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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss (CSIRO, Australia)

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 5 of 6

  1. Malate is one of the most important organic acids in many fruits and its concentration plays a critical role in organoleptic properties. Several studies suggest that malate accumulation in fruit cells is contr...

    Authors: Audrey Etienne, Michel Génard, Philippe Lobit and Christophe Bugaud

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:310

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The identification of brassinosteroid (BR) deficient and BR insensitive mutants provided conclusive evidence that BR is a potent growth-promoting phytohormone. Arabidopsis mutants are characterized by a compac...

    Authors: Florian Schröder, Janina Lisso, Toshihiro Obata, Alexander Erban, Eugenia Maximova, Patrick Giavalisco, Joachim Kopka, Alisdair R Fernie, Lothar Willmitzer and Carsten Müssig

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:309

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Protein synthesis is a highly energy demanding process and is regulated according to cellular energy levels. Light and sugar availability affect mRNA translation in plant cells but the specific roles of these ...

    Authors: Magdalena Gamm, Alessia Peviani, Anne Honsel, Berend Snel, Sjef Smeekens and Johannes Hanson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:306

    Content type: Research article

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  4. PsbS is a 22-kDa Photosystem (PS) II protein involved in non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) of chlorophyll fluorescence. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) has two PsbS genes, PsbS1 and PsbS2. However, only inactivation of Ps...

    Authors: Ismayil S Zulfugarov, Altanzaya Tovuu, Young-Jae Eu, Bolormaa Dogsom, Roshan Sharma Poudyal, Krishna Nath, Michael Hall, Mainak Banerjee, Ung Chan Yoon, Yong-Hwan Moon, Gynheung An, Stefan Jansson and Choon-Hwan Lee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:242

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Helicases play crucial role in almost all the nucleic acid metabolism including replication, repair, recombination, transcription, translation, ribosome biogenesis and splicing and these processes regulate pla...

    Authors: Narendra Tuteja, Mohammed Tarique and Renu Tuteja

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:283

    Content type: Research article

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  6. As a response to caterpillar feeding, poplar releases a complex mixture of volatiles which comprises several classes of compounds. Poplar volatiles have been reported to function as signals in plant-insect int...

    Authors: Sandra Irmisch, Yifan Jiang, Feng Chen, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G Köllner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:270

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Membrane microdomains are defined as highly dynamic, sterol- and sphingolipid-enriched domains that resist to solubilization by non-ionic detergents. In plants, these so-called Detergent Insoluble Membrane (DI...

    Authors: Christelle Guillier, Jean-Luc Cacas, Ghislaine Recorbet, Nicolas Deprêtre, Arnaud Mounier, Sébastien Mongrand, Françoise Simon-Plas, Daniel Wipf and Eliane Dumas-Gaudot

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:255

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Cell walls are essential for most bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae and land plants to provide shape, structural integrity and protection from numerous biotic and abiotic environmental factors. In the case of eu...

    Authors: Wenzhi Jiang, Sarah Cossey, Julian N Rosenberg, George A Oyler, Bradley JSC Olson and Donald P Weeks

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:244

    Content type: Methodology article

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  9. Recent theoretical and empirical work has identified redundancy as one of the benefits of the reticulate form in the evolution of leaf vein networks. However, we know little about the costs of redundancy or ho...

    Authors: Charles A Price and Joshua S Weitz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:234

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Type II pyridoxal 5′-phosphate decarboxylases are an important group of phylogenetically diverse enzymes involved in amino acid metabolism. Within plants, this group of enzymes is represented by aromatic amino...

    Authors: Michael P Torrens-Spence, Renee von Guggenberg, Michael Lazear, Haizhen Ding and Jianyong Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:247

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Tea is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. The healthy effects of tea are attributed to a wealthy of different chemical components from tea. Thousands of studies on the chemical constituents of tea h...

    Authors: Yi Yue, Gang-Xiu Chu, Xue-Shi Liu, Xing Tang, Wei Wang, Guang-Jin Liu, Tao Yang, Tie-Jun Ling, Xiao-Gang Wang, Zheng-Zhu Zhang, Tao Xia, Xiao-Chun Wan and Guan-Hu Bao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:243

    Content type: Database

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  12. Terpenoids constitute the largest class of secondary metabolites made by plants and display vast chemical diversity among and within species. Terpene synthases (TPSs) are the pivotal enzymes for terpenoid bios...

    Authors: Hao Chen, Guanglin Li, Tobias G Köllner, Qidong Jia, Jonathan Gershenzon and Feng Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:239

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Proanthocyanidins (PAs) accumulate in the seeds, fruits and leaves of various plant species including the seed coats of pea (Pisum sativum), an important food crop. PAs have been implicated in human health, but m...

    Authors: Kiva Ferraro, Alena L Jin, Trinh-Don Nguyen, Dennis M Reinecke, Jocelyn A Ozga and Dae-Kyun Ro

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:238

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The Arabidopsis SQUAMOSA PROMOTER-BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE (SPL) transcription factor SPL7 reprograms cellular gene expression to adapt plant growth and cellular metabolism to copper (Cu) limited culture condition...

    Authors: Antoni Garcia-Molina, Shuping Xing and Peter Huijser

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:231

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Despite its extensive use as a nitrogen fertilizer, the role of urea as a directly accessible nitrogen source for crop plants is still poorly understood. So far, the physiological and molecular aspects of urea...

    Authors: Laura Zanin, Nicola Tomasi, Corina Wirdnam, Stefan Meier, Nataliya Y Komarova, Tanja Mimmo, Stefano Cesco, Doris Rentsch and Roberto Pinton

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:222

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The caseinolytic protease (Clp) is crucial for chloroplast biogenesis and proteostasis. The Arabidopsis Clp consists of two heptameric rings (P and R rings) assembled from nine distinct subunits. Hsp100 chaperone...

    Authors: Clara V Colombo, Eduardo A Ceccarelli and Germán L Rosano

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:228

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is a herbaceous perennial weed and dormancy in both buds and seeds is an important survival mechanism. Bud dormancy in leafy spurge exhibits three well-defined phases of para-, e...

    Authors: Wun S Chao, Münevver Doğramaci, James V Anderson, Michael E Foley and David P Horvath

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:216

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Grana and starch are major functional structures for photosynthesis and energy storage of plant, respectively. Both exhibit highly ordered molecular structures and appear as micrometer-sized granules inside ch...

    Authors: Mei-Yu Chen, Guan-Yu Zhuo, Kuan-Chieh Chen, Pei-Chun Wu, Tsung-Yuan Hsieh, Tzu-Ming Liu and Shi-Wei Chu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:175

    Content type: Methodology article

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  19. Plant GSK-3/Shaggy-like kinases are key players in brassinosteroid (BR) signalling which impact on plant development and participate in response to wounding, pathogens and salt stress. Bikinin was previously i...

    Authors: Wilfried Rozhon, Wuyan Wang, Franz Berthiller, Juliane Mayerhofer, Tingting Chen, Elena Petutschnig, Tobias Sieberer, Brigitte Poppenberger and Claudia Jonak

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:172

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Grain chalkiness is a complex trait adversely affecting appearance and milling quality, and therefore has been one of principal targets for rice improvement. Eliminating chalkiness from rice has been a dauntin...

    Authors: Zhaomiao Lin, Xincheng Zhang, Xiaoyu Yang, Ganghua Li, She Tang, Shaohua Wang, Yanfeng Ding and Zhenghui Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:163

    Content type: Research article

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  21. NaTrxh, a thioredoxin type h, shows differential expression between self-incompatible and self-compatible Nicotiana species. NaTrxh interacts in vitro with S-RNase and co-localizes with it in the extracellular ma...

    Authors: Alejandra Ávila-Castañeda, Javier Andrés Juárez-Díaz, Rogelio Rodríguez-Sotres, Carlos E Bravo-Alberto, Claudia Patricia Ibarra-Sánchez, Alejandra Zavala-Castillo, Yuridia Cruz-Zamora, León P Martínez-Castilla, Judith Márquez-Guzmán and Felipe Cruz-García

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:147

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Brassica vegetables contain a class of secondary metabolites, the glucosinolates (GS), whose specific degradation products determine the characteristic flavor and smell. While some of the respective degradation p...

    Authors: Melanie Wiesner, Monika Schreiner and Rita Zrenner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:124

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Starch is the predominant storage compound in underground plant tissues like roots and tubers. An exception is sugar beet tap-root (Beta vulgaris ssp altissima) which exclusively stores sucrose. The underlying me...

    Authors: Helle Turesson, Mariette Andersson, Salla Marttila, Ingela Thulin and Per Hofvander

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:104

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Arabinogalactan proteins are abundant proteoglycans present on cell surfaces of plants and involved in many cellular processes, including somatic embryogenesis, cell-cell communication and cell elongation. Ara...

    Authors: Adiphol Dilokpimol, Christian Peter Poulsen, György Vereb, Satoshi Kaneko, Alexander Schulz and Naomi Geshi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:90

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The ripening of fleshy fruits is a complex developmental program characterized by extensive transcriptomic and metabolic remodeling in the pericarp tissues (pulp and skin) making unripe green fruits soft, tast...

    Authors: Stefania Pilati, Daniele Brazzale, Graziano Guella, Alberto Milli, Cristina Ruberti, Franco Biasioli, Michela Zottini and Claudio Moser

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:87

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Lignans are a class of diphenolic nonsteroidal phytoestrogens often found glycosylated in planta. Flax seeds are a rich source of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) lignans. Glycosylation is a process by whic...

    Authors: Kaushik Ghose, Kumarakurubaran Selvaraj, Jason McCallum, Chris W Kirby, Marva Sweeney-Nixon, Sylvie J Cloutier, Michael Deyholos, Raju Datla and Bourlaye Fofana

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:82

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Soybean is one of the most important oil crops. The regulatory genes involved in oil accumulation are largely unclear. We initiated studies to identify genes that regulate this process.

    Authors: Yun-Feng Liu, Qing-Tian Li, Xiang Lu, Qing-Xin Song, Sin-Man Lam, Wan-Ke Zhang, Biao Ma, Qing Lin, Wei-Qun Man, Wei-Guang Du, Guang-Hou Shui, Shou-Yi Chen and Jin-Song Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:73

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The model grass Brachypodium distachyon is increasingly used to study various aspects of grass biology. A large and genotypically diverse collection of B. distachyon germplasm has been assembled by the research c...

    Authors: Ludmila Tyler, Jonatan U Fangel, Alexandra Dotson Fagerström, Michael A Steinwand, Theodore K Raab, William GT Willats and John P Vogel

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:25

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Solanum lycopersicum or tomato is extensively studied with respect to the ethylene metabolism during climacteric ripening, focusing almost exclusively on fruit pericarp. In this work the ethylene biosynthesis pat...

    Authors: Bram Van de Poel, Nick Vandenzavel, Cindy Smet, Toon Nicolay, Inge Bulens, Ifigeneia Mellidou, Sandy Vandoninck, Maarten LATM Hertog, Rita Derua, Stijn Spaepen, Jos Vanderleyden, Etienne Waelkens, Maurice P De Proft, Bart M Nicolai and Annemie H Geeraerd

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:11

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Fruit development is controlled by plant hormones, but the role of hormone interactions during fruit ripening is poorly understood. Interactions between ethylene and the auxin indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are li...

    Authors: Christine Böttcher, Crista A Burbidge, Paul K Boss and Christopher Davies

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:222

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Duckweeds, i.e., members of the Lemnoideae family, are amongst the smallest aquatic flowering plants. Their high growth rate, aquatic habit and suitability for bio-remediation make them strong candidates for b...

    Authors: Yiheng Yan, Jason Candreva, Hai Shi, Evan Ernst, Robert Martienssen, Jorg Schwender and John Shanklin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:201

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Grapevine metabolism in response to water deficit was studied in two cultivars, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon, which were shown to have different hydraulic behaviors (Hochberg et al. Physiol. Plant. 147:443–453, ...

    Authors: Uri Hochberg, Asfaw Degu, David Toubiana, Tanya Gendler, Zoran Nikoloski, Shimon Rachmilevitch and Aaron Fait

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:184

    Content type: Research article

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  33. There is a paucity of information regarding development of fruit tissue microstructure and changes in the cell walls during fruit growth, and how these developmental processes differ between cultivars with con...

    Authors: Jovyn KT Ng, Roswitha Schröder, Paul W Sutherland, Ian C Hallett, Miriam I Hall, Roneel Prakash, Bronwen G Smith, Laurence D Melton and Jason W Johnston

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:183

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Oilseed germination is characterized by the degradation of storage lipids. It may proceed either via the direct action of a triacylglycerol lipase, or in certain plant species via a specific lipid body 13-lipo...

    Authors: Danilo Meyer, Cornelia Herrfurth, Florian Brodhun and Ivo Feussner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:177

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is an economically important fruit crop. Quality-determining grape components such as sugars, acids, flavors, anthocyanins, tannins, etc., accumulate in the different grape berry dev...

    Authors: María José Martínez-Esteso, María Teresa Vilella-Antón, María Ángeles Pedreño, María Luz Valero and Roque Bru-Martínez

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:167

    Content type: Research article

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  36. In plants, carotenoids serve as the precursors to C13-norisoprenoids, a group of apocarotenoid compounds with diverse biological functions. Enzymatic cleavage of carotenoids catalysed by members of the carotenoid...

    Authors: Justin G Lashbrooke, Philip R Young, Samantha J Dockrall, Krishnan Vasanth and Melané A Vivier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:156

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The terpenoid indole alkaloid (TIA) pathway leads to the production of pharmaceutically important drugs, such as the anticancer compounds vinblastine and vincristine. Unfortunately, these drugs are produced in...

    Authors: Chun Yao Li, Alex L Leopold, Guy W Sander, Jacqueline V Shanks, Le Zhao and Susan I Gibson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. The ubiquitous, non-proteinaceous amino acid GABA (γ-aminobutyrate) accumulates in plants subjected to abiotic stresses such as chilling, O2 deficiency and elevated CO2. Recent evidence indicates that controlled ...

    Authors: Christopher P Trobacher, Adel Zarei, Jingyun Liu, Shawn M Clark, Gale G Bozzo and Barry J Shelp

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:144

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Plants that utilize the highly efficient C4 pathway of photosynthesis typically possess kranz-type leaf anatomy that consists of two morphologically and functionally distinct photosynthetic cell types, the bundle...

    Authors: Shaun M Bowman, Minesh Patel, Pradeep Yerramsetty, Christopher M Mure, Amy M Zielinski, Jeremy A Bruenn and James O Berry

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Glutamine Synthetase (GS, EC 6.3.1.2) is a central enzyme in nitrogen metabolism, and a key component of nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and plant yield and thus it is extremely important to understand how it is...

    Authors: Ana R Seabra, Liliana S Silva and Helena G Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:137

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. As the final stage of leaf development, leaf senescence may cause the decline of photosynthesis and gradual reduction of carbon assimilation, which makes it a possible limiting factor for crop yield. NACs are ...

    Authors: Yong Zhou, Weifeng Huang, Li Liu, Taiyu Chen, Fei Zhou and Yongjun Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Molecular markers allow rapid identification of biologically important germplasm/s having desired character. Previously we have reported a genotype specific molecular marker, Balco1128 [GenBank ID EU258678] of Ba...

    Authors: Jayadri Sekhar Ghosh, Shubho Chaudhuri, Nrisingha Dey and Amita Pal

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Polyamines (PAs) are oxidatively deaminated at their primary or secondary amino-groups by copper-containing amine oxidases (CuAOs) or FAD-dependent amine oxidases (PAOs), respectively. Both enzymes have long b...

    Authors: Joan Planas-Portell, Marta Gallart, Antonio F Tiburcio and Teresa Altabella

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:109

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Floral nectar (FN) contains not only energy-rich compounds to attract pollinators, but also defense chemicals and several proteins. However, proteomic analysis of FN has been hampered by the lack of publically...

    Authors: Pil Joon Seo, Natalie Wielsch, Danny Kessler, Ales Svatos, Chung-Mo Park, Ian T Baldwin and Sang-Gyu Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:101

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The mountain pine beetle (MPB, Dendroctonus ponderosae) epidemic has affected lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) across an area of more than 18 million hectares of pine forests in western Canada, and is a threat to ...

    Authors: Dawn E Hall, Macaire M S Yuen, Sharon Jancsik, Alfonso Lara Quesada, Harpreet K Dullat, Maria Li, Hannah Henderson, Adriana Arango-Velez, Nancy Y Liao, Roderick T Docking, Simon K Chan, Janice EK Cooke, Colette Breuil, Steven JM Jones, Christopher I Keeling and Jörg Bohlmann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2013 13:80

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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