Biochemistry and physiology

This section considers studies in the biochemistry and physiology of plants including research into photosynthesis and related processes.

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  1. Research article

    Single amino acid substitutions in the selectivity filter render NbXIP1;1α aquaporin water permeable

    Aquaporins (AQPs) are integral membrane proteins that facilitate transport of water and/or other small neutral solutes across membranes in all forms of life. The X Intrinsic Proteins (XIPs) are the most recent...

    Henry Ampah-Korsah, Yonathan Sonntag, Angelica Engfors, Andreas Kirscht, Per Kjellbom and Urban Johanson

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:61

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Effects of glucose on the uptake and metabolism of glycine in pakchoi (Brassica chinensis L.) exposed to various nitrogen sources

    Plants can absorb amino acids as a nitrogen (N) source, and glucose is an important part of root rhizodeposition and the soil sugar pool, which participates in the regulation of plant growth and uptake. In pak...

    Qingxu Ma, Xiaochuang Cao, Yinan Xie, Han Xiao, Xiaoli Tan and Lianghuan Wu

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:58

    Published on: 2 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Metabolomic analysis of pathways related to rice grain chalkiness by a notched-belly mutant with high occurrence of white-belly grains

    Grain chalkiness is a highly undesirable trait deleterious to rice appearance and milling quality. The physiological and molecular foundation of chalkiness formation is still partially understood, because of t...

    Zhaomiao Lin, Xincheng Zhang, Zunxin Wang, Yutong Jiang, Zhenghui Liu, Danny Alexander, Ganghua Li, Shaohua Wang and Yanfeng Ding

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:39

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Whole genome-wide transcript profiling to identify differentially expressed genes associated with seed field emergence in two soybean low phytate mutants

    Seed germination is important to soybean (Glycine max) growth and development, ultimately affecting soybean yield. A lower seed field emergence has been the main hindrance for breeding soybeans low in phytate. Al...

    Fengjie Yuan, Xiaomin Yu, Dekun Dong, Qinghua Yang, Xujun Fu, Shenlong Zhu and Danhua Zhu

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:16

    Published on: 18 January 2017

  5. Research article

    Overexpression of PaNAC03, a stress induced NAC gene family transcription factor in Norway spruce leads to reduced flavonol biosynthesis and aberrant embryo development

    The NAC family of transcription factors is one of the largest gene families of transcription factors in plants and the conifer NAC gene family is at least as large, or possibly larger, as in Arabidopsis. These tr...

    Kerstin Dalman, Julia Johanna Wind, Miguel Nemesio-Gorriz, Almuth Hammerbacher, Karl Lundén, Ines Ezcurra and Malin Elfstrand

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:6

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  6. Research article

    Major Cys protease activities are not essential for senescence in individually darkened Arabidopsis leaves

    Papain-like Cys Proteases (PLCPs) and Vacuolar Processing Enzymes (VPEs) are amongst the most highly expressed proteases during leaf senescence in Arabidopsis. Using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP), a ...

    Adriana Pružinská, Takayuki Shindo, Sherry Niessen, Farnusch Kaschani, Réka Tóth, A. Harvey Millar and Renier A. L. van der Hoorn

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:4

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Identification of brassinosteroid genes in Brachypodium distachyon

    Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroidal phytohormones that are involved in diverse physiological processes and affect many important traits, such as plant stature, stress tolerance, leaf angle, fertility, and gra...

    Claudia Corvalán and Sunghwa Choe

    BMC Plant Biology 2017 17:5

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  8. Research article

    Metabolic model of central carbon and energy metabolisms of growing Arabidopsis thaliana in relation to sucrose translocation

    Sucrose translocation between plant tissues is crucial for growth, development and reproduction of plants. Systemic analysis of these metabolic and underlying regulatory processes allow a detailed understandin...

    Maksim Zakhartsev, Irina Medvedeva, Yury Orlov, Ilya Akberdin, Olga Krebs and Waltraud X. Schulze

    BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:262

    Published on: 28 December 2016

  9. Research article

    Transcriptomic and proteomic approach to identify differentially expressed genes and proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana mutants lacking chloroplastic 1 and cytosolic FBPases reveals several levels of metabolic regulation

    During the photosynthesis, two isoforms of the fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase), the chloroplastidial (cFBP1) and the cytosolic (cyFBP), catalyse the first irreversible step during the conversion of triose...

    Mauricio Soto-Suárez, Antonio J. Serrato, José A. Rojas-González, Rocío Bautista and Mariam Sahrawy

    BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:258

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  10. Research article

    Regulation of polar auxin transport in grapevine fruitlets (Vitis vinifera L.) and the proposed role of auxin homeostasis during fruit abscission

    Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), the most abundant auxin, is a growth promoter hormone involved in several developmental processes. Auxin homeostasis is very important to its function and this is achieved through t...

    Nathalie Kühn, Alejandra Serrano, Carlos Abello, Aníbal Arce, Carmen Espinoza, Satyanarayana Gouthu, Laurent Deluc and Patricio Arce-Johnson

    BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:234

    Published on: 28 October 2016

  11. Research article

    Flavonoids and darkness lower PCD in senescing Vitis vinifera suspension cell cultures

    Senescence is a key developmental process occurring during the life cycle of plants that can be induced also by environmental conditions, such as starvation and/or darkness. During senescence, strict control o...

    Alberto Bertolini, Elisa Petrussa, Sonia Patui, Marco Zancani, Carlo Peresson, Valentino Casolo, Angelo Vianello and Enrico Braidot

    BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:233

    Published on: 26 October 2016

  12. Methodology article

    Biosensor-based spatial and developmental mapping of maize leaf glutamine at vein-level resolution in response to different nitrogen rates and uptake/assimilation durations

    The amino acid glutamine (Gln) is a primary transport form of nitrogen in vasculature following root uptake, critical for the location/timing of growth in maize and other cereals. Analytical chemistry methods ...

    Travis L. Goron and Manish N. Raizada

    BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:230

    Published on: 21 October 2016

  13. Methodology article

    Direct imaging of glycans in Arabidopsis roots via click labeling of metabolically incorporated azido-monosaccharides

    Carbohydrates, also called glycans, play a crucial but not fully understood role in plant health and development. The non-template driven formation of glycans makes it impossible to image them in vivo with gen...

    Jorin Hoogenboom, Nathalja Berghuis, Dario Cramer, Rene Geurts, Han Zuilhof and Tom Wennekes

    BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:220

    Published on: 10 October 2016

  14. Research article

    CYP79D enzymes contribute to jasmonic acid-induced formation of aldoximes and other nitrogenous volatiles in two Erythroxylum species

    Amino acid-derived aldoximes and nitriles play important roles in plant defence. They are well-known as precursors for constitutive defence compounds such as cyanogenic glucosides and glucosinolates, but are a...

    Katrin Luck, Jan Jirschitzka, Sandra Irmisch, Meret Huber, Jonathan Gershenzon and Tobias G. Köllner

    BMC Plant Biology 2016 16:215

    Published on: 4 October 2016

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