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Table 2 Genotypic1 (above diagonal) and phenotypic2 (below diagonal) correlation coefficient estimates for each pair of traits

From: Genome-wide association analysis for maize stem Cell Wall-bound Hydroxycinnamates

 PCAFADFA
5–5
DFA
8–O–4
DFA 8–5DFA
8–5b
DFA 8–5 lDFATMONOTOTFENTOT
PCA 0.47*0.41*0.35*0.44*0.47*NS0.42*0.98*0.98*
FA0.47* 0.84*0.80*0.74*0.72*NS0.80*0.63*0.65*
DFA5–50.43*0.81* 0.96*0.96*0.96*0.89*0.99*0.55*0.57*
DFA 8–O–40.39*0.79*0.93* 0.94*0.93*0.91*0.98*0.48*0.50*
DFA 8–50.47*0.74*0.91*0.92* 1.000.96*0.99*0.55*0.57*
DFA 8–5b0.46*0.71*0.89*0.90*1.00 0.91*0.99*0.57*0.59*
DFA 8–5 lNSNS0.95*0.95*1.000.99* 0.99*0.54*0.57*
DFAT0.45*0.79*0.96*0.97*0.98*0.96*0.96* 0.53*0.55*
MONOTOT0.98*0.64*0.56*0.52*0.58*0.56*0.57*0.57* 1.00
FENTOT0.98*0.66*0.58*0.54*0.60*0.58*0.60*0.59*1.00 
  1. PCA: p-coumaric acid; FA: ferulic acid; DFA 8–O–4: 8–O–4 diferulic acid; DFA 5–5: 5–5 diferulic acid; DFA 8–5: sum (DFA 8–5 l + DFA 8–5b); DFA 8–5b: 8–5 benzofuran diferulic acid; DFA 8–5 l: 8–5 linear diferulic acid; DFAT: total diferulates sum (DFA 5–5 + DFA 8–O–4 + DFA 8–5b + DFA 8–5 l); MONOTOT: total monomers (PCA + FA); FENTOT: total hydroxycinnamates (PCA + FA + DFAT)
  2. 1: * Significant genotypic correlation coefficient because it exceeded twice its standard error; NS: Non-Significant
  3. 2: * Significant phenotypic correlation coefficient because it exceeded twice its standard error; NS: Non-Significant