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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss (CSIRO, Australia)

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 4 of 6

  1. Content type: Research article

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a widely adapted perennial forage crop that has high biomass production potential. Enhanced cellulose content in alfalfa stems would increase the value of the crop as a bioenergy f...

    Authors: Deborah A. Samac, Bruna Bucciarelli, Susan S. Miller, S. Samuel Yang, Jamie A. O’Rourke, Sanghyun Shin and Carroll P. Vance

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:283

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Red coloration of fruit skin is one of the most important traits in peach (Prunus persica), and it is mainly due to the accumulation of anthocyanins. Three MYB10 genes, PpMYB10.1, PpMYB10.2, and PpMYB10.3, have b...

    Authors: Pham Anh Tuan, Songling Bai, Hideaki Yaegaki, Takayuki Tamura, Seisuke Hihara, Takaya Moriguchi and Kenji Oda

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:280

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  3. Content type: Methodology article

    Protein ubiquitination is a ubiquitous mechanism in eukaryotes. In Arabidopsis, ubiquitin modification is mainly mediated by two ubiquitin activating enzymes (E1s), 37 ubiquitin conjugating enzymes (E2s), and ...

    Authors: Abdelaziz Ramadan, Keiichirou Nemoto, Motoaki Seki, Kazuo Shinozaki, Hiroyuki Takeda, Hirotaka Takahashi and Tatsuya Sawasaki

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:275

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  4. Content type: Methodology article

    Although important aspects of whole-plant carbon allocation in crop plants (e.g., to grain) occur late in development when the plants are large, techniques to study carbon transport and allocation processes ha...

    Authors: Abhijit A. Karve, David Alexoff, Dohyun Kim, Michael J. Schueller, Richard A. Ferrieri and Benjamin A. Babst

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:273

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Labdane-related diterpenoids form the largest group among the diterpenes. They fulfill important functions in primary metabolism as essential plant growth hormones and are known to function in secondary metabo...

    Authors: Sandra Irmisch, Andrea T. Müller, Lydia Schmidt, Jan Günther, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G. Köllner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:262

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  6. Content type: Methodology article

    It is increasingly appreciated that electrical controls acting at the cellular and supra-cellular levels influence development and initiate rapid responses to environmental cues. An emerging method for non-inv...

    Authors: Antonius J.M. Matzke and Marjori Matzke

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:245

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Terpenes are of great interest to winemakers because of their extremely low perception thresholds and pleasant floral odors. Even for the same variety, terpene profile can be substantially different for grapev...

    Authors: Ya-Qin Wen, Gan-Yuan Zhong, Yuan Gao, Yi-Bin Lan, Chang-Qing Duan and Qiu-Hong Pan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:240

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Adenine nucleotide/phosphate carriers (APCs) from mammals and yeast are commonly known to adapt the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide pool in accordance to cellular demands. They catalyze adenine nucleotide - p...

    Authors: André Lorenz, Melanie Lorenz, Ute C. Vothknecht, Sandra Niopek-Witz, H. Ekkehard Neuhaus and Ilka Haferkamp

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:238

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Tea (Camellia sinensis) has long been consumed worldwide for its amazing flavor and aroma. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA), which acts as an effective elicitor among the plant kingdom, could mostly improve the quality of...

    Authors: Jiang Shi, ChengYing Ma, DanDan Qi, HaiPeng Lv, Ting Yang, QunHua Peng, ZongMao Chen and Zhi Lin

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:233

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:136

  10. Content type: Research article

    Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) represent a diverse class of plant specialized metabolites sharing a common biosynthetic origin beginning with tyrosine. Many BIAs have potent pharmacological activities, an...

    Authors: Jillian M. Hagel, Jeremy S. Morris, Eun-Jeong Lee, Isabel Desgagné-Penix, Crystal D. Bross, Limei Chang, Xue Chen, Scott C. Farrow, Ye Zhang, Jung Soh, Christoph W. Sensen and Peter J. Facchini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:227

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cytokinins are known to play an important role in fruit set and early fruit growth, but their involvement in later stages of fruit development is less well understood. Recent reports of greatly increased cytok...

    Authors: Christine Böttcher, Crista A. Burbidge, Paul K. Boss and Christopher Davies

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:223

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Recent progress toward the elucidation of benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) metabolism has focused on a small number of model plant species. Current understanding of BIA metabolism in plants such as opium popp...

    Authors: Jillian M. Hagel, Rupasri Mandal, Beomsoo Han, Jun Han, Donald R. Dinsmore, Christoph H. Borchers, David S. Wishart and Peter J. Facchini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:220

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) is one of the richest sources of skeletally diverse triterpenoids and they are well-known for their broad-spectrum pharmacological and insecticidal properties. However, the abundanc...

    Authors: Avinash Pandreka, Devdutta S. Dandekar, Saikat Haldar, Vairagkar Uttara, Shinde G. Vijayshree, Fayaj A. Mulani, Thiagarayaselvam Aarthy and Hirekodathakallu V. Thulasiram

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:214

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The mechanism by which plants synthesize and store high amounts of triacylglycerols (TAG) in tissues other than seeds is not well understood. The comprehension of controls for carbon partitioning and oil accum...

    Authors: Aruna Kilaru, Xia Cao, Parker B. Dabbs, Ha-Jung Sung, Md. Mahbubur Rahman, Nicholas Thrower, Greg Zynda, Ram Podicheti, Enrique Ibarra-Laclette, Luis Herrera-Estrella, Keithanne Mockaitis and John B. Ohlrogge

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:203

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) cultivars store non-structural carbohydrates predominantly as either starch in seeds (grain sorghums) or sugars in stems (sweet sorghums). Previous research determined that suc...

    Authors: Saadia Bihmidine, R. Frank Baker, Cassandra Hoffner and David M. Braun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:186

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  16. Content type: Research article

    MS-based proteomics was applied to the analysis of the medicinal plant Artemisia annua, exploiting a recently published contig sequence database (Graham et al. (2010) Science 327, 328–331) and other genomic and p...

    Authors: Laura Bryant, Brian Flatley, Chhaya Patole, Geoffrey D. Brown and Rainer Cramer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2015 15:175

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Lipophilic antioxidants play dual key roles in edible seeds (i) as preservatives of cell integrity and seed viability by preventing the oxidation of fats, and (ii) as essential nutrients for human and animal l...

    Authors: Beatriz Fernández-Marín, Rubén Milla, Nieves Martín-Robles, Erwann Arc, Ilse Kranner, José María Becerril and José Ignacio García-Plazaola

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:1599

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Light is one of the most significant environmental factors affecting to the accumulation of flavonoids in fruits. The composition of the light spectrum has been shown to affect the production of phenolic compo...

    Authors: Laura Zoratti, Marian Sarala, Elisabete Carvalho, Katja Karppinen, Stefan Martens, Lara Giongo, Hely Häggman and Laura Jaakola

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:377

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The traditional Chinese medicinal plants Lycium barbarum L. and L. ruthenicum Murr. are valued for the abundance of bioactive carotenoids and anthocyanins in their fruits, respectively. However, the cellular and ...

    Authors: Yongliang Liu, Shaohua Zeng, Wei Sun, Min Wu, Weiming Hu, Xiaofei Shen and Ying Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:269

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The tea plant (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) is one of the most economically important woody crops. Recently, many leaf color genotypes have been developed during tea plant breeding and have become valuable m...

    Authors: Lu Wang, Chuan Yue, Hongli Cao, Yanhua Zhou, Jianming Zeng, Yajun Yang and Xinchao Wang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:352

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Flavonoid 3′,5′-hydroxylase (F3′5′H), an important branch point enzyme in tea plant flavan-3-ol synthesis, belongs to the CYP75A subfamily and catalyzes the conversion of flavones, flavanones, dihydroflavonols...

    Authors: Yun-Sheng Wang, Yu-Jiao Xu, Li-Ping Gao, Oliver Yu, Xin-Zhen Wang, Xiu-Juan He, Xiao-Lan Jiang, Ya-Jun Liu and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:347

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Engineering of plants with a composition of lignocellulosic biomass that is more suitable for downstream processing is of high interest for next-generation biofuel production. Lignocellulosic biomass contains ...

    Authors: Vibe M Gondolf, Rhea Stoppel, Berit Ebert, Carsten Rautengarten, April JM Liwanag, Dominique Loqué and Henrik V Scheller

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:344

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Fruit taste is largely affected by the concentration of soluble sugars and organic acids and non-negligibly by fructose concentration, which is the sweetest-tasting sugar. To date, many studies investigating t...

    Authors: Elsa Desnoues, Yves Gibon, Valentina Baldazzi, Véronique Signoret, Michel Génard and Bénédicte Quilot-Turion

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:336

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Eucalyptus species are the most widely planted hardwood species in the world and are renowned for their rapid growth and adaptability. In Brazil, one of the most widely grown Eucalyptus cultivars is the fast-grow...

    Authors: Jorge Lepikson-Neto, Leandro C Nascimento, Marcela M Salazar, Eduardo LO Camargo, João PF Cairo, Paulo J Teixeira, Wesley L Marques, Fabio M Squina, Piotr Mieczkowski, Ana C Deckmann and Gonçalo AG Pereira

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:301

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Malate is one of the most important organic acids in many fruits and its concentration plays a critical role in organoleptic properties. Several studies suggest that malate accumulation in fruit cells is contr...

    Authors: Audrey Etienne, Michel Génard, Philippe Lobit and Christophe Bugaud

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:310

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The identification of brassinosteroid (BR) deficient and BR insensitive mutants provided conclusive evidence that BR is a potent growth-promoting phytohormone. Arabidopsis mutants are characterized by a compac...

    Authors: Florian Schröder, Janina Lisso, Toshihiro Obata, Alexander Erban, Eugenia Maximova, Patrick Giavalisco, Joachim Kopka, Alisdair R Fernie, Lothar Willmitzer and Carsten Müssig

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:309

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The circadian clock and diurnal dynamics of the transcriptome are presumed to play important roles in the regulation of physiological, biological and developmental processes synchronized with diurnal and annua...

    Authors: Mine Nose and Atsushi Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:308

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Protein synthesis is a highly energy demanding process and is regulated according to cellular energy levels. Light and sugar availability affect mRNA translation in plant cells but the specific roles of these ...

    Authors: Magdalena Gamm, Alessia Peviani, Anne Honsel, Berend Snel, Sjef Smeekens and Johannes Hanson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:306

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Nodules play an important role in fixing atmospheric nitrogen for soybean growth. Premature senescence of nodules can negatively impact on nitrogen availability for plant growth and, as such, we need a better ...

    Authors: Stefan George van Wyk, Magdeleen Du Plessis, Christoper Ashley Cullis, Karl Josef Kunert and Barend Juan Vorster

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:294

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  30. Content type: Research article

    PsbS is a 22-kDa Photosystem (PS) II protein involved in non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) of chlorophyll fluorescence. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) has two PsbS genes, PsbS1 and PsbS2. However, only inactivation of Ps...

    Authors: Ismayil S Zulfugarov, Altanzaya Tovuu, Young-Jae Eu, Bolormaa Dogsom, Roshan Sharma Poudyal, Krishna Nath, Michael Hall, Mainak Banerjee, Ung Chan Yoon, Yong-Hwan Moon, Gynheung An, Stefan Jansson and Choon-Hwan Lee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:242

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Helicases play crucial role in almost all the nucleic acid metabolism including replication, repair, recombination, transcription, translation, ribosome biogenesis and splicing and these processes regulate pla...

    Authors: Narendra Tuteja, Mohammed Tarique and Renu Tuteja

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:283

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  32. Content type: Research article

    As a response to caterpillar feeding, poplar releases a complex mixture of volatiles which comprises several classes of compounds. Poplar volatiles have been reported to function as signals in plant-insect int...

    Authors: Sandra Irmisch, Yifan Jiang, Feng Chen, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G Köllner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:270

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Membrane microdomains are defined as highly dynamic, sterol- and sphingolipid-enriched domains that resist to solubilization by non-ionic detergents. In plants, these so-called Detergent Insoluble Membrane (DI...

    Authors: Christelle Guillier, Jean-Luc Cacas, Ghislaine Recorbet, Nicolas Deprêtre, Arnaud Mounier, Sébastien Mongrand, Françoise Simon-Plas, Daniel Wipf and Eliane Dumas-Gaudot

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:255

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  34. Content type: Methodology article

    Cell walls are essential for most bacteria, archaea, fungi, algae and land plants to provide shape, structural integrity and protection from numerous biotic and abiotic environmental factors. In the case of eu...

    Authors: Wenzhi Jiang, Sarah Cossey, Julian N Rosenberg, George A Oyler, Bradley JSC Olson and Donald P Weeks

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:244

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Recent theoretical and empirical work has identified redundancy as one of the benefits of the reticulate form in the evolution of leaf vein networks. However, we know little about the costs of redundancy or ho...

    Authors: Charles A Price and Joshua S Weitz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:234

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Type II pyridoxal 5′-phosphate decarboxylases are an important group of phylogenetically diverse enzymes involved in amino acid metabolism. Within plants, this group of enzymes is represented by aromatic amino...

    Authors: Michael P Torrens-Spence, Renee von Guggenberg, Michael Lazear, Haizhen Ding and Jianyong Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:247

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  37. Content type: Database

    Tea is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. The healthy effects of tea are attributed to a wealthy of different chemical components from tea. Thousands of studies on the chemical constituents of tea h...

    Authors: Yi Yue, Gang-Xiu Chu, Xue-Shi Liu, Xing Tang, Wei Wang, Guang-Jin Liu, Tao Yang, Tie-Jun Ling, Xiao-Gang Wang, Zheng-Zhu Zhang, Tao Xia, Xiao-Chun Wan and Guan-Hu Bao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:243

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Terpenoids constitute the largest class of secondary metabolites made by plants and display vast chemical diversity among and within species. Terpene synthases (TPSs) are the pivotal enzymes for terpenoid bios...

    Authors: Hao Chen, Guanglin Li, Tobias G Köllner, Qidong Jia, Jonathan Gershenzon and Feng Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:239

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Proanthocyanidins (PAs) accumulate in the seeds, fruits and leaves of various plant species including the seed coats of pea (Pisum sativum), an important food crop. PAs have been implicated in human health, but m...

    Authors: Kiva Ferraro, Alena L Jin, Trinh-Don Nguyen, Dennis M Reinecke, Jocelyn A Ozga and Dae-Kyun Ro

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:238

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The Arabidopsis SQUAMOSA PROMOTER-BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE (SPL) transcription factor SPL7 reprograms cellular gene expression to adapt plant growth and cellular metabolism to copper (Cu) limited culture condition...

    Authors: Antoni Garcia-Molina, Shuping Xing and Peter Huijser

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:231

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Despite its extensive use as a nitrogen fertilizer, the role of urea as a directly accessible nitrogen source for crop plants is still poorly understood. So far, the physiological and molecular aspects of urea...

    Authors: Laura Zanin, Nicola Tomasi, Corina Wirdnam, Stefan Meier, Nataliya Y Komarova, Tanja Mimmo, Stefano Cesco, Doris Rentsch and Roberto Pinton

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:222

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The caseinolytic protease (Clp) is crucial for chloroplast biogenesis and proteostasis. The Arabidopsis Clp consists of two heptameric rings (P and R rings) assembled from nine distinct subunits. Hsp100 chaperone...

    Authors: Clara V Colombo, Eduardo A Ceccarelli and Germán L Rosano

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:228

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is a herbaceous perennial weed and dormancy in both buds and seeds is an important survival mechanism. Bud dormancy in leafy spurge exhibits three well-defined phases of para-, e...

    Authors: Wun S Chao, Münevver Doğramaci, James V Anderson, Michael E Foley and David P Horvath

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:216

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  44. Content type: Methodology article

    Grana and starch are major functional structures for photosynthesis and energy storage of plant, respectively. Both exhibit highly ordered molecular structures and appear as micrometer-sized granules inside ch...

    Authors: Mei-Yu Chen, Guan-Yu Zhuo, Kuan-Chieh Chen, Pei-Chun Wu, Tsung-Yuan Hsieh, Tzu-Ming Liu and Shi-Wei Chu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:175

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Plant GSK-3/Shaggy-like kinases are key players in brassinosteroid (BR) signalling which impact on plant development and participate in response to wounding, pathogens and salt stress. Bikinin was previously i...

    Authors: Wilfried Rozhon, Wuyan Wang, Franz Berthiller, Juliane Mayerhofer, Tingting Chen, Elena Petutschnig, Tobias Sieberer, Brigitte Poppenberger and Claudia Jonak

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:172

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Grain chalkiness is a complex trait adversely affecting appearance and milling quality, and therefore has been one of principal targets for rice improvement. Eliminating chalkiness from rice has been a dauntin...

    Authors: Zhaomiao Lin, Xincheng Zhang, Xiaoyu Yang, Ganghua Li, She Tang, Shaohua Wang, Yanfeng Ding and Zhenghui Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:163

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  47. Content type: Research article

    NaTrxh, a thioredoxin type h, shows differential expression between self-incompatible and self-compatible Nicotiana species. NaTrxh interacts in vitro with S-RNase and co-localizes with it in the extracellular ma...

    Authors: Alejandra Ávila-Castañeda, Javier Andrés Juárez-Díaz, Rogelio Rodríguez-Sotres, Carlos E Bravo-Alberto, Claudia Patricia Ibarra-Sánchez, Alejandra Zavala-Castillo, Yuridia Cruz-Zamora, León P Martínez-Castilla, Judith Márquez-Guzmán and Felipe Cruz-García

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:147

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Brassica vegetables contain a class of secondary metabolites, the glucosinolates (GS), whose specific degradation products determine the characteristic flavor and smell. While some of the respective degradation p...

    Authors: Melanie Wiesner, Monika Schreiner and Rita Zrenner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:124

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Starch is the predominant storage compound in underground plant tissues like roots and tubers. An exception is sugar beet tap-root (Beta vulgaris ssp altissima) which exclusively stores sucrose. The underlying me...

    Authors: Helle Turesson, Mariette Andersson, Salla Marttila, Ingela Thulin and Per Hofvander

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2014 14:104

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