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Table 1 List of the 40 Arundinarieae species sampled in this study, with flowering cycle data

From: Negative correlation between rates of molecular evolution and flowering cycles in temperate woody bamboos revealed by plastid phylogenomics

Taxon Lineage Flowering period (Years) Reference
Bergbambos tessellata I ~45 [67]
Oldeania alpina II 40 [68]
Oldeania humbertii II + [19]
Oldeania ibityensis II + [19]
Oldeania itremoensis II + Field observation
Oldeania cf. madagascariensis II + [19]
Ampelocalamus actinotrichus III + [20]
Chimonocalamus longiusculus III + [20]
Ferrocalamus rimosivaginus IV [20]
Gelidocalamus tessellatus IV + [20]
Sasa longiligulata IV [20]
Shibataea chiangshanensis IV [20]
Bashania faberi V 50–60 [69]
Bashania fargesii V 70–75 [70]
Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda V + [20]
Fargesia nitida V 109
~100
[71]
[19]
Fargesia spathacea V + [20]
Fargesia yunnanensis V + [20]
Indocalamus longiauritus V + [20]
Phyllostachys edulis V 67 [72]
[73]
Phyllostachys nigra V 59–63 [18]
Phyllostachys propinqua V [20]
Phyllostachys sulphurea V >60 or 100 [18]
Yushania levigata V + [20]
Acidosasa purpurea VI + [20]
Arundinaria appalachiana VI + [74]
Arundinaria gigantea VI 20–25 [74]
Arundinaria tecta VI 4–7? [74]
Indosasa shibataeoides VI + [20]
Indosasa sinica VI + [20]
Oligostachyum shiuyingianum VI + [20]
Pleioblastus maculatus VI + [20]
Pseudosasa cantorii VI + [20]
Pseudosasa japonica VI 19 [75]
Thamnocalamus spathiflorus VII 10 [18]
Indocalamus wilsonii VII + [20]
Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa IX 78 [76]
Indocalamus sinicus X + [20]
Ampelocalamus calcareus XI + Field observation
Kuruna debilis XII 1
≤5
[77]
[78]
  1. NOTE.—‘+’ denotes species with flowering recorded but without a reliably documented flowering cycle. ‘-’ denotes the species where flowering has never been recorded. Taxa in bold were newly sequenced in this study