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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Jasmintides jS1 and jS2 from Jasminum sambac were previously identified as a novel family of cysteine-rich peptides (CRPs) with an unusual disulfide connectivity. However, very little else is known about jasminti...

    Authors: Geeta Kumari, Ka Ho Wong, Aida Serra, Joon Shin, Ho Sup Yoon, Siu Kwan Sze and James P. Tam

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:144

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Trichomes and phenylpropanoid-derived phenolics are structural and chemical protection against many adverse conditions. Their production is regulated by a network that includes a TTG1/bHLH/MYB tri-protein comp...

    Authors: Shu Wei, Xiang Li, Margaret Y. Gruber, Biruk A. Feyissa, Lisa Amyot and Abdelali Hannoufa

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:134

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Turmeric is a rich source of bioactive compounds useful in both medicine and cuisine. Mineral concentrations effects (PO43−, Ca2+, Mg2+, and KNO3) were tested during in vitro rhizome development on the ex vitro c...

    Authors: Rabia F. El-Hawaz, Mary H. Grace, Alan Janbey, Mary Ann Lila and Jeffrey W. Adelberg

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:122

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:148

  4. Content type: Research article

    Tea plants [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] can produce one of the three most widely popular non-alcoholic beverages throughout the world. Polyphenols and volatiles are the main functional ingredients determini...

    Authors: Yumei Qian, Shuxiang Zhang, Shengbo Yao, Jinxin Xia, Yanzhi Li, Xinlong Dai, Wenzhao Wang, Xiaolan Jiang, Yajun Liu, Mingzhuo Li, Liping Gao and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:121

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Fruit color in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is ascribed mainly to the accumulation of anthocyanin pigments, and is an important trait for determining fruit market acceptance. Bagging is a commonly used treatmen...

    Authors: Changqing Ma, Chenjuan Jing, Bo Chang, Jiuying Yan, Bowen Liang, Li Liu, Yazhou Yang and Zhengyang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:108

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The release of phytosiderephores (PS) to the rhizosphere is the main root response to iron (Fe) deficiency in graminaceous plants. We have investigated the role of the Fe status in the shoot as well as of the ...

    Authors: Maria Garnica, Eva Bacaicoa, Veronica Mora, Sara San Francisco, Roberto Baigorri, Angel Mari Zamarreño and Jose Maria Garcia-Mina

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:105

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Auxin (IAA) is a central player in plant cell growth. In contrast to the well-established function of the plasma membrane in plant cell expansion, little is known about the role of the vacuolar membrane (tonop...

    Authors: Zbigniew Burdach, Agnieszka Siemieniuk, Zenon Trela, Renata Kurtyka and Waldemar Karcz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:102

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  8. Content type: Methodology article

    Ethylene is an important plant hormone that controls many physiological processes in plants. Conventional methods for detecting ethylene include gas chromatographs or optical mid-infrared sensors, which are ex...

    Authors: Andreas Schulte, Jana Viola Schilling, Jannis Nolten, Anna Korona, Hannes Krömke, Jan-Bernd Vennekötter, Britta Schillheim, Matthias Wessling, Uwe Conrath and Jochen Büchs

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:101

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Chlorophyll breakdown is the most obvious sign of leaf senescence. The chlorophyll catabolism pathway and the associated proteins/genes have been identified in considerable detail by genetic approaches combine...

    Authors: Jun Tominaga, Yasutoshi Nakahara, Daisuke Horikawa, Ayumi Tanaka, Maki Kondo, Yasuhiro Kamei, Tsuneaki Takami, Wataru Sakamoto, Kazutoshi Unno, Atsushi Sakamoto and Hiroshi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:80

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most important forage resources in the world due to its high nutritive value. However, its nutritional quality decreases during the transition from budding to flowering....

    Authors: Wenqiang Fan, Gentu Ge, Yinghao Liu, Wei Wang, Liying Liu and Yushan Jia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:78

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Starch is the major component of cereal grains and is composed of essentially linear amylose and highly branched amylopectin. The properties and composition of starch determine the use and value of grains and ...

    Authors: Mari Hayashi, Naoko Crofts, Naoko F. Oitome and Naoko Fujita

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:59

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling affects many processes, some of which have different outcomes in the same cell. In Arabidopsis, activation of a MAPK cascade consisting of YODA, MKK4/5 and MP...

    Authors: Diego L. Wengier, Gregory R. Lampard and Dominique C. Bergmann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:60

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Although decreased protein expressions have been observed in NOA1 (Nitric Oxide Associated protein 1) deficient plants, the molecular mechanisms of how NOA1 regulates protein metabolism remain poorly understoo...

    Authors: Han He, Qiaosong Yang, Boran Shen, Sheng Zhang and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:44

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Grasslands are one of the most representative vegetation types accounting for about 20% of the global land area and thus the response of grasslands to climate change plays a pivotal role in terrestrial carbon ...

    Authors: Yunpu Zheng, Fei Li, Lihua Hao, Arshad Ali Shedayi, Lili Guo, Chao Ma, Bingru Huang and Ming Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:27

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Endosperm starch provides prime energy for cereal seedling growth. Cereal endosperm with repression of starch branching enzyme (SBE) has been widely studied for its high resistant starch content and health ben...

    Authors: Ting Pan, Lingshang Lin, Juan Wang, Qiaoquan Liu and Cunxu Wei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:9

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Silicon (Si) has been known to regulate plant growth; however, the underlying mechanisms of short-term exogenous Si application on the regulation of calcium (Ca) and nitrogen (N), endogenous phytohormones, and...

    Authors: Soo-Won Jang, Yoonha Kim, Abdul Latif Khan, Chae-In Na and In-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:4

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Lignin and lignans are both derived from the monolignol pathway. Despite the similarity of their building blocks, they fulfil different functions in planta. Lignin strengthens the tissues of the plant, while lign...

    Authors: Marc Behr, Kjell Sergeant, Céline C. Leclercq, Sébastien Planchon, Cédric Guignard, Audrey Lenouvel, Jenny Renaut, Jean-Francois Hausman, Stanley Lutts and Gea Guerriero

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:1

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Strigolactones (SLs) play important roles in controlling root growth, shoot branching, and plant-symbionts interaction. Despite the importance, the components of SL biosynthesis and signaling have not been une...

    Authors: Basir UI Haq, Muhammad Zulfiqar Ahmad, Naveed ur Rehman, Junjie Wang, Penghui Li, Dongqin Li and Jian Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:259

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  19. Content type: Research

    The trehalose (Tre) pathway has strong effects on growth and development in plants through regulation of carbon metabolism. Altering either Tre or trehalose 6-phosphate (T6P) can improve growth and productivit...

    Authors: Yingchao Lin, Jie Zhang, Weichang Gao, Yi Chen, Hongxun Li, David W. Lawlor, Matthew J. Paul and Wenjie Pan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:247

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Plants respond to various stress stimuli by activating an enhanced broad-spectrum defensive ability. The development of novel resistance inducers represents an attractive, alternative crop protection strategy....

    Authors: Arnaud T. Djami-Tchatchou, Efficient N. Ncube, Paul A. Steenkamp and Ian A. Dubery

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:227

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Bark plays important roles in photosynthate transport and storage, along with physical and chemical protection. Bark texture varies extensively among species, from smooth to fissured to deeply furrowed, but it...

    Authors: Roba Bdeir, Wellington Muchero, Yordan Yordanov, Gerald A. Tuskan, Victor Busov and Oliver Gailing

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:224

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The preparation of functional thylakoid membranes from diatoms with a silica cell wall is still a largely unsolved challenge. Therefore, an optimized protocol for the isolation of oxygen evolving thylakoid mem...

    Authors: Marcel Kansy, Alexandra Gurowietz, Christian Wilhelm and Reimund Goss

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:221

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Birch (Betula platyphylla Suk.) contains triterpenoids with anti-HIV and anti-tumor pharmacological activities. However, the natural abundance of these triterpenoids is low, and their chemical synthesis is costly...

    Authors: Jing Yin, Xin Li, Yaguang Zhan, Ying Li, Ziyue Qu, Lu Sun, Siyao Wang, Jie Yang and Jialei Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:214

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  24. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important for plant growth and responses to environmental stresses via post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Tea, which is primarily produced from one bud and two tender le...

    Authors: Anburaj Jeyaraj, Xiao Zhang, Yan Hou, Mingzhu Shangguan, Prabu Gajjeraman, Yeyun Li and Chaoling Wei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:212

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  25. Content type: Research article

    A recently discovered tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] cultivar can generate tender shoots in winter. We performed comparative proteomics to analyze the differentially accumulated proteins between winter an...

    Authors: Shengjie Liu, Jiadong Gao, Zhongjian Chen, Xiaoyan Qiao, Hualin Huang, Baiyuan Cui, Qingfeng Zhu, Zhangyan Dai, Hualing Wu, Yayan Pan, Chengwei Yang and Jun Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:206

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Chlorophylls (Chls) are magnesium-containing tetrapyrrole macromolecules responsible for the green color in plants. The Chl metabolic pathway has been intensively studied and nearly all the enzymes involved in...

    Authors: Akemi Ohmiya, Katsutomo Sasaki, Kenji Nashima, Chihiro Oda-Yamamizo, Masumi Hirashima and Katsuhiko Sumitomo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:202

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Shikonin is a naphthoquinone secondary metabolite with important medicinal value and is found in Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Considering the limited knowledge on the membrane transport mechanism of shikonin, this...

    Authors: Yu Zhu, Gui-Hua Lu, Zhuo-Wu Bian, Feng-Yao Wu, Yan-Jun Pang, Xiao-Ming Wang, Rong-Wu Yang, Cheng-Yi Tang, Jin-Liang Qi and Yong-Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:198

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen (N) plays an important role in the formation of tea quality-related compounds, like amino acids and flavor/aroma origin compounds. Lipids, which have been reported to be affected by N deficiency, are ...

    Authors: Mei-Ya Liu, Asdrubal Burgos, Lifeng Ma, Qunfeng Zhang, Dandan Tang and Jianyun Ruan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:165

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Avocado fruit contains aliphatic acetogenins (oft-acetylated, odd-chain fatty alcohols) with promising bioactivities for both medical and food industries. However, we have scarce knowledge about their metaboli...

    Authors: Carlos Eduardo Rodríguez-López, Carmen Hernández-Brenes, Víctor Treviño and Rocío I. Díaz de la Garza

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:159

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) has been previously shown to extend the vase life of various cut flowers; however, its positive effect on extending vase life of carnations has not been well documented. Moreover, th...

    Authors: Aung Htay Naing, Kyoungsun Lee, Muthukrishnan Arun, Ki Byung Lim and Chang Kil Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:149

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Glycolate oxidase (GLO) is a key enzyme for photorespiration in plants. There are four GLO genes encoding and forming different isozymes in rice, but their functional differences are not well understood. In th...

    Authors: Zhisheng Zhang, Xiangyang Li, Lili Cui, Shuan Meng, Nenghui Ye and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:135

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The error-free branch of the DNA-damage tolerance (DDT) pathway is orchestrated by Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and this polyubiquitination is mediated by a Ubc...

    Authors: Qian Wang, Yuepeng Zang, Xuan Zhou and Wei Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:126

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Photosynthetic organisms utilize carotenoids for photoprotection as well as light harvesting. Our previous study revealed that high-intensity light increases the expression of the gene for phytoene synthase (Egcr...

    Authors: Shota Kato, Mika Soshino, Shinichi Takaichi, Takahiro Ishikawa, Noriko Nagata, Masashi Asahina and Tomoko Shinomura

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:125

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Bast fibres are characterized by very thick secondary cell walls containing high amounts of cellulose and low lignin contents in contrast to the heavily lignified cell walls typically found in the xylem tissue...

    Authors: Julien Le Roy, Anne-Sophie Blervacq, Anne Créach, Brigitte Huss, Simon Hawkins and Godfrey Neutelings

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:124

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The normal growth of Rehmannia glutinosa, a widely used medicinal plant in China, is severely disturbed by replant disease. The formation of replant disease commonly involves interactions among plants, allelochem...

    Authors: Mingjie Li, Yanhui Yang, Fajie Feng, Bao Zhang, Shuqiang Chen, Chuyun Yang, Li Gu, Fengqing Wang, Junyi Zhang, Aiguo Chen, Wenxiong Lin, Xinjian Chen and Zhongyi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:116

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  36. Content type: Research article

    ShooT specific/Specific Tissue (ST) belong to a protein family of unknown function characterized by the DUF2775 domain and produced in specific taxonomic plant families, mainly Fabaceae and Asteraceae, with the M...

    Authors: Lucía Albornos, Ignacio Martín, Emilia Labrador and Berta Dopico

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:117

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Collenchyma serves as a mechanical support tissue for many herbaceous plants. Previous work based on solid-state NMR and immunomicroscopy suggested collenchyma cell walls (CWs) may have similar polysaccharide ...

    Authors: Da Chen, Philip J. Harris, Ian M. Sims, Zoran Zujovic and Laurence D. Melton

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:104

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Carotenoids are the main colouring substances found in orange-fleshed loquat fruits. The aim of this study was to unravel the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of loquat fruit (cv. ‘Obusa’) in peel and flesh tis...

    Authors: Margarita Hadjipieri, Egli C. Georgiadou, Alicia Marin, Huertas M. Diaz-Mula, Vlasios Goulas, Vasileios Fotopoulos, Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán and George A. Manganaris

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:102

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Lobosphaera incisa (L. incisa) is an oleaginous microalga that stores triacylglycerol (TAG) rich in arachidonic acid in lipid bodies (LBs). This organelle is gaining attention in algal...

    Authors: Heike Siegler, Oliver Valerius, Till Ischebeck, Jennifer Popko, Nicolas J. Tourasse, Olivier Vallon, Inna Khozin-Goldberg, Gerhard H. Braus and Ivo Feussner

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:98

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Edible dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) that darken during postharvest storage are graded lower and are less marketable than their non-darkened counterparts. Seed coat darkening in susceptible genotypes is depen...

    Authors: José A. Freixas Coutin, Seth Munholland, Anjali Silva, Sanjeena Subedi, Lewis Lukens, William L. Crosby, K. Peter Pauls and Gale G. Bozzo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:89

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Table olives (Olea europaea L.), despite their widespread production, are still harvested manually. The low efficiency of manual harvesting and the rising costs of labor have reduced the profitability of this cro...

    Authors: S. Goldental-Cohen, C. Burstein, I. Biton, S. Ben Sasson, A. Sadeh, Y. Many, A. Doron-Faigenboim, H. Zemach, Y. Mugira, D. Schneider, R. Birger, S. Meir, S. Philosoph-Hadas, V. Irihomovitch, S. Lavee, B. Avidan…

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:87

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Unlike in abscission or dehiscence, fruit of kiwifruit Actinidia eriantha develop the ability for peel detachment when they are ripe and soft in the absence of a morphologically identifiable abscission zone. Two ...

    Authors: Roneel Prakash, Ian C. Hallett, Sally F. Wong, Sarah L. Johnston, Erin M. O’Donoghue, Peter A. McAtee, Alan G. Seal, Ross G. Atkinson and Roswitha Schröder

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:86

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Fructose is an abundant sugar in plants as it is a breakdown product of both major sucrose-cleaving enzymes. To enter metabolism, fructose is phosphorylated by a fructokinase (FRK). Known FRKs are members of a...

    Authors: John W. Riggs, Philip C. Cavales, Sonia M. Chapiro and Judy Callis

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:83

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Drought stress during flowering is a major contributor to yield loss in maize. Genetic and biotechnological improvement in yield sustainability requires an understanding of the mechanisms underpinning yield lo...

    Authors: Samuel W. Bledsoe, Clémence Henry, Cara A. Griffiths, Matthew J. Paul, Regina Feil, John E. Lunn, Mark Stitt and L. Mark Lagrimini

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:74

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Hevein-like peptides are a family of cysteine-rich and chitin-binding peptides consisting of 29–45 amino acids. Their chitin-binding property is essential for plant defense against fungi. Based on the number o...

    Authors: Shruthi G. Kini, Ka H. Wong, Wei Liang Tan, Tianshu Xiao and James P. Tam

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:68

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water and/or other small neutral solutes across membranes in all forms of life. The X Intrinsic Proteins (XIPs) are the most recent...

    Authors: Henry Ampah-Korsah, Yonathan Sonntag, Angelica Engfors, Andreas Kirscht, Per Kjellbom and Urban Johanson

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:61

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Plants can absorb amino acids as a nitrogen (N) source, and glucose is an important part of root rhizodeposition and the soil sugar pool, which participates in the regulation of plant growth and uptake. In pak...

    Authors: Qingxu Ma, Xiaochuang Cao, Yinan Xie, Han Xiao, Xiaoli Tan and Lianghuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:58

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Grain chalkiness is a highly undesirable trait deleterious to rice appearance and milling quality. The physiological and molecular foundation of chalkiness formation is still partially understood, because of t...

    Authors: Zhaomiao Lin, Xincheng Zhang, Zunxin Wang, Yutong Jiang, Zhenghui Liu, Danny Alexander, Ganghua Li, Shaohua Wang and Yanfeng Ding

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:39

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