VMP1-deficient UVM11 cells display severe phenotypes. (A) WT cell. (B − M) VMP1-deficient cells. (L2, M2) Epifluorescence images of L1 and M1, respectively. Blue areas in L2 display DAPI-stained DNA. Red areas in L2 and M2 show chlorophyll autofluorescence. Images labeled with the same letter show the same cell, using different focal planes, done in order to reveal more details. White arrows point at CVs; black arrows point at flagella. Scale bars = 5 μm.