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Genetics and crop biotechnology

This section considers studies in advances in crop biotechnology as well as the inheritance and variation and all other aspects of genetics in relation to plant biology.

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  1. TaCKX wheat gene family members (GFMs) encode the enzyme cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX), which irreversibly degrades cytokinins. The genes are important regulators of cytokinin content and take part in gro...

    Authors: Karolina Szala, Hanna Ogonowska, Boguslawa Lugowska, Barbara Zmijewska, Renata Wyszynska, Marta Dmochowska-Boguta, Waclaw Orczyk and Anna Nadolska-Orczyk

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:496

    Content type: Research article

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  2. China has diverse wheat varieties that adapt to very different environments divided into ten agro-ecological zones. A better understanding of genomic differences and patterns of selection among agro-ecological...

    Authors: Jie Guo, Chang Li, Junjie Zhao, Jiahui Guo, Weiping Shi, Shunhe Cheng, Meixue Zhou and Chenyang Hao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:494

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Stripe rust (yellow rust) is a significant disease for bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) worldwide. A genome-wide association study was conducted on 240 Chinese wheat cultivars and elite lines genotyped with the...

    Authors: Mengjie Jia, Lijun Yang, Wei Zhang, Garry Rosewarne, Junhui Li, Enian Yang, Ling Chen, Wenxue Wang, Yike Liu, Hanwen Tong, Weijie He, Yuqing Zhang, Zhanwang Zhu and Chunbao Gao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:491

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Kernel row number (KRN) is an important trait for the domestication and improvement of maize. Exploring the genetic basis of KRN has great research significance and can provide valuable information for molecul...

    Authors: Yixin An, Lin Chen, Yong-Xiang Li, Chunhui Li, Yunsu Shi, Dengfeng Zhang, Yu Li and Tianyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:490

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Heterobeltiosis is the phenomenon when the hybrid’s performance is superior to its best performing parent. Banana (Musa spp. AAA) breeding is a tedious, time-consuming process, taking up to two decades to develop...

    Authors: Michael Batte, Moses Nyine, Brigitte Uwimana, Rony Swennen, Violet Akech, Allan Brown, Helena Persson Hovmalm, Mulatu Geleta and Rodomiro Ortiz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:489

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The cultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is one of the most important oilseed crops worldwide, and the generation of pegs and formation of subterranean pods are essential processes in peanut reproductive developm...

    Authors: Xiaobo Zhao, Chunjuan Li, Hao Zhang, Caixia Yan, Quanxi Sun, Juan Wang, Cuiling Yuan and Shihua Shan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:488

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Somatic embryogenesis in grapevines is a complex process that depends on many physiological and genetic factors. One of its main limitations is the process of precocious germination of the somatic embryos in d...

    Authors: Yosvanis Acanda, Óscar Martínez, María Jesús Prado, María Victoria González and Manuel Rey

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:487

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The production of soy-based food products requires specific physical and chemical characteristics of the soybean seed. Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with value-added traits, such a...

    Authors: Rachel M. Whiting, Sepideh Torabi, Lewis Lukens and Milad Eskandari

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:485

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Goji (Lycium spp., 2n = 24) is a fruit bearing woody plant popular as a superfood for extensive medicinal and nutritional advantages. Fruit size associated attributes are important for evaluating small-fruited go...

    Authors: Fazal Rehman, Haiguang Gong, Zhong Li, Shaohua Zeng, Tianshun Yang, Peiyan Ai, Lizhu Pan, Hongwen Huang and Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:474

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The whole chloroplast genomes of 3018 rice genotypes were assembled from available sequence data by alignment with a reference rice chloroplast genome sequence, providing high quality chloroplast genomes for a...

    Authors: Ali Mohammad Moner, Agnelo Furtado and Robert J. Henry

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:472

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Leaf size and shape, which affect light capture, and chlorophyll content are important factors affecting photosynthetic efficiency. Genetic variation of these components significantly affects yield potential a...

    Authors: Kaiye Yu, Jinshe Wang, Chongyuan Sun, Xiaoqian Liu, Huanqing Xu, Yuming Yang, Lidong Dong and Dan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:470

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Ecological environments shape plant architecture and alter the growing season, which provides the basis for wheat genetic improvement. Therefore, understanding the genetic basis of grain yield and yield-relate...

    Authors: Jian Yang, Yanjie Zhou, Weiguo Hu, Yu’e Zhang, Yong Zhou, Yongxing Chen, Xicheng Wang, Hong Zhao, Tingjie Cao and Zhiyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Brassica napus L. is one of the most important oil crops in the world. However, climate-change-induced environmental stresses negatively impact on its yield and quality. Cuticular waxes are known to protect plant...

    Authors: Shurong Jin, Shuangjuan Zhang, Yuhua Liu, Youwei Jiang, Yanmei Wang, Jiana Li and Yu Ni

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:458

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Starch in the lotus seed contains a high proportion of amylose, which endows lotus seed a promising property in the development of hypoglycemic and low-glycemic index functional food. Currently, improving star...

    Authors: Heng Sun, Juanjuan Li, Heyun Song, Dong Yang, Xianbao Deng, Juan Liu, Yunmeng Wang, Junyu Ma, Yaqian Xiong, Yanling Liu and Mei Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:457

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Before studying gene expression of different organisms, it is important to determine the best reference gene. At present, the most accurate method of detecting gene expression is quantitative real-time PCR (RT...

    Authors: Huiyun Song, Wenmai Mao, Zhihao Duan, Qingmin Que, Wei Zhou, Xiaoyang Chen and Pei Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  16. DNA-free, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated protein (Cas) ribonucleoprotein (RNP)-based genome editing is a simple, convincing, and promising tool for precision crop...

    Authors: Hyeran Kim, Jisun Choi and Kang-Hee Won

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Petals are the colorful region of many ornamental plants. Quality traits of petal color directly affect the value of ornamental plants. Although the regulatory mechanism of flower color has been widely studied...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Yin, Xinyue Lin, Yuxuan Liu, Muhammad Irfan, Lijing Chen and Li Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:446

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Leaf senescence comprises numerous cooperative events, integrates environmental signals with age-dependent developmental cues, and coordinates the multifaceted deterioration and source-to-sink allocation of nu...

    Authors: Ming-Ming Zhao, Xiao-Wen Zhang, Yong-Wei Liu, Ke Li, Qi Tan, Shuo Zhou, Geng Wang and Chun-Jiang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:444

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Rice is an important human staple food vulnerable to heavy metal contamination leading to serious concerns. High yield with low heavy metal contamination is a common but highly challenging goal for rice breede...

    Authors: Shuai Liu, Hua Zhong, Xiaoxi Meng, Tong Sun, Yangsheng Li, Shannon R. M. Pinson, Sam K. C. Chang and Zhaohua Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:441

    Content type: Research article

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  20. AGAMOUS (AG) subfamily genes regulate the floral organs initiation and development, fruit and seed development. At present, there has been insufficient study of the function of AG subfamily genes in Asteraceae. M...

    Authors: Chunling Zhang, Ludan Wei, Wenjing Wang, Wenquan Qi, Zhe Cao, Hang Li, Manzhu Bao and Yanhong He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:439

    Content type: Research article

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  21. High-density genetic mapping is a valuable tool for mapping loci that control specific traits for perennial fruit trees. Peach is an economically important fruit tree and a model Rosaceae species for genomic a...

    Authors: Pei Shi, Ze Xu, Shaoyu Zhang, Xianju Wang, Xiaofei Ma, Jicheng Zheng, Libo Xing, Dong Zhang, Juanjuan Ma, Mingyu Han and Caiping Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:438

    Content type: Research article

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  22. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and their regulatory functions in anthocyanin, carotenoid, and chlorophyll accumulation have been extensively characterized in many plant species. However, the miRNA regulatory mechanism in ...

    Authors: Canbin Chen, Fangfang Xie, Qingzhu Hua, Noemi Tel Zur, Lulu Zhang, Zhike Zhang, Rong Zhang, Jietang Zhao, Guibing Hu and Yonghua Qin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:437

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Lilac (Syringa oblata) is an important woody plant with high ornamental value. However, very limited genetic marker resources are currently available, and little is known about the genetic architecture of importa...

    Authors: Yunyao Yang, Ruiqing He, Jian Zheng, Zenghui Hu, Jing Wu and Pingsheng Leng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:436

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Proso millet is a highly nutritious cereal considered an essential component of processed foods. It is also recognized with high water-use efficiency as well as short growing seasons. This research was primari...

    Authors: Mehdi Yazdizadeh, Leila Fahmideh, Ghasem Mohammadi-Nejad, Mahmood Solouki and Babak Nakhoda

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:427

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To date, CRISPR/Cas9 RNP editing tools have not been applied to the genetic modification of banana. Here, the establishment of a PEG-mediated banana protoplast transformation system makes it possible to build ...

    Authors: Shaoping Wu, Haocheng Zhu, Jinxing Liu, Qiaosong Yang, Xiuhong Shao, Fangcheng Bi, Chunhua Hu, Heqiang Huo, Kunling Chen and Ganjun Yi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:425

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Camelina sativa (gold-of-pleasure) is a traditional European oilseed crop and emerging biofuel source with high levels of desirable fatty acids. A twentieth century germplasm bottleneck depleted genetic diversity...

    Authors: Jordan R. Brock, Trey Scott, Amy Yoonjin Lee, Sergei L. Mosyakin and Kenneth M. Olsen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:423

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Gender and fertility variation have an impact on mating dynamics in a population because they affect the gene exchange among parental members and the genetic composition of the resultant seed crops. Fertility ...

    Authors: Ji-Min Park, Hye-In Kang, Da-Bin Yeom, Kyu-Suk Kang, Yousry A. El-Kassaby and Kyung-Mi Lee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:418

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Peanut is an important legume crop growing worldwide. With the published allotetraploid genomes, further functional studies of the genes in peanut are very critical for crop improvement. CRISPR/Cas9 system is ...

    Authors: Hongmei Shu, Ziliang Luo, Ze Peng and Jianping Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:417

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Cotton (Gossypium spp.) fiber yield is one of the key target traits, and improved fiber yield has always been thought of as an important objective in the breeding programs and production. Although some studies ha...

    Authors: Junji Su, Caixiang Wang, Qi Ma, Ai Zhang, Chunhui Shi, Juanjuan Liu, Xianliang Zhang, Delong Yang and Xiongfeng Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:416

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Rhododendron molle (Ericaceae) is a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, its flower and root have been widely used to treat rheumatism and relieve pain for thousands of years in China. Chemical studies have revea...

    Authors: Guo-Lin Zhou and Ping Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:414

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Aroma, berry firmness and berry shape are three main quality traits in table grape production, and also the important target traits in grapevine breeding. However, the information about their genetic mechanism...

    Authors: Huiling Wang, Ailing Yan, Lei Sun, Guojun Zhang, Xiaoyue Wang, Jiancheng Ren and Haiying Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:411

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. To fully elucidate the roles and mechanisms of plant hormones in leaf senescence, we adopted an integrated analysis of both non-senescing and senescing leaves from red maple with transcriptome and metabolome d...

    Authors: Chen Zhu, Lu Xiaoyu, Gao Junlan, Xuan Yun and Ren Jie

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:410

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Chenopodium quinoa Willd. (quinoa) is a pseudocereal crop of the Amaranthaceae family and represents a promising species with the nutritional content and high tolerance to stressful environments, such as soils af...

    Authors: Feng Li, Jianxia Liu, Xuhu Guo, Lili Yin, Hongli Zhang and Riyu Wen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:405

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Seed weight is a complex yield-related trait with a lot of quantitative trait loci (QTL) reported through linkage mapping studies. Integration of QTL from linkage mapping into breeding program is challenging d...

    Authors: Benjamin Karikari, Zili Wang, Yilan Zhou, Wenliang Yan, Jianying Feng and Tuanjie Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:404

    Content type: Research article

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  35. WRKY is a group of transcription factors (TFs) that play a vital role in plant growth, development, and stress tolerance. To date, none of jute WRKY (CcWRKY) genes have been identified, even if jute (Corchorus ca...

    Authors: Lilan Zhang, Xuebei Wan, Yi Xu, Sylvain Niyitanga, Jianmin Qi and Liwu Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:403

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Pollen formation and development is important for crop fertility and is a key factor for hybrid development. Previous reports have indicated that Arabidopsis thaliana TAPETUM DETERMINANT1 (AtTPD1) and its rice (O...

    Authors: Chunhua Hu, Ou Sheng, Tao Dong, Qiaosong Yang, Tongxin Dou, Chunyu Li, Weidi He, Huijun Gao, Ganjun Yi, Guiming Deng and Fangcheng Bi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:402

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Soybean oil is a complex mixture of five fatty acids (palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, and linolenic). Soybean oil with a high oleic acid content is desirable because this monounsaturated fatty acid improve...

    Authors: Xiaoyi Liu, Di Qin, Angela Piersanti, Qi Zhang, Cristina Miceli and Piwu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:399

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Wheat blast, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae Triticum (MoT) pathotype, is a global threat to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. Few blast resistance (R) genes have been identified to date, therefore assessing ...

    Authors: Rachel Goddard, Andrew Steed, Catherine Chinoy, Jéssica Rosset Ferreira, Pedro Luiz Scheeren, João Leodato Nunes Maciel, Eduardo Caierão, Gisele Abigail Montan Torres, Luciano Consoli, Flavio Martins Santana, José Mauricio Cunha Fernandes, James Simmonds, Cristobal Uauy, James Cockram and Paul Nicholson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:398

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Fiber quality is an important economic trait of cotton, and its improvement is a major goal of cotton breeding. To better understand the genetic mechanisms responsible for fiber quality traits, we conducted a ...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Chengxiang Song, Zhongying Ren, Zhiqiang Zhang, Xiaoyu Pei, Yangai Liu, Kunlun He, Fei Zhang, Junjie Zhao, Jie Zhang, Xingxing Wang, Daigang Yang and Wei Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:395

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Early leaf senescence influences yield and yield quality by affecting plant growth and development. A series of leaf senescence-associated molecular mechanisms have been reported in rice. However, the complex ...

    Authors: Shenglong Yang, Guonan Fang, Anpeng Zhang, Banpu Ruan, Hongzhen Jiang, Shilin Ding, Chaolei Liu, Yu Zhang, Noushin Jaha, Peng Hu, Zhengjin Xu, Zhenyu Gao, Jiayu Wang and Qian Qian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:393

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Flavonoid biosynthesis is strongly influenced by phytohormones. For example, methyl jasmonate (MeJA) enhances the flavonoid accumulation in pear. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the MeJA-induced fl...

    Authors: Apekshika T. Premathilake, Junbei Ni, Jiaqi Shen, Songling Bai and Yuanwen Teng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:388

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Fruit skin color play important role in commercial value of cucumber, which is mainly determined by the content and composition of chlorophyll and anthocyanins. Therefore, understanding the related genes and m...

    Authors: Min Wang, Lin Chen, Zhaojun Liang, Xiaoming He, Wenrui Liu, Biao Jiang, Jinqiang Yan, Piaoyun Sun, Zhenqiang Cao, Qingwu Peng and Yu’e Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:386

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sulfur is a major component of biological molecules and thus an essential element for plants. Deficiency of sulfate, the main source of sulfur in soils, negatively influences plant growth and crop yield. The e...

    Authors: Javier Canales, Felipe Uribe, Carlos Henríquez-Valencia, Carlos Lovazzano, Joaquín Medina and Elena A. Vidal

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:385

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Chloroplasts play an important role in plant growth and development. The chloroplast genome contains approximately twenty group II introns that are spliced due to proteins encoded by nuclear genes. CAF2 is one...

    Authors: Lan Shen, Qiang Zhang, Zhongwei Wang, Hongling Wen, Guanglian Hu, Deyong Ren, Jiang Hu, Li Zhu, Zhenyu Gao, Guangheng Zhang, Longbiao Guo, Dali Zeng and Qian Qian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:381

    Content type: Research article

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  45. At present, the distinctness, uniformity, and stability (DUS) testing of flue-cured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) depends on field morphological identification, which is problematic in that it is labor intensive...

    Authors: Binbin He, Ruimei Geng, Lirui Cheng, Xianbin Yang, Hongmei Ge and Min Ren

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:378

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Tillering is an important agronomic trait underlying the yields and reproduction of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata), an important perennial forage grass. Although some genes affecting tiller initiation have bee...

    Authors: Xiaoheng Xu, Guangyan Feng, Yueyang Liang, Yang Shuai, Qiuxu Liu, Gang Nie, Zhongfu Yang, Linkai Hang and Xinquan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:369

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Berry size is considered as one of the main selection criteria in table grapes breeding programs, due to the consumer preferences. However, berry size is a complex quantitive trait under polygenic control, and...

    Authors: Claudia Muñoz-Espinoza, Alex Di Genova, Alicia Sánchez, José Correa, Alonso Espinoza, Claudio Meneses, Alejandro Maass, Ariel Orellana and Patricio Hinrichsen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2020 20:365

    Content type: Research article

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