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Table 6 Summary for GWAS results reported so far in sesame

From: Genome-wide association study and its applications in the non-model crop Sesamum indicum

Sample size Targeted traits Group of traits SNP size SNP density Significant associations identified Number of candidate genes Potential genes References
705 56 Oil content, nutrient composition, yield components, morphological characteristics, growth cycle, coloration and disease resistance 1,805,413 1SNP/50bp 446 46 - SiGL3 ~flower in lip colour
- SiMYB113 & SiMYB23 ~ petiole colour
- SiPPO ~oil content, seed coat color, protein content
- SIN_1016759 encodes a predicted PPO ~seed coat color
- CXE17 & GDSL-like lipases ~ encoding lipase
- SIN_1019167 & SIN_1009923 ~encoding lipid transfer protein
- SiACNA, SiDGAT2, SiFATA, SiFATB and SiSAD~ fatty acid composition
- SiFAD2 ~ oleic acid desaturase
- SiACS~ seed yield
[15]
705 39 Yield index, seed traits, capsule number, capsule size, and capsule pericarp 1,805,413 1SNP /50bp 646 48 - SiACS8 ~capsule number
- SiLPT3 ~ capsule length
[34]
490 4 Drought and salt tolerances 1,005,413 2,7SNP / kb 252 40 - SiOPR3 ~ increase of abscisic acid during desiccation
- SiWRKY69 ~ functioning in response to dehydration stress
- SiCCD8 ~ functions as a carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase
- SiMLP31~ salicylic acid synthesis
- SiANTH ~ phosphatidic acid-binding protein
- SiHKT1 ~ sodium transporter
- SIN_1021330, SIN_1021327, SIN_1021326, SIN_1021325, SIN_1021324, SIN_1021323 and SIN_1021322~ encoding sesame peroxidase
[33]
400 5 Drought (stem length, survival rate, wilting level, capsule number and seed yield) 1,000,939 5SNP /kb 569 102 - SiABI4 ~ involved in abscisic acid signal transduction
- SiTTM3, SiGOLS1, SiPOD3 & SiNIMIN1 ~ involved in drought tolerance
- SiSAM ~ modulates polyamine levels
[35]
96 1 Vitamin E 5,962 2.3SNP /100 kb 8 12 - LG08_6621957 loci ~ γ-tocopherol
- SLG03_13104062 loci ~β-tocotrienol
[36]
87 1 Phytophthora disease-resistant 8,883 NA 44 68 - SIN_1019026 & SIN_1019021~ regulation of pathogen-induced signaling
- SIN_1019014 & SIN_1018999~ encoded F-box
- SIN_1019019 & SIN_1018986~ cytochrome P450 family protein
- SIN_1019026 & SIN_1019021~ encoding ubiquitin ligases and ubiquitin-related modifiers
[135]
366 1 Seed coat color 42,781 1SNP/2.6kb 224 92 - SIN_1016759 ~ PPO
- SIN_1023237 ~ laccase3
- SIN_1006022 ~ cytochrome P450
- SIN_1023226 & SIN_1024895 ~ WRKY and bHLH130
[136]
327 7 Root traits 1,000,000 5SNP /kb 409 32 - SiBRB [148]