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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss (CSIRO, Australia)

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 5 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    The ripening of fleshy fruits is a complex developmental program characterized by extensive transcriptomic and metabolic remodeling in the pericarp tissues (pulp and skin) making unripe green fruits soft, tast...

    Authors: Stefania Pilati, Daniele Brazzale, Graziano Guella, Alberto Milli, Cristina Ruberti, Franco Biasioli, Michela Zottini and Claudio Moser

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:87

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Lignans are a class of diphenolic nonsteroidal phytoestrogens often found glycosylated in planta. Flax seeds are a rich source of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) lignans. Glycosylation is a process by whic...

    Authors: Kaushik Ghose, Kumarakurubaran Selvaraj, Jason McCallum, Chris W Kirby, Marva Sweeney-Nixon, Sylvie J Cloutier, Michael Deyholos, Raju Datla and Bourlaye Fofana

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:82

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Soybean is one of the most important oil crops. The regulatory genes involved in oil accumulation are largely unclear. We initiated studies to identify genes that regulate this process.

    Authors: Yun-Feng Liu, Qing-Tian Li, Xiang Lu, Qing-Xin Song, Sin-Man Lam, Wan-Ke Zhang, Biao Ma, Qing Lin, Wei-Qun Man, Wei-Guang Du, Guang-Hou Shui, Shou-Yi Chen and Jin-Song Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:73

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The model grass Brachypodium distachyon is increasingly used to study various aspects of grass biology. A large and genotypically diverse collection of B. distachyon germplasm has been assembled by the research c...

    Authors: Ludmila Tyler, Jonatan U Fangel, Alexandra Dotson Fagerström, Michael A Steinwand, Theodore K Raab, William GT Willats and John P Vogel

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:25

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Solanum lycopersicum or tomato is extensively studied with respect to the ethylene metabolism during climacteric ripening, focusing almost exclusively on fruit pericarp. In this work the ethylene biosynthesis pat...

    Authors: Bram Van de Poel, Nick Vandenzavel, Cindy Smet, Toon Nicolay, Inge Bulens, Ifigeneia Mellidou, Sandy Vandoninck, Maarten LATM Hertog, Rita Derua, Stijn Spaepen, Jos Vanderleyden, Etienne Waelkens, Maurice P De Proft, Bart M Nicolai and Annemie H Geeraerd

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:11

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Fruit development is controlled by plant hormones, but the role of hormone interactions during fruit ripening is poorly understood. Interactions between ethylene and the auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are li...

    Authors: Christine Böttcher, Crista A Burbidge, Paul K Boss and Christopher Davies

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:222

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Duckweeds, i.e., members of the Lemnoideae family, are amongst the smallest aquatic flowering plants. Their high growth rate, aquatic habit and suitability for bio-remediation make them strong candidates for b...

    Authors: Yiheng Yan, Jason Candreva, Hai Shi, Evan Ernst, Robert Martienssen, Jorg Schwender and John Shanklin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:201

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Grapevine metabolism in response to water deficit was studied in two cultivars, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon, which were shown to have different hydraulic behaviors (Hochberg et al. Physiol. Plant. 147:443–453, ...

    Authors: Uri Hochberg, Asfaw Degu, David Toubiana, Tanya Gendler, Zoran Nikoloski, Shimon Rachmilevitch and Aaron Fait

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:184

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  9. Content type: Research article

    There is a paucity of information regarding development of fruit tissue microstructure and changes in the cell walls during fruit growth, and how these developmental processes differ between cultivars with con...

    Authors: Jovyn KT Ng, Roswitha Schröder, Paul W Sutherland, Ian C Hallett, Miriam I Hall, Roneel Prakash, Bronwen G Smith, Laurence D Melton and Jason W Johnston

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:183

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Oilseed germination is characterized by the degradation of storage lipids. It may proceed either via the direct action of a triacylglycerol lipase, or in certain plant species via a specific lipid body 13-lipo...

    Authors: Danilo Meyer, Cornelia Herrfurth, Florian Brodhun and Ivo Feussner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:177

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is an economically important fruit crop. Quality-determining grape components such as sugars, acids, flavors, anthocyanins, tannins, etc., accumulate in the different grape berry dev...

    Authors: María José Martínez-Esteso, María Teresa Vilella-Antón, María Ángeles Pedreño, María Luz Valero and Roque Bru-Martínez

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:167

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In plants, carotenoids serve as the precursors to C13-norisoprenoids, a group of apocarotenoid compounds with diverse biological functions. Enzymatic cleavage of carotenoids catalysed by members of the carotenoid...

    Authors: Justin G Lashbrooke, Philip R Young, Samantha J Dockrall, Krishnan Vasanth and Melané A Vivier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:156

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The terpenoid indole alkaloid (TIA) pathway leads to the production of pharmaceutically important drugs, such as the anticancer compounds vinblastine and vincristine. Unfortunately, these drugs are produced in...

    Authors: Chun Yao Li, Alex L Leopold, Guy W Sander, Jacqueline V Shanks, Le Zhao and Susan I Gibson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:155

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The ubiquitous, non-proteinaceous amino acid GABA (γ-aminobutyrate) accumulates in plants subjected to abiotic stresses such as chilling, O2 deficiency and elevated CO2. Recent evidence indicates that controlled ...

    Authors: Christopher P Trobacher, Adel Zarei, Jingyun Liu, Shawn M Clark, Gale G Bozzo and Barry J Shelp

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:144

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Plants that utilize the highly efficient C4 pathway of photosynthesis typically possess kranz-type leaf anatomy that consists of two morphologically and functionally distinct photosynthetic cell types, the bundle...

    Authors: Shaun M Bowman, Minesh Patel, Pradeep Yerramsetty, Christopher M Mure, Amy M Zielinski, Jeremy A Bruenn and James O Berry

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:138

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Glutamine Synthetase (GS, EC 6.3.1.2) is a central enzyme in nitrogen metabolism, and a key component of nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and plant yield and thus it is extremely important to understand how it is...

    Authors: Ana R Seabra, Liliana S Silva and Helena G Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:137

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  17. Content type: Research article

    As the final stage of leaf development, leaf senescence may cause the decline of photosynthesis and gradual reduction of carbon assimilation, which makes it a possible limiting factor for crop yield. NACs are ...

    Authors: Yong Zhou, Weifeng Huang, Li Liu, Taiyu Chen, Fei Zhou and Yongjun Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:132

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Molecular markers allow rapid identification of biologically important germplasm/s having desired character. Previously we have reported a genotype specific molecular marker, Balco1128 [GenBank ID EU258678] of Ba...

    Authors: Jayadri Sekhar Ghosh, Shubho Chaudhuri, Nrisingha Dey and Amita Pal

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:128

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Polyamines (PAs) are oxidatively deaminated at their primary or secondary amino-groups by copper-containing amine oxidases (CuAOs) or FAD-dependent amine oxidases (PAOs), respectively. Both enzymes have long b...

    Authors: Joan Planas-Portell, Marta Gallart, Antonio F Tiburcio and Teresa Altabella

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:109

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Floral nectar (FN) contains not only energy-rich compounds to attract pollinators, but also defense chemicals and several proteins. However, proteomic analysis of FN has been hampered by the lack of publically...

    Authors: Pil Joon Seo, Natalie Wielsch, Danny Kessler, Ales Svatos, Chung-Mo Park, Ian T Baldwin and Sang-Gyu Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:101

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The mountain pine beetle (MPB, Dendroctonus ponderosae) epidemic has affected lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) across an area of more than 18 million hectares of pine forests in western Canada, and is a threat to ...

    Authors: Dawn E Hall, Macaire M S Yuen, Sharon Jancsik, Alfonso Lara Quesada, Harpreet K Dullat, Maria Li, Hannah Henderson, Adriana Arango-Velez, Nancy Y Liao, Roderick T Docking, Simon K Chan, Janice EK Cooke, Colette Breuil, Steven JM Jones, Christopher I Keeling and Jörg Bohlmann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:80

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Flavonoids such as anthocyanins, flavonols and proanthocyanidins, play a central role in fruit colour, flavour and health attributes. In peach and nectarine (Prunus persica) these compounds vary during fruit grow...

    Authors: Daniela Ravaglia, Richard V Espley, Rebecca A Henry-Kirk, Carlo Andreotti, Vanina Ziosi, Roger P Hellens, Guglielmo Costa and Andrew C Allan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:68

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  23. Content type: Research article

    S-nitrosylaton is implicated in the regulation of numerous signaling pathways with a diversity of regulatory roles. The high lability of the S-NO bond makes the study of proteins regulated by S-nitrosylation/de.....

    Authors: Juan C Begara-Morales, F Javier López-Jaramillo, Beatriz Sánchez-Calvo, Alfonso Carreras, Mariano Ortega-Muñoz, Francisco Santoyo-González, Francisco J Corpas and Juan B Barroso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:61

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The opaque2 mutant is valuable for producing maize varieties with enhanced nutritional value. However, the exact mechanisms by which it improves protein quality and creates a soft endosperm texture are unclear. G...

    Authors: Mo Jia, Hao Wu, Kasi L Clay, Rudolf Jung, Brian A Larkins and Bryan C Gibbon

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:60

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have demonstrated that cellular energy is a key factor switching on ripening and senescence of fruit. However, the factors that influence fruit energy status remain largely unknown.

    Authors: Hui Wang, Zhengjiang Qian, Sanmei Ma, Yuchuan Zhou, John W Patrick, Xuewu Duan, Yueming Jiang and Hongxia Qu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:55

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  26. Content type: Research article

    From field harvest to the consumer’s table, fresh citrus fruit spends a considerable amount of time in shipment and storage. During these processes, physiological disorders and pathological diseases are the ma...

    Authors: Ze Yun, Huijun Gao, Ping Liu, Shuzhen Liu, Tao Luo, Shuai Jin, Qiang Xu, Juan Xu, Yunjiang Cheng and Xiuxin Deng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:44

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The extracellular space or apoplast forms a path through the whole plant and acts as an interface with the environment. The apoplast is composed of plant cell wall and space within which apoplastic fluid provi...

    Authors: Bertrand Delaunois, Thomas Colby, Nicolas Belloy, Alexandra Conreux, Anne Harzen, Fabienne Baillieul, Christophe Clément, Jürgen Schmidt, Philippe Jeandet and Sylvain Cordelier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:24

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Maize (Zea mays L.) leaves damaged by lepidopteran herbivores emit a complex volatile blend that can attract natural enemies of the herbivores and may also have roles in direct defense and inter- or intra-plant s...

    Authors: Tobias G Köllner, Claudia Lenk, Christiane Schnee, Sabrina Köpke, Peter Lindemann, Jonathan Gershenzon and Jörg Degenhardt

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:15

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To gain insight into the regulation of fruit ascorbic acid (AsA) pool in tomatoes, a combination of metabolite analyses, non-labelled and radiolabelled substrate feeding experiments, enzyme activity measuremen...

    Authors: Ifigeneia Mellidou, Johan Keulemans, Angelos K Kanellis and Mark W Davey

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:239

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Understanding carbon partitioning in cereal seeds is of critical importance to develop cereal crops with enhanced starch yields for food security and for producing specified end-products high in amylose, β-glu...

    Authors: Ming-Zhou Zhang, Jie-Hong Fang, Xia Yan, Jun Liu, Jin-Song Bao, Gunnel Fransson, Roger Andersson, Christer Jansson, Per Åman and Chuanxin Sun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:230

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The moss Physcomitrella patens contains C18- as well as C20-polyunsaturated fatty acids that can be metabolized by different enzymes to form oxylipins such as the cyclopentenone cis(+)-12-oxo phytodienoic acid. M...

    Authors: Julia Scholz, Florian Brodhun, Ellen Hornung, Cornelia Herrfurth, Michael Stumpe, Anna K Beike, Bernd Faltin, Wolfgang Frank, Ralf Reski and Ivo Feussner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:228

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The sulfanilamide family comprises a clinically important group of antimicrobial compounds which also display bioactivity in plants. While there is evidence that sulfanilamides inhibit folate biosynthesis in b...

    Authors: Karl J Schreiber, Ryan S Austin, Yunchen Gong, Jianfeng Zhang, Pauline Fung, Pauline W Wang, David S Guttman and Darrell Desveaux

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:226

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  33. Content type: Research article

    More than 20,000 cultivars of garden dahlia (Dahlia variabilis hort.) are available showing flower colour from white, yellow and orange to every imaginable hue of red and purple tones. Thereof, only a handful of ...

    Authors: Jana Thill, Silvija Miosic, Romel Ahmed, Karin Schlangen, Gerlinde Muster, Karl Stich and Heidi Halbwirth

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:225

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Many proteins with tandem repeats in their sequence have been described and classified according to the length of the repeats: I) Repeats of short oligopeptides (from 2 to 20 amino acids), including structural...

    Authors: Lucía Albornos, Ignacio Martín, Rebeca Iglesias, Teresa Jiménez, Emilia Labrador and Berta Dopico

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:207

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The maize (Zea mays) red aleurone1 (pr1) encodes a CYP450-dependent flavonoid 3’-hydroxylase (ZmF3’H1) required for the biosynthesis of purple and red anthocyanin pigments. We previously showed that Zmf3h1 is re...

    Authors: Mandeep Sharma, Chenglin Chai, Kengo Morohashi, Erich Grotewold, Maurice E Snook and Surinder Chopra

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:196

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Auxins act as repressors of ripening inception in grape (véraison), while ethylene and abscisic acid (ABA) play a positive role as inducers of the syndrome. Despite the increasing amount of information made av...

    Authors: Fiorenza Ziliotto, Massimiliano Corso, Fabio Massimo Rizzini, Angela Rasori, Alessandro Botton and Claudio Bonghi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:185

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  37. Content type: Research article

    A plant’s endogenous clock (circadian clock) entrains physiological processes to light/dark and temperature cycles. Forward and reverse genetic approaches in Arabidopsis have revealed the mechanisms of the circad...

    Authors: Felipe Yon, Pil-Joon Seo, Jae Yong Ryu, Chung-Mo Park, Ian T Baldwin and Sang-Gyu Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:172

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Silene latifolia and its pollinator, the noctuid moth Hadena bicruris, represent an open nursery pollination system wherein floral volatiles, especially veratrole (1, 2-dimethoxybenzene), lilac aldehydes, and phe...

    Authors: Alok K Gupta, Tariq A Akhtar, Alex Widmer, Eran Pichersky and Florian P Schiestl

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:158

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The majority of nitrogen accumulating in cereal grains originates from proteins remobilised from vegetative organs. However, interactions between grain filling and remobilisation are poorly understood. We used...

    Authors: Stefan Kohl, Julien Hollmann, Frank R Blattner, Volodymyr Radchuk, Franka Andersch, Burkhard Steuernagel, Thomas Schmutzer, Uwe Scholz, Karin Krupinska, Hans Weber and Winfriede Weschke

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:154

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Furanocoumarins are molecules with proven therapeutic properties and are produced in only a small number of medicinal plant species such as Ruta graveolens. In vivo, these molecules play a protective role against...

    Authors: Fazeelat Karamat, Alexandre Olry, Sébastien Doerper, Guilhem Vialart, Pascaline Ullmann, Danièle Werck-Reichhart, Frédéric Bourgaud and Alain Hehn

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:152

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Transcription of plastid-encoded genes requires two different DNA-dependent RNA polymerases, a nuclear-encoded polymerase (NEP) and plastid-encoded polymerase (PEP). Recent studies identified two related pfkB-...

    Authors: Jonathan Gilkerson, Juan Manuel Perez-Ruiz, Joanne Chory and Judy Callis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:102

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Lupulin glands of hop produce a specific metabolome including hop bitter acids valuable for the brewing process and prenylflavonoids with promising health-beneficial activities. The detailed analysis of the tr...

    Authors: Jaroslav Matoušek, Tomáš Kocábek, Josef Patzak, Zoltán Füssy, Jitka Procházková and Arne Heyerick

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:27

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  43. Content type: Research article

    We have studied the impact of carbohydrate-starvation on the acclimation response to high light using Arabidopsis thaliana double mutants strongly impaired in the day- and night path of photoassimilate export fro...

    Authors: Jessica Schmitz, Mark Aurel Schöttler, Stephan Krueger, Stefan Geimer, Anja Schneider, Tatjana Kleine, Dario Leister, Kirsten Bell, Ulf-Ingo Flügge and Rainer E Häusler

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:8

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Plants exhibit phenotypic plasticity and respond to differences in environmental conditions by acclimation. We have systematically compared leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown in the field and under contr...

    Authors: Yogesh Mishra, Hanna Johansson Jänkänpää, Anett Z Kiss, Christiane Funk, Wolfgang P Schröder and Stefan Jansson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:6

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The Arabidopsis thaliana dgat1 mutant, AS11, has an oil content which is decreased by 30%, and a strongly increased ratio of 18:3/20:1, compared to wild type. Despite lacking a functional DGAT1, AS11 still manage...

    Authors: Jingyu Xu, Anders S Carlsson, Tammy Francis, Meng Zhang, Travis Hoffman, Michael E Giblin and David C Taylor

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:4

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