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Table 1 Summary of genetic variation in C. microphylla populations detected in microsatellites (SSR), chloroplast DNA sequences (cpDNA), and genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS)

From: Population genetic structure is shaped by historical, geographic, and environmental factors in the leguminous shrub Caragana microphylla on the Inner Mongolia Plateau of China

Population SSR cpDNA   GBS
Na Ho He Ha Hd π × 103   Ho He
SZW 7.73 0.63 0.65 5 0.771 0.47  
ZXB 8.00 0.61 0.67 6 0.554 0. 35   0.280 0.307
DL 7.41 0.58 0.64 6 0.766 0. 86   0.262 0.289
XH 7.55 0.65 0.66 3 0.598 0. 32   0.303 0.308
QYH 6.86 0.69 0.66 3 0.692 0.35   0.268 0.256
XU 7.18 0.46 0.58 2 0.368 0. 27   0.228 0.287
DU 8.09 0.68 0.71 2 0.294 0. 11   0.269 0.281
EWK 6.73 0.62 0.62 1 0.000 0. 00   0.261 0.261
CB 6.32 0.42 0.53 1 0.000 0. 00   0.196 0.247
XBY 5.32 0.43 0.49 1 0.000 0. 00   0.219 0.250
  1. Na, the average number alleles per locus; Ho, observed heterozygosity; He, expected heterozygosity; Ha, number of haplotypes; Hd, haplotype diversity; π, nucleotide diversity