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Table 4 Average amounts with standard deviation of different forms of vanillin and related compounds in media as well as carbohydrates on which Pestalotipsis microspora (Medium MOTU10); Diaporthe phaseolorum (Medium MOTU7); Fusarium oxysporum (Medium MOTU24); Nemania bipapillata (Medium MOTU8); Fusarium proliferatum (Medium MOTU1) were cultured for 30 days

From: Fungal endophytes of Vanilla planifolia across Réunion Island: isolation, distribution and biotransformation

Quadrant in PCA in which media occur 1 2 2 2 3 4
Metabolite/ Medium Control MOTU10 MOTU7 MOTU24 MOTU8 MOTU1
Vanillin (17.0 ± 0.6) X 10−3 (37.0 ± 1.61) X 10−3 (56.0 ± 11.2) X 10−3 (1.9 ± 0.5) X 10−3 (1.4 ± 2.4) X 10−3 0
Glucovanillin (127.0 ± 2.1) X 10−3 0 0 (0.9 ± 0.2) X 10−3 0 0
p-hydroxybenzaldehyde (6.2 ± 0.7) × 10−3 (3.9 ± 0.5) × 10−3 (9.0 ± 1.7) × 10−3 (1.2 ± 0.3) × 10−3 0 0
Vanillyl alcohol (15.5 ± 7.0) × 10−3 (100.0 ± 6.3) × 10−3 (38.6 ± 6.6) × 10−3 (11.7 ± 2.6) × 10−3 (7.7 ± 5.5) × 10−3 (3.1 ± 1.2) × 10−3
Vanillic acid 0 (9.2 ± 6.1) × 10−3 (7.1 ± 2.7) X 10−3 (1.0 ± 0.2) × 10−3 (1.9 ± 1.5) × 10−3 (2.9 ± 2.6) × 10−3
p-hydroxybenzoic acid (7.4 ± 0.9) × 10−3 (87.9 ± 12.7) × 10−3 (16.5 ± 4.3) × 10−3 (13.3 ± 2.5) × 10−3 (17.1 ± 12.1) × 10−3 (1.0 ± 1.7) × 10−3
Sucrose 350.5 ± 82.7 0 0 0 0 0
Glucose 54.3 ± 7.3 143.5 ± 8.7 0 6.6 ± 2.1 23.1 ± 19.5 43.1 ± 17.6
Fructose 0 118.9 ± 2.5 279.9 ± 75.3 0 0 0
  1. The quadrant in which each medium occur in the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) (Fig. 7 and Fig. 8) is also indicated below. The quantification was performed through 1H NMR (Micromoles per Gram DW green pods, n = 3 biological replicates)