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Table 1 The amounts of volatile compounds (mean % of internal standard ± SEM) emitted from undamaged plant, artificial rolling and natural rolling plant treatments

From: Rice defense responses are induced upon leaf rolling by an insect herbivore

CompoundUndamagedArtificial rollingNatural rolling
(a) after 12 h attack
 Hexanol, 2-ethyl-3.39 ± 0.19 b4.42 ± 1.19 b12.89 ± 1.33 a
 β-Linalool6.64 ± 2.24..6 ± 0.737.69 ± 2
 Nonanal4.98 ± 0.2 b5.07 ± 0.99 b13.71 ± 1.33 a
 Camphor0.58 ± 0.062.33 ± 1.011.12 ± 0.17
 Decanal5.78 ± 0.69 b5.64 ± 1.23 b21.18 ± 1.65 a
 Ethylacetophenone0.59 ± 0.04 b1.29 ± 0.24 a1.39 ± 0.08 a
 Methyl salicylate0.42 ± 0.031.08 ± 0.540.54 ± 0.18
 D-Limonene1.2 ± 0.121.88 ± 0.582.25 ± 0.42
 Decane, 3-methyl-0.83 ± 0.25 b1.59 ± 0.3 b4.08 ± 1.13 a
 Methyldecahydronaphthalene0.35 ± 0.10.66 ± 0.161.62 ± 0.58
 Undecane, 2-methyl-2.86 ± 0.613.42 ± 0.956 ± 1.72
 Undecane, 3-methyl-5.91 ± 0.46 b5.23 ± 0.77 b12.52 ± 1.84 a
 Dodecane2.62 ± 0.474.75 ± 2.015.07 ± 1
 Tetradecane9.12 ± 0.6412.55 ± 2.9712.73 ± 0.67
 α-Cedrene4.31 ± 0.35.66 ± 1.755.9 ± 0.2
 Pentadecane8.69 ± 0.6118.01 ± 5.8613.81 ± 0.89
 Pentadecane, 2-methyl-1.46 ± 0.132.42 ± 0.692.3 ± 0.25
 Hexadecane8.75 ± 0.612.34 ± 4.1412.66 ± 0.91
 Pentadecane, 2,6,10-trimethyl-3.69 ± 0.234.31 ± 1.565.52 ± 0.59
 Heptadecane5.91 ± 0.55.64 ± 1.668.35 ± 0.51
 Pentadecane, 2,6,10,14-tetramethyl-3.58 ± 0.313.76 ± 0.94.61 ± 0.4
 Tridecane, 3-methyl-0.73 ± 0.061.63 ± 0.621.41 ± 0.2
(b) after 24 h attack
 Hexanol, 2-ethyl-3.39 ± 0.19 b3.58 ± 0.59 b10.02 ± 0.85 a
 β-Linalool6.64 ± 2.223.04 ± 16.2718.02 ± 5.77
 Nonanal4.98 ± 0.2 b3.84 ± 0.72 b10.61 ± 0.67 a
 Camphor0.58 ± 0.06 b0.4 ± 0.12 b1.03 ± 0.08 a
 Decanal5.78 ± 0.69 b4.5 ± 0.91 b12.77 ± 2.01 a
 Ethylacetophenone0.59 ± 0.04 b0.89 ± 0.13 b1.44 ± 0.16 a
 Methyl salicylate0.42 ± 0.030.27 ± 0.090.54 ± 0.11
 D-Limonene1.2 ± 0.123.34 ± 1.384.24 ± 1.03
 Decane, 3-methyl-0.83 ± 0.251.22 ± 0.332.74 ± 1.41
 Methyldecahydronaphthalene0.35 ± 0.10.27 ± 0.050.51 ± 0.19
 Undecane, 2-methyl-2.86 ± 0.611.1 ± 0.23.9 ± 1.51
 Undecane, 3-methyl-5.91 ± 0.46 ab2.87 ± 0.74 b8.04 ± 1.77 a
 Dodecane2.62 ± 0.473.44 ± 1.074.68 ± 0.65
 Tetradecane9.12 ± 0.649.99 ± 1.8513.44 ± 0.65
 α-Cedrene4.31 ± 0.34.28 ± 0.566.34 ± 0.43
 Pentadecane8.69 ± 0.618.52 ± 1.4913.09 ± 1.01
 Pentadecane, 2-methyl-1.46 ± 0.131.55 ± 0.392.14 ± 0.03
 Hexadecane8.75 ± 0.68.23 ± 1.3612.6 ± 1.09
 Pentadecane, 2,6,10-trimethyl-3.69 ± 0.233.98 ± 0.985.65 ± 0.44
 Heptadecane5.91 ± 0.55.98 ± 1.218.82 ± 0.56
 Pentadecane, 2,6,10,14-tetramethyl-3.58 ± 0.313.55 ± 0.855.19 ± 0.36
 Tridecane, 3-methyl-0.73 ± 0.060.77 ± 0.111.21 ± 0.24
  1. Note: Means marked with different letter indicates significant differences in compounds across treatments (Tukey’s post hoc test, P < 0.05)