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Table 1 The anthocyanins in bracts of poinsettia cultivars and their respective concentration as determined by HPLC and LC-MS analysis of extracts

From: The rare orange-red colored Euphorbia pulcherrima cultivar ‘Harvest Orange’ shows a nonsense mutation in a flavonoid 3’-hydroxylase allele expressed in the bracts

Anthocyanin composition [mg/g FW] ‘Christmas Beauty’ ‘Christmas Feeling’ ‘Harvest Orange’ ‘Premium Red’
Total anthocyanins 29.7 ± 1.7 29.0 ± 0.5 15.4 ± 0.7 9.3 ± 3.9
Pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside 6.4 ± 0.4 5.2 ± 0.9 9.9 ± 0.1 3.8 ± 0.6
Pelargonidin 3-O-rutinoside 3.0 ± 0.2 2.9 ± 0.6 5.0 ± 0.6 2.0 ± 0.1
Other pelargonidin derivativesa ≥ 0.02 ≥0.01 ≥0.02 ≥0.02
Total pelargonidin based anthocyanins 9.4 ± 0.6 8.2 ± 0.1 14.9 ± 0.2 7.9 ± 3.6
Cyanidin-3-O-glucoside 5.3 ± 0.2 5.0 ± 0.9 0.06 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1
Cyanidin-3-O-rutinoside 9.9 ± 0.4 10.4 ± 0.2 n.d. 0.7 ± 0.1
Cyanidin-3-O-galactoside 5.0 ± 0.7 5.4 ± 0.7 n.d. 0.2 ± 0.03
Other cyanidin derivativesb ≥0.06 ≥ 0.05 n.d. ≥0.01
Total cyanidin based anthocyanins 20.3 ± 1.4 20.9 ± 0.3 0.06 ± 0.1 1.3 ± 0.2
Total delphinidin based anthocyanins ≥0.01 ≥0.01 n.d. ≥0.01
  1. aPelargonidin 3-O-(6”malonylglucoside), Pelargonidin 3-O-(6”malonyldihexosid) bCyanidin-3-O-xyloside