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Table 2 Genes present in Avena plastomes

From: Comparative chloroplast genome analyses of Avena: insights into evolutionary dynamics and phylogeny

Category of genes Group of genes (gene number) Gene name
Self replication Ribosomal RNAs (8) rRNA16c, rRNA23c, rRNA4.5c, rRNA5c
Transfer RNAs (39) trnA-UGCa,c, trnC-GCA, trnD-GUC, trnE-UUC, trnF-GAA, trnfM-CAUe, trnG-GCC, trnG-UCCa, trnH-GUGc, trnI-CAUc, trnI-GAUa,c, trnK-UUUa, trnL-CAAc, trnL-UAAa, trnL-UAG, trnM-CAU, trnN-GUUc, trnP-UGG, trnQ-UUG, trnR-ACGc, trnR-UCU, trnS-GCU, trnS-GGA, trnS-UGA, trnT-GGU, trnT-UGU, trnV-GACc, trnV-UACa, trnW-CCA, trnY-GUA
Ribosomal protein (small subunit) (16) rps2, rps3, rps4, rps7c, rps8, rps11, rps12a,d, rps14, rps15c, rps16a, rps18, rps19c
Ribosomal protein (large subunit) (11) rpl2a,c, rpl14, rpl16a, rpl20, rpl22, rpl23c, rpl32, rpl33, rpl36
DNA dependent RNA polymerase (4) rpoA, rpoB, rpoC1, rpoC2
Translation-related gene (1) infA
Genes for photosynthesis Subunits of photosystem I (5) psaA, psaB, psaC, psaI, psaJ
Subunits of photosystem II (15) psbA, psbB, psbC, psbD, psbE, psbF, psbH, psbI, psbJ, psbK, psbL, psbM, psbN, psbT, psbZ
Subunits of cytochrome b/f complex (6) petA, petBa, petDa, petG, petL, petN
Subunits of ATP synthase (6) atpA, atpB, atpE, atpFa, atpH, atpI
Subunits of NADH dehydrogenase (13) ndhAa, ndhBa,c, ndhC, ndhD, ndhE, ndhF, ndhG, ndhHc, ndhI, ndhJ, ndhK
ATP-dependent protease subunit (1) clpP
Rubisco large subunit (1) rbcL
Other genes Maturase (1) matK
Envelop membrane protein (1) cemA
c-type cytochrome biogenesis (1) ccsA
Genes of unknown function Conserved open reading frames (2) ycf3b, ycf4
  1. a Gene containing a single intron;
  2. b Gene containing two introns;
  3. c Two gene copies in the IRs;
  4. d Gene divided into two independent transcription units;
  5. e Duplicated gene in LSC region
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