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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss (CSIRO, Australia)

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 6 of 6

  1. Flavonoids such as anthocyanins, flavonols and proanthocyanidins, play a central role in fruit colour, flavour and health attributes. In peach and nectarine (Prunus persica) these compounds vary during fruit grow...

    Authors: Daniela Ravaglia, Richard V Espley, Rebecca A Henry-Kirk, Carlo Andreotti, Vanina Ziosi, Roger P Hellens, Guglielmo Costa and Andrew C Allan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:68

    Content type: Research article

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  2. S-nitrosylaton is implicated in the regulation of numerous signaling pathways with a diversity of regulatory roles. The high lability of the S-NO bond makes the study of proteins regulated by S-nitrosylation/de.....

    Authors: Juan C Begara-Morales, F Javier López-Jaramillo, Beatriz Sánchez-Calvo, Alfonso Carreras, Mariano Ortega-Muñoz, Francisco Santoyo-González, Francisco J Corpas and Juan B Barroso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:61

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The opaque2 mutant is valuable for producing maize varieties with enhanced nutritional value. However, the exact mechanisms by which it improves protein quality and creates a soft endosperm texture are unclear. G...

    Authors: Mo Jia, Hao Wu, Kasi L Clay, Rudolf Jung, Brian A Larkins and Bryan C Gibbon

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:60

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Recent studies have demonstrated that cellular energy is a key factor switching on ripening and senescence of fruit. However, the factors that influence fruit energy status remain largely unknown.

    Authors: Hui Wang, Zhengjiang Qian, Sanmei Ma, Yuchuan Zhou, John W Patrick, Xuewu Duan, Yueming Jiang and Hongxia Qu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:55

    Content type: Research article

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  5. From field harvest to the consumer’s table, fresh citrus fruit spends a considerable amount of time in shipment and storage. During these processes, physiological disorders and pathological diseases are the ma...

    Authors: Ze Yun, Huijun Gao, Ping Liu, Shuzhen Liu, Tao Luo, Shuai Jin, Qiang Xu, Juan Xu, Yunjiang Cheng and Xiuxin Deng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:44

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The extracellular space or apoplast forms a path through the whole plant and acts as an interface with the environment. The apoplast is composed of plant cell wall and space within which apoplastic fluid provi...

    Authors: Bertrand Delaunois, Thomas Colby, Nicolas Belloy, Alexandra Conreux, Anne Harzen, Fabienne Baillieul, Christophe Clément, Jürgen Schmidt, Philippe Jeandet and Sylvain Cordelier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:24

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Maize (Zea mays L.) leaves damaged by lepidopteran herbivores emit a complex volatile blend that can attract natural enemies of the herbivores and may also have roles in direct defense and inter- or intra-plant s...

    Authors: Tobias G Köllner, Claudia Lenk, Christiane Schnee, Sabrina Köpke, Peter Lindemann, Jonathan Gershenzon and Jörg Degenhardt

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:15

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To gain insight into the regulation of fruit ascorbic acid (AsA) pool in tomatoes, a combination of metabolite analyses, non-labelled and radiolabelled substrate feeding experiments, enzyme activity measuremen...

    Authors: Ifigeneia Mellidou, Johan Keulemans, Angelos K Kanellis and Mark W Davey

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:239

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Understanding carbon partitioning in cereal seeds is of critical importance to develop cereal crops with enhanced starch yields for food security and for producing specified end-products high in amylose, β-glu...

    Authors: Ming-Zhou Zhang, Jie-Hong Fang, Xia Yan, Jun Liu, Jin-Song Bao, Gunnel Fransson, Roger Andersson, Christer Jansson, Per Åman and Chuanxin Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:230

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The moss Physcomitrella patens contains C18- as well as C20-polyunsaturated fatty acids that can be metabolized by different enzymes to form oxylipins such as the cyclopentenone cis(+)-12-oxo phytodienoic acid. M...

    Authors: Julia Scholz, Florian Brodhun, Ellen Hornung, Cornelia Herrfurth, Michael Stumpe, Anna K Beike, Bernd Faltin, Wolfgang Frank, Ralf Reski and Ivo Feussner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:228

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The sulfanilamide family comprises a clinically important group of antimicrobial compounds which also display bioactivity in plants. While there is evidence that sulfanilamides inhibit folate biosynthesis in b...

    Authors: Karl J Schreiber, Ryan S Austin, Yunchen Gong, Jianfeng Zhang, Pauline Fung, Pauline W Wang, David S Guttman and Darrell Desveaux

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:226

    Content type: Research article

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  12. More than 20,000 cultivars of garden dahlia (Dahlia variabilis hort.) are available showing flower colour from white, yellow and orange to every imaginable hue of red and purple tones. Thereof, only a handful of ...

    Authors: Jana Thill, Silvija Miosic, Romel Ahmed, Karin Schlangen, Gerlinde Muster, Karl Stich and Heidi Halbwirth

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:225

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Many proteins with tandem repeats in their sequence have been described and classified according to the length of the repeats: I) Repeats of short oligopeptides (from 2 to 20 amino acids), including structural...

    Authors: Lucía Albornos, Ignacio Martín, Rebeca Iglesias, Teresa Jiménez, Emilia Labrador and Berta Dopico

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:207

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The maize (Zea mays) red aleurone1 (pr1) encodes a CYP450-dependent flavonoid 3’-hydroxylase (ZmF3’H1) required for the biosynthesis of purple and red anthocyanin pigments. We previously showed that Zmf3h1 is re...

    Authors: Mandeep Sharma, Chenglin Chai, Kengo Morohashi, Erich Grotewold, Maurice E Snook and Surinder Chopra

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:196

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Auxins act as repressors of ripening inception in grape (véraison), while ethylene and abscisic acid (ABA) play a positive role as inducers of the syndrome. Despite the increasing amount of information made av...

    Authors: Fiorenza Ziliotto, Massimiliano Corso, Fabio Massimo Rizzini, Angela Rasori, Alessandro Botton and Claudio Bonghi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:185

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A plant’s endogenous clock (circadian clock) entrains physiological processes to light/dark and temperature cycles. Forward and reverse genetic approaches in Arabidopsis have revealed the mechanisms of the circad...

    Authors: Felipe Yon, Pil-Joon Seo, Jae Yong Ryu, Chung-Mo Park, Ian T Baldwin and Sang-Gyu Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:172

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Silene latifolia and its pollinator, the noctuid moth Hadena bicruris, represent an open nursery pollination system wherein floral volatiles, especially veratrole (1, 2-dimethoxybenzene), lilac aldehydes, and phe...

    Authors: Alok K Gupta, Tariq A Akhtar, Alex Widmer, Eran Pichersky and Florian P Schiestl

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:158

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The majority of nitrogen accumulating in cereal grains originates from proteins remobilised from vegetative organs. However, interactions between grain filling and remobilisation are poorly understood. We used...

    Authors: Stefan Kohl, Julien Hollmann, Frank R Blattner, Volodymyr Radchuk, Franka Andersch, Burkhard Steuernagel, Thomas Schmutzer, Uwe Scholz, Karin Krupinska, Hans Weber and Winfriede Weschke

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:154

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Furanocoumarins are molecules with proven therapeutic properties and are produced in only a small number of medicinal plant species such as Ruta graveolens. In vivo, these molecules play a protective role against...

    Authors: Fazeelat Karamat, Alexandre Olry, Sébastien Doerper, Guilhem Vialart, Pascaline Ullmann, Danièle Werck-Reichhart, Frédéric Bourgaud and Alain Hehn

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:152

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Transcription of plastid-encoded genes requires two different DNA-dependent RNA polymerases, a nuclear-encoded polymerase (NEP) and plastid-encoded polymerase (PEP). Recent studies identified two related pfkB-...

    Authors: Jonathan Gilkerson, Juan Manuel Perez-Ruiz, Joanne Chory and Judy Callis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:102

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Lupulin glands of hop produce a specific metabolome including hop bitter acids valuable for the brewing process and prenylflavonoids with promising health-beneficial activities. The detailed analysis of the tr...

    Authors: Jaroslav Matoušek, Tomáš Kocábek, Josef Patzak, Zoltán Füssy, Jitka Procházková and Arne Heyerick

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:27

    Content type: Research article

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  22. We have studied the impact of carbohydrate-starvation on the acclimation response to high light using Arabidopsis thaliana double mutants strongly impaired in the day- and night path of photoassimilate export fro...

    Authors: Jessica Schmitz, Mark Aurel Schöttler, Stephan Krueger, Stefan Geimer, Anja Schneider, Tatjana Kleine, Dario Leister, Kirsten Bell, Ulf-Ingo Flügge and Rainer E Häusler

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:8

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Plants exhibit phenotypic plasticity and respond to differences in environmental conditions by acclimation. We have systematically compared leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown in the field and under contr...

    Authors: Yogesh Mishra, Hanna Johansson Jänkänpää, Anett Z Kiss, Christiane Funk, Wolfgang P Schröder and Stefan Jansson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:6

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The Arabidopsis thaliana dgat1 mutant, AS11, has an oil content which is decreased by 30%, and a strongly increased ratio of 18:3/20:1, compared to wild type. Despite lacking a functional DGAT1, AS11 still manage...

    Authors: Jingyu Xu, Anders S Carlsson, Tammy Francis, Meng Zhang, Travis Hoffman, Michael E Giblin and David C Taylor

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:4

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In the violaxanthin (V) cycle, V is de-epoxidized to zeaxanthin (Z) when strong light or light combined with other stressors lead to an overexcitation of photosystems. However, plants can also suffer stress in...

    Authors: Beatriz Fernández-Marín, Fátima Míguez, José María Becerril and José Ignacio García-Plazaola

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:181

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), a synthetic auxin analogue, is widely used as an effective thinner in apple orchards. When applied shortly after fruit set, some fruit abscise leading to improved fruit size and q...

    Authors: Hong Zhu, Chris D Dardick, Eric P Beers, Ann M Callanhan, Rui Xia and Rongcai Yuan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:138

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Among the various biochemical markers, fatty acids or lipid profiles represent a chemically relatively inert class of compounds that is easy to isolate from biological material. Fatty acid (FA) profiles are co...

    Authors: Imke Lang, Ladislav Hodac, Thomas Friedl and Ivo Feussner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:124

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Biochemical models predict that photosynthesis in C3 plants is most frequently limited by the slower of two processes, the maximum capacity of the enzyme Rubisco to carboxylate RuBP (Vc,max), or the regeneration ...

    Authors: David M Rosenthal, Anna M Locke, Mahdi Khozaei, Christine A Raines, Stephen P Long and Donald R Ort

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:123

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In soils with a low phosphorus (P) supply, sugar beet is known to intake more P than other species such as maize, wheat, or groundnut. We hypothesized that organic compounds exuded by sugar beet roots solubili...

    Authors: Reza Khorassani, Ursula Hettwer, Astrid Ratzinger, Bernd Steingrobe, Petr Karlovsky and Norbert Claassen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:121

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Glutamine synthetase (GS; EC: 6.3.1.2, L-glutamate: ammonia ligase ADP-forming) is a key enzyme in ammonium assimilation and metabolism of higher plants. The current work was undertaken to develop a more compr...

    Authors: Vanessa Castro-Rodríguez, Angel García-Gutiérrez, Javier Canales, Concepción Avila, Edward G Kirby and Francisco M Cánovas

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:119

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The ACT domain, named after bacterial aspartate kinase, chorismate mutase and TyrA (prephenate dehydrogenase), is a regulatory domain that serves as an amino acid-binding site in feedback-regulated amino acid ...

    Authors: Tzu-Ying Sung, Tsui-Yun Chung, Chih-Ping Hsu and Ming-Hsiun Hsieh

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:118

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Cyclopropane fatty acids (CPA) have been found in certain gymnosperms, Malvales, Litchi and other Sapindales. The presence of their unique strained ring structures confers physical and chemical properties char...

    Authors: Xiao-Hong Yu, Richa Rawat and John Shanklin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:97

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbiosis consists of a mutualistic relationship between soil fungi and roots of most plant species. This association provides the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus with sugars whil...

    Authors: Lidia Campos-Soriano, Jorge Gómez-Ariza, Paola Bonfante and Blanca San Segundo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:90

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Haspin kinases are mitotic kinases that are well-conserved from yeast to human. Human Haspin is a histone H3 Thr3 kinase that has important roles in chromosome cohesion during mitosis. Moreover, phosphorylatio...

    Authors: Daisuke Kurihara, Sachihiro Matsunaga, Tomohiro Omura, Tetsuya Higashiyama and Kiichi Fukui

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2011 11:73

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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