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Table 9 Associations between individual polymorphisms (denoted by position in the alignment) and forage quality traits. The analyses were performed including overall population structure (GLM) and both overall population structure and relative kinship (MLM).

From: Characterization of phenylpropanoid pathway genes within European maize (Zea mays L.) inbreds

Gene Position Polymorphism Assoc. trait Identified by
4CL1 810 Frameshift indel1 NDF GLM*
    IVDOM GLM**, MLM*
C3H 294 Gly to Arg SNP IVDOM GLM*, MLM*
    DNDF GLM*
F5H 5–6 Pro to Arg SNPs2 NDF GLM*
  610 Intron SNP3 DNDF GLM*
  817 Intron SNP NDF GLM*, MLM*
  1. 4CL: 4-coumarate:CoA ligase; C3H: p-coumarate 3-hydroxylase; F5H: ferulate 5-hydroxylase; NDF: neutral detergent fiber; IVDOM: in vitro digestibility of organic matter; DNDF: digestibility of neutral detergent fiber
  2. *P < 0.05
  3. ** P < 0.01
  4. 1Singleton indel, a one-bp deletion identified in only one line (AS18)
  5. 2SNPs at position 5 and 6 are in complete LD
  6. 3Singleton SNP, one allele present in only one line (AS24)