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Table 2 Results from ANOVAs and MANOVAs comparing the anthocyanin and flavone contents among phenotypes in Barra (fully pigmented, PAL and WAL) and Breña (fully pigmented and WAL). Anthocyanin and flavone concentrations were obtained from HPLC analyses performed in four plants of each phenotype. Comparisons were made independently for each plant tissue. Total anthocyanins were considered for anthocyanin analyses, whereas main groups according to the C-glycoside flavone core were considered for flavone analyses (see Table 1)

From: Stability of petal color polymorphism: the significance of anthocyanin accumulation in photosynthetic tissues

 TissueAnthocyaninsFlavones
ANOVA testMANOVA test
SSd.f.FPWilk’s lambdaFd.f.P
BarraPetals6.4032, 1219.320.001a0.2151.7354, 120.188
Calyces0.2722, 128.2490.009b0.5630.5004, 120.834
Leaves0.0012, 122.6270.1260.2561.4634, 120.266
Stems0.1732, 1217.28< 0.001b0.2481.5104, 120.251
BreñaPetals15.111, 849.89< 0.0010.6590.3894, 80.808
Calyces0.1061, 830.76< 0.0010.2602.1314, 80.280
Leaves0.0041, 81.1210.3300.4450.9354, 80.544
Stems0.1701, 810.710.0170.1215.4484, 80.098
  1. apost hoc Tukey test showed significant differences between fully pigmented vs. PAL and WAL phenotypes (P < 0.05)
  2. bpost hoc Tukey test showed significant differences between WAL vs. fully pigmented and PAL phenotypes (P < 0.05)