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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 2 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Hevein-like peptides are a family of cysteine-rich and chitin-binding peptides consisting of 29–45 amino acids. Their chitin-binding property is essential for plant defense against fungi. Based on the number o...

    Authors: Shruthi G. Kini, Ka H. Wong, Wei Liang Tan, Tianshu Xiao and James P. Tam

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:68

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water and/or other small neutral solutes across membranes in all forms of life. The X Intrinsic Proteins (XIPs) are the most recent...

    Authors: Henry Ampah-Korsah, Yonathan Sonntag, Angelica Engfors, Andreas Kirscht, Per Kjellbom and Urban Johanson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:61

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Plants can absorb amino acids as a nitrogen (N) source, and glucose is an important part of root rhizodeposition and the soil sugar pool, which participates in the regulation of plant growth and uptake. In pak...

    Authors: Qingxu Ma, Xiaochuang Cao, Yinan Xie, Han Xiao, Xiaoli Tan and Lianghuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:58

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Grain chalkiness is a highly undesirable trait deleterious to rice appearance and milling quality. The physiological and molecular foundation of chalkiness formation is still partially understood, because of t...

    Authors: Zhaomiao Lin, Xincheng Zhang, Zunxin Wang, Yutong Jiang, Zhenghui Liu, Danny Alexander, Ganghua Li, Shaohua Wang and Yanfeng Ding

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:39

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Niurouhong (Citrus reticulata Blanco. Niurouhong) (NRH) is a spontaneous beef-red flesh mutant with distinctive flavor compared with its wild type orange-red flesh Zhuhongju (ZHJ). To illustrate the biochemical m...

    Authors: Wenyun Li, Cuihua Liu, Min He, Jinqiang Li, Yongqiang Cai, Yuhua Ma and Juan Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:36

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Flax lignan, commonly known as secoisolariciresinol (SECO) diglucoside (SDG), has recently been reported with health-promoting activities, including its positive impact in metabolic diseases. However, not much...

    Authors: Bourlaye Fofana, Kaushik Ghose, Jason McCallum, Frank M. You and Sylvie Cloutier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:35

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Oriental melon is one of the most popular crops for its nutritional and flavour quality. Components that determine melon quality, such as sugar, colour, texture, flavour and aroma, among other factors, accumul...

    Authors: Xiaoou Guo, Jingjing Xu, Xiaohui Cui, Hao Chen and Hongyan Qi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:28

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  8. Content type: Research article

    In northwest of China, mini Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis) is highly valued by consumers, and is widely cultivated during winter in solar-greenhouses where low light (LL) fluence (between 85 and 150 μmol m

    Authors: Linli Hu, Weibiao Liao, Mohammed Mujitaba Dawuda, Jihua Yu and Jian Lv

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:22

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Seed germination is important to soybean (Glycine max) growth and development, ultimately affecting soybean yield. A lower seed field emergence has been the main hindrance for breeding soybeans low in phytate. Al...

    Authors: Fengjie Yuan, Xiaomin Yu, Dekun Dong, Qinghua Yang, Xujun Fu, Shenlong Zhu and Danhua Zhu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:16

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Papain-like Cys Proteases (PLCPs) and Vacuolar Processing Enzymes (VPEs) are amongst the most highly expressed proteases during leaf senescence in Arabidopsis. Using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP), a ...

    Authors: Adriana Pružinská, Takayuki Shindo, Sherry Niessen, Farnusch Kaschani, Réka Tóth, A. Harvey Millar and Renier A. L. van der Hoorn

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:4

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The NAC family of transcription factors is one of the largest gene families of transcription factors in plants and the conifer NAC gene family is at least as large, or possibly larger, as in Arabidopsis. These tr...

    Authors: Kerstin Dalman, Julia Johanna Wind, Miguel Nemesio-Gorriz, Almuth Hammerbacher, Karl Lundén, Ines Ezcurra and Malin Elfstrand

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:6

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Sucrose translocation between plant tissues is crucial for growth, development and reproduction of plants. Systemic analysis of these metabolic and underlying regulatory processes allow a detailed understandin...

    Authors: Maksim Zakhartsev, Irina Medvedeva, Yury Orlov, Ilya Akberdin, Olga Krebs and Waltraud X. Schulze

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:262

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  13. Content type: Research article

    During the photosynthesis, two isoforms of the fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), the chloroplastidial (cFBP1) and the cytosolic (cyFBP), catalyse the first irreversible step during the conversion of triose...

    Authors: Mauricio Soto-Suárez, Antonio J. Serrato, José A. Rojas-González, Rocío Bautista and Mariam Sahrawy

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:258

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Grain development in maize is an essential process in the plant’s life cycle and is vital for use of the plant as a crop for animals and humans. However, little is known regarding the protein regulatory networ...

    Authors: Tao Yu, Geng Li, Shuting Dong, Peng Liu, Jiwang Zhang and Bin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:241

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the most abundant auxin, is a growth promoter hormone involved in several developmental processes. Auxin homeostasis is very important to its function and this is achieved through t...

    Authors: Nathalie Kühn, Alejandra Serrano, Carlos Abello, Aníbal Arce, Carmen Espinoza, Satyanarayana Gouthu, Laurent Deluc and Patricio Arce-Johnson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:234

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Senescence is a key developmental process occurring during the life cycle of plants that can be induced also by environmental conditions, such as starvation and/or darkness. During senescence, strict control o...

    Authors: Alberto Bertolini, Elisa Petrussa, Sonia Patui, Marco Zancani, Carlo Peresson, Valentino Casolo, Angelo Vianello and Enrico Braidot

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:233

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  17. Content type: Methodology article

    The amino acid glutamine (Gln) is a primary transport form of nitrogen in vasculature following root uptake, critical for the location/timing of growth in maize and other cereals. Analytical chemistry methods ...

    Authors: Travis L. Goron and Manish N. Raizada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:230

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  18. Content type: Methodology article

    Carbohydrates, also called glycans, play a crucial but not fully understood role in plant health and development. The non-template driven formation of glycans makes it impossible to image them in vivo with gen...

    Authors: Jorin Hoogenboom, Nathalja Berghuis, Dario Cramer, Rene Geurts, Han Zuilhof and Tom Wennekes

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:220

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Amino acid-derived aldoximes and nitriles play important roles in plant defence. They are well-known as precursors for constitutive defence compounds such as cyanogenic glucosides and glucosinolates, but are a...

    Authors: Katrin Luck, Jan Jirschitzka, Sandra Irmisch, Meret Huber, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G. Köllner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:215

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Phosphorus (P) is a major plant nutrient. It is transported into and allocated inside plants by four families of phosphate transporters (PHT1 to PHT4) with high or low affinity to phosphate. Here, we studied w...

    Authors: Mareike Kavka and Andrea Polle

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:206

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  21. Content type: Methodology article

    Protein kinases are important components of signalling pathways, and kinomes have remarkably expanded in plants. Yet, our knowledge of kinase substrates in plants is scarce, partly because tools to analyse pro...

    Authors: Magdalena Dory, Zoltán Doleschall, Szilvia K. Nagy, Helga Ambrus, Tamás Mészáros, Beáta Barnabás and Róbert Dóczi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:204

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Fruit quality depends on a series of biochemical events that modify appearance, flavour and texture throughout fruit development and ripening. Cell wall polysaccharide remodelling largely contributes to the el...

    Authors: Emmanuelle Dheilly, Sophie Le Gall, Marie-Charlotte Guillou, Jean-Pierre Renou, Estelle Bonnin, Mathilde Orsel and Marc Lahaye

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:201

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In seeds, the transition from dormancy to germination is regulated by abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellins (GAs), and involves chromatin remodelling. Particularly, the repressive mark H3K27 trimethylation (H3K...

    Authors: Alessandra Boccaccini, Riccardo Lorrai, Veronica Ruta, Anne Frey, Stephanie Mercey-Boutet, Annie Marion-Poll, Danuše Tarkowská, Miroslav Strnad, Paolo Costantino and Paola Vittorioso

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:198

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  24. Content type: Research article

    UDP-glucosyltransferase (UGT) is a key enzyme for anthocyanin biosynthesis, which by catalyzing glycosylation of anthocyanidins increases their solubility and accumulation in plants. Previously we showed that ...

    Authors: Hui Peng, Tianbao Yang, Bruce D. Whitaker, Lingfei Shangguan and Jinggui Fang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:197

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  25. Content type: Methodology article

    Small synthetic molecules provide valuable tools to agricultural biotechnology to circumvent the need for genetic engineering and provide unique benefits to modulate plant growth and development.

    Authors: Roman Chuprov–Netochin, Yaroslav Neskorodov, Elena Marusich, Yana Mishutkina, Polina Volynchuk, Sergey Leonov, Konstantin Skryabin, Andrey Ivashenko, Klaus Palme and Alisher Touraev

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:192

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  26. Content type: Methodology article

    (Pro)anthocyanidins are synthesized by the flavonoid biosynthesis pathway with multi-layered regulatory control. Methods for the analysis of the flavonoid composition in plants are well established for differe...

    Authors: Benjamin Jaegle, Miran Kalle Uroic, Xu Holtkotte, Christina Lucas, Andreas Ole Termath, Hans-Günther Schmalz, Marcel Bucher, Ute Hoecker, Martin Hülskamp and Andrea Schrader

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:190

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Flavonoids are secondary metabolites that play significant roles in plant cells. In particular, polymethoxy flavonoids (PMFs), including nobiletin, have been reported to exhibit various health-supporting prope...

    Authors: Nobuya Itoh, Chisa Iwata and Hiroshi Toda

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:180

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Calophyllum brasiliense is highlighted as an important resource of calanolides, which are dipyranocoumarins that inhibit the reverse transcriptase of human immunodeficiency virus type ...

    Authors: Hilda-Beatriz Gómez-Robledo, Francisco Cruz-Sosa, Antonio Bernabé-Antonio, Antonio Guerrero-Analco, José Luis Olivares-Romero, Alexandro Alonso-Sánchez, Emanuel Villafán and Enrique Ibarra-Laclette

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:177

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Short cold periods comprise a challenge to plant growth and development. Series of cold stresses improve plant performance upon a future cold stress. This effect could be provoked by priming, training or accli...

    Authors: Jörn van Buer, Jelena Cvetkovic and Margarete Baier

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:163

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  30. Content type: Research article

    β-carotene, the most active provitamin A molecule produced by plants, plays important roles in human nutrition and health. β-carotene does not usually accumulate in the endosperm (i.e. flour) of mature wheat g...

    Authors: Xiaoqiong Qin, Kathryn Fischer, Shu Yu, Jorge Dubcovsky and Li Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:155

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Seasonal variation is presumed to play an important role in the regulation of tree growth, especially for Eucalyptus grandis, a fast-growing tree. This variation may induce changes in the whole tree at transcript...

    Authors: Ilara Gabriela Frasson Budzinski, David H. Moon, Júlia Silva Morosini, Pernilla Lindén, Juliano Bragatto, Thomaz Moritz and Carlos Alberto Labate

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:149

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Xanthophylls are oxygenated carotenoids and fulfill critical roles in plant growth and development. In plants, two different types of carotene hydroxylases, non-heme di-iron and heme-containing cytochrome P450...

    Authors: Gang Ma, Lancui Zhang, Witchulada Yungyuen, Issei Tsukamoto, Natsumi Iijima, Michiru Oikawa, Kazuki Yamawaki, Masaki Yahata and Masaya Kato

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:148

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Among secondary metabolites, flavonoids are particularly crucial for plant growth, development, and reproduction, as well as beneficial for maintenance of human health. As a flowering plant, safflower has synt...

    Authors: YanHua Tu, Fei Liu, DanDan Guo, LiJiao Fan, ZhenXian Zhu, YingRu Xue, Yue Gao and MeiLi Guo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:132

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) storage root provides a staple food source for millions of people worldwide. Increasing the carotenoid content in storage root of cassava could provide improved nutritional and ...

    Authors: Luiz JCB Carvalho, Marco AV Agustini, James V Anderson, Eduardo A Vieira, Claudia RB de Souza, Songbi Chen, Barbara A Schaal and Joseane P Silva

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:133

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The secondary metabolites of the Artemisia genus are well known for their important therapeutic properties. This genus is one of the valuable sources of flavonoids and other polyphenols, but due to the low conten...

    Authors: Erum Dilshad, Hammad Ismail, Ihsan-ul- Haq, Rosa Maria Cusido, Javier Palazon, Karla Ramirez-Estrada and Bushra Mirza

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:125

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Agarwood, is a resinous portion derived from Aquilaria sinensis, has been widely used in traditional medicine and incense. 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones are principal components responsible for the quality of agarwo...

    Authors: Xiaohui Wang, Bowen Gao, Xiao Liu, Xianjuan Dong, Zhongxiu Zhang, Huiyan Fan, Le Zhang, Juan Wang, Shepo Shi and Pengfei Tu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:119

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The phytohormone ethylene (ET) is a key signaling molecule for inducing the biosynthesis of shikonin and its derivatives, which are secondary metabolites in Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Although ETHYLENE INSENSITI...

    Authors: Rongjun Fang, Ailan Zou, Hua Zhao, Fengyao Wu, Yu Zhu, Hu Zhao, Yonghui Liao, Ren-Jie Tang, Yanjun Pang, Rongwu Yang, Xiaoming Wang, Jinliang Qi, Guihua Lu and Yonghua Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:121

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  38. Content type: Research article

    With the increasing interest in metabolic engineering of plants using genetic manipulation and gene editing technologies to enhance growth, nutritional value and environmental adaptation, a major concern is th...

    Authors: Andrew F. Page, Leland J. Cseke, Rakesh Minocha, Swathi A. Turlapati, Gopi K. Podila, Alexander Ulanov, Zhong Li and Subhash C. Minocha

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:113

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Plant lipid transfer proteins (LTPs) assemble a family of small (7–9 kDa) ubiquitous cationic proteins with an ability to bind and transport lipids as well as participate in various physiological processes inc...

    Authors: Ivan V. Bogdanov, Zakhar O. Shenkarev, Ekaterina I. Finkina, Daria N. Melnikova, Eugene I. Rumynskiy, Alexander S. Arseniev and Tatiana V. Ovchinnikova

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:107

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Carotenoids are important pigments and precursors for central signaling molecules associated in fruit development and ripening. Carotenoid metabolism has been studied especially in the climacteric tomato fruit...

    Authors: Katja Karppinen, Laura Zoratti, Marian Sarala, Elisabete Carvalho, Jenni Hirsimäki, Helmi Mentula, Stefan Martens, Hely Häggman and Laura Jaakola

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:95

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pectins are a group of structurally complex plant cell wall polysaccharides whose biosynthesis and function remain poorly understood. The pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan-I (RG-I) has two types of arab...

    Authors: Solomon Stonebloom, Berit Ebert, Guangyan Xiong, Sivakumar Pattathil, Devon Birdseye, Jeemeng Lao, Markus Pauly, Michael G. Hahn, Joshua L. Heazlewood and Henrik Vibe Scheller

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:90

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In many species floral senescence is coordinated by ethylene. Endogenous levels rise, and exogenous application accelerates senescence. Furthermore, floral senescence is often associated with increased reactiv...

    Authors: Faezah Mohd Salleh, Lorenzo Mariotti, Natasha D. Spadafora, Anna M. Price, Piero Picciarelli, Carol Wagstaff, Lara Lombardi and Hilary Rogers

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:77

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates various developmental processes and stress responses over both short (i.e. hours or days) and longer (i.e. months or seasons) time frames. To elucidate the transcriptional regulat...

    Authors: Supakan Rattanakon, Ryan Ghan, Gregory A. Gambetta, Laurent G. Deluc, Karen A. Schlauch and Grant R. Cramer

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:72

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MPK) cascades are important to cellular signaling in eukaryotes. They regulate growth, development and the response to environmental challenges. MPK cascades function via reve...

    Authors: Franz Leissing, Mika Nomoto, Marco Bocola, Ulrich Schwaneberg, Yasuomi Tada, Uwe Conrath and Gerold J. M. Beckers

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:48

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is an herbaceous weed that maintains a perennial growth pattern through seasonal production of abundant underground adventitious buds (UABs) on the crown and lateral roots. Durin...

    Authors: Wun S. Chao, Münevver Doğramaci, David P. Horvath, James V. Anderson and Michael E. Foley

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:47

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Light plays an important role in plant growth and development. In this study, the impact of light on physiology of 20-d-old Arabidopsis leaves was examined through transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic ana...

    Authors: Chao Liang, Shifeng Cheng, Youjun Zhang, Yuzhe Sun, Alisdair R. Fernie, Kang Kang, Gianni Panagiotou, Clive Lo and Boon Leong Lim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:43

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