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Genetics and crop biotechnology

This section considers studies in advances in crop biotechnology as well as the inheritance and variation and all other aspects of genetics in relation to plant biology.

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  1. DNA sequence composition affects meiotic recombination. However, the correlation between tandem repeat composition and meiotic recombination in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is unclear.

    Authors: Yang Zou, Linrong Wan, Jie Luo, Zongxiang Tang and Shulan Fu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), which naturally exists in higher plants, is a useful mechanism for analyzing nuclear and mitochondrial genome functions and identifying the role of mitochondrial genes in the ...

    Authors: Benqi Wang, Zunaira Farooq, Lei Chu, Jie Liu, Huadong Wang, Jian Guo, Jinxing Tu, Chaozhi Ma, Cheng Dai, Jin Wen, Jinxiong Shen, Tingdong Fu and Bin Yi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:130

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Thinopyrum intermedium (2n = 6x = 42) is an important wild perennial Triticeae species exhibiting many potentially favorable traits for wheat improvement. Wheat-Th. intermedium partial amphiploids serve as a brid...

    Authors: Yu Cui, Piyi Xing, Xiaolei Qi, Yinguang Bao, Honggang Wang, Richard R.-C. Wang and Xingfeng Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:129

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Banana plant height is an important trait for horticultural practices and semi-dwarf cultivars show better resistance to damages by wind and rain. However, the molecular mechanisms controlling the pseudostem h...

    Authors: Guiming Deng, Fangcheng Bi, Jing Liu, Weidi He, Chunyu Li, Tao Dong, Qiaosong Yang, Huijun Gao, Tongxin Dou, Xiaohong Zhong, Miao Peng, Ganjun Yi, Chunhua Hu and Ou Sheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Transcriptomic studies combined with a well annotated genome have laid the foundations for new understanding of molecular processes. Tools which visualise gene expression patterns have further added to these r...

    Authors: Lara Brian, Ben Warren, Peter McAtee, Jessica Rodrigues, Niels Nieuwenhuizen, Asher Pasha, Karine M. David, Annette Richardson, Nicholas J. Provart, Andrew C. Allan, Erika Varkonyi-Gasic and Robert J. Schaffer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Plant height is an important plant characteristic closely related to yield performance of many crops. Reasonable reduction of plant height of crops is beneficial for improving yield and enhancing lodging resis...

    Authors: Xin Li, Fujiang Xiang, Wei Zhang, Jindong Yan, Xinmei Li, Ming Zhong, Piao Yang, Caiyan Chen, Xuanming Liu, Donghai Mao and Xiaoying Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Cotton stem trichomes and seed fibers are each single celled structures formed by protrusions of epidermal cells, and were found sharing the overlapping molecular mechanism. Compared with fibers, cotton stem t...

    Authors: Rong Yuan, Yuefen Cao, Tengyu Li, Feng Yang, Li Yu, Yuan Qin, Xiongming Du, Fang Liu, Mingquan Ding, Yurong Jiang, Hua Zhang, Andrew H. Paterson and Junkang Rong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:115

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD) proteins play important roles in epigenetic gene regulation, and have diverse molecular, cellular, and biological functions in plants. MBD proteins have been functionally charac...

    Authors: Mengyu Qu, Zhujian Zhang, Tingmin Liang, Peipei Niu, Mingji Wu, Wenchao Chi, Zi-Qiang Chen, Zai-Jie Chen, Shubiao Zhang and Songbiao Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Assessment and effective utilization of genetic diversity in breeding programs is crucial for sustainable genetic improvement and rapid adaptation to changing breeding objectives. During the past two decades, ...

    Authors: Baffour Badu-Apraku, Ana Luísa Garcia-Oliveira, César Daniel Petroli, Sarah Hearne, Samuel Adeyemi Adewale and Melaku Gedil

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Monochasma savatieri is a medicinal root hemiparasitic herb that extracts water and nutrients from the host plant via a haustorium. M. savatieri exhibits an enhanced growth after the establishment of parasite-hos...

    Authors: Lanlan Chen, Qiaosheng Guo, Zaibiao Zhu, Hefang Wan, Yuhao Qin and Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Rice plants suffer from the rising temperature which is becoming more and more prominent. Mining heat-resistant genes and applying them to rice breeding is a feasible and effective way to solve the problem.

    Authors: Zhaoran Wei, Qiaoling Yuan, Hai Lin, Xiaoxia Li, Chao Zhang, Hongsheng Gao, Bin Zhang, Huiying He, Tianjiao Liu, Zhang Jie, Xu Gao, Shandang Shi, Bo Wang, Zhenyu Gao, Lingrang Kong, Qian Qian…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Lack of nutritionally appropriate foods is one of the leading causes of obesity in the US and worldwide. Wheat (Triticum aestivum) provides 20% of the calories consumed daily across the globe. The nutrients in th...

    Authors: Adam Schoen, Anupama Joshi, Vijay Tiwari, Bikram S. Gill and Nidhi Rawat

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:74

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Shoot architecture is fundamentally crucial to crop growth and productivity. As a key component of shoot architecture, plant height is known to be controlled by both genetic and environmental factors, though s...

    Authors: Qing Yang, Gaoming Lin, Huiyong Lv, Cunhu Wang, Yongqing Yang and Hong Liao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:63

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop) is not only a high-quality legume forage, but also a nectar-producing plant. Therefore, the flower color of sainfoin is an important agronomic trait, but the factors affectin...

    Authors: Yu Qiao, Qiming Cheng, Yutong Zhang, Wei Yan, Fengyan Yi and Fengling Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Lignin deposited in plant cell walls negatively affects biomass conversion into advanced bioproducts. There is therefore a strong interest in developing bioenergy crops with reduced lignin content or altered l...

    Authors: Zhangying Hao, Sasha Yogiswara, Tong Wei, Veronica Teixeira Benites, Anagh Sinha, George Wang, Edward E. K. Baidoo, Pamela C. Ronald, Henrik V. Scheller, Dominique Loqué and Aymerick Eudes

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Forest trees have important economic and ecological value. As a model tree, poplar has played a significant role in elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying tree biology. However, a lack of mutant libra...

    Authors: Lin Zheng, Jixiu Yang, Yajuan Chen, Liping Ding, Jianhua Wei and Hongzhi Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:54

    Content type: Methodology article

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  17. Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) in wheat can cause severe damage to both grain yield and quality. Resistance to PHS is a quantitative trait controlled by many genes located across all 21 wheat chromosomes. The stu...

    Authors: Xingyi Wang, Hui Liu, Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Guijun Yan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Wheat stripe rust (caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. Tritici), is a major disease that causes huge yield damage. New pathogen races appeared in the last few years and caused a broke down in the resistant geno...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Abou-Zeid and Amira M. I. Mourad

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  19. O-methyltransferases (OMTs) are an important group of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine to their acceptor substrates. OMTs are divided into several groups accord...

    Authors: Abdul Hafeez, Qún Gě, Qí Zhāng, Jùnwén Lǐ, Jǔwǔ Gōng, Ruìxián Liú, Yùzhēn Shí, Hǎihóng Shāng, Àiyīng Liú, Muhammad S. Iqbal, Xiǎoyīng Dèng, Abdul Razzaq, Muharam Ali, Yǒulù Yuán and Wànkuí Gǒng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Rice growth is frequently affected by salinity. When exposed to high salinity, rice seed germination and seedling establishment are significantly inhibited. With the promotion of direct-seeding in Asia, improv...

    Authors: Peng Zeng, Peiwen Zhu, Luofeng Qian, Xumei Qian, Yuxin Mi, Zefeng Lin, Shinan Dong, Henrik Aronsson, Hongsheng Zhang and Jinping Cheng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:36

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Sugarcane is capable to store large amounts of sucrose in the culm at maturity hence it became a major source of sucrose for the food and the renewable energy industries. Sucrose, the main disaccharide produce...

    Authors: Vania Gabriela Sedano Partida, Henrique Moura Dias, Diana Susana Martinez Corcino and Marie-Anne Van Sluys

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:23

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Microspore embryogenesis is potentially the most effective method of obtaining doubled haploids (DH) which are utilized in breeding programs to accelerate production of new cultivars. However, the regeneration...

    Authors: Monika Gajecka, Marek Marzec, Beata Chmielewska, Janusz Jelonek, Justyna Zbieszczyk and Iwona Szarejko

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Common buckwheat (2n = 2x = 16) is an outcrossing pseudocereal whose seeds contain abundant nutrients and potential antioxidants. As these beneficial compounds are damaged by preharvest sprouting (PHS) and PHS is...

    Authors: Ryoma Takeshima, Eri Ogiso-Tanaka, Yasuo Yasui and Katsuhiro Matsui

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) are a class of hydroxyproline-rich proteins (HRGPs) that are heavily glycosylated (> 90%) with type II arabinogalactans (AGs). AGPs are implicated in various plant growth and de...

    Authors: Yuan Zhang, Michael A. Held, Dasmeet Kaur and Allan M. Showalter

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Understanding the complexity of the vine plant’s response to water deficit represents a major challenge for sustainable winegrowing. Regulation of water use requires a coordinated action between scions and roo...

    Authors: Massimiliano Trenti, Silvia Lorenzi, Pier Luigi Bianchedi, Daniele Grossi, Osvaldo Failla, Maria Stella Grando and Francesco Emanuelli

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is an important oil crop world-widely cultivated, and seed oil content (SOC) is one of the most important traits for rapeseed. To increase SOC, many efforts for promoting the function...

    Authors: Haoyi Wang, Qian Wang, Haksong Pak, Tao Yan, Mingxun Chen, Xiaoyang Chen, Dezhi Wu and Lixi Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Rice is a typical monocotyledonous plant and an important cereal crop. The structural units of rice flowers are spikelets and florets, and floral organ development and spike germination affect rice reproductio...

    Authors: Dewei Yang, Niqing He, Xianghua Zheng, Yanmei Zhen, Zhenxin Xie, Chaoping Cheng and Fenghuang Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:561

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is an important commercial fruit tree, with moderate tolerance to salinity. The balance of Cl and other anions in pomegranate tissues are affected by salinity, however, the accum...

    Authors: Cuiyu Liu, Yujie Zhao, Xueqing Zhao, Jianmei Dong and Zhaohe Yuan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:560

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins compose a large protein family whose members are involved in both RNA processing in organelles and plant growth. Previous reports have shown that E-subgroup PPR proteins...

    Authors: Ru Chang Ren, Xu Wei Yan, Ya Jie Zhao, Yi Ming Wei, Xiaoduo Lu, Jie Zang, Jia Wen Wu, Guang Ming Zheng, Xin Hua Ding, Xian Sheng Zhang and Xiang Yu Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:553

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Brassica napus is an important oilseed crop cultivated worldwide. During domestication and breeding of B. napus, flowering time has been a target of selection because of its substantial impact on yield. Here we u...

    Authors: Armin Scheben, Anita A. Severn-Ellis, Dhwani Patel, Aneeta Pradhan, Stephen J. Rae, Jacqueline Batley and David Edwards

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:546

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Zhengdan 958 (Zheng 58 × Chang 7–2), a commercial hybrid that is produced in a large area in China, is the result of the successful use of the heterotic pattern of Reid × Tang-SPT. The jointing stage of maize ...

    Authors: Gege Hou, Yahui Dong, Fangfang Zhu, Qiannan Zhao, Tianyi Li, Dandan Dou, Xingli Ma, Liancheng Wu, Lixia Ku and Yanhui Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:541

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Apple (Malus ssp.), one of the most important temperate fruit crops, has a long cultivation history and is economically important. To identify the genetic relationships among the apple germplasm accessions, whole...

    Authors: Xuan Wang, Fei Shen, Yuan Gao, Kun Wang, Ruiting Chen, Jun Luo, Lili Yang, Xi Zhang, Changpeng Qiu, Wei Li, Ting Wu, Xuefeng Xu, Yi Wang, Peihua Cong, Zhenhai Han and Xinzhong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:540

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Pistil development is a complicated process in plants, and female sterile mutants are ideal material for screening and cloning pistil development-related genes. Using the female sterile mutant (fsm1), BraA04g0097...

    Authors: Shengnan Huang, Wenjie Liu, Junjie Xu, Zhiyong Liu, Chengyu Li and Hui Feng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:538

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) undergoes winter dormancy by sensing photoperiod and temperature changes. It transitions to winter dormancy in early fall following at the end of reproduction and exits dormancy in ...

    Authors: Rasyidah M. Razar and Ali Missaoui

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:537

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Appropriate information about genetic diversity and population structure of germplasm improves the efficiency of plant breeding. The low productivity of Nepali bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a major concer...

    Authors: Kamal Khadka, Davoud Torkamaneh, Mina Kaviani, Francois Belzile, Manish N. Raizada and Alireza Navabi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:530

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Kernel weight and morphology are important traits affecting cereal yields and quality. Dissecting the genetic basis of thousand kernel weight (TKW) and its related traits is an effective method to improve whea...

    Authors: Hong Liu, Xiaotao Zhang, Yunfeng Xu, Feifei Ma, Jinpeng Zhang, Yanwei Cao, Lihui Li and Diaoguo An

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:529

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The characteristics of elephant grass, especially its stem lignocellulose, are of great significance for its quality as feed or other industrial raw materials. However, the research on lignocellulose biosynthe...

    Authors: Wenqing Zhang, Shengkui Zhang, Xianqin Lu, Can Li, Xingwang Liu, Geyu Dong and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:528

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Pinus massoniana Lamb. is an important afforestation tree species with high economic, ecological and medicinal values. Aluminum (Al) toxicity driven by soil acidification causes dieback of P. massoniana plantatio...

    Authors: Haiyan Liu, Houying Chen, Guijie Ding, Kuaifen Li and Qifei Ren

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:521

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Crown gall disease, caused by the pathogenic bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens, is responsible for extensive economic losses in orchards. Cherry rootstock ‘CDR-1’ (Prunus mahaleb) shows high resistance but the ...

    Authors: Chenglin Liang, Tian Wan, Rendun Wu, Mei Zhao, Yue Zhao and Yuliang Cai

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:516

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Stalk fracture caused by strong wind can severely reduce yields in maize. Stalks with higher stiffness and flexibility will exhibit stronger lodging resistance. However, stalk flexibility is rarely studied in ...

    Authors: Xiaqing Wang, Zi Shi, Ruyang Zhang, Xuan Sun, Jidong Wang, Shuai Wang, Ying Zhang, Yanxin Zhao, Aiguo Su, Chunhui Li, Ronghuan Wang, Yunxia Zhang, Shuaishuai Wang, Yuandong Wang, Wei Song and Jiuran Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:515

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Soybean (Glycine max) is a major protein crop, because soybean protein has an amino acid score comparable to that of beef and egg white. However, many allergens have been identified among soybean proteins. A decr...

    Authors: Shota Sugano, Aya Hirose, Yuhei Kanazashi, Kohei Adachi, Miki Hibara, Takeshi Itoh, Masafumi Mikami, Masaki Endo, Sakiko Hirose, Nobuyuki Maruyama, Jun Abe and Tetsuya Yamada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:513

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Paeonia decomposita, endemic to China, has important ornamental, medicinal, and economic value and is regarded as an endangered plant. The genetic diversity and population structure have seldom been described. A ...

    Authors: Shi-Quan Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:510

    Content type: Research article

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  43. TaCKX wheat gene family members (GFMs) encode the enzyme cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX), which irreversibly degrades cytokinins. The genes are important regulators of cytokinin content and take part in gro...

    Authors: Karolina Szala, Hanna Ogonowska, Boguslawa Lugowska, Barbara Zmijewska, Renata Wyszynska, Marta Dmochowska-Boguta, Waclaw Orczyk and Anna Nadolska-Orczyk

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  44. China has diverse wheat varieties that adapt to very different environments divided into ten agro-ecological zones. A better understanding of genomic differences and patterns of selection among agro-ecological...

    Authors: Jie Guo, Chang Li, Junjie Zhao, Jiahui Guo, Weiping Shi, Shunhe Cheng, Meixue Zhou and Chenyang Hao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Stripe rust (yellow rust) is a significant disease for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) worldwide. A genome-wide association study was conducted on 240 Chinese wheat cultivars and elite lines genotyped with the...

    Authors: Mengjie Jia, Lijun Yang, Wei Zhang, Garry Rosewarne, Junhui Li, Enian Yang, Ling Chen, Wenxue Wang, Yike Liu, Hanwen Tong, Weijie He, Yuqing Zhang, Zhanwang Zhu and Chunbao Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Kernel row number (KRN) is an important trait for the domestication and improvement of maize. Exploring the genetic basis of KRN has great research significance and can provide valuable information for molecul...

    Authors: Yixin An, Lin Chen, Yong-Xiang Li, Chunhui Li, Yunsu Shi, Dengfeng Zhang, Yu Li and Tianyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:490

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Heterobeltiosis is the phenomenon when the hybrid’s performance is superior to its best performing parent. Banana (Musa spp. AAA) breeding is a tedious, time-consuming process, taking up to two decades to develop...

    Authors: Michael Batte, Moses Nyine, Brigitte Uwimana, Rony Swennen, Violet Akech, Allan Brown, Helena Persson Hovmalm, Mulatu Geleta and Rodomiro Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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