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Table 5 Genetic and epigenetic variability within diploid and tetraploid Limonium species

From: Epigenetic rather than genetic factors may explain phenotypic divergence between coastal populations of diploid and tetraploid Limonium spp. (Plumbaginaceae) in Portugal

Primer Ploidy level: Diploid/Tetraploid
%PL Sh I He
E1/H1 Genetic 74.45/52.93% 0.183/0.116 0.106/0.066
Epigenetic 82.23/58.79/% 0.204/0.098 0.118/0.110
E1/H1 Genetic 63.32/31.21% 0.104/0.062 0.054/0.035
Epigenetic 69.67/42.89% 0.128/0.098 0.071/0.058
Average Genetic 68.88/42.072% 0.143/0.089 0.095/0.084
Epigenetic 75.95/50.84% 0.166/0.139 0.095/0.084
Primer L. nydeggeri L. ovalifolium L. lanceolatum
%PL Sh I He
E1/H1 Genetic 90.29% 0.191 0.107 51.71% 0.132 0.073 80.29% 0.222 0.127
Epigenetic 90.29% 0.194 0.112 61.14% 0.188 0.113 64.86% 0.194 0.118
E1/H3 Genetic 85.25% 0.103 0.052 34.63% 0.075 0.040 65.16% 0.124 0.064
Epigenetic 85.66% 0.130 0.071 48.16% 0.119 0.066 59.43% 0.132 0.074
Average Genetic 87.77% 0.147 0.079 43.17% 0.103 0.056 72.72% 0.173 0.095
Epigenetic 87.97% 0.162 0.092 54.65% 0.154 0.090 62.14% 0.163 0.096
Primer L. multiflorum L. dodartii L. vulgare
%PL Sh I He
E1/H1 Genetic 76.86% 0.186 0.110 47.14% 0.130 0.075 35.14% 0.089 0.051
Epigenetic 66.29% 0.119 0.067 42.86% 0.186 0.120 38.29% 0.131 0.082
E1/H3 Genetic 65.57% 0.094 0.051 22.95% 0.060 0.034 20.90% 0.048 0.027
Epigenetic 49.18% 0.077 0.043 27.05% 0.104 0.067 32.99% 0.092 0.056
Average Genetic 71.22% 0.140 0.081 35.05% 0.095 0.055 28.02% 0.069 0.039
Epigenetic 57.73% 0.098 0.055 34.95% 0.0145 0.093 35.64% 0.112 0.69
  1. Calculated Percentage of Polymorphic Loci (%PL), Shannon diversity index (ShI) and Expected Variability (He) – 2*p*q) for diploid (L. lanceolatum, L. nydeggeri, L. ovalifolium) and tetraploid (L. dodartii, L. multiflorum and L. vulgare) species. All values obtained using GenAlex (v.6.4).