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Table 3 Combined ANOVA for carotenoid content of 130 inbred lines evaluated in 2010 and 2011

From: Marker-trait association analysis of functional gene markers for provitamin A levels across diverse tropical yellow maize inbred lines

Sources of variation DF Mean squares of carotenoidsa
lut zeax βcry αcar βcar pva tcar
Line 129 26.81*** 133.99*** 12.37*** 0.43 40.71*** 41.49*** 226.72***
Year 1 519.32*** 878.82** 7.95 51.98*** 48.63** 84.07** 332*
Rep (Year) 2 2.81 22.07 0.69 0 0.57 1.29 23.58
Block
(Rep*Year)
36 3.75** 13.43*** 0.44 0.01* 0.88 1.36 31.32***
Line*Year 129 10.32*** 14.21*** 1.62*** 0.37*** 5.21*** 6.63*** 43.45***
Residual 222 2.15 4.08 0.48 0 0.76 1.01 11.28
r   0.62 0.89 0.87 0.15 0.87 0.84 0.81
  1. aCarotenoids are abbreviated as lut Lutein, zeax Zeaxanthine, βcry β-cryptoxanthine, αcar alpha-carotene, βcar β-carotene, pva provitamin A, tcar Total carotenoid, r repeatability, DF degrees of freedom.
  2. *, **, *** = significant at P ≤ 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001, respectively.