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Table 1 The study species and their details

From: The origin and evolution of a two-component system of paralogous genes encoding the centromeric histone CENH3 in cereals

Species Tribe* Subfamily* Genome size (1C), Mbp, pg Ploidy,
chromosome number
Streptochaeta angustifolia Streptochaeteae Anomochlooideae N/A 2n = 2x = 22**
Panicum virgatum Paniceae Panicoideae 13701; 1.4 2n = 4x = 36
Zea mays Andropogoneae Panocoideae 3280; 2.7 2n = 2x = 20
Oryza sativa Oryzeae Oryzoideae 466; 0.5 2n = 2x = 24
Raddia distichophylla Olyreae Bambusoideae 6002; N/A 2n = 2x =22***
Nardus stricta Nardeae Pooideae 20501; 2.1 2n = 2x =26
Melica nutans Meliceae Pooideae 24501; 2.5 2n = 2x = 18
Stipa sibirica
Stipa breviflora
Stipeae Pooideae ~ 9801; ~ 1.0 2n = 2x = 22 or 24
Brachypodium distachyon
Brachypodium sylvaticum
Brachypodium stacei
Brachypodieae Pooideae 272; 0.32
529; 0.44
234; 0.28
2n = 2x = 10
2n = 2x = 18
2n = 2x = 20
Avena sativa Poeae Pooideae 125201; 12.8 2n = 6x = 42
Dactylis glomerata Poeae Pooideae 4420; 3.3 2n = 4x = 28**
Lolium perenne Poeae Pooideae 2770; 2.7 2n = 2x = 14
Hordeum brevisubulatum Triticeae Pooideae 88001; 9.0 2n = 4x = 28
Hordeum vulgare, ssp. spontaneum Triticeae Poideae 51801; 5.3 2n = 2x = 14
Hordeum vulgare Triticeae Pooideae 5180; 5.3 2n = 2x = 14
Secale cereale Triticeae Pooideae 8460; 8.7 2n = 2x = 14
Triticum urartu Triticeae Pooideae 5.75; 5.9 2n = 2x = 14
Aegilops speltoides Triticeae Pooideae 5680; 5.8 2n = 2x = 14
Aegilops tauschii Triticeae Pooideae 5050; 5.2 2n = 2x = 14
Triticum aestivum Triticeae Pooideae 17,280; 17.7 2n = 6x = 42
  1. Note: Genome sizes are taken mainly from Leitch et al. [27]. Plant DNA C-values Database (release 7.1). https://cvalues.science.kew.org/
  2. 1 Due to the absence of these values in Databases, they are calculated using the formula: 1 pg = 978 Mbp [28]
  3. 2 Li et al. [29]
  4. * tribal and subfamilial attribution to the classification system of Soreng et al. [22]; ** Pohl, Davidse [30]; *** Hunziker et al. [31]