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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss (CSIRO, Australia)

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 4 of 7

  1. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the most abundant auxin, is a growth promoter hormone involved in several developmental processes. Auxin homeostasis is very important to its function and this is achieved through t...

    Authors: Nathalie Kühn, Alejandra Serrano, Carlos Abello, Aníbal Arce, Carmen Espinoza, Satyanarayana Gouthu, Laurent Deluc and Patricio Arce-Johnson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:234

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Senescence is a key developmental process occurring during the life cycle of plants that can be induced also by environmental conditions, such as starvation and/or darkness. During senescence, strict control o...

    Authors: Alberto Bertolini, Elisa Petrussa, Sonia Patui, Marco Zancani, Carlo Peresson, Valentino Casolo, Angelo Vianello and Enrico Braidot

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:233

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The amino acid glutamine (Gln) is a primary transport form of nitrogen in vasculature following root uptake, critical for the location/timing of growth in maize and other cereals. Analytical chemistry methods ...

    Authors: Travis L. Goron and Manish N. Raizada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:230

    Content type: Methodology article

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  4. Carbohydrates, also called glycans, play a crucial but not fully understood role in plant health and development. The non-template driven formation of glycans makes it impossible to image them in vivo with gen...

    Authors: Jorin Hoogenboom, Nathalja Berghuis, Dario Cramer, Rene Geurts, Han Zuilhof and Tom Wennekes

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:220

    Content type: Methodology article

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  5. Amino acid-derived aldoximes and nitriles play important roles in plant defence. They are well-known as precursors for constitutive defence compounds such as cyanogenic glucosides and glucosinolates, but are a...

    Authors: Katrin Luck, Jan Jirschitzka, Sandra Irmisch, Meret Huber, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G. Köllner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:215

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Phosphorus (P) is a major plant nutrient. It is transported into and allocated inside plants by four families of phosphate transporters (PHT1 to PHT4) with high or low affinity to phosphate. Here, we studied w...

    Authors: Mareike Kavka and Andrea Polle

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:206

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Protein kinases are important components of signalling pathways, and kinomes have remarkably expanded in plants. Yet, our knowledge of kinase substrates in plants is scarce, partly because tools to analyse pro...

    Authors: Magdalena Dory, Zoltán Doleschall, Szilvia K. Nagy, Helga Ambrus, Tamás Mészáros, Beáta Barnabás and Róbert Dóczi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:204

    Content type: Methodology article

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  8. Fruit quality depends on a series of biochemical events that modify appearance, flavour and texture throughout fruit development and ripening. Cell wall polysaccharide remodelling largely contributes to the el...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Dheilly, Sophie Le Gall, Marie-Charlotte Guillou, Jean-Pierre Renou, Estelle Bonnin, Mathilde Orsel and Marc Lahaye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In seeds, the transition from dormancy to germination is regulated by abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellins (GAs), and involves chromatin remodelling. Particularly, the repressive mark H3K27 trimethylation (H3K...

    Authors: Alessandra Boccaccini, Riccardo Lorrai, Veronica Ruta, Anne Frey, Stephanie Mercey-Boutet, Annie Marion-Poll, Danuše Tarkowská, Miroslav Strnad, Paolo Costantino and Paola Vittorioso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:198

    Content type: Research article

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  10. UDP-glucosyltransferase (UGT) is a key enzyme for anthocyanin biosynthesis, which by catalyzing glycosylation of anthocyanidins increases their solubility and accumulation in plants. Previously we showed that ...

    Authors: Hui Peng, Tianbao Yang, Bruce D. Whitaker, Lingfei Shangguan and Jinggui Fang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:197

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Small synthetic molecules provide valuable tools to agricultural biotechnology to circumvent the need for genetic engineering and provide unique benefits to modulate plant growth and development.

    Authors: Roman Chuprov–Netochin, Yaroslav Neskorodov, Elena Marusich, Yana Mishutkina, Polina Volynchuk, Sergey Leonov, Konstantin Skryabin, Andrey Ivashenko, Klaus Palme and Alisher Touraev

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:192

    Content type: Methodology article

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  12. (Pro)anthocyanidins are synthesized by the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway with multi-layered regulatory control. Methods for the analysis of the flavonoid composition in plants are well established for differe...

    Authors: Benjamin Jaegle, Miran Kalle Uroic, Xu Holtkotte, Christina Lucas, Andreas Ole Termath, Hans-Günther Schmalz, Marcel Bucher, Ute Hoecker, Martin Hülskamp and Andrea Schrader

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:190

    Content type: Methodology article

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  13. Flavonoids are secondary metabolites that play significant roles in plant cells. In particular, polymethoxy flavonoids (PMFs), including nobiletin, have been reported to exhibit various health-supporting prope...

    Authors: Nobuya Itoh, Chisa Iwata and Hiroshi Toda

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:180

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Calophyllum brasiliense is highlighted as an important resource of calanolides, which are dipyranocoumarins that inhibit the reverse transcriptase of human immunodeficiency virus type ...

    Authors: Hilda-Beatriz Gómez-Robledo, Francisco Cruz-Sosa, Antonio Bernabé-Antonio, Antonio Guerrero-Analco, José Luis Olivares-Romero, Alexandro Alonso-Sánchez, Emanuel Villafán and Enrique Ibarra-Laclette

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:177

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Short cold periods comprise a challenge to plant growth and development. Series of cold stresses improve plant performance upon a future cold stress. This effect could be provoked by priming, training or accli...

    Authors: Jörn van Buer, Jelena Cvetkovic and Margarete Baier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:163

    Content type: Research article

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  16. β-carotene, the most active provitamin A molecule produced by plants, plays important roles in human nutrition and health. β-carotene does not usually accumulate in the endosperm (i.e. flour) of mature wheat g...

    Authors: Xiaoqiong Qin, Kathryn Fischer, Shu Yu, Jorge Dubcovsky and Li Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:155

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Seasonal variation is presumed to play an important role in the regulation of tree growth, especially for Eucalyptus grandis, a fast-growing tree. This variation may induce changes in the whole tree at transcript...

    Authors: Ilara Gabriela Frasson Budzinski, David H. Moon, Júlia Silva Morosini, Pernilla Lindén, Juliano Bragatto, Thomaz Moritz and Carlos Alberto Labate

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:149

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Xanthophylls are oxygenated carotenoids and fulfill critical roles in plant growth and development. In plants, two different types of carotene hydroxylases, non-heme di-iron and heme-containing cytochrome P450...

    Authors: Gang Ma, Lancui Zhang, Witchulada Yungyuen, Issei Tsukamoto, Natsumi Iijima, Michiru Oikawa, Kazuki Yamawaki, Masaki Yahata and Masaya Kato

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:148

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) storage root provides a staple food source for millions of people worldwide. Increasing the carotenoid content in storage root of cassava could provide improved nutritional and ...

    Authors: Luiz JCB Carvalho, Marco AV Agustini, James V Anderson, Eduardo A Vieira, Claudia RB de Souza, Songbi Chen, Barbara A Schaal and Joseane P Silva

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:133

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Among secondary metabolites, flavonoids are particularly crucial for plant growth, development, and reproduction, as well as beneficial for maintenance of human health. As a flowering plant, safflower has synt...

    Authors: YanHua Tu, Fei Liu, DanDan Guo, LiJiao Fan, ZhenXian Zhu, YingRu Xue, Yue Gao and MeiLi Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:132

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The secondary metabolites of the Artemisia genus are well known for their important therapeutic properties. This genus is one of the valuable sources of flavonoids and other polyphenols, but due to the low conten...

    Authors: Erum Dilshad, Hammad Ismail, Ihsan-ul- Haq, Rosa Maria Cusido, Javier Palazon, Karla Ramirez-Estrada and Bushra Mirza

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:125

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The phytohormone ethylene (ET) is a key signaling molecule for inducing the biosynthesis of shikonin and its derivatives, which are secondary metabolites in Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Although ETHYLENE INSENSITI...

    Authors: Rongjun Fang, Ailan Zou, Hua Zhao, Fengyao Wu, Yu Zhu, Hu Zhao, Yonghui Liao, Ren-Jie Tang, Yanjun Pang, Rongwu Yang, Xiaoming Wang, Jinliang Qi, Guihua Lu and Yonghua Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:121

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Agarwood, is a resinous portion derived from Aquilaria sinensis, has been widely used in traditional medicine and incense. 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones are principal components responsible for the quality of agarwo...

    Authors: Xiaohui Wang, Bowen Gao, Xiao Liu, Xianjuan Dong, Zhongxiu Zhang, Huiyan Fan, Le Zhang, Juan Wang, Shepo Shi and Pengfei Tu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:119

    Content type: Research article

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  24. With the increasing interest in metabolic engineering of plants using genetic manipulation and gene editing technologies to enhance growth, nutritional value and environmental adaptation, a major concern is th...

    Authors: Andrew F. Page, Leland J. Cseke, Rakesh Minocha, Swathi A. Turlapati, Gopi K. Podila, Alexander Ulanov, Zhong Li and Subhash C. Minocha

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:113

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Plant lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) assemble a family of small (7–9 kDa) ubiquitous cationic proteins with an ability to bind and transport lipids as well as participate in various physiological processes inc...

    Authors: Ivan V. Bogdanov, Zakhar O. Shenkarev, Ekaterina I. Finkina, Daria N. Melnikova, Eugene I. Rumynskiy, Alexander S. Arseniev and Tatiana V. Ovchinnikova

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:107

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Carotenoids are important pigments and precursors for central signaling molecules associated in fruit development and ripening. Carotenoid metabolism has been studied especially in the climacteric tomato fruit...

    Authors: Katja Karppinen, Laura Zoratti, Marian Sarala, Elisabete Carvalho, Jenni Hirsimäki, Helmi Mentula, Stefan Martens, Hely Häggman and Laura Jaakola

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:95

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Pectins are a group of structurally complex plant cell wall polysaccharides whose biosynthesis and function remain poorly understood. The pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan-I (RG-I) has two types of arab...

    Authors: Solomon Stonebloom, Berit Ebert, Guangyan Xiong, Sivakumar Pattathil, Devon Birdseye, Jeemeng Lao, Markus Pauly, Michael G. Hahn, Joshua L. Heazlewood and Henrik Vibe Scheller

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:90

    Content type: Research article

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  28. In many species floral senescence is coordinated by ethylene. Endogenous levels rise, and exogenous application accelerates senescence. Furthermore, floral senescence is often associated with increased reactiv...

    Authors: Faezah Mohd Salleh, Lorenzo Mariotti, Natasha D. Spadafora, Anna M. Price, Piero Picciarelli, Carol Wagstaff, Lara Lombardi and Hilary Rogers

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:77

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates various developmental processes and stress responses over both short (i.e. hours or days) and longer (i.e. months or seasons) time frames. To elucidate the transcriptional regulat...

    Authors: Supakan Rattanakon, Ryan Ghan, Gregory A. Gambetta, Laurent G. Deluc, Karen A. Schlauch and Grant R. Cramer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:72

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MPK) cascades are important to cellular signaling in eukaryotes. They regulate growth, development and the response to environmental challenges. MPK cascades function via reve...

    Authors: Franz Leissing, Mika Nomoto, Marco Bocola, Ulrich Schwaneberg, Yasuomi Tada, Uwe Conrath and Gerold J. M. Beckers

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:48

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is an herbaceous weed that maintains a perennial growth pattern through seasonal production of abundant underground adventitious buds (UABs) on the crown and lateral roots. Durin...

    Authors: Wun S. Chao, Münevver Doğramaci, David P. Horvath, James V. Anderson and Michael E. Foley

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:47

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Light plays an important role in plant growth and development. In this study, the impact of light on physiology of 20-d-old Arabidopsis leaves was examined through transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic ana...

    Authors: Chao Liang, Shifeng Cheng, Youjun Zhang, Yuzhe Sun, Alisdair R. Fernie, Kang Kang, Gianni Panagiotou, Clive Lo and Boon Leong Lim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:43

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Auxin was recognized as a secondary dormancy phytohormone, controlling seed dormancy and germination. However, the exogenous auxin-controlled seed dormancy and germination remain unclear in physiological proce...

    Authors: Zhenhua Li, Jie Zhang, Yiling Liu, Jiehong Zhao, Junjie Fu, Xueliang Ren, Guoying Wang and Jianhua Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:41

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Abscission is a highly coordinated developmental process by which plants control vegetative and reproductive organs load. Aiming at get new insights on flower abscission regulation, changes in the global trans...

    Authors: Sara Domingos, Joana Fino, Vânia Cardoso, Claudia Sánchez, José C. Ramalho, Roberto Larcher, Octávio S. Paulo, Cristina M. Oliveira and Luis F. Goulao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:38

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Genetic manipulation of brassinosteroid (BR) biosynthesis or signaling is a promising strategy to improve crop yield and quality. However, the relationships between the BR-promoted growth and photosynthesis an...

    Authors: Xiao-Jing Li, Xie Guo, Yan-Hong Zhou, Kai Shi, Jie Zhou, Jing-Quan Yu and Xiao-Jian Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:33

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Lignin is an important structural component of plant cell wall that confers mechanical strength and tolerance against biotic and abiotic stressors; however it affects the use of biomass such as wheat straw for...

    Authors: Tran-Nguyen Nguyen, SeungHyun Son, Mark C. Jordan, David B. Levin and Belay T. Ayele

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:28

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Euglena gracilis, a unicellular phytoflagellate within Euglenida, has attracted much attention as a potential feedstock for renewable energy production. In outdoor open-pond cultivatio...

    Authors: Shota Kato, Shinichi Takaichi, Takahiro Ishikawa, Masashi Asahina, Senji Takahashi and Tomoko Shinomura

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:4

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) are ubiquitous components of cell walls throughout the plant kingdom and are extensively post translationally modified by conversion of proline to hydroxyproline (Hyp) and by ad...

    Authors: Debarati Basu, Lu Tian, Wuda Wang, Shauni Bobbs, Hayley Herock, Andrew Travers and Allan M. Showalter

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:295

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Dates are tropical fruits with appreciable nutritional value. Previous attempts at global metabolic characterization of the date metabolome were constrained by small sample size and limited geographical sampli...

    Authors: Ilhame Diboun, Sweety Mathew, Maryam Al-Rayyashi, Mohamed Elrayess, Maria Torres, Anna Halama, Michaël Méret, Robert P. Mohney, Edward D. Karoly, Joel Malek and Karsten Suhre

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:291

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a widely adapted perennial forage crop that has high biomass production potential. Enhanced cellulose content in alfalfa stems would increase the value of the crop as a bioenergy f...

    Authors: Deborah A. Samac, Bruna Bucciarelli, Susan S. Miller, S. Samuel Yang, Jamie A. O’Rourke, Sanghyun Shin and Carroll P. Vance

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:283

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Red coloration of fruit skin is one of the most important traits in peach (Prunus persica), and it is mainly due to the accumulation of anthocyanins. Three MYB10 genes, PpMYB10.1, PpMYB10.2, and PpMYB10.3, have b...

    Authors: Pham Anh Tuan, Songling Bai, Hideaki Yaegaki, Takayuki Tamura, Seisuke Hihara, Takaya Moriguchi and Kenji Oda

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:280

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Protein ubiquitination is a ubiquitous mechanism in eukaryotes. In Arabidopsis, ubiquitin modification is mainly mediated by two ubiquitin activating enzymes (E1s), 37 ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2s), and ...

    Authors: Abdelaziz Ramadan, Keiichirou Nemoto, Motoaki Seki, Kazuo Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Takeda, Hirotaka Takahashi and Tatsuya Sawasaki

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:275

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  43. Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes ha...

    Authors: Abhijit A. Karve, David Alexoff, Dohyun Kim, Michael J. Schueller, Richard A. Ferrieri and Benjamin A. Babst

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:273

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  44. Labdane-related diterpenoids form the largest group among the diterpenes. They fulfill important functions in primary metabolism as essential plant growth hormones and are known to function in secondary metabo...

    Authors: Sandra Irmisch, Andrea T. Müller, Lydia Schmidt, Jan Günther, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G. Köllner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:262

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. It is increasingly appreciated that electrical controls acting at the cellular and supra-cellular levels influence development and initiate rapid responses to environmental cues. An emerging method for non-inv...

    Authors: Antonius J.M. Matzke and Marjori Matzke

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:245

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  46. Terpenes are of great interest to winemakers because of their extremely low perception thresholds and pleasant floral odors. Even for the same variety, terpene profile can be substantially different for grapev...

    Authors: Ya-Qin Wen, Gan-Yuan Zhong, Yuan Gao, Yi-Bin Lan, Chang-Qing Duan and Qiu-Hong Pan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:240

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Adenine nucleotide/phosphate carriers (APCs) from mammals and yeast are commonly known to adapt the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide pool in accordance to cellular demands. They catalyze adenine nucleotide - p...

    Authors: André Lorenz, Melanie Lorenz, Ute C. Vothknecht, Sandra Niopek-Witz, H. Ekkehard Neuhaus and Ilka Haferkamp

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:238

    Content type: Research article

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  48. Tea (Camellia sinensis) has long been consumed worldwide for its amazing flavor and aroma. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA), which acts as an effective elicitor among the plant kingdom, could mostly improve the quality of...

    Authors: Jiang Shi, ChengYing Ma, DanDan Qi, HaiPeng Lv, Ting Yang, QunHua Peng, ZongMao Chen and Zhi Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:233

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:136

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