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Table 1 Descriptive statistics, ANOVA and broad-sense heritability for RCA gene expression and grain yield

From: Genetic determinants controlling maize rubisco activase gene expression and a comparison with rice counterparts

Trait Mean ± SD Range Skew Ga Rb H2 (%)c
ZmRCAβ-2015 1.46 ± 0.85 0.09–5.66 2.01 s ns 0.75
ZmRCAβ-2016 1.38 ± 0.79 0.10–4.92 1.90 s ns 0.80
ZmYield-2015 45.60 ± 13.15 11.00–83.95 0.10 s ns 0.86
ZmYield-2016 45.11 ± 14.18 13.38–93.78 0.53 s ns 0.76
OsRCA-2016 0.94 ± 0.54 0.20–2.55 1.15 s ns 0.64
  1. Note: The ZmRCAβ and OsRCA expression data are represented by the relative values compared to their reference genes, ZmActin and OsActin, respectively. The unit for grain yield is gram per plant (g/plant). ZmRCAβ expression measured in 2015 and 2016 is termed as ZmRCAβ-2015 and ZmRCAβ-2016, respectively. Maize grain yield measured in 2015 and 2016 is termed as ZmYield-2015 and ZmYield-2016, respectively. OsRCA expression measured in 2016 is termed as OsRCA-2016
  2. s: significant difference at P < 0.01; ns: not significant
  3. a Genotype;
  4. b Replication;
  5. c Broad-sense heritability