-Moreira, Carla Moita Brites, Marcos Malosetti, Fred van Eeuwijk and Maria Carlota Vaz Patto

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:123

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) are abundant in vegetable oils and are important for human health. In the body, LA and ALA are respectively converted to the om...

    Authors: Kyeong-Ryeol Lee, Kyung-Hwan Kim, Jung Bong Kim, Seung-Bum Hong, Inhwa Jeon, Hyun Uk Kim, Myung Hee Lee and Jae Kwang Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:120

    Content type: Research article

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  49. Premature senescence can reduce the yield and quality of crops. WRKY transcription factors (TFs) play important roles during leaf senescence, but little is known about their ageing mechanisms in cotton.

    Authors: Lijiao Gu, Lingling Dou, Yaning Guo, Hantao Wang, Libei Li, Congcong Wang, Liang Ma, Hengling Wei and Shuxun Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:116

    Content type: Research article

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  50. In winter barley plants, vernalization and photoperiod cues have to be integrated to promote flowering. Plant development and expression of different flowering promoter (HvVRN1, HvCO2, PPD-H1, HvFT1, HvFT3) and r...

    Authors: Arantxa Monteagudo, Ernesto Igartua, Bruno Contreras-Moreira, M. Pilar Gracia, Javier Ramos, Ildikó Karsai and Ana M. Casas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:113

    Content type: Research article

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