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Table 1 Responses of soil physicochemical variables to shade treatment. Values are the means (SD) of six pot replicates. Different lowercase or capital letters indicate significant differences (P < 0.05, LSD test) in OJ (Ophiopogon japonicus, shade tolerant) or LP (Lolium perenne, shade-intolerant) soil. ***P < 0.001, **P < 0.01, *P < 0.05

From: Effects of shade stress on turfgrasses morphophysiology and rhizosphere soil bacterial communities

Soil sampleTotal N (g kg− 1)Organic C (g kg− 1)Soil C:NTotal P (g kg− 1)Total K (g kg− 1)NH4+-N (mg kg− 1)NO3N (mg kg− 1)Available P (mg kg− 1)Available K (mg kg− 1)PH
OJ.0d1.07(0.23)24.38(0.27)22.79(1.79)0.52(0.045)b17.19(0.19)b6.99(0.026)a2.08(0.026)d0.40(0.014)b140.35(11.92)7.46(0.029)
OJ.L.7d1.18(0.27)27.43(3.16)23.25(2.53)0.62(0.13)a18.17(0.18)a2.93(0.27)b4.73(0.38)cd0.57(0.043)b184.79(32.29)7.38(0.025)
OJ.L.14d1.19(0.19)24.21(1.97)20.34(1.70)0.58(0.035)a18.14(0.12)a2.91(0.61)b7.79(2.12)b0.47(0.024)b162.79(22.92)7.41(0.092)
OJ.S.7d1.08(0.14)21.97(4.04)20.34(1.38)0.51(0.05)b17.83(0.36)a2.15(0.89)b5.84(0.53)bc1.16(0.033)a162.02(36.03)7.67(0.089)
OJ.S.14d1.09(0.16)22.13(3.62)20.30(1.21)0.57(0.040)a16.98(0.20)b2.63(0.26)b11.64(2.59)a1.47(0.024)a136.83(6.09)7.36(0.061)
LP.0d1.24(0.09)25.36(0.87)20.45(0.66)0.54(0.032)b16.88(0.13)bc4.78(0.96)b0.84(0.15)d3.56(0.49)a176.01(5.61)7.51(0.085)
LP.L.7d1.21(0.02)21.88(0.74)18.08(0.73)0.68(0.11)a19.18(0.96)a4.67(0.47)b3.17(0.201)c2.33(0.85)b153.59(15.53)7.49(0.093)
LP.L.14d1.17(0.15)24.99(1.27)21.36(1.76)0.60(0.021)ab17.36(0.41)b5.94(1.44)a4.28(0.092)b3.30(1.02)a177.69(41.05)7.39(0.13)
LP.S.7d1.12(0.10)22.97(3.19)20.51(1.09)0.59(0.015)ab17.56(0.38)b5.08(0.62)ab5.12(0.25)b3.03(0.46)a143.13(8.82)7.42(0.25)
LP.S.14d1.06(0.05)21.95(2.79)20.51(2.50)0.56(0.015)b15.72(0.04)c6.23(0.43)a6.55(0.76)a0.68(0.036)c142.67(3.16)7.65(0.061)
F value for ANOVA
 Treatments (T)0.5040.9190.7383.279*12.394***4.302*37.691***1.910*1.8791.562
 Species (S)0.3280.1051.8852.4300.31022.301***35.171***0.114*0.0230.545
 T × S0.3460.9362.1580.3938.531***7.487**4.009***1.010*2.1004.774*