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Biochemistry and physiology

Section edited by Paul Boss

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Content type: Research article

    Seed germination is a crucial process in the plant life cycle when a dramatic variation of type and sugar content occurs just as the seed is hydrated. The production of hexose 6 phosphate is a key node in diff...

    Authors: Giovanna Paulina Aguilera-Alvarado, Ángel Arturo Guevara-García, Samuel Abraham Estrada-Antolín and Sobeida Sánchez-Nieto

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:27

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Algal biofuel has a potential for reducing dependence on fossil fuel while curbing CO2 emissions. Despite these potential benefits, a scalable, sustainable, and commercially viable system has not yet been develop...

    Authors: Temesgen Garoma and Ramin E. Yazdi

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:18

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cryptic peptides (cryptides) are small bioactive molecules generated via degradation of functionally active proteins. Only a few examples of plant cryptides playing an important role in plant defense have been...

    Authors: Igor Fesenko, Regina Azarkina, Ilya Kirov, Andrei Kniazev, Anna Filippova, Ekaterina Grafskaia, Vassili Lazarev, Victor Zgoda, Ivan Butenko, Olga Bukato, Irina Lyapina, Dmitry Nazarenko, Sergey Elansky, Anna Mamaeva, Vadim Ivanov and Vadim Govorun

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:9

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Although the wound response of plants has been extensively studied, little is known of the rapid occlusion of wounded cell itself. The laticifer in rubber tree is a specific type of tissue for natural rubber b...

    Authors: Minjing Shi, Yan Li, Shunnan Deng, Dongdong Wang, Yueyi Chen, Shuguang Yang, Jilin Wu and Wei-Min Tian

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2019 19:8

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Under high plant density, intensifying competition among individual plants led to overconsumption of energy and nutrients and resulted in an almost dark condition in the lower strata of the canopy, which suppr...

    Authors: Shanshan Wei, Xiangyu Wang, Dong Jiang and Shuting Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:378

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Salinization is a primary abiotic stress constraining global plant growth and production. Weedy rice, though highly homologous to cultivated rice, is more salt tolerant during seed germination and seedling gro...

    Authors: Yuhua Zhang, Jiapeng Fang, Xibao Wu and Liyao Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:375

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Bud sport mutants of apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees with a highly blushed colouring pattern are mainly caused by the accumulation of anthocyanins in the fruit skin. Hormones are important factors modulating...

    Authors: Wen-Fang Li, Juan Mao, Shi-Jin Yang, Zhi-Gang Guo, Zong-Huan Ma, Mohammed Mujitaba Dawuda, Cun-Wu Zuo, Ming-Yu Chu and Bai-Hong Chen

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:363

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Mepiquat chloride (MC) is a plant growth regulator widely used in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production to suppress excessive vegetative growth, increase root growth and avoid yield losses. To increase root g...

    Authors: Xiaojiao Chen, Man Zhang, Mian Wang, Guiyu Tan, Mingcai Zhang, Yu Xia Hou, Baomin Wang and Zhaohu Li

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:361

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Plant phospholipase D (PLD), which can hydrolyze membrane phospholipids to produce phosphatidic acid (PA), a secondary signaling molecule, has been proposed to function in diverse plant stress responses. Both ...

    Authors: Tuo Ji, Shuzhen Li, Lujun Li, Meili Huang, Xiufeng Wang, Min Wei, Qinghua Shi, Yan Li, Biao Gong and Fengjuan Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:355

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen is one basic element of amino acids and grain protein in wheat. In field experiments, wheat plants were subjected to different timing of nitrogen topdressing treatments: at the stages of emergence of ...

    Authors: Yingxin Zhong, Dachao Xu, Kim Henrik Hebelstrup, Donglei Yang, Jian Cai, Xiao Wang, Qin Zhou, Weixing Cao, Tingbo Dai and Dong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:353

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Amaryllidaceae alkaloids (AAs) are a large group of plant-specialized metabolites displaying an array of biological and pharmacological properties. Previous investigations on AA biosynthesis have revealed that...

    Authors: Aparna Singh, Marie-Ange Massicotte, Ariane Garand, Laurence Tousignant, Vincent Ouellette, Gervais Bérubé and Isabel Desgagné-Penix

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:338

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Post-translational modification of receptor proteins is involved in activation and de-activation of signalling systems in plants. Both ubiquitination and deubiquitination have been implicated in plant interact...

    Authors: Daniela Tsikou, Estrella E. Ramirez, Ioanna S. Psarrakou, Jaslyn E. Wong, Dorthe B. Jensen, Erika Isono, Simona Radutoiu and Kalliope K. Papadopoulou

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:217

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Commercially available poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) varieties prevalently accumulate cyanidin derivatives and show intense red coloration. Orange-red bract color is less common. We investigated four cultiva...

    Authors: Daria Nitarska, Carmen Stefanini, Christian Haselmair-Gosch, Silvija Miosic, Benjamin Walliser, Maja Mikulic-Petkovsek, Ionela Regos, Ana Slatnar, Thomas Debener, Diro Terefe-Ayana, Vinicius Vilperte, Johannes Hadersdorfer, Karl Stich and Heidi Halbwirth

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:216

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Plants of the genus Taxus have attracted much attention owing to the natural product taxol, a successful anti-cancer drug. T. fuana and T. yunnanensis are two endangered Taxus species mainly distributed in the Hi...

    Authors: Chunna Yu, Xiujun Luo, Xiaori Zhan, Juan Hao, Lei Zhang, Yao-Bin L Song, Chenjia Shen and Ming Dong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:197

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Homeostasis of the proteome is critical to the development of chloroplasts and also affects the expression of certain nuclear genes. CLPC1 facilitates the translocation of chloroplast pre-proteins and mediates...

    Authors: Shoudong Zhang, Huoming Zhang, Yiji Xia and Liming Xiong

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:192

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Plant cytosolic NAD-dependent glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GapC) displays redox-dependent changes in its subcellular localizations and activity. Apart from its fundamental role in glycolysis, it a...

    Authors: Markus Schneider, Johannes Knuesting, Oliver Birkholz, Jürgen J. Heinisch and Renate Scheibe

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:184

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Jasmintides jS1 and jS2 from Jasminum sambac were previously identified as a novel family of cysteine-rich peptides (CRPs) with an unusual disulfide connectivity. However, very little else is known about jasminti...

    Authors: Geeta Kumari, Ka Ho Wong, Aida Serra, Joon Shin, Ho Sup Yoon, Siu Kwan Sze and James P. Tam

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:144

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Trichomes and phenylpropanoid-derived phenolics are structural and chemical protection against many adverse conditions. Their production is regulated by a network that includes a TTG1/bHLH/MYB tri-protein comp...

    Authors: Shu Wei, Xiang Li, Margaret Y. Gruber, Biruk A. Feyissa, Lisa Amyot and Abdelali Hannoufa

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:134

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Turmeric is a rich source of bioactive compounds useful in both medicine and cuisine. Mineral concentrations effects (PO43−, Ca2+, Mg2+, and KNO3) were tested during in vitro rhizome development on the ex vitro c...

    Authors: Rabia F. El-Hawaz, Mary H. Grace, Alan Janbey, Mary Ann Lila and Jeffrey W. Adelberg

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:122

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:148

  20. Content type: Research article

    Tea plants [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] can produce one of the three most widely popular non-alcoholic beverages throughout the world. Polyphenols and volatiles are the main functional ingredients determini...

    Authors: Yumei Qian, Shuxiang Zhang, Shengbo Yao, Jinxin Xia, Yanzhi Li, Xinlong Dai, Wenzhao Wang, Xiaolan Jiang, Yajun Liu, Mingzhuo Li, Liping Gao and Tao Xia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:121

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Fruit color in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) is ascribed mainly to the accumulation of anthocyanin pigments, and is an important trait for determining fruit market acceptance. Bagging is a commonly used treatmen...

    Authors: Changqing Ma, Chenjuan Jing, Bo Chang, Jiuying Yan, Bowen Liang, Li Liu, Yazhou Yang and Zhengyang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:108

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The release of phytosiderephores (PS) to the rhizosphere is the main root response to iron (Fe) deficiency in graminaceous plants. We have investigated the role of the Fe status in the shoot as well as of the ...

    Authors: Maria Garnica, Eva Bacaicoa, Veronica Mora, Sara San Francisco, Roberto Baigorri, Angel Mari Zamarreño and Jose Maria Garcia-Mina

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:105

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Auxin (IAA) is a central player in plant cell growth. In contrast to the well-established function of the plasma membrane in plant cell expansion, little is known about the role of the vacuolar membrane (tonop...

    Authors: Zbigniew Burdach, Agnieszka Siemieniuk, Zenon Trela, Renata Kurtyka and Waldemar Karcz

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:102

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  24. Content type: Methodology article

    Ethylene is an important plant hormone that controls many physiological processes in plants. Conventional methods for detecting ethylene include gas chromatographs or optical mid-infrared sensors, which are ex...

    Authors: Andreas Schulte, Jana Viola Schilling, Jannis Nolten, Anna Korona, Hannes Krömke, Jan-Bernd Vennekötter, Britta Schillheim, Matthias Wessling, Uwe Conrath and Jochen Büchs

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:101

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Chlorophyll breakdown is the most obvious sign of leaf senescence. The chlorophyll catabolism pathway and the associated proteins/genes have been identified in considerable detail by genetic approaches combine...

    Authors: Jun Tominaga, Yasutoshi Nakahara, Daisuke Horikawa, Ayumi Tanaka, Maki Kondo, Yasuhiro Kamei, Tsuneaki Takami, Wataru Sakamoto, Kazutoshi Unno, Atsushi Sakamoto and Hiroshi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:80

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most important forage resources in the world due to its high nutritive value. However, its nutritional quality decreases during the transition from budding to flowering....

    Authors: Wenqiang Fan, Gentu Ge, Yinghao Liu, Wei Wang, Liying Liu and Yushan Jia

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:78

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Starch is the major component of cereal grains and is composed of essentially linear amylose and highly branched amylopectin. The properties and composition of starch determine the use and value of grains and ...

    Authors: Mari Hayashi, Naoko Crofts, Naoko F. Oitome and Naoko Fujita

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:59

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) signaling affects many processes, some of which have different outcomes in the same cell. In Arabidopsis, activation of a MAPK cascade consisting of YODA, MKK4/5 and MP...

    Authors: Diego L. Wengier, Gregory R. Lampard and Dominique C. Bergmann

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:60

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Although decreased protein expressions have been observed in NOA1 (Nitric Oxide Associated protein 1) deficient plants, the molecular mechanisms of how NOA1 regulates protein metabolism remain poorly understoo...

    Authors: Han He, Qiaosong Yang, Boran Shen, Sheng Zhang and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:44

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Grasslands are one of the most representative vegetation types accounting for about 20% of the global land area and thus the response of grasslands to climate change plays a pivotal role in terrestrial carbon ...

    Authors: Yunpu Zheng, Fei Li, Lihua Hao, Arshad Ali Shedayi, Lili Guo, Chao Ma, Bingru Huang and Ming Xu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:27

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Endosperm starch provides prime energy for cereal seedling growth. Cereal endosperm with repression of starch branching enzyme (SBE) has been widely studied for its high resistant starch content and health ben...

    Authors: Ting Pan, Lingshang Lin, Juan Wang, Qiaoquan Liu and Cunxu Wei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:9

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Silicon (Si) has been known to regulate plant growth; however, the underlying mechanisms of short-term exogenous Si application on the regulation of calcium (Ca) and nitrogen (N), endogenous phytohormones, and...

    Authors: Soo-Won Jang, Yoonha Kim, Abdul Latif Khan, Chae-In Na and In-Jung Lee

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:4

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Lignin and lignans are both derived from the monolignol pathway. Despite the similarity of their building blocks, they fulfil different functions in planta. Lignin strengthens the tissues of the plant, while lign...

    Authors: Marc Behr, Kjell Sergeant, Céline C. Leclercq, Sébastien Planchon, Cédric Guignard, Audrey Lenouvel, Jenny Renaut, Jean-Francois Hausman, Stanley Lutts and Gea Guerriero

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2018 18:1

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Strigolactones (SLs) play important roles in controlling root growth, shoot branching, and plant-symbionts interaction. Despite the importance, the components of SL biosynthesis and signaling have not been une...

    Authors: Basir UI Haq, Muhammad Zulfiqar Ahmad, Naveed ur Rehman, Junjie Wang, Penghui Li, Dongqin Li and Jian Zhao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:259

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  35. Content type: Research

    The trehalose (Tre) pathway has strong effects on growth and development in plants through regulation of carbon metabolism. Altering either Tre or trehalose 6-phosphate (T6P) can improve growth and productivit...

    Authors: Yingchao Lin, Jie Zhang, Weichang Gao, Yi Chen, Hongxun Li, David W. Lawlor, Matthew J. Paul and Wenjie Pan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:247

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Plants respond to various stress stimuli by activating an enhanced broad-spectrum defensive ability. The development of novel resistance inducers represents an attractive, alternative crop protection strategy....

    Authors: Arnaud T. Djami-Tchatchou, Efficient N. Ncube, Paul A. Steenkamp and Ian A. Dubery

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:227

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Bark plays important roles in photosynthate transport and storage, along with physical and chemical protection. Bark texture varies extensively among species, from smooth to fissured to deeply furrowed, but it...

    Authors: Roba Bdeir, Wellington Muchero, Yordan Yordanov, Gerald A. Tuskan, Victor Busov and Oliver Gailing

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:224

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The preparation of functional thylakoid membranes from diatoms with a silica cell wall is still a largely unsolved challenge. Therefore, an optimized protocol for the isolation of oxygen evolving thylakoid mem...

    Authors: Marcel Kansy, Alexandra Gurowietz, Christian Wilhelm and Reimund Goss

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:221

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Birch (Betula platyphylla Suk.) contains triterpenoids with anti-HIV and anti-tumor pharmacological activities. However, the natural abundance of these triterpenoids is low, and their chemical synthesis is costly...

    Authors: Jing Yin, Xin Li, Yaguang Zhan, Ying Li, Ziyue Qu, Lu Sun, Siyao Wang, Jie Yang and Jialei Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:214

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  40. Content type: Research article

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important for plant growth and responses to environmental stresses via post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Tea, which is primarily produced from one bud and two tender le...

    Authors: Anburaj Jeyaraj, Xiao Zhang, Yan Hou, Mingzhu Shangguan, Prabu Gajjeraman, Yeyun Li and Chaoling Wei

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:212

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  41. Content type: Research article

    A recently discovered tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] cultivar can generate tender shoots in winter. We performed comparative proteomics to analyze the differentially accumulated proteins between winter an...

    Authors: Shengjie Liu, Jiadong Gao, Zhongjian Chen, Xiaoyan Qiao, Hualin Huang, Baiyuan Cui, Qingfeng Zhu, Zhangyan Dai, Hualing Wu, Yayan Pan, Chengwei Yang and Jun Liu

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:206

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Chlorophylls (Chls) are magnesium-containing tetrapyrrole macromolecules responsible for the green color in plants. The Chl metabolic pathway has been intensively studied and nearly all the enzymes involved in...

    Authors: Akemi Ohmiya, Katsutomo Sasaki, Kenji Nashima, Chihiro Oda-Yamamizo, Masumi Hirashima and Katsuhiko Sumitomo

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:202

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Shikonin is a naphthoquinone secondary metabolite with important medicinal value and is found in Lithospermum erythrorhizon. Considering the limited knowledge on the membrane transport mechanism of shikonin, this...

    Authors: Yu Zhu, Gui-Hua Lu, Zhuo-Wu Bian, Feng-Yao Wu, Yan-Jun Pang, Xiao-Ming Wang, Rong-Wu Yang, Cheng-Yi Tang, Jin-Liang Qi and Yong-Hua Yang

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:198

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Nitrogen (N) plays an important role in the formation of tea quality-related compounds, like amino acids and flavor/aroma origin compounds. Lipids, which have been reported to be affected by N deficiency, are ...

    Authors: Mei-Ya Liu, Asdrubal Burgos, Lifeng Ma, Qunfeng Zhang, Dandan Tang and Jianyun Ruan

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:165

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Avocado fruit contains aliphatic acetogenins (oft-acetylated, odd-chain fatty alcohols) with promising bioactivities for both medical and food industries. However, we have scarce knowledge about their metaboli...

    Authors: Carlos Eduardo Rodríguez-López, Carmen Hernández-Brenes, Víctor Treviño and Rocío I. Díaz de la Garza

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:159

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) has been previously shown to extend the vase life of various cut flowers; however, its positive effect on extending vase life of carnations has not been well documented. Moreover, th...

    Authors: Aung Htay Naing, Kyoungsun Lee, Muthukrishnan Arun, Ki Byung Lim and Chang Kil Kim

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:149

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Glycolate oxidase (GLO) is a key enzyme for photorespiration in plants. There are four GLO genes encoding and forming different isozymes in rice, but their functional differences are not well understood. In th...

    Authors: Zhisheng Zhang, Xiangyang Li, Lili Cui, Shuan Meng, Nenghui Ye and Xinxiang Peng

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:135

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  48. Content type: Research article

    The error-free branch of the DNA-damage tolerance (DDT) pathway is orchestrated by Lys63-linked polyubiquitination of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and this polyubiquitination is mediated by a Ubc...

    Authors: Qian Wang, Yuepeng Zang, Xuan Zhou and Wei Xiao

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:126

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Photosynthetic organisms utilize carotenoids for photoprotection as well as light harvesting. Our previous study revealed that high-intensity light increases the expression of the gene for phytoene synthase (Egcr...

    Authors: Shota Kato, Mika Soshino, Shinichi Takaichi, Takahiro Ishikawa, Noriko Nagata, Masashi Asahina and Tomoko Shinomura

    Citation: BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:125

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