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Genetics and crop biotechnology

Section edited by Yuling Bai and Fabrizio Costa 

This section considers studies in advances in crop biotechnology as well as the inheritance and variation and all other aspects of genetics in relation to plant biology.

Page 1 of 10

  1. Content type: Research article

    Cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the staple food for over half of the world’s population. Thus, improvement of cultivated rice is important for the development of the world. It has been shown that abun...

    Authors: Peng Zhang, Kaizhen Zhong, Zhengzheng Zhong and Hanhua Tong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:259

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  2. Content type: Research article

    As an elite japonica rice variety, Kongyu-131 has been cultivated for over 20 years in the third accumulated temperature zone of Heilongjiang Province, China. However, the cultivated area of Kongyu-131 has decrea...

    Authors: Xiaomin Feng, Kangxue Lin, Wenqi Zhang, Jianzong Nan, Xiaohui Zhang, Chen Wang, Rongsheng Wang, Guoqiang Jiang, Qingbo Yuan and Shaoyang Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:249

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  3. Content type: Methodology article

    Rapid-cycling Brassica rapa (RCBr), also known as Wisconsin Fast Plants, are small robust plants with a short lifecycle that are widely used in biology teaching. RCBr have been used for decades but there are no p...

    Authors: Die Hu, Andrew F. Bent, Xilin Hou and Ying Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:246

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Green flesh color, resulting from the accumulation of chlorophyll, is one of the most important commercial traits for the fruits. The genetic network regulating green flesh formation has been studied in tomato...

    Authors: Kailiang Bo, Shuang Wei, Weiping Wang, Han Miao, Shaoyun Dong, Shengping Zhang and Xingfang Gu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:243

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Red maple (Acer rubrum L.) is one of the most common and widespread trees with colorful leaves. We found a mutant with red, yellow, and green leaf phenotypes in different branches, which provided ideal materials ...

    Authors: Zhu Chen, Xiaoyu Lu, Yun Xuan, Fei Tang, Jingjing Wang, Dan Shi, Songling Fu and Jie Ren

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:240

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  6. Content type: Research article

    YABBY genes play important roles in the growth and polar establishment of lateral organs such as leaves and floral organs in angiosperms. However, the functions of YABBY homologous genes are largely unknown in so...

    Authors: Hui Yang, Guixia Shi, Xiao Li, Dezhou Hu, Yanmei Cui, Jinfeng Hou, Deyue Yu and Fang Huang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:234

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The close planting of dwarfing self-rooted rootstocks is currently a widely used method for apple production; however, self-rooted rootstocks are weak with shallow roots and poor grounding. Therefore, understa...

    Authors: Zenghui Wang, Jialin Li, Yunfei Mao, Manman Zhang, Rong Wang, Yanli Hu, Zhiquan Mao and Xiang Shen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:229

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Some broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. italic) accessions have purple sepals and cold weather would deepen the purple color, while the sepals of other broccoli lines are always green even in cold winter. The related...

    Authors: Huifang Yu, Jiansheng Wang, Xiaoguang Sheng, Zhenqing Zhao, Yusen Shen, Ferdinando Branca and Honghui Gu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:228

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Clubroot, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae Woronin, is a very important disease of Brassica species. Management of clubroot relies heavily on genetic resistance. In a cross of Brassica nigra lines PI 219576 (hi...

    Authors: Adrian Chang, Mebarek Lamara, Yangdou Wei, Hao Hu, Isobel A. P. Parkin, Bruce D. Gossen, Gary Peng and Fengqun Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:224

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Adaptation to drought-prone environments requires robust root architecture. Genotypes with a more vigorous root system have the potential to better adapt to soils with limited moisture content. However, root a...

    Authors: Adel H. Abdel-Ghani, Rajiv Sharma, Celestine Wabila, Sidram Dhanagond, Saed J. Owais, Mahmud A. Duwayri, Saddam A. Al-Dalain, Christian Klukas, Dijun Chen, Thomas Lübberstedt, Nicolaus von Wirén, Andreas Graner, Benjamin Kilian and Kerstin Neumann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:216

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Taxus cuspidata is well known worldwide for its ability to produce Taxol, one of the top-selling natural anticancer drugs. However, current Taxol production cannot match the increasing needs of the market, and no...

    Authors: Xuejun Kuang, Sijie Sun, Jianhe Wei, Ying Li and Chao Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:210

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Cotton fiber is a single cell that arises from the epidermis of ovule. It is not only a main economic product of cotton, but an ideal material for studying on the growth and development of plant cell. Our prev...

    Authors: Qi Niu, Kunling Tan, Zhenle Zang, Zhongyi Xiao, Kuijun Chen, Mingyu Hu and Ming Luo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:208

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The kernel row number (KRN) of an ear is an important trait related to yield and domestication in maize. Exploring the underlying genetic mechanisms of KRN has great research significance and application poten...

    Authors: Yixin An, Lin Chen, Yong-Xiang Li, Chunhui Li, Yunsu Shi, Yanchun Song, Dengfeng Zhang, Yu Li and Tianyu Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:201

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  14. Content type: Research article

    During maize early kernel development, the dramatic transcriptional reprogramming determines the rate of developmental progression, and phytohormone plays critical role in these important processes. To investi...

    Authors: Chuanyu Ma, Bo Li, Lina Wang, Ming-liang Xu, E. Lizhu, Hongyu Jin, Zhicheng Wang and Jian-rong Ye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:197

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The BBAA subgenomes of hexaploid common wheat are structurally intact, which makes it possible to extract the BBAA subgenomes to constitute a novel plant type, namely, extracted tetraploid wheat (ETW). ETW dis...

    Authors: Ruili Lv, Lei Han, Binbin Xiao, Chaoxia Xiao, Zongze Yang, Hao Wang, Huan Wang, Bao Liu and Chunwu Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:188

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  16. Content type: Research article

    It is important to explore renewable alternatives (e.g. biofuels) that can produce energy sources to help reduce reliance on fossil oils, and reduce greenhouse gases and waste solids resulted from fossil oils ...

    Authors: Zinan Luo, Pernell Tomasi, Noah Fahlgren and Hussein Abdel-Haleem

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:187

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Triticum timopheevii (2n = 4x = 28; AtAtGG), is an important source for new genetic variation for wheat improvement with genes for potential disease resistance and salt tolerance. By generating a range of intersp...

    Authors: Urmila Devi, Surbhi Grewal, Cai-yun Yang, Stella Hubbart-Edwards, Duncan Scholefield, Stephen Ashling, Amanda Burridge, Ian P King and Julie King

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:183

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus (Moq.) J.D. Sauer) is a problem weed commonly found in the Midwestern United States that can cause crippling yield losses for both maize (Zea mays L.) and soybean (Glycine max L...

    Authors: Daniel R. Kohlhase, Jamie A. O’Rourke, Micheal D. K. Owen and Michelle A. Graham

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:182

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is an important seed oil crop. Castor oil is a highly demanded oil for several industrial uses. Current castor bean varieties suffer from low productivity and high risk of insect pest...

    Authors: Jiannong Lu, Yuzhen Shi, Weijin Li, Sen Chen, Yafei Wang, Xiaolin He and Xuegui Yin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:181

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Fusarium head blight resistance genes, Fhb1 (for Type-II resistance), Fhb2 (Type-II), and Fhb5 (Type-I plus some Type-II), which originate from Sumai 3, are among the most important that confer resistance in hexa...

    Authors: Gurcharn Singh Brar, Anita L. Brûlé-Babel, Yuefeng Ruan, Maria Antonia Henriquez, Curtis Jerry Pozniak, Hadley Randal Kutcher and Pierre Jan Hucl

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:179

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  21. Content type: Review

    Classical plant breeding was extremely successful in generating high yielding crop varieties. Yet, in modern crops, the long domestication process has impoverished the genetic diversity available for breeding....

    Authors: Felix Wolter, Patrick Schindele and Holger Puchta

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:176

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  22. Content type: Research article

    DUOII is a multi-ovary wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) line with two or three pistils and three stamens in each floret. The multi-ovary trait of DUOII is controlled by a dominant gene, whose expression can be suppre...

    Authors: Jialin Guo, Gaisheng Zhang, Yulong Song, Zheng Li, Shoucai Ma, Na Niu and Junwei Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:175

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Endo-β-1,4-xylanase1 (EA), the key endoxylanase in plants, is involved in the degradation of arabinoxylan during grain germination. In barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), one gene (HvXYN-1) that encode a endo-beta-1,4-x...

    Authors: Xueli Lu, Yunxia Fang, Bin Tian, Tao Tong, Jiahui Wang, Hua Wang, Shengguan Cai, Jiang Hu, Dali Zeng, Heng Xu, Xiaoqin Zhang and Dawei Xue

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:170

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Lycium ruthenicum Murray is an important economic plant in China and contains higher levels of anthocyanins in its fruits than other Lyciums. However, the genetic mechanism of anthocyanin production in this plant...

    Authors: Yuan Zong, Xuebing Zhu, Zenggen Liu, Xinyuan Xi, Guomin Li, Dong Cao, Le Wei, Jianming Li and Baolong Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:169

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Identification of loci for grain yield (GY) and related traits, and dissection of the genetic architecture are important for yield improvement through marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two genome-wide associati...

    Authors: Faji Li, Weie Wen, Jindong Liu, Yong Zhang, Shuanghe Cao, Zhonghu He, Awais Rasheed, Hui Jin, Chi Zhang, Jun Yan, Pingzhi Zhang, Yingxiu Wan and Xianchun Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:168

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  26. Content type: Research article

    First flower node (FFN) is an important trait for evaluating fruit earliness in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). The trait is controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTL); however, studies have been limited on QTL map...

    Authors: Xiao-fen Zhang, Guo-yun Wang, Ting-ting Dong, Bin Chen, He-shan Du, Chang-bao Li, Feng-lan Zhang, Hai-ying Zhang, Yong Xu, Qian Wang and San-sheng Geng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:167

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is an important forage crop grown worldwide. Alfalfa is called the “queen of forage crops” due to its high forage yield and nutritional characteristics. The aim of this study was to u...

    Authors: Fan Zhang, Junmei Kang, Ruicai Long, Long-Xi Yu, Zhen Wang, Zhongxiang Zhao, Tiejun Zhang and Qingchuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:165

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are 3′-5′ head-to-tail covalently closed non-coding RNA that have been proved to play essential roles in many cellular and developmental processes. However, no information relate to cu...

    Authors: Yong-Xing Zhu, Jian-Hua Jia, Lei Yang, Yu-Chen Xia, Hui-Li Zhang, Jin-Bu Jia, Ran Zhou, Pei-Yao Nie, Jun-Liang Yin, Dong-Fang Ma and Le-Cheng Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:164

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Pedicel orientation can affect the female flower orientation and seed yield in cucumber.

    Authors: Jingxian Sun, Tingting Xiao, Jingtao Nie, Yue Chen, Duo Lv, Ming Pan, Qifan Gao, Chunli Guo, Leyu Zhang, Huan-Le He, Hongli Lian, Junsong Pan, Run Cai and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:157

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Seed germination and seedling establishment are two of the most critical phases in plant development. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the effect of phosphorus on seed germination and post-germinat...

    Authors: Ke-Lin Huang, Huan Wang, Ying-Li Wei, Han-Xin Jia, Lei Zha, Yong Zheng, Feng Ren and Xue-Bao Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:156

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Fusarium crown rot (FCR) is a severe and chronic disease in common wheat and is able to cause serious yield loss and health problems to human and livestock.

    Authors: Xia Yang, Yubo Pan, Pawan K. Singh, Xinyao He, Yan Ren, Lei Zhao, Ning Zhang, Shunhe Cheng and Feng Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:153

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Wheat is a cool seasoned crop requiring low temperature during grain filling duration and therefore increased temperature causes significant yield reduction. A set of 125 spring wheat genotypes from Internatio...

    Authors: Muhammad Jamil, Aamir Ali, Alvina Gul, Abdul Ghafoor, Abdul Aziz Napar, Amir M. H. Ibrahim, Naima Huma Naveed, Nasim Ahmad Yasin and Abdul Mujeeb-Kazi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:149

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Fig fruit are highly perishable at the tree-ripe (TR) stage. Commercial-ripe (CR) fruit, which are harvested before the TR stage for their postharvest transportability and shelf-life advantage, are inferior to...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Cui, Ziran Wang, Shangwu Chen, Alexander Vainstein and Huiqin Ma

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:146

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to identify the transcription factors of nitrate reductase genes (NIA1 and NIA2) promoters and hypothetical cis-element of NRE2. Based on the constructed cDNA library of Nicotiana tabacum K326, a...

    Authors: Huijuan Yang, Yan Zhou, Yuning Zhang, Jing Wang and Hongzhi Shi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:145

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Tomato mutants altered in leaf morphology are usually identified in the greenhouse, which demands considerable time and space and can only be performed in adequate periods. For a faster but equally reliable sc...

    Authors: Marybel Jáquez-Gutiérrez, Alejandro Atarés, Benito Pineda, Pilar Angarita, Carlos Ribelles, Begoña García-Sogo, Jorge Sánchez-López, Carmen Capel, Fernando J. Yuste-Lisbona, Rafael Lozano and Vicente Moreno

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:141

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Gossypium hirsutum L. is grown worldwide and is the largest source of natural fiber crop. We focus on exploring the favorable alleles (FAs) for upland cotton varieties improvement, and further understanding the h...

    Authors: Panhong Dai, Yuchen Miao, Shoupu He, Zhaoe Pan, Yinhua Jia, Yingfan Cai, Junling Sun, Liru Wang, Baoyin Pang, Mi Wang and Xiongming Du

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:138

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is the fourth most important cereal crop worldwide. Barley production is compromised by many abiotic stresses including drought. Wild barley is a valuable source of alleles that can im...

    Authors: Anh-Tung Pham, Andreas Maurer, Klaus Pillen, Chris Brien, Kate Dowling, Bettina Berger, Jason K. Eglinton and Timothy J. March

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:134

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The plant architecture has significant effects on grain yield of various crops, including soybean (Glycine max), but the knowledge on optimization of plant architecture in order to increase yield potential is sti...

    Authors: Aili Bao, Haifeng Chen, Limiao Chen, Shuilian Chen, Qingnan Hao, Wei Guo, Dezhen Qiu, Zhihui Shan, Zhonglu Yang, Songli Yuan, Chanjuan Zhang, Xiaojuan Zhang, Baohui Liu, Fanjiang Kong, Xia Li, Xinan Zhou…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:131

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Maize yield potential is rarely maximized in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) due to the devastating effects of drought stress and Striga hermonthica parasitism. This study was conducted to determine the gains in grain y...

    Authors: B. Badu-Apraku, A. O. Talabi, M. A. B. Fakorede, Y. Fasanmade, M. Gedil, C. Magorokosho and R. Asiedu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:129

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Durum wheat is considered not suitable for making many food products that bread wheat can. This limitation is largely due to: (i) lack of grain-hardness controlling genes (Puroindoline a and b) and consequently e...

    Authors: Qiong Wang, Yin Li, Fusheng Sun, Xiaoyan Li, Pandi Wang, Junli Chang, Yuesheng Wang, Guangxiao Yang and Guangyuan He

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:126

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Maize is a crop in high demand for food purposes and consumers worldwide are increasingly concerned with food quality. However, breeding for improved quality is a complex task and therefore developing tools to...

    Authors: Mara Lisa Alves, Bruna Carbas, Daniel Gaspar, Manuel Paulo, Cláudia Brites, Pedro Mendes-Moreira, Carla Moita Brites, Marcos Malosetti, Fred van Eeuwijk and Maria Carlota Vaz Patto

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:123

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Polyunsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) are abundant in vegetable oils and are important for human health. In the body, LA and ALA are respectively converted to the om...

    Authors: Kyeong-Ryeol Lee, Kyung-Hwan Kim, Jung Bong Kim, Seung-Bum Hong, Inhwa Jeon, Hyun Uk Kim, Myung Hee Lee and Jae Kwang Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:120

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Premature senescence can reduce the yield and quality of crops. WRKY transcription factors (TFs) play important roles during leaf senescence, but little is known about their ageing mechanisms in cotton.

    Authors: Lijiao Gu, Lingling Dou, Yaning Guo, Hantao Wang, Libei Li, Congcong Wang, Liang Ma, Hengling Wei and Shuxun Yu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:116

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In winter barley plants, vernalization and photoperiod cues have to be integrated to promote flowering. Plant development and expression of different flowering promoter (HvVRN1, HvCO2, PPD-H1, HvFT1, HvFT3) and r...

    Authors: Arantxa Monteagudo, Ernesto Igartua, Bruno Contreras-Moreira, M. Pilar Gracia, Javier Ramos, Ildikó Karsai and Ana M. Casas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:113

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Two-line hybrid rice with high yield potential is increasingly popular and the photo- and temperature-sensitive male sterile line is one of the basic components for two-line hybrid rice breeding. The developme...

    Authors: Hirendra Nath Barman, Zhonghua Sheng, Sajid Fiaz, Min Zhong, Yawen Wu, Yicong Cai, Wei Wang, Guiai Jiao, Shaoqing Tang, Xiangjin Wei and Peisong Hu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:109

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  46. Content type: Research article

    MADS-box genes play important roles in vegetative growth and reproductive development and are essential for the correct development of plants (particularly inflorescences, flowers, and fruits). However, this g...

    Authors: Xiao-Guang Sheng, Zhen-Qing Zhao, Jian-Sheng Wang, Hui-Fang Yu, Yu-Sen Shen, Xiao-Yuan Zeng and Hong-Hui Gu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:106

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Only a small percentage of the genome sequence is involved in regulation of gene expression, but to biochemically identify this portion is expensive and laborious. In species like maize, with diverse intergeni...

    Authors: María Katherine Mejía-Guerra and Edward S. Buckler

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:103

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Valencene is a major sesquiterpene in citrus oil and biosynthesized by valencene synthase (Cstps1; EC: from the 15-carbon substrate farnesyl diphosphate. It is abundant in juice of some mandarins (e.g.

    Authors: Qibin Yu, Ming Huang, Hongge Jia, Yuan Yu, Anne Plotto, Elizabeth A. Baldwin, Jinhe Bai, Nian Wang and Frederick G. Gmitter Jr

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:101

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  49. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNA (miRNA) are key players in regulating expression of target genes at post-transcriptional level. A number of miRNAs are implicated in modulating tolerance to various abiotic stresses. Waterlogging is a...

    Authors: Yabing Hou, Fangling Jiang, Xiaolan Zheng and Zhen Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:100

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Dry pea production has increased substantially in North America over the last few decades. With this expansion, significant yield losses have been attributed to an escalation in Fusarium root rots in pea field...

    Authors: Clarice J. Coyne, Lyndon D. Porter, Gilles Boutet, Yu Ma, Rebecca J. McGee, Angélique Lesné, Alain Baranger and Marie-Laure Pilet-Nayel

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:98

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