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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss (CSIRO, Australia)

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 3 of 6

  1. Nitrogen (N) plays an important role in the formation of tea quality-related compounds, like amino acids and flavor/aroma origin compounds. Lipids, which have been reported to be affected by N deficiency, are ...

    Authors: Mei-Ya Liu, Asdrubal Burgos, Lifeng Ma, Qunfeng Zhang, Dandan Tang and Jianyun Ruan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Avocado fruit contains aliphatic acetogenins (oft-acetylated, odd-chain fatty alcohols) with promising bioactivities for both medical and food industries. However, we have scarce knowledge about their metaboli...

    Authors: Carlos Eduardo Rodríguez-López, Carmen Hernández-Brenes, Víctor Treviño and Rocío I. Díaz de la Garza

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:159

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) has been previously shown to extend the vase life of various cut flowers; however, its positive effect on extending vase life of carnations has not been well documented. Moreover, th...

    Authors: Aung Htay Naing, Kyoungsun Lee, Muthukrishnan Arun, Ki Byung Lim and Chang Kil Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:149

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Glycolate oxidase (GLO) is a key enzyme for photorespiration in plants. There are four GLO genes encoding and forming different isozymes in rice, but their functional differences are not well understood. In th...

    Authors: Zhisheng Zhang, Xiangyang Li, Lili Cui, Shuan Meng, Nenghui Ye and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:135

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The error-free branch of the DNA-damage tolerance (DDT) pathway is orchestrated by Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and this polyubiquitination is mediated by a Ubc...

    Authors: Qian Wang, Yuepeng Zang, Xuan Zhou and Wei Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:126

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Photosynthetic organisms utilize carotenoids for photoprotection as well as light harvesting. Our previous study revealed that high-intensity light increases the expression of the gene for phytoene synthase (Egcr...

    Authors: Shota Kato, Mika Soshino, Shinichi Takaichi, Takahiro Ishikawa, Noriko Nagata, Masashi Asahina and Tomoko Shinomura

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:125

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Bast fibres are characterized by very thick secondary cell walls containing high amounts of cellulose and low lignin contents in contrast to the heavily lignified cell walls typically found in the xylem tissue...

    Authors: Julien Le Roy, Anne-Sophie Blervacq, Anne Créach, Brigitte Huss, Simon Hawkins and Godfrey Neutelings

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:124

    Content type: Research article

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  8. ShooT specific/Specific Tissue (ST) belong to a protein family of unknown function characterized by the DUF2775 domain and produced in specific taxonomic plant families, mainly Fabaceae and Asteraceae, with the M...

    Authors: Lucía Albornos, Ignacio Martín, Emilia Labrador and Berta Dopico

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:117

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The normal growth of Rehmannia glutinosa, a widely used medicinal plant in China, is severely disturbed by replant disease. The formation of replant disease commonly involves interactions among plants, allelochem...

    Authors: Mingjie Li, Yanhui Yang, Fajie Feng, Bao Zhang, Shuqiang Chen, Chuyun Yang, Li Gu, Fengqing Wang, Junyi Zhang, Aiguo Chen, Wenxiong Lin, Xinjian Chen and Zhongyi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:116

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Collenchyma serves as a mechanical support tissue for many herbaceous plants. Previous work based on solid-state NMR and immunomicroscopy suggested collenchyma cell walls (CWs) may have similar polysaccharide ...

    Authors: Da Chen, Philip J. Harris, Ian M. Sims, Zoran Zujovic and Laurence D. Melton

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:104

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Carotenoids are the main colouring substances found in orange-fleshed loquat fruits. The aim of this study was to unravel the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of loquat fruit (cv. ‘Obusa’) in peel and flesh tis...

    Authors: Margarita Hadjipieri, Egli C. Georgiadou, Alicia Marin, Huertas M. Diaz-Mula, Vlasios Goulas, Vasileios Fotopoulos, Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán and George A. Manganaris

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:102

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Lobosphaera incisa (L. incisa) is an oleaginous microalga that stores triacylglycerol (TAG) rich in arachidonic acid in lipid bodies (LBs). This organelle is gaining attention in algal...

    Authors: Heike Siegler, Oliver Valerius, Till Ischebeck, Jennifer Popko, Nicolas J. Tourasse, Olivier Vallon, Inna Khozin-Goldberg, Gerhard H. Braus and Ivo Feussner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:98

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Edible dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) that darken during postharvest storage are graded lower and are less marketable than their non-darkened counterparts. Seed coat darkening in susceptible genotypes is depen...

    Authors: José A. Freixas Coutin, Seth Munholland, Anjali Silva, Sanjeena Subedi, Lewis Lukens, William L. Crosby, K. Peter Pauls and Gale G. Bozzo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:89

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Table olives (Olea europaea L.), despite their widespread production, are still harvested manually. The low efficiency of manual harvesting and the rising costs of labor have reduced the profitability of this cro...

    Authors: S. Goldental-Cohen, C. Burstein, I. Biton, S. Ben Sasson, A. Sadeh, Y. Many, A. Doron-Faigenboim, H. Zemach, Y. Mugira, D. Schneider, R. Birger, S. Meir, S. Philosoph-Hadas, V. Irihomovitch, S. Lavee, B. Avidan…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:87

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Unlike in abscission or dehiscence, fruit of kiwifruit Actinidia eriantha develop the ability for peel detachment when they are ripe and soft in the absence of a morphologically identifiable abscission zone. Two ...

    Authors: Roneel Prakash, Ian C. Hallett, Sally F. Wong, Sarah L. Johnston, Erin M. O’Donoghue, Peter A. McAtee, Alan G. Seal, Ross G. Atkinson and Roswitha Schröder

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:86

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Fructose is an abundant sugar in plants as it is a breakdown product of both major sucrose-cleaving enzymes. To enter metabolism, fructose is phosphorylated by a fructokinase (FRK). Known FRKs are members of a...

    Authors: John W. Riggs, Philip C. Cavales, Sonia M. Chapiro and Judy Callis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:83

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Drought stress during flowering is a major contributor to yield loss in maize. Genetic and biotechnological improvement in yield sustainability requires an understanding of the mechanisms underpinning yield lo...

    Authors: Samuel W. Bledsoe, Clémence Henry, Cara A. Griffiths, Matthew J. Paul, Regina Feil, John E. Lunn, Mark Stitt and L. Mark Lagrimini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:74

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Hevein-like peptides are a family of cysteine-rich and chitin-binding peptides consisting of 29–45 amino acids. Their chitin-binding property is essential for plant defense against fungi. Based on the number o...

    Authors: Shruthi G. Kini, Ka H. Wong, Wei Liang Tan, Tianshu Xiao and James P. Tam

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:68

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water and/or other small neutral solutes across membranes in all forms of life. The X Intrinsic Proteins (XIPs) are the most recent...

    Authors: Henry Ampah-Korsah, Yonathan Sonntag, Angelica Engfors, Andreas Kirscht, Per Kjellbom and Urban Johanson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:61

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Plants can absorb amino acids as a nitrogen (N) source, and glucose is an important part of root rhizodeposition and the soil sugar pool, which participates in the regulation of plant growth and uptake. In pak...

    Authors: Qingxu Ma, Xiaochuang Cao, Yinan Xie, Han Xiao, Xiaoli Tan and Lianghuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:58

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Grain chalkiness is a highly undesirable trait deleterious to rice appearance and milling quality. The physiological and molecular foundation of chalkiness formation is still partially understood, because of t...

    Authors: Zhaomiao Lin, Xincheng Zhang, Zunxin Wang, Yutong Jiang, Zhenghui Liu, Danny Alexander, Ganghua Li, Shaohua Wang and Yanfeng Ding

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:39

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Niurouhong (Citrus reticulata Blanco. Niurouhong) (NRH) is a spontaneous beef-red flesh mutant with distinctive flavor compared with its wild type orange-red flesh Zhuhongju (ZHJ). To illustrate the biochemical m...

    Authors: Wenyun Li, Cuihua Liu, Min He, Jinqiang Li, Yongqiang Cai, Yuhua Ma and Juan Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:36

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Flax lignan, commonly known as secoisolariciresinol (SECO) diglucoside (SDG), has recently been reported with health-promoting activities, including its positive impact in metabolic diseases. However, not much...

    Authors: Bourlaye Fofana, Kaushik Ghose, Jason McCallum, Frank M. You and Sylvie Cloutier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:35

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Oriental melon is one of the most popular crops for its nutritional and flavour quality. Components that determine melon quality, such as sugar, colour, texture, flavour and aroma, among other factors, accumul...

    Authors: Xiaoou Guo, Jingjing Xu, Xiaohui Cui, Hao Chen and Hongyan Qi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:28

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In northwest of China, mini Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis) is highly valued by consumers, and is widely cultivated during winter in solar-greenhouses where low light (LL) fluence (between 85 and 150 μmol m

    Authors: Linli Hu, Weibiao Liao, Mohammed Mujitaba Dawuda, Jihua Yu and Jian Lv

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:22

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Seed germination is important to soybean (Glycine max) growth and development, ultimately affecting soybean yield. A lower seed field emergence has been the main hindrance for breeding soybeans low in phytate. Al...

    Authors: Fengjie Yuan, Xiaomin Yu, Dekun Dong, Qinghua Yang, Xujun Fu, Shenlong Zhu and Danhua Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:16

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The NAC family of transcription factors is one of the largest gene families of transcription factors in plants and the conifer NAC gene family is at least as large, or possibly larger, as in Arabidopsis. These tr...

    Authors: Kerstin Dalman, Julia Johanna Wind, Miguel Nemesio-Gorriz, Almuth Hammerbacher, Karl Lundén, Ines Ezcurra and Malin Elfstrand

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:6

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Papain-like Cys Proteases (PLCPs) and Vacuolar Processing Enzymes (VPEs) are amongst the most highly expressed proteases during leaf senescence in Arabidopsis. Using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP), a ...

    Authors: Adriana Pružinská, Takayuki Shindo, Sherry Niessen, Farnusch Kaschani, Réka Tóth, A. Harvey Millar and Renier A. L. van der Hoorn

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:4

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Sucrose translocation between plant tissues is crucial for growth, development and reproduction of plants. Systemic analysis of these metabolic and underlying regulatory processes allow a detailed understandin...

    Authors: Maksim Zakhartsev, Irina Medvedeva, Yury Orlov, Ilya Akberdin, Olga Krebs and Waltraud X. Schulze

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:262

    Content type: Research article

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  30. During the photosynthesis, two isoforms of the fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), the chloroplastidial (cFBP1) and the cytosolic (cyFBP), catalyse the first irreversible step during the conversion of triose...

    Authors: Mauricio Soto-Suárez, Antonio J. Serrato, José A. Rojas-González, Rocío Bautista and Mariam Sahrawy

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:258

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Grain development in maize is an essential process in the plant’s life cycle and is vital for use of the plant as a crop for animals and humans. However, little is known regarding the protein regulatory networ...

    Authors: Tao Yu, Geng Li, Shuting Dong, Peng Liu, Jiwang Zhang and Bin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:241

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the most abundant auxin, is a growth promoter hormone involved in several developmental processes. Auxin homeostasis is very important to its function and this is achieved through t...

    Authors: Nathalie Kühn, Alejandra Serrano, Carlos Abello, Aníbal Arce, Carmen Espinoza, Satyanarayana Gouthu, Laurent Deluc and Patricio Arce-Johnson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:234

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Senescence is a key developmental process occurring during the life cycle of plants that can be induced also by environmental conditions, such as starvation and/or darkness. During senescence, strict control o...

    Authors: Alberto Bertolini, Elisa Petrussa, Sonia Patui, Marco Zancani, Carlo Peresson, Valentino Casolo, Angelo Vianello and Enrico Braidot

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:233

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The amino acid glutamine (Gln) is a primary transport form of nitrogen in vasculature following root uptake, critical for the location/timing of growth in maize and other cereals. Analytical chemistry methods ...

    Authors: Travis L. Goron and Manish N. Raizada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:230

    Content type: Methodology article

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  35. Carbohydrates, also called glycans, play a crucial but not fully understood role in plant health and development. The non-template driven formation of glycans makes it impossible to image them in vivo with gen...

    Authors: Jorin Hoogenboom, Nathalja Berghuis, Dario Cramer, Rene Geurts, Han Zuilhof and Tom Wennekes

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:220

    Content type: Methodology article

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  36. Amino acid-derived aldoximes and nitriles play important roles in plant defence. They are well-known as precursors for constitutive defence compounds such as cyanogenic glucosides and glucosinolates, but are a...

    Authors: Katrin Luck, Jan Jirschitzka, Sandra Irmisch, Meret Huber, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G. Köllner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:215

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Phosphorus (P) is a major plant nutrient. It is transported into and allocated inside plants by four families of phosphate transporters (PHT1 to PHT4) with high or low affinity to phosphate. Here, we studied w...

    Authors: Mareike Kavka and Andrea Polle

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:206

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Protein kinases are important components of signalling pathways, and kinomes have remarkably expanded in plants. Yet, our knowledge of kinase substrates in plants is scarce, partly because tools to analyse pro...

    Authors: Magdalena Dory, Zoltán Doleschall, Szilvia K. Nagy, Helga Ambrus, Tamás Mészáros, Beáta Barnabás and Róbert Dóczi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:204

    Content type: Methodology article

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  39. Fruit quality depends on a series of biochemical events that modify appearance, flavour and texture throughout fruit development and ripening. Cell wall polysaccharide remodelling largely contributes to the el...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Dheilly, Sophie Le Gall, Marie-Charlotte Guillou, Jean-Pierre Renou, Estelle Bonnin, Mathilde Orsel and Marc Lahaye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. In seeds, the transition from dormancy to germination is regulated by abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellins (GAs), and involves chromatin remodelling. Particularly, the repressive mark H3K27 trimethylation (H3K...

    Authors: Alessandra Boccaccini, Riccardo Lorrai, Veronica Ruta, Anne Frey, Stephanie Mercey-Boutet, Annie Marion-Poll, Danuše Tarkowská, Miroslav Strnad, Paolo Costantino and Paola Vittorioso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:198

    Content type: Research article

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  41. UDP-glucosyltransferase (UGT) is a key enzyme for anthocyanin biosynthesis, which by catalyzing glycosylation of anthocyanidins increases their solubility and accumulation in plants. Previously we showed that ...

    Authors: Hui Peng, Tianbao Yang, Bruce D. Whitaker, Lingfei Shangguan and Jinggui Fang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:197

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Small synthetic molecules provide valuable tools to agricultural biotechnology to circumvent the need for genetic engineering and provide unique benefits to modulate plant growth and development.

    Authors: Roman Chuprov–Netochin, Yaroslav Neskorodov, Elena Marusich, Yana Mishutkina, Polina Volynchuk, Sergey Leonov, Konstantin Skryabin, Andrey Ivashenko, Klaus Palme and Alisher Touraev

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:192

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  43. (Pro)anthocyanidins are synthesized by the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway with multi-layered regulatory control. Methods for the analysis of the flavonoid composition in plants are well established for differe...

    Authors: Benjamin Jaegle, Miran Kalle Uroic, Xu Holtkotte, Christina Lucas, Andreas Ole Termath, Hans-Günther Schmalz, Marcel Bucher, Ute Hoecker, Martin Hülskamp and Andrea Schrader

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:190

    Content type: Methodology article

    Published on:

  44. Flavonoids are secondary metabolites that play significant roles in plant cells. In particular, polymethoxy flavonoids (PMFs), including nobiletin, have been reported to exhibit various health-supporting prope...

    Authors: Nobuya Itoh, Chisa Iwata and Hiroshi Toda

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:180

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Calophyllum brasiliense is highlighted as an important resource of calanolides, which are dipyranocoumarins that inhibit the reverse transcriptase of human immunodeficiency virus type ...

    Authors: Hilda-Beatriz Gómez-Robledo, Francisco Cruz-Sosa, Antonio Bernabé-Antonio, Antonio Guerrero-Analco, José Luis Olivares-Romero, Alexandro Alonso-Sánchez, Emanuel Villafán and Enrique Ibarra-Laclette

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:177

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Short cold periods comprise a challenge to plant growth and development. Series of cold stresses improve plant performance upon a future cold stress. This effect could be provoked by priming, training or accli...

    Authors: Jörn van Buer, Jelena Cvetkovic and Margarete Baier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:163

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. β-carotene, the most active provitamin A molecule produced by plants, plays important roles in human nutrition and health. β-carotene does not usually accumulate in the endosperm (i.e. flour) of mature wheat g...

    Authors: Xiaoqiong Qin, Kathryn Fischer, Shu Yu, Jorge Dubcovsky and Li Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Seasonal variation is presumed to play an important role in the regulation of tree growth, especially for Eucalyptus grandis, a fast-growing tree. This variation may induce changes in the whole tree at transcript...

    Authors: Ilara Gabriela Frasson Budzinski, David H. Moon, Júlia Silva Morosini, Pernilla Lindén, Juliano Bragatto, Thomaz Moritz and Carlos Alberto Labate

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:149

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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