Biochemistry and physiology

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

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  1. Research article

    Lipidomics analysis unravels the effect of nitrogen fertilization on lipid metabolism in tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.)

    Nitrogen (N) plays an important role in the formation of tea quality-related compounds, like amino acids and flavor/aroma origin compounds. Lipids, which have been reported to be affected by N deficiency, are ...

    Mei-Ya Liu, Asdrubal Burgos, Lifeng Ma, Qunfeng Zhang, Dandan Tang and Jianyun Ruan

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:165

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  2. Research article

    Avocado fruit maturation and ripening: dynamics of aliphatic acetogenins and lipidomic profiles from mesocarp, idioblasts and seed

    Avocado fruit contains aliphatic acetogenins (oft-acetylated, odd-chain fatty alcohols) with promising bioactivities for both medical and food industries. However, we have scarce knowledge about their metaboli...

    Carlos Eduardo Rodríguez-López, Carmen Hernández-Brenes, Víctor Treviño and Rocío I. Díaz de la Garza

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:159

    Published on: 29 September 2017

  3. Research article

    Characterization of the role of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) involved in long vase life of different carnation cultivars

    Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) has been previously shown to extend the vase life of various cut flowers; however, its positive effect on extending vase life of carnations has not been well documented. Moreover, th...

    Aung Htay Naing, Kyoungsun Lee, Muthukrishnan Arun, Ki Byung Lim and Chang Kil Kim

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:149

    Published on: 6 September 2017

  4. Research article

    Suppression of the phytoene synthase gene (EgcrtB) alters carotenoid content and intracellular structure of Euglena gracilis

    Photosynthetic organisms utilize carotenoids for photoprotection as well as light harvesting. Our previous study revealed that high-intensity light increases the expression of the gene for phytoene synthase (Egcr...

    Shota Kato, Mika Soshino, Shinichi Takaichi, Takahiro Ishikawa, Noriko Nagata, Masashi Asahina and Tomoko Shinomura

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:125

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  5. Research article

    Spatial regulation of monolignol biosynthesis and laccase genes control developmental and stress-related lignin in flax

    Bast fibres are characterized by very thick secondary cell walls containing high amounts of cellulose and low lignin contents in contrast to the heavily lignified cell walls typically found in the xylem tissue...

    Julien Le Roy, Anne-Sophie Blervacq, Anne Créach, Brigitte Huss, Simon Hawkins and Godfrey Neutelings

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:124

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  6. Research article

    Differential proteomic analysis of replanted Rehmannia glutinosa roots by iTRAQ reveals molecular mechanisms for formation of replant disease

    The normal growth of Rehmannia glutinosa, a widely used medicinal plant in China, is severely disturbed by replant disease. The formation of replant disease commonly involves interactions among plants, allelochem...

    Mingjie Li, Yanhui Yang, Fajie Feng, Bao Zhang, Shuqiang Chen, Chuyun Yang, Li Gu, Fengqing Wang, Junyi Zhang, Aiguo Chen, Wenxiong Lin, Xinjian Chen and Zhongyi Zhang

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:116

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  7. Research article

    Three members of Medicago truncatula ST family are ubiquitous during development and modulated by nutritional status (MtST1) and dehydration (MtST2 and MtST3)

    ShooT specific/Specific Tissue (ST) belong to a protein family of unknown function characterized by the DUF2775 domain and produced in specific taxonomic plant families, mainly Fabaceae and Asteraceae, with the M...

    Lucía Albornos, Ignacio Martín, Emilia Labrador and Berta Dopico

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:117

    Published on: 10 July 2017

  8. Research article

    Metabolic and transcriptional elucidation of the carotenoid biosynthesis pathway in peel and flesh tissue of loquat fruit during on-tree development

    Carotenoids are the main colouring substances found in orange-fleshed loquat fruits. The aim of this study was to unravel the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway of loquat fruit (cv. ‘Obusa’) in peel and flesh tis...

    Margarita Hadjipieri, Egli C. Georgiadou, Alicia Marin, Huertas M. Diaz-Mula, Vlasios Goulas, Vasileios Fotopoulos, Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán and George A. Manganaris

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:102

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Analysis of the lipid body proteome of the oleaginous alga Lobosphaera incisa

    Lobosphaera incisa (L. incisa) is an oleaginous microalga that stores triacylglycerol (TAG) rich in arachidonic acid in lipid bodies (LBs). This organelle is gaining attention in algal...

    Heike Siegler, Oliver Valerius, Till Ischebeck, Jennifer Popko, Nicolas J. Tourasse, Olivier Vallon, Inna Khozin-Goldberg, Gerhard H. Braus and Ivo Feussner

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:98

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Proanthocyanidin accumulation and transcriptional responses in the seed coat of cranberry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with different susceptibility to postharvest darkening

    Edible dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) that darken during postharvest storage are graded lower and are less marketable than their non-darkened counterparts. Seed coat darkening in susceptible genotypes is depen...

    José A. Freixas Coutin, Seth Munholland, Anjali Silva, Sanjeena Subedi, Lewis Lukens, William L. Crosby, K. Peter Pauls and Gale G. Bozzo

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:89

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  11. Research article

    Ethephon induced oxidative stress in the olive leaf abscission zone enables development of a selective abscission compound

    Table olives (Olea europaea L.), despite their widespread production, are still harvested manually. The low efficiency of manual harvesting and the rising costs of labor have reduced the profitability of this cro...

    S. Goldental-Cohen, C. Burstein, I. Biton, S. Ben Sasson, A. Sadeh, Y. Many, A. Doron-Faigenboim, H. Zemach, Y. Mugira, D. Schneider, R. Birger, S. Meir, S. Philosoph-Hadas, V. Irihomovitch, S. Lavee, B. Avidan…

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:87

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Cell separation in kiwifruit without development of a specialised detachment zone

    Unlike in abscission or dehiscence, fruit of kiwifruit Actinidia eriantha develop the ability for peel detachment when they are ripe and soft in the absence of a morphologically identifiable abscission zone. Two ...

    Roneel Prakash, Ian C. Hallett, Sally F. Wong, Sarah L. Johnston, Erin M. O’Donoghue, Peter A. McAtee, Alan G. Seal, Ross G. Atkinson and Roswitha Schröder

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:86

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  13. Research article

    The role of Tre6P and SnRK1 in maize early kernel development and events leading to stress-induced kernel abortion

    Drought stress during flowering is a major contributor to yield loss in maize. Genetic and biotechnological improvement in yield sustainability requires an understanding of the mechanisms underpinning yield lo...

    Samuel W. Bledsoe, Clémence Henry, Cara A. Griffiths, Matthew J. Paul, Regina Feil, John E. Lunn, Mark Stitt and L. Mark Lagrimini

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:74

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Morintides: cargo-free chitin-binding peptides from Moringa oleifera

    Hevein-like peptides are a family of cysteine-rich and chitin-binding peptides consisting of 29–45 amino acids. Their chitin-binding property is essential for plant defense against fungi. Based on the number o...

    Shruthi G. Kini, Ka H. Wong, Wei Liang Tan, Tianshu Xiao and James P. Tam

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:68

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Single amino acid substitutions in the selectivity filter render NbXIP1;1α aquaporin water permeable

    Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water and/or other small neutral solutes across membranes in all forms of life. The X Intrinsic Proteins (XIPs) are the most recent...

    Henry Ampah-Korsah, Yonathan Sonntag, Angelica Engfors, Andreas Kirscht, Per Kjellbom and Urban Johanson

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:61

    Published on: 9 March 2017

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