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Table 3 SNPs significantly associated with defence traits in white spruce using SLMM and MLMM approachesa, and their combined percentage of phenotypic variation explained (PVE)

From: Association genetics of acetophenone defence against spruce budworm in mature white spruce

Defence traits SLMM MLMM
Nb. of SNPsb PVE (%) Nb. of SNPsb PVE (%)
Picein 2 (2)c 11.2 3 (3) 20
Piceol 2 (2) 2.3 9 (9) 43
Pungenol 2 (2) 4.0 6 (6) 27
Pgβglu-1 transcripts 2 (2) 8.2 8 (8) 23
Total number of distinct SNPs 8 (7) 26 (26)
  1. aSLMM, single-locus mixed model; MLMM, multi-locus mixed model
  2. bNumber of significant SNPs associated with the trait variation
  3. cIn parentheses, number of significant genes